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A Bringsel is an object that a specially trained dog uses to tell its handler that it has found something. The dog carries it in its mouth when it is used to display . Different shapes are used. Thick cords, leather gifts or small pieces of jute stuffed are common. The Bringsel method was invented by the psychologist Oskar Pfungst and used for the first time during the First World War at the experimental and training facility for war and police dogs.

Bringsel with hunting dogs

A hunting dog uses the Bringsel in the "work after the shot" to inform his handler that he has found the game that has been hit.

The Bringsel is used when an animal flees into an area after the shot that the hunter cannot see. This gives his dog the task of looking for the animal. Before the dog begins to search, the "Bringsel" is attached to its collar ( hunter's language : neck). It is a short sturdy leather strap that is just long enough for the dog to put in its mouth with its teeth; otherwise it hangs freely or is tucked behind the collar.

The dog is trained to search and find wounded game. He searches for it independently and in silence, without barking at it when he finds it ("standing loud"). Once the dog has found the game, it takes the bringsel between its teeth, looks for its handler and sits down in silence. The dog handler now approaches his dog, who turns around silently and leads the hunter to the game that has been shot.

The dog that shows its handler that it has found game and wants to lead it there is called a "referrer". If the dog uses the described bringsel, he is a "bringsel reference". The training of a dog for this is considered the "high school" of dog training and is only possible with dogs that are very eager to learn and capable of learning. A close relationship between dog and handler is also particularly important. The ability to refer to bringsel is not tied to certain breeds, but breeds with good nose performance and an innate will to find things are particularly suitable.

Further areas of application

Bringsel are used in various areas in which the dog is supposed to indicate a find to the dog handler without touching it or even picking it up, for example with explosive detection dogs , addictive substance detection dogs and rescue dogs .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Oskar Pfungst on memory: printed speeches that were given at a memorial session. This lecture evening took place on February 16, 1933 in the lecture hall of the Charité Psychiatric Clinic. Berlin. R. Henneberg, December 1933, Goedecke & Gallinek GmbH, page 40.
  2. Richard Blase: The hunter's test and what the hunter should know, in questions and answers . J. Neumann-Neudamm, Melsungen 1954, p. 193 .