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The term biblicism denotes a rigorous interpretation of the Bible that claims to literally understand all or almost all texts of the Bible . Biblicism is also a theological school of thought in Protestantism of the 19th century; early approaches can be found among the Zwickau prophets .


To be distinguished from biblicism is the general Sola scriptura principle, which states that teachings that cannot be justified from the Bible are to be rejected. No distinction is made as to whether the statements do not appear in the Bible at all or whether they even contradict the overall context.

Biblicism goes beyond that. According to his opinion, the entire text of the Bible is to be taken literally and all statements are therefore not doubtful as historical or scientific statements. As a consequence of a biblical understanding of the holy scriptures, short-term creationism is often cited as an example.

Taking the Bible literally and in its overall context seriously, is the concern to reconcile the philosophical approaches biblicism and Sola scriptura . In doing so, consideration is given to how a text itself should be understood, whether a Bible text is to be understood literally or whether there is an allegory or hyperbole (language) and how the influencing factor Eisegesis is to be weighted without falling into excessive relativism .


Gottfried Menken was at the forefront of biblicism in the 19th century . Johann Tobias Beck is considered to be their most significant and effective representative .

See also


Individual evidence

  1. The lexical definition indicates a problem, because specifically it says z. B. in the basic articles of the church order of the Protestant Church in the Rhineland: "She confesses with the churches of the Reformation that Holy Scripture is the sole source and perfect guide of faith, teaching and life and that salvation is received only in faith becomes."
  2. Martin Kähler : History of Protestant Dogmatics in the 19th Century. 2nd ext. Edition, R. Brockhaus, Wuppertal / Zurich 1989, ISBN 3-417-29343-X . Pp. 157-158.