|Area of Expertise||Schematism of Vatican or Roman Catholic persons, authorities and organizations|
|publishing company||Libreria Editrice Vaticana (Vatican State)|
|Frequency of publication||yearly|
|editor||Segreteria di Stato, Libreria Editrice Vaticana|
The Annuario Pontificio has been published annually since 1860; from 1872 to 1911 the title was La gerarchia cattolica ("The Catholic Hierarchy") or La gerarchia cattolica e la famiglia pontificia ("The Catholic Hierarchy and the Papal Family ") (GCFP). As the precursor appeared 1716-1859 Notizie or Notizie Pontificie (NotPont) at Chracas (or Cracas).
The yearbook contains, among other things:
- an updated list of Popes ,
- the status of the College of Cardinals and the Roman Curia ,
- a complete list of all dioceses and other territories of the Catholic Church (including the index of official territorial designations),
- a directory of religious institutes ,
- an overview of the papal universities , the other Catholic universities and the theological faculties sponsored by the Catholic Church,
- a register of persons
The Central Office for Church Statistics is responsible for compiling all statistical information . The book with its red fabric cover has grown over the years to over 2000 pages (2016 e.g. 2466 pages) and can be purchased in the Vatican book trade.
The following quotations are examples of how the function and significance of the Annuario should be presented in a comprehensible and comprehensible manner for a general readership in various media over several decades .
"Anyone, even anyone who has not been baptized, can ... look up every bishop, including their curriculum vitae and telephone number, in the 'Annuario Pontificio' (the 'who is who' of the universal Church)."
“The most important book in the Vatican, the Book of Books in the Papal States, weighs 1320 grams heavier than most Bibles, has more pages - namely 2397 - and is a marvel of precision and perfection. … It is the 'Annuario Pontificio', the… Compendium of the Vatican, at the same time telephone directory, directory of offices, chronicle, statistical yearbook, curious instructions for use and official 'Who's Who'… The work is available for 65 euros from the Vatican Publishing House and is in Cardinal red linen bound, with ribbon bookmark and gold coat of arms on the cover.
All the important addresses, phone numbers and email addresses are listed here. The handy tome begins with a signed rotogravure photo of the Pope and ends with a flirtatious invitation to notify the State Secretariat of any necessary corrections. Of course, that practically never happens. After all, the book has been around for a while. The first edition was in 1716. At that time the Roman printer family Cracas had the idea to publish a yearbook in which the most venerable exponents of the Catholic hierarchy were listed. "
“Anyone who believed, however, with the choice of the name of the Holy Father [ John XXIII. ] and the official eradication of the medieval antipope have solved all numbering problems in the history of the Pope, the recently published 'Pontifical Yearbook for the Year 1961' ("Annuario Pontificio") proved wrong.
This book has not 22, but only 20 real predecessors of the current Pope who used the name John:
- John XVI (997 to 998) is only listed as an antipope, and one
- John XX. there never was; because on John XIX. (1024 to 1032) was followed by a John XXI. (1276 to 1277).
Earlier yearbooks had already pointed out these numbering difficulties in the Johannes series. […] Strictly speaking, the current Holy Father would only be the 21st John. In the Vatican, however, one doubts that ... the calculation errors of its predecessors will be corrected.
The main argument against such a correction is that the yearbook editors are reluctant to let their Pope series be shaken and usually only find themselves willing to make changes after centuries.
In the yearbook of 1946, for example, a Kletus was named as the third Pope (78 to 90). This yearbook listed an anacletus (100 to 112) as the fifth pope . The 'Annuario' of 1947, however, united both popes into one person: the third pope was now called Anacletus or Kletus, as desired, and was enthroned on the Holy See from 76 to 88.
The Vatican historians have now solved a similar problem for another series of popes: Stephen II , who was elected Pope on March 23, 752, but died three days later, before the consecration, was removed from the series because at that time it was not the election but only the assumption of office that was decisive for the successor to the Pope. The popes of modern times, on the other hand - 'Annuario' editors and historians agree - will be included in the list of the successors of Peter on the day of their election. "
“For many years the Vatican was less docile when it came to recognizing borders: The Roman headquarters noted the formerly German eastern territories in their official 'Papal Yearbook' under the German dioceses.
But that too has changed since last year the Pope withdrew jurisdiction over their GDR parts from the five bishops of the Federal Republic, whose diocesan areas extend into the GDR. He subordinated the episcopal commissioners employed in these areas directly to the Vatican by appointing them as apostolic administrators.
The changes can be read in the 'Papal Yearbook 1974': The apostolic administrators Heinrich Theissing (Schwerin) and Johannes Braun (Magdeburg), who each manage the east German parts of the west German dioceses of Osnabrück and Paderborn, are only given their titular seats Mina and Puzia without any reference di Bizacena: There is no reference to Paderborn or Osnabrück.
Similarly, the apostolic administrator of Erfurt and Meiningen, Hugo Aufderbeck , is no longer named as auxiliary bishop of Fulda, as was the case last year. The Bishop of Meissen, Gerhard Schaffran , no longer works in Germany, as in the 'Annuario Pontificio 1973', but in the GDR. The theological faculty of Wrocław (Breslau) was already under Poland in the last 'Annuario', as was the diocese of Gdansk (Danzig). "
- Segreteria di Stato , Libreria Editrice Vaticana : Annuario Pontificio . 2008, ISBN 978-88-209-8021-4 .
- Segreteria di Stato, Libreria Editrice Vaticana: Annuario Pontificio . 2011, ISBN 978-88-209-8522-6 .
- Segreteria di Stato, Libreria Editrice Vaticana: Annuario Pontificio . 2012, ISBN 978-88-209-8722-0 .
- Franz Kalde: Annuario Pontificio . In: Lexicon for Theology and Church , 3rd edition. Volume 1, Col. 699.
- Libreria Editrice Vaticana
- Alexander Smoltczyk: Who is who in the Kingdom of Heaven. In: Spiegel Online , April 3, 2008; Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- Catalog of the German National Library, accessed on November 24, 2017
- Siegfried M. Schwertner: Theologische Realenzyklopädie. List of abbreviations. 2nd Edition. Berlin u. a. 1994, p. 372
- Stephan Baier: An absurd theater. A comment on the “ordinations of priests” . In: Die Tagespost , without date, quoted from kath.net on August 27, 2011.
- Alexander Smoltczyk: Who is who in the Kingdom of Heaven . In: Spiegel Online , April 3, 2008, accessed August 28, 2011.
- John XXIII. (XXII.) . In: Der Spiegel . No. 15 , 1961, pp. 59 f . ( online - here p. 60).
- Vatican intimate. The Managers of Pope Paul / 2nd continuation . In: Der Spiegel . No. 45 , 1974, p. 158–177 ( online - here p. 169).