Ileocolica artery

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The ileocolic artery is an artery that supplies blood to the end of the small intestine (terminal ileum ) and the beginning of the large intestine ( appendix and ascending colon ).

The ileocolic artery arises from the superior mesenteric artery . It runs in the mesentery of the ileum and the ascending colon and releases a large number of small side branches into the intestinal wall, which are connected to one another by anastomoses . As an important side branch, it gives off the appendix artery at the level of the ileocecal valve , which supplies the vermiform appendix . In addition, the anterior caecal artery and the posterior caecal artery arise from it .

Individual evidence

  1. FCAT - Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology: Terminologia Anatomica. Thieme, Stuttgart et al. 1998, ISBN 3-13-114361-4 .