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Bagienrah or Kreuzrah is the name given to the lowest yard of a cross mast . Originally no sail was attached to it. It served for better operation and the spreading of the cross topsail . Because of this function, the yard may have emerged when the sail spread over the latin sail.

Only guesses are known about the origin of the term "Bagien" (German) or "Bagijn" (nl.):

“This incompleteness of the yard is also expressed in the word 'Bagien', from the old Low German 'bagine', 'begine', 'Beguine', which was mockingly transferred to a device that is not perfect, such as the ' Beguine '(lay sister) no longer belongs to the worldly and not yet to the spiritual persons. "

From the English-speaking world, the term "cross jack" has flowed into the German language as Kreuzrah. Only in the course of the 19th century can the use of a sail, the cross sail , also be proven for this yard .

Individual proof

  1. Schrage: Round timber, rope and sails. P. 40.


  • The open sea port. Hamburg 1705
  • Korth, JWD: The art of shipbuilding, or the art of building war, Kauffahrtey and other ships according to theoretical and practical rules. Berlin 1826
  • Klaus Schrage: Round timber, cordage and sails. Herford 1989