Superior mesenteric artery

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The superior mesenteric artery and its branches.

The superior mesenteric artery ("upper visceral artery ") is an unpaired branch of the aorta and arises behind the neck of the pancreas between the trunk of the celiac trunk and the renal arteries ( renal artery ), i.e. approximately at the level of the first lumbar vertebra . In domestic animals, it arises directly behind the coeliaca artery and is known as the cranial mesenteric artery ("intestinal artery located towards the skull").

The superior mesenteric artery is connected to the inferior mesenteric artery via the Riolan's anastomosis .


Originating from the superior mesenteric artery of humans:


The cranial mesenteric artery of animals has the following branches:

  • Arteria pancreaticoduodenalis caudalis (posterior pancreatic-duodenal artery )
  • Arteriae jejunales (empty bowel arteries )
  • Arteriae ilei (hip arteries )
  • Arteria ileocolica (hip and colon artery )
  • Caecal artery (appendix artery )
  • Arteria colica dextra (right colon artery )
  • Arteria colica media (middle colon artery )

See also

Individual evidence

  1. FCAT - Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology: Terminologia Anatomica. Thieme, Stuttgart et al. 1998, ISBN 3-13-114361-4 .
  2. ^ World Association of Veterinary Anatomists - International Committee on Veterinary Gross Anatomical Nomenclature: Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria. 4th edition. International Committee on Veterinary Gross Anatomical Nomenclature et al., Zurich et al. 1994, ISBN 0-9600444-7-7 .


  • Uwe Gille: Cardiovascular and immune system, Angiologia. In: Franz-Viktor Salomon, Hans Geyer, Uwe Gille (Ed.): Anatomy for veterinary medicine. 2nd, revised and expanded edition. Enke, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8304-1075-1 , pp. 404-463.