Ancient Roman Creed

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Old Roman Creed , also known as Romanum for short , is one of the first traditional Christian creeds , from which the Nicano-Constantinopolitanum and the Apostolic Creed later developed. Originally written in Greek, it was translated into Latin by Rufinus of Aquileia .

Whether the Romanum was written between the years 125 and 135 is a matter of controversy. In the postulated city-Roman baptismal confession, the text is probably originally the personal confession of Markell von Ankyra , which, after its reception in the congregation of Rome in the 4th century, was distributed in the west as the "Symbolum Apostolicum".

Greek version

Πιστεύω οὖν εἰς θεòν πατέρα παντοκράτορα ·
καὶ εἰς Χριστὸν Ἰησοῦν, τὸν υἱὸν αὐτοῦ τὸν μονογενῆ, τὸν κύριον ἡμῶν,
    τὸν γεννηθέντα ἐκ πνεύματος ἁγίου καὶ Μαρίας τῆς παρθένου ,
    τὸν ἐπὶ Ποντίου Πιλάτου σταυρωθέντα καὶ ταφέντα,
    τῇ τρίτῃ ἡμέρᾳ ἀναστάντα ἐκ τῶν νεκρῶν,
    ἀναβάντα εἰς τοὺς οὐρανούς,
    καὶ καθήμενον ἐν δεξιᾷ τοῦ πατρός,
    ὅθεν ἔρχεται κρίνειν ζῶντας καὶ νεκρούς ·
καὶ εἰς τò ἅγιον πνεῦμα,
ἁγίαν ἐκκλησίαν,
ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν,
σαρκὸς ἀνάστασιν.

German translation

I believe in God the Father Almighty.
And in Jesus Christ , His Son, the Only-begotten, our Lord
    is born of the Holy Spirit and Mary , the Virgin,
    the under Pontius Pilate crucified , was and buried
    on the third day from the dead resurrected ,
    ascended into the sky and
    to the right the Father sits,
    from there he will come to judge the living and the dead.
And to the Holy Spirit,
    the Holy Church ,
    the forgiveness of sins,
    the resurrection of the flesh .

The introductory sentence calls God the Father "the Pantocrator" (Greek παντοκράτορα ), that is, the all-ruler , and Jesus his onlyborn Son (Greek μονογενὴ υἱός monogene hyios ).

Latin text

Credo in Deum Patrem omnipotent;
et in Christum Iesum filium eius unicum, Dominum nostrum,
    qui natus est de Spiritu Sancto et Maria virgine,
    qui sub Pontio Pilato crucifixus est et sepultus,
    tertia die resurrexit a mortuis,
    ascendit in caelis,
    sedet ad dexteram Patris,
    unde venturus est iudicare et mortuos;
et in Spiritum Sanctum,
sanctam ecclesiam,
remissionem peccatorum,
carnis resurrectionem.


  1. Markus Vinzent, The Origin of the Apostolicum in the Judgment of Critical Research , Research on Church and Dogma History 89, Göttingen 2006, ISBN 3-525-55197-5 .


  • August Hahn (ed.): Library of symbols and rules of faith of the old church ; Hildesheim: Olms, 1962 (= Breslau 1897 3 )
  • JND Kelly: Early Christian Creeds. History and theology; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1972; ISBN 3-525-52139-1
  • JH Leith: Creeds of the Churches ; 1982
  • Hans Lietzmann: symbols of the old church ; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1968 6

Web links