Bliss symbol


from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bliss symbol
Project author Charles K. Bliss
speaker -
Linguistic
classification
particularities Exists only in written form
Language codes
ISO 639 -1

-

ISO 639 -2

zbl

ISO 639-3

zbl

Bliss man and woman symbols

Bliss symbols are one of Charles K. Bliss developed in its basic features in the 1940s Pasigraphy , a collection of pictographic and ideographic characters . Each character represents a term , and multiple symbols can be combined to form sentences or express ideas.

Emergence

Examples of the Bliss symbols

Charles Bliss was inspired by Chinese characters , which allow speakers of different languages ​​to communicate with one another. Over a period of 40 years he designed his consistently logically structured communication system of a special font to support mutual international understanding and understanding. This graphic medium should contribute to better cooperation and understanding on an international level between people of different linguistic origins. However, this intention to make a contribution to understanding between cultures has not been fulfilled.

use

The Bliss symbol system, however, gained its meaning in a completely different field of communication and thus became known worldwide. It is one of the first systems that was used as an aid in the context of the special educational method, supported communication, for people who, as a result of motor or cognitive speech disorders, cannot or only to a very limited extent communicate with others via spoken language.

Since it was first used in 1971 at the Ontario Crippled Children's Center ( Toronto , Canada ), Bliss symbols have appeared as a means of graphically representing communication content on various types of communication boards . Computer programs and programs for speech output devices are also based on the Bliss symbol system.

structure

The symbols are defined in the BCI standard (BCI = Blissymbolic Communication International) and are made up of almost 120 basic symbols ("key symbols"). A total of almost 4500 symbols are used. Bliss is used for communication with the help of symbol boards. The user communicates by pointing to Bliss symbols in sequence (for example, by electronic selection). The communication partner reads the meanings of the symbols above in alphabetical letters. A pilot project on using Bliss on the Internet was just recently launched in Canada. Bliss texts can now be sent as electronic mail.

Examples

Example characters

Face Bliss.png Eye Bliss.png Nose Bliss.png Tooth Bliss.png Ear Bliss.png Hair Bliss.png
face eye nose teeth ear hair
Grass Bliss.png Lawn Bliss.png Grain Bliss.png Rice Bliss.png Bush Bliss.png Berry Bliss.png
grass race Grain rice bush berry

Example sentence

"I want to go to the cinema."

An example is to illustrate how the Bliss symbols work.

I : characters for person and 1 (for the first person singular, since no plural sign is given)
want : heart and fire + signs for action words
walk : two legs + sign for action words
Cinema : House + Film (film roll in a container)

Locomotion

wheelOther symbols are derived from the symbol for wheel , such as:

With a short line below it transportmeans transport.
With a long line below it means journey travel.
A chair over the wheel turns the wheel into a wheelchair wheelchair.
If you give the wheel wings, you have an airplane plane.

literature

  • Federal Association for the Physically Disabled and Multiple Disabilities V. (Hrsg.): Handbook of the BLISS symbols . Julius Groos Verlag, Heidelberg 1995, ISBN 3-87276-719-4 .
  • Mélanie Maradan: Sentences full of melody: Blissymbolics . In: Interlinguistic Information ( ISSN  1430-2888 ), No. 80 (3/2011), Gesellschaft für Interlinguistik eV, Berlin 2011.
  • Mélanie Maradan: From a pasigraphy to a system for assisted communication . Slides of the lecture at the 21st conference of the Society for Interlinguistics eV, Berlin November 2011.

Web links

Commons : Blissymbols  - collection of images, videos and audio files