Rescue service

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Tactical sign for the rescue service

The rescue service of civil and disaster control is the successor of the air protection rescue service .


The rescue service ( BDi ) is a specialist disaster control service that is almost exclusively carried out by the Technical Relief Organization (THW), and in a few exceptional cases also by the fire brigade . Its tasks are the rescue of people and animals from particularly difficult situations as well as the recovery of material assets that have been affected by an accident or a major disaster.


The backbone of the rescue service were the rescue trains according to federal regulations. There were two types of this: the rescue train with and without the rescue clearing group (BRmGr). The former comprised 50, the latter 38 emergency services. Some trains were given additional equipment, with special equipment W 1 (inflatable boat equipment), W 2 (multi-purpose boat equipment) and Sp (blasting equipment). A four-man platoon who owned a platoon vehicle and a Melderkrad, two rescue groups (BGr; each with a crew vehicle and possibly a trailer with one or two boats) and an equipment group (with equipment vehicles, a tipper and another truck for the pipe scaffolding) common to all rescue trains. Rescue teams comprised 12 people each and carried excavators and dump trucks, among other things. A rescue train was abbreviated to BZ. These stipulations have since been withdrawn. Today, the technical trains of the technical relief organization primarily take on the relevant tasks.


The rescue service staff take care of damaged buildings (e.g. after a storm), partially destroyed buildings (e.g. after a gas explosion), totally destroyed buildings (e.g. major disasters or in the event of a defense ), buried and injured people and animals, pile-ups on traffic routes, damage to roads and bridges that have been damaged by an accident and people trapped by floods.

The tasks also exploring the damage situation, searching among the outer rubble of buildings for buried or injured persons, searching buildings for buried, trapped or injured persons, places of deeper and difficult people buried by rescue dogs , special cameras and hearing aids. The removal of the rescued persons from the damaged area as well as the handover to the rescue or medical service, the clearing of the damaged area using clearing equipment (excavators, cranes, etc.), the construction of temporary walkways and bridges on land and on the water ( D-bridge and Bailey -Bridge ), the transfer of injured persons and emergency services by means of pontoon ferries and boats, the provisional construction of roads and paths, the support, bracing and removal of buildings at risk of collapse, the execution of blasting work and the provision of "first aid" in the damaged area are also included to the area of ​​responsibility.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h BBK / BZS: Rescue Service (BDi) in disaster control. Evidence of strength and equipment of the rescue train (BZ). STAN no. 021. As of May 1984 .
  2. see: Evidence of strength and equipment (STAN) for the units and facilities of disaster control .