Employment Law

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The labor law includes all laws , regulations and other binding provisions for paid employment, dependent employment . In terms of content, a distinction is made between individual labor law (relationship between employer and employee ) and collective labor law (relationship between trade unions and works councils , staff councils or employee representatives or the labor law commission on the one hand and employers' associations and employers on the other - see also coalition and coalition law ) . An important part of labor law is employee protection .


The work has been since ancient times legal regulations subject. In Roman law , however, the service contract ( locatio conductio operarum ) only played a subordinate role due to the widespread slave labor . In Germany in the Middle Ages , employment relationships often have personality traits. Although wage labor already existed on a small scale in certain areas, the second half of the 18th century is considered to be the beginning of the history of labor law. At that time, a large part of the population in Europe developed into wage-dependent workers ( proletariat ) and the social question arose ( pauperism ). The social grievances of industrialization in the 19th century are also seen as a result of private autonomy despite the imbalance in the power of the contractual partners.

The development of labor law began in England in 1833 with the factory laws . They limited working hours to eight hours for children between the ages of 9 and 13 and to 12 hours for children between the ages of 14 and 18. Children under the age of 9 should attend school.

Labor law of individual countries

Labor law is regulated differently in each state, for example:

In the European Union , with the liberalization of the labor market, there is a transnational labor law.


Web links

Wiktionary: Labor law  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Gabler Wirtschaftslexikon online , accessed on March 14, 2011.