The ileocolic artery arises from the superior mesenteric artery . It runs in the mesentery of the ileum and the ascending colon and releases a large number of small side branches into the intestinal wall, which are connected to one another by anastomoses . As an important side branch, it gives off the appendix artery at the level of the ileocecal valve , which supplies the vermiform appendix . In addition, the anterior caecal artery and the posterior caecal artery arise from it .
- FCAT - Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology: Terminologia Anatomica. Thieme, Stuttgart et al. 1998, ISBN 3-13-114361-4 .