Hunter language

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The hunter language , even woodsman language or Weidmann language , is the traditional technical and special language of hunters . It is made up of technical terms from the field of hunting and is used by hunters for precise communication with one another and as part of hunting customs . The considerate hunter does not use the hunter's language with non-hunters in order to avoid comprehension problems.

From the 19th century onwards, the hunting language in the German-speaking area was increasingly standardized; the regional terminology today - at least in the German part of Switzerland - has largely given way to a communal German. Many expressions in the hunter's language have been in use for centuries. Some are also in the vernacular been taken over, for example, in the phrases "someone a box on the spoon give" "the, track bring" and " through their fingers go ."


The hunters language has its origins on the one hand in the precise description of nature observations and letters of the erlegenden Wilde as technical language to date, on the other hand, historically in the conscious dismissal of the nobility of the "common people" (especially the less prone to transfiguration "Bauer hunters") . The language underwent a significant development from the 12th century as the guild language of professional hunters. At that time, however, it was limited to the areas of red deer or big game hunting , hunting dogs , falconry and bird trapping . It was not until the 17th and 18th centuries that terms from small game hunting were increasingly included.


Not to be confused with the hunter language is the one with the yarn similar tall tales . This is understood to mean that a hunter tells an exaggerated story of experience in order to brag or to mislead ignorant listeners to joke. Fabulous game species such as the rascal or the Wolpertinger belong in the area of ​​the hunter's Latin.

Traditional names from animal fables and fairy tales such as Reineke Fuchs or Reineke for the fox, Meister Lampe for the hare or Malepartus for the construction of the fox are also not part of the hunter's language .



  • Eel line : dark line on the back of deer species, chamois in summer and some dogs.
  • Carrion hunter: hunter who loses a lot of game through unhealthy hunting ( lousy )
  • Abbalgen: peel off the skin or fur, in predatory game and hare-like
  • dismantle : leaving an elevated place, of game birds ; leave the hunting equipment such as high seat , high seat ladder by the hunter
  • Blow off: the company hunt with the hunting horn hunting over finish
  • follow: look for tracks in the area
  • intercept: kill sick game with a cold weapon
  • Agreement (see also: the reticle ): sighting device in the target glass
  • deal: 1. Capture the target when the shot is fired - “I got off well” means the shot went where it should go; 2. get into poor health; come off: in poor physical condition; 3. lose the track of the hunting dog, e.g. B. in the search
  • nodding (see also: intercepting ): killing injured game after a shot or accident with a bare weapon ( hunting knife = nicker or knicker ) by stabbing the occipital hole (neck); to do this, the head was pushed forward, hence the expression "nod"
  • train: the hound train
  • cut off: drive away (the old stag "cuts" the younger one, drives it away)
  • cut off: prepare the hunting trophy, first exposing the skull of the game, then sawing it up and finally boiling and bleaching it.
  • Shooting: number of game according to the shooting plan, before and after execution
  • shot necessary: ​​weak and sick game for the guard shot
  • rind: wild boar and badger skin
  • Reticle that: Marks in the optics of the rifle scope (e.g. crosshairs), which enables more precise aiming and assessment of distances
  • Wipe off: fly, of game birds
  • remove: train the raptor to hunt
  • Resignation: 1st solution place at Dachsbau ; 2. Deer-friendly signs when the deer cuts off blades of grass with its shells when stepping
  • Drop bar : the dropped antlers of cervids (antlers)
  • Eightend : a stag with eight-pointed antlers
  • to graze: take in the food
  • Äser : mouth of most cloven-hoofed game species. With the Äser is Äsung , i. H. Food , ingested
  • Äsung : means the food of hoofed game, especially deer and fallow deer and red deer , except for wild boar
  • Monkey who: Marmot's cub
  • Old animal: sexually mature doe
  • assume: attack, from game. When a hunter is attacked by a piece of game, they say, "The boar accepted me."
  • caking: the Langwaffe take in the stop ( "on the jaw")
  • Target : 1. Place where the game was in the shot, important for firing signals , stalking signals and searching ; 2. Entry wound in the body of the game
  • address : recognize and classify game according to species, sex, age and condition. Also applied to plants: addressing a tree = identifying the type and condition of the tree
  • hire: when hunting, the hunter assigns fixed positions to the shooters
  • Employee: hunter who knows the area and assigns the hunting guests a fixed place, stand, seat and pulpit.
  • wait: circling above the falconer in anticipation of the prey, from the worn falcon
  • Aser : hunter backpack
  • Up, the: owl
  • build up : on an elevated place such as B. sit on a branch or settle down, of game birds and predatory game; climb his high seat, from the hunter
  • break open: eviscerate, d. h.das "brought to distance" Wild for removal of the " departure cut"
  • Break to break up: break that is taken for long-term company hunts for game hygiene reasons
  • Departure: the intestines as a whole of the internal organs located in the large body cavities
  • Docking: (also docking) fold the welding belt according to your needs
  • Emergence: start of the hunting season after the closed season (example: hares are "open" = hares may be hunted)
  • sharpen: cut open the body of the dead animal
  • raise : suddenly raise your head to locate, e.g. B. in the event of disturbances, noises or movements
  • eyes: see (by eye )
  • Eye shoot: the lowest end above the rose on the antlers of the deer-like
  • fail: hatching of game birds
  • beat out the ceiling: hoofed skin (except wild boar )
  • eject: remove the sheaths from hares and rabbits


  • Bache: female, sexually mature wild boar ( wild boar )
  • Hide: Skin with fur of brown hare (see hare skin ) and rabbit , red fox (see red fox skin ) and marten , also bird hide
  • Bale signs: Deer- appropriate signs from the bales between the bowls, e.g. B. Burgstall
  • Basse: a strong, old, male wild boar (boar)
  • Bast : protective skin with very good blood circulation over the growing antlers or horns
  • drive through: 1) the animals belonging to it live in a burrow (burrow, badger burrow, rabbit hole), 2) at the entrance you can see from the tracks whether the burrow has been driven on
  • Ears: the ears of a hunting dog with floppy or drooping ears; is also used to designate the age of these dogs: "in the 1st curtain" = in the 2nd year of life
  • Pickling (from biting) or pickling : Hunting with the worn raptor is one of the oldest types of hunting, e.g. B. the falcon with the falcon tooth kills the prey with one bite in the neck
  • fogs: the tupping in all ungulates such. B. of a rutting animal by the stag; the animal that can be shod "stands" during this process
  • Confirm (also bury): Detecting and addressing game, locations, etc., especially with red deer, by means of deer-friendly signs
  • bare (cold) weapons : hunting guns , nickers and similar weapons for hunting
  • blow: utterance, warning call of the brook (Leitbache)
  • Blade shot : Shot that hits the shoulder blade of an animal. Because it injures the heart , lungs and / or large blood vessels, it leads to immediate death
  • Leaf time : mating time for roe deer . The term is derived from the bait hunting possible at this time by whistling on a beech leaf or leaf
  • Blatter: instrument for leaf hunting
  • Flower: tail of the hare and the end of the fuse in the red fox
  • Buck fever or hunting fever: the occasional, excited state of mind of the hunter shortly before and after the game is shot
  • bögeln: a hunting dog does not follow the course of a track in a straight line, but in meandering lines
  • Bracking: Hunting with long-range dogs ( bracken ) on at least 1000 hectares of hunting area
  • Brand: anthrax (Anthrax) is an infectious disease that mainly in Paarhufern occurs
  • good: 1) good buck! is a good, mature buck 2) good dog! is praise for good performance
  • break: 1. wild boar rummaging for food; 2. Game flees through undergrowth and breaks off branches
  • Bringsel : a short leather strap on the neck is put into the mouth of the hunting dog and shows the hunter that a search was successful
  • Brocken: bait
  • Brocker : the beak of the wood grouse
  • Break or Gebräch : point on the wild has dug for eating
  • Fractional or Fractional Symbol : Informational symbols used between hunters; it is regularly broken, leafy or needled branches of certain trees
  • Rutting or heat: Mating season for hoofed game other than wild boar
  • Rutting balls: the testicles in hoofed game , stones in the boar
  • Rutting tail: the male genitals of hoofed game , except roe deer and wild boar (here brush)
  • Rifle light : indicates sufficient lighting conditions for hunting , d. H. The rear sight and the front sight on the rifle barrel can still be seen at the finish
  • Rump , the: tail of wild boar , badger and bear
  • Burgfrieden : different animal species live in one building, e.g. B. Fox and Badger
  • Burgstall cf. Deer-friendly signs : small elevation in the track
  • bushing: type of hunting with dog and shotgun


  • Cerviden : Name for the deer family
  • change: the dog changes track or track, especially when searching for a (mostly) warmer or healthy track / track
  • China disease: rabbit disease
  • Choke hole: choke hole in the shotgun barrel
  • Conibear trap: manslaughter trap made of steel wire
  • Curée : the right of the dogs, that is to say the dogs entitled to part of the game after the par force hunt , to enjoy themselves


  • Roof rose: special form of a rose on the antlers
  • Fallow deer: fallow deer (dama dama)
  • Blanket: fur of hoofed game (except wild boar = rind)
  • Coverage: 1. Protection from being seen; 2. Distribution of the shot when the shotgun is fired
  • Deformation: there are D. and fragmentation bullets for the bolt action rifle
  • go thick: pregnant game
  • Thicket: conservation, making the bowl game coverage
  • Diopter: Hole sights on weapons
  • docking: winding and unwinding the welding belt
  • Dohne, die: Fishing slings for catching birds
  • double: unintentional release of two shots at the same time from a multi-barreled weapon, e.g. B. Triplet
  • Duplicate: 1. Killing of two pieces of game from the same weapon in immediate succession; 2. Shooting of two clay pigeons started at the same time during clay pigeon shooting
  • go through the rags ( Lappjagd ): when game escapes, a phrase that is derived from the hunter's language
  • Haze: very fine meal for bird hunting


  • Honor run: the right front run of the parforce hunted deer . Was previously considered a trophy and was presented to the most worthy hunting guest
  • Acorn : The fruit of the oak (common and sessile oak), in particular the wild serve as food.
  • Retract: Describes the behavior baubewohnender wild species in their construction crawl.
  • Entrance: The entrance of a building. It is either driven or not driven.
  • invade: The settlement of game birds on the ground, tree or water.
  • perish: game that perishes naturally (e.g. disease) without any outside influence, fallen game .
  • Inlet: 1. Opening in a gate through which the game can enter but no longer exit, entry; 2. the morning entry of the hare into the forest
  • Entry: opening in a gate
  • First stage: the game's resting and retreat area (e.g. within thickets , blackberry pounding, reed belts, etc.)
  • Insert barrel : A mostly for combined hunting weapons (. Eg drilling ) used term that is plugged into the shotgun barrel of the weapon to another, usually smaller caliber or a different type of ammunition with one and can fire the same weapon.
  • Ice rung: End between the eye and middle rung on the pole of an antler
  • End: ramification, shoot on the antler pole
  • Duck stroke: The hunters' waiting when the ducks approach the waters in the morning or in the evening
  • succumbed: A piece of wild kill .
  • Hunter : has legally captured the game


  • Fah: female animal of the fox , also of the wolf and of all marten-like animals with the exception of the badger ; Origin: Middle High German  vohe , Old High German  voha  'Vixen'
  • Track : the left behind on the ground "footprints" of hoofed game (. See " track " and " turf ")
  • Tracking shoe: Shoe with shells of hoofed game attached to the underside to create an artificial sweat track for training the dog
  • Falkner : a Falkner (or Beizjäger) operates the Falconry with birds of prey , such as hawks , hawks , hawks or eagles on game birds (eg. Partridge ) and small ground game (e.g., rabbit).
  • Fallensteig: prepared path with a trap : smooth walk, good catch
  • Falling game : Game that died of natural causes, it falls
  • Muzzle: 1. the snout of predators, including dogs; 2. the feet (claws) of birds of prey, see: Bird's foot
  • Catch shot : the shot that is fired to kill hunted , i.e. not directly fatally hit or hit game
  • Fasch, that or meat, that: sweat
  • faschen: welding or bleeding
  • Mittens: Young rabbit the size of a fist
  • Federspiel: Training device made from a cord and a dummy prey for training griffins
  • Game birds : the birds subject to hunting rights
  • sweeping : the rubbing of the "bast" from the trained antlers of the deer and the horns of the roebuck on trees and bushes
  • Feistzeit : Time before the rut , i.e. the time before reproduction - it is used by roebuck or deer to build up fat reserves for the following, exhausting time
  • Field: Age designation for pointing dogs ( hunting dogs , which are used in particular for pointing): "Stand in the 1st field" = are in the 2nd year of life
  • Ferm (also firm): a fully trained hunting dog or also for a hunted hunter
  • Wet limb: the male genitals in hair predators and dogs
  • Volatile: a wild animal, which, after a disturbance in the step or in the trot thereof draws. Animals fleeing galloping are called highly volatile .
  • forkel: Fighting or pushing antlers or horns against a rival, human or dog
  • fresh: Frischlinge give birth
  • Newborn: newly born wild boar in the first year of life (originally: in the first year of hunting )
  • Fox bouncing : the cruel "hunting pleasure" of courtly hunting
  • lead: 1. a mother leads a young; 2. use a gun ; 3. keep a hunting dog; 4. a leader leads a pack
  • Responsibility, the: the good cooperation between hunting dog and dog handler
  • Legs: thighs of the hawk


  • Gabler: Red deer , the antlers of which show an eye sprout on a spear, or roebuck, the stems of which have only one surface
  • Gebräch that: by wild agitated soil
  • Gebrech that: the mouth of wild boars
  • Sweeping : the hairy fibers that appear after sweeping the bast .
  • Geheck (e): The thrown young in the hair predator or the unusual young in the waterfowl.
  • Heard: the ears of the predatory game
  • Horns: the horns of roebuck
  • Geilen, Mz .: testicles of hair game , except hoofed game, as well as capercaillie, turkey and wild turkey
  • Goat: doe, leading dam in deer
  • Track: Track of game birds , except for the bustard and capercaillie
  • Bells: barking of the dogs e.g. B. in driven hunts
  • enjoy: 1. the hunting dog , 2. giving the bird a treat, especially after the hunt with some meat
  • Noise : lungs, heart, kidneys, trachea and esophagus in hoofed game
  • Sheaths (in dialect also devoured ): entrails of all game; Stomach: large sheaths, intestines: small sheaths
  • Looped: entrances to the badger , fox or beaver den
  • Dragged: bait meat on a line, with which one draws a track to the shooting or catching area of ​​the hunting animal and attached there so that it is accessible against removal
  • Litter: droppings from birds of prey
  • Frame: approach path like being hewn forest , originally for setting the hunting stuff (nets, rags), now mostly beaten for transporting timber (see. Adlergestell )
  • Gun also weapons: canines in wild boars (male wild boar); Rifles or tusks in the lower jaw, Haderer in the upper jaw
  • Antlers : the "headdress" of male animals, which are counted among the cervids
  • Weight: horns, the antlers of the roebuck
  • Grandeln : hunting trophy 1. the upper canines of ruminants (usually deer); 2. The first feathers from the winged bow of the wood grouse
  • Grass deer : Red deer that only ate grass until the oats were ready for milk (June), later feist deer , then rutting deer
  • Grind: head of the animal


  • Hair that: in feral game , except hare and rabbit (wool) and wild boar (bristles)
  • Hairy game : mammals subject to hunting law ( game )
  • Haderer who: canines in the upper jaw of the Boar , part of Gewaffs
  • Hooks that: canines in the jaws of the brook
  • Halali , that is both a greeting and a hunting call, part of hunting customs
  • Collar: collar for the hunting dog
  • Häsin: Name for the female hare and for the female rabbit
  • Hasenklage (also Hasenquäke): enticing instrument for predatory game
  • Hate : behavior of different species of birds that the Decoy is exploited
  • Hatz : historical, now forbidden type of hunting, in which heavy dogs are chased on heavy, live game ( wild boar, bears) in order to catch and bind them
  • Tusks that: also guns, canines in the boar's lower jaw
  • Head: Head in hoofed game , except in wild boar , there head
  • Chasing: if necessary, chasing and catching the sick game at the end of a search
  • Hunting : with greyhounds for light game, with packers for coarse game; banned in Germany today
  • Witches' rings: traces left by the drifting roebuck and the ruthless doe or the narrow deer in the grain
  • Heavenly signs, cf. Signs suitable for deer : Traces of the red deer antlers that appear when changing trees in the branches and foliage at antler height, even stripped snow can be such a sign
  • Hirsch: Cervus elavus cf. Red deer
  • Deer call: instrument to imitate the red deer voice , e.g. B. Triton clam
  • Heat: time of ovulation in the female hound
  • hot: 1. heat; 2. Hunter who shoots too hastily out of greed for prey
  • highly volatile: a wild animal that flees at a gallop when it is very alarmed or when it is chased .
  • Big game : today all hoofed game except roe deer, as well as capercaillie and golden eagle and sea eagle
  • wood: move from branch to branch or from tree to tree, e.g. B. the marten
  • Horrido : for hunters as a greeting, but also to show honor as a hunting call
  • hudern: sandbathing game birds , cleaning and removing mites, etc. a.
  • Hut hunting: Decoy hunting for crows and birds of prey with the (formerly) living on


  • stand in the field: age of the pointing dog
  • be in the Fire: Wild bombarded breaks in shot together
  • Possession breach : a breach that indicates legal possession of a hunted piece of game at the location of the hunt
  • hold: pregnancy in hares, rabbits and small hair predators
  • Insiegel: Tracking marks that arise when pulling through soft, loamy soil or in snow. Remnants of clay or snow do not detach from the shells of the hoofed game until later. Insiegel is a deer-friendly sign



  • Bald deer : female animals among red deer and fallow deer . They have no antlers.
  • Calf : Young animals of red , elk and fallow deer from birth until Martin's Day or March 31 of the year following the birth
  • cold track: track that stood for several hours before the search , overnight
  • Cold (or: bare) weapons: knives (e.g. woad leaf ) and similar weapons (e.g. boar pens ) that are used for hunting
  • Chamber: chest of the furred game
  • Pulpit: high seat
  • capital: large or strong, e.g. B. a big stag with strong antlers
  • Katz, the (cat): 1. female marmot ; 2. Female wild cat (she- cat )
  • Boar : male adult wild boar
  • Core: "naked" animal body of smaller haired game (especially predatory game ) after being cut (see also bellows)
  • Boiler:
    • the main room of an animal den, e.g. B. in the red fox den
    • the camp of a wild boar and the brook with freshlings
    • in the hunt, a circle formed by hunters and drivers, in and out of which the game is driven
    • Place where a chain of partridges has hobbled or stored
  • Chain: family association with the partridge
  • Drop barrel rifle: Hunting rifle with a tiltable barrel, mostly shotguns , but also as rifles or combined weapons, e.g. B. Triplet
  • Feeding place that: feed output for the purpose of luring of wild ( boars )
  • Fawn : young deer , chamois or ibex
  • Claws that: 1. Nails of hair predators, dogs and birds of prey; 2. Biological designation of the shells of the hoofed game
  • small hunter's right : traditional law, according to which the noise belongs to whoever broke the piece
  • Small hunting right: right of the landowner to exercise (trap) hunting rabbits and stone marten on his property in the enclosed area .
  • Kloben: clamp trap for catching birds
  • Blocks: the testicles in male wild boar
  • crumple: bad quality of the hound who crushes brought game
  • Knieper: two year old fallow deer
  • Dumpling bow: South German for bowl driving
  • Knopfbock, also Knöpfler: small roebuck with poor antlers , e.g. B. as buttons or short skewers
  • Piston deer: deer in bast
  • rumble: utterance of the black grouse
  • Company shot that: two shooters shoot a piece of game at the same time
  • sick: condition of a shot or hit piece
  • Wreath: cf. Wreaths
  • wreath: left deer trail in the hard ground through the outer shell edges, the wreath
  • Crab claws : O-shaped, undesired notch in the fallow blade
  • Krell shot: Shot that, instead of killing the game, only hits the spinous process of a vertebral body
  • Krickel: the horn of the chamois
  • Crown: 1. all seated on the center bar ends (except Wolf shoot) in the antlers of red deer ; 2. In the roebuck all the horns; 3. Ornamental feathers on the head of some birds; 4. The summit of the Grandeln
  • Crutch: the horn of the ibex
  • Krumme, the: joking brown hare
  • Kuder who: male animal of the lynx or the wild cat
  • kudern: the "growling" of the black cock , also imitation of the black cock by the hunter (probably no longer in use)
  • Bullet trap , more natural: Terrain conditions that can safely catch bullets penetrating or missing the target when hunting ; is used in flat terrain by the elevated position on high seat, driven hunt buck and. Ä. Guaranteed, which makes it possible to shoot relatively steeply into the ground
  • Bullet impact: noise when the bullet hits the body of the game, cf. Shot mark
  • Kuhle: Sleeping hollow or camp of hoofed game
  • Short game meat: penis and testicles in big game , roe deer and wild boar



  • to warn: short nasal sound as contact sound in red deer
  • Painting tree : tree on which game rubs itself, e.g. B. wild boar
  • coat: the raptor, e.g. B. the pickling bird covers its prey with its wings
  • mark: behavior of certain game species to mark their territory
  • Mast : the fruits of certain trees (masts), the wild serve as food for. B. acorns, beechnuts
  • Mauser: 1st feather change in game birds ; 2. Drake moulting; 3. German arms manufacturers
  • mouse: predatory game catching mice
  • Mäuseburg : Lure for hunting the red fox
  • mäuseln: the Decoy the tone of the mouse mimic
  • complain: noise of the snipe in the dive
  • Master Braun or Petz: brown bear
  • report: utterance in Cervids during the rut
  • Pack: now used for a group of hounds on the hunt
  • Milk ripening: cereal grains before they start to harden, particularly attractive to game with the result of game damage
  • Middle rung: end sitting in the middle of the antlers below the crown
  • Pull along (also swing or ride along): Follow the moving target with the rifle down in order to shoot at the right moment
  • Dead leg : Infectious disease in which the hooves or shells rot away
  • Monk: deer without antlers



  • organs: the constant screaming of the red deer during the rut


  • Couple hens: Parents of the partridge, which later form a chain with their clutch
  • Couple ride: trail of weasels and martens
  • Rumen : one of the three fore-stomachs of ruminants , large storage stomach
  • Parforce hunt: hunting on horseback behind the pack of dogs
  • Pass: deer crossing of small game except roe deer
  • Patent hunting: licensed hunting as opposed to territory hunting
  • Pearls: small bumps on antlers
  • Wig buck : pathological change in the horns of the roebuck
  • Seal : Break point at the drop bar at the Cerviden (deer-like)
  • place: knock away the leaves with the front legs
  • Planting time: time to plant the forest plants
  • Flat head or monk: red deer without a trophy
  • Brush: Term for the longer tuft of hair on the penis of the hoofed game
  • Stalking: Individual hunt in which the hunter carefully and quietly “stalks” or sneaks against the wind in the area in order to get as close as possible to the game unnoticed . Good knowledge of the area is required for this. Also clean stalking trails
  • Stalking signs : blood, bone fragments, pieces of meat, etc. from game shot
  • Top dog "ruler" over the rut pack (Kahlwild)
  • Pürzel : tail at Badger and wild boar
  • puitzen: Call of the snipe during courtship flight


  • Quäke, the (hare): lure instrument for fox hunting
  • Quart hare: one to two months old Hase
  • Tassel: Tail End the wild and ermine
  • Cross Shotgun: shotgun with adjacent runs
  • Ricochet: wrong for ricochets
  • Cross search: the hunting dog's search for the hunter, sweeping far to the right and left
  • acknowledge: a shot of game acknowledges the shot, it draws
  • quorren: utterance of the courtship snipe


  • Ramming wool : tufts of hair from hares and wild rabbits during the rut
  • Ranz , the: sexually active time of the predatory game
  • Ratz: Polecat
  • Predators : predators, predator
  • Robbery : predators not subject to hunting law , etc. a. stray, roaming or poaching dogs or cats
  • Intoxication: mating season of the wild boar
  • Noise synchronization: pairing synchronization of the wild boar is an assumption that has not been established
  • Roe deer or roe deer: collective term for roe deer
  • Ripe or Ripe: leaving a deer trail behind so that a small strip of earth is created when the fore and hind legs come together
  • Ripe: Game is hung in the refrigerator for a short time up to a few days
  • Rowing time: mating time for water birds
  • Area : hunting district
  • Revieren: systematic search of the area by the hunting dog
  • revise: daily control of the traps
  • Doe: Female deer , also goat
  • Riegel: Game crossing in the mountains
  • Riegel, Riegeljagd: driven hunt with a few drivers, in which woods are parked at the latches
  • rinnen: swimming with furred game
  • ringing: 1. new, hygienic method of breaking open ; 2. Debarking by squirrels
  • ring pick: ability of many birds of prey , in the thermals almost circling to rise without wings blows up
  • rolling, wheeling: the (sometimes occurring) overturning of the fleeing game after receiving the bullet or shot
  • Rose: 1. wreath-shaped socket at the bottom of the bars of antlers several years of cervids; 2. bare skin on the head of chickens, e.g. B. Courtship roses in the black grouse
  • Rosenstock: bony frontal cone on which the antler rod sits
  • Red work : break open or eviscerate
  • Rotte : 1st group of several wild boars; 2. also with wolf (seldom)
  • Red deer: red deer
  • Pack : group of several animals of a cloven-hoofed game species, except wild boar, and of wolves
  • pack: 1. Gather the animals that form a pack; 2. utterance of the black grouse
  • Tail : 1. Tail in dogs, all hair predators, except fox (fuse), badger and bear (rump); 2.Penis in hoofed game (rutting tail), predatory game and dog (wet or fruiting limb), hare, rabbit and marmot (rutting tail)


  • Salt lick: device that offers game salt as a mineral supply; mostly in the vicinity of deforestation areas
  • Sasse: Storage of rabbits
  • Sow: a wild boar (as a species - especially as a female animal see: Bache )
  • Cutlass : a blade for intercepting (stabbing) of wild boar , z. B. in a driven hunt
  • Saufang : trap for wild boars to be caught alive
  • Saufeder: a long, double-edged blade that is mounted on a hardwood handle up to two meters long and is used to catch wild boars that are adopting it
  • Harmful deer: also killer deer, because as a mostly older, recessed red deer, it can forge (stab) other deer with poles without formed ends
  • skull-proof: horns or antlers that were not thrown off (drop sticks), but were firmly attached to the skull when the animal was killed
  • Box: old, female animals of the roe deer, chamois or red deer that no longer have young. The term “old box” is derived from this.
  • Shell: the claws of the ruminant hair Wild and boar
  • Hoofed game : Game species with shells ( claws ), i.e. ruminating haired game and wild boar
  • Scissor trap: a previously common fishing gear, which was built from clubs and was particularly suitable for catching martens
  • Shield that: 1. Thickening of the rind on the shoulder blades of male wild boars (boars); 2. breast spot in chickens; 3. further, outdated meanings in Haseder
  • Umbrella: screen on the ground as a hunting device
  • Castle: Name of the cartilage in the pelvic floor through which the rectum of the game passes. see. set out
  • Type of hatchers : Classification of roe deer and sika deer
  • Schmalreh: young not yet sexually mature female deer. It is the fawn from the previous year.
  • Schmaltier: Young not yet sexually mature doe , the calf from the previous year.
  • Lard: fat of marmots and badgers
  • Schmalzmann: Badger , also Grimbart
  • Enamel: excretions from birds of prey
  • Buckle: the outer female genitals of dogs, foxes, wolves, etc. a.
  • buckle: when the hound is let off the leash
  • Snail: 1st horn of the ram , hunting trophy; 2. Housing of the Triton snail cf. Deer call
  • Tailors: 1. lesser deer or capercaillie / black grouse; 2. Hunters who return home without prey
  • Schnepfenstrich : courtship flight of the woodcock
  • Cut hair: hair cut off when the bullet enters the body of the game
  • lace : gait of red fox , wolf or lynx in which the paws touch the ground in a straight line one behind the other, with the hind paws being placed in the tracks of the front paws on the same side of the body, in contrast to the cupboard
  • scoop: scoop game and game birds when they drink
  • Cabinet cf. Hirsch Access characters : the lateral distance of the passages of the right term pair from the left in the step track
  • limit : the juxtaposition of the legs (legs), deviating from the straight line ("cross")
  • Apron: in female roe deer, light tufts of hair over the female genitals (wet leaf)
  • Schützenbruch: Branch of a fair type of wood that is given to the hunter of a piece of game by the hunting master
  • Bowl drive or -treiben: social gathering after the end of sport hunting , mostly to eat
  • bulletproof: hunting dog that does not startle when firing a shot
  • Hot in fire : Hunting dog that wants to pursue or search for game immediately after firing a shot without being ordered
  • Shot signs: Features that indicate whether and where the game has been hit, e.g. B. how it draws
  • Rind: the thick hairy skin of badgers and wild boars
  • Black smock: hunting term for wild boar
  • Wild boar : jagdlicher generic term for wild boar
  • Schweimen: Flight euphoria in birds of prey ; elude the influence of the falconer at high altitudes
  • Pigs sun: full moon whose light at night Ansitz on wild boar is particularly favorable
  • Sweat : the blood of the game and the hunting dog as soon as it emerges from the animal's body
  • Bloodhound : Hunting dog that specializes in searching for, finding and catching sick (injured), sweating (bleeding) hoofed game as part of the search
  • Seers who: eyes of hair-preying game like foxes as well as hare, rabbit and marmot
  • secure: 1. with game: check the environment with all sensory organs ; 2. With the weapon: secure or unlock the loaded weapon with a safety catch
  • Mirror: the light color of the fur on the back of the cervids (deer-like), e.g. E.g. in the male deer kidney-shaped, in the female deer heart-shaped with additional light hair over the wet leaf, which is also called an apron
  • Game : the set of tail feathers in the black grouse
  • Spießer: young roebuck or stag with horns or antlers that have not yet forked
  • Blow up: Drive game with the construction dog or ferret out of the burrow or rabbit hole
  • Sprengruf : battle cry of a top dog , to drive away rivals
  • Sprinz: male sparrowhawk , with all other griffins the male bird is called Terzel
  • Jump : a group of deer in winter time. In summer, deer are solitary animals (bucks and narrow deer) or small family groups (doe with fawn)
  • Sprout or sprout: branch, end on an antler pole
  • Leap: the rear leg of the brown hare
  • Trace: Step seal on all haired game species except hoofed game
  • track loud , cf. goes loud : describes the on the track or trail of the wild , according to hunting, so barking hound
  • Stand: legs and bird's feet in game birds
  • Standard, or fuse: the tail of the fox and the wolf
  • Stand game: wild, which, in contrast to exchange wild constantly in an area resident
  • Pole: 1. antler pole ; 2. quillons for edged weapons ; 3. Trigger bar
  • Stones: testicles of the boar (rare); also: especially large pearls on antlers
  • put: 1. the dog puts the game when he brings it to a stand, z. B. in a rush after the search ; 2. Beizvogel settles down; 3. Set the trap
  • Stern: the iris in game
  • Browse mean planned search of Flushing dog outside the control of the handler
  • Thrust: all the tail feathers of a bird of prey
  • Route, hunting route : all the animals shot in a (company) hunt, laid out in rows according to a defined order ("lay the route", "bring down")
  • Bottom line : regular flight path of birds (" feathered game ") to and from resting places or feeding places, or during courtship , e.g. B. Snipe stroke
  • Piece : general number classifier for things and animals (without plural, e.g. two pieces of roe deer), especially because one does not say the deer or the animal when hunting, but speaks of a piece.
  • Gunshot : Indications when the bullet hits the body of the game
  • Sulze: see salt lick


  • Teckel: hunting term for dachshund
  • Plate: ears of wild boar
  • Terzel: male bird of prey (exception: Sprinz for the male sparrowhawk )
  • Animal: female deer , depending on the type of animal it is called completely Rottier or Damtier, also the age designation as Schmaltier
  • Tirass which: Deck network for catching feathered
  • Blown to death, dead signal: individual hunting horn signals for all animal species brought down on a company hunt
  • Costume: uterus of the hair game, including the embryo
  • Carrier: the neck of hoofed game other than wild boar
  • Drifting: sub-area hunted as part of a large-scale movement hunt
  • Drip bed : Accumulation of dripped sweat from a wounded but still standing animal that has taken cover in this place
  • Step: single footprint of hoofed game (multiple steps form a track )
  • Trosch: Plume of feathers on the falcon's cap


  • ambushed: hoofed game attacks obstacles, d. H. skips this
  • skip: 1. Overlook, e.g. B. track , stalking signs , 2. z. B. walking past a hare squeezing , 3. a female piece of hoofed game is not shod ( mated ), so that it does not lead in the following year, d. H. has no offspring
  • Overheight: leads to increased population and damage to game
  • about hunting: a hunting dog leaves the district to bejagenden or hunting on the area boundary beyond
  • Defector: young wild boar between 12 and 24 months of age (originally: in the hunting year following the birth )
  • left (in the sense of the Force right ): another exercise of actual control over a firearm grant
  • roll over: during construction hunts , foxes or badgers get outside via the dog at hand
  • underloaded: loaded repeater , but no cartridge in the chamber
  • Urhahn: wood grouse
  • Urian, the: old, strong boar


  • bite, as a result bite : feeding marks on trees and bushes
  • to leave: to scare the roebuck away when hunting leaves
  • perish : Wild dies violently. To die naturally means to fall
  • alienate or deterrence : often unintentional chasing away wild
  • heat up: the stifling maturation ( spoilage ) of game shot due to heat build-up in the carcass if it is not broken open in time
  • hope: the stopping of moving or grazing game, z. B. to look at a "suspicious" object or to locate a sound
  • Prodigal: a hunting dog that follows the wound trail of the sick rabbit / fox, catches it, discards it and brings it back
  • messed up: the spoilage of game shot that was not found in time
  • hear: hear
  • alienate: to chase away game out of carelessness or clumsiness
  • Preliminary search: the hunting dog finds the connection for further search
  • Pointing dogs : breeds of hunting dogs which show the characteristic of "pointing", d. In other words, they indicate to the hunter that game is discovered by "standing up"


  • Hunting justice (or grazing justice): ethical rules according to which a fermer or hunter should act and hunt
  • Waidloch (or Weidloch): anus or rectum of the game or the hunting dog
  • Waidmann (or Weidmann): hunter
  • Hunter thanks! (or Weidmannsdank!): Answer to a "Waidmannsheil!"
  • Good Hunting! (or Weidmannsheil!): Traditional greeting, farewell or congratulatory formula among hunters
  • waidwund (or willow wound): shot in the bowels ( sheaths )
  • Changing game: cloven-hoofed game that is not present as standing game in a certain area or area, but for certain reasons, e.g. B. rutting or Äsungsangebote changes and leaves the district or area soon
  • Fronds : tail of deer-like (cervids)
  • Puppy : Young animal from predators , so in principle also from cats , but mostly from dogs
  • Wild : wild animals defined as such in the Federal Hunting Act
  • Game : the meat of game that is hunted for consumption
  • Game tracking : Agreement to search for sick or shot game across the territory boundary
  • Game damage : is regulated in BJagdG 29
  • Game crossing : path regularly used by hoofed game
  • Flicking pennants, a heavenly sign : is the throwing apart of anthills that the red deer do with their antlers; the damage is as a pennant damage referred
  • squirm: perceive something with the sense of smell, smell; used in game and dogs
  • Windscreen: Nose of hoofed game , except wild boar
  • Weather : sense of smell or smell ("take in the weather", sniff)
  • wolf (also throw): give birth to wolf, fox and dog
  • Wolf shoot: additional end on the antlers between the middle shoot and the crown
  • worgen: (also choke, choke, crook) creaking or choking sounds of a wood grouse when it has pruned on its (sleeping) tree
  • Wound bed: place where an injured piece of hoofed game kneels, that is, lies down


  • Zain, der or das: obsolete for 1) the badger's tail (now rump); 2) the stag's rutting tail
  • Drawing: reaction of the game to the shot through movement and utterance
  • Cement zone method: method for determining the age of deer
  • Cut: game into game or cut into ready-to-cook pieces, see release
  • pull: 1. move calmly, from hoofed game ; 2) fly, from birds
  • Target water : Alcohol that is said to help aim with a steady hand
  • Ziemer or Zimmer: Roast back of venison from cut red deer, fallow deer, roe deer and wild boar, which is again differentiated into frond or flower pizzle, middle pizzle and front or leaf pizzle
  • Trains: Depressions in the interior of the rifle barrel in contrast to fields
  • Future buck or deer: young, well-disposed cervids
  • collapse: fall down from the hoofed game after the shot
  • Reliability: is necessary for the hunter in terms of weapons law and hunting law
  • Coercion (cf. signs suitable for deer ): the earth or snow compressed in the step
  • Compulsory change: a path that the game must use due to local conditions (terrain, obstacles, etc.)
  • Cylinder lock: lock system for a bolt action rifle

See also


Scientific literature

  • Peter Ott: On the language of the hunters in German-speaking Switzerland. A contribution to the terminology of special languages (= contributions to Swiss German dialect research. Volume 18). Huber, Frauenfeld 1970 ( online ).
  • Katrin Josephine Wagner: The language of the hunters - A comparison of the Weidmann language in German and English-speaking countries (= forum for technical language research . Volume 143). Frank & Timme, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-7329-0455-6 , online .

Hunting lexicons and dictionaries

19th century

  • Georg Ludwig Hartig : Instructions for forest and Weidmanns language; or, explanation of the older and newer artificial terms used in forestry and hunting. 2nd Edition. Cotta, Stuttgart / Tübingen 1821 ( digitized ).
  • Georg Ludwig Hartig: Lexicon for hunters and hunting enthusiasts or hunted conversation lexicon. Berlin 1836. Reprint: Osnabrück 1979.
  • Joseph and Franz Kehrein: Dictionary of the hunter's language for hunting and language lovers. Edited from the sources. Chr. Linbarth, Wiesbaden 1871. Reprint: M. Sendet, Wiesbaden 1969.
  • Ernst Ritter von Dombrowski : German hunter's language based on the entire source material for the practical hunter. J. Neumann, Neudamm 1897, 1913; 4th edition 1939.

20th century

  • Riesenthals Jagdlexikon, reference and manual for hunters and hunting enthusiasts. Neudamm 1916. Reprint: Weltbild Verlag, Augsburg 1999, ISBN 3-8289-4143-5
  • David Dalby: Lexicon of the mediaeval German hunt. A lexicon of Middle High German terms (1050–1500), associated with the chase, hunting with bows, falcony, trapping and fowling. Berlin 1965.
  • Hans-Dieter Willkomm: The Willow Man's Language. Terms, expressions and changes in meaning in the heathen language. Deutscher Landwirtschaftsverlag, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-331-00434-0 .
  • Ilse Haseder , Gerhard Stinglwagner : Knaur's large hunting dictionary. Droemersche Verlagsanstalt, Munich 1996; Weltbild-Verlag, Augsburg 2000, ISBN 3-8289-1579-5 .
  • Carl Zeiss, Fritz Dobschova: Lexicon of the hunter's language and other subject areas of the hunt. Wildlife biology, wildlife diseases, game preservation, hunting operations, hunting policy, hunting customs, weapon technology, ammunition, gunnery, hunting optics, hunting dogs, falconry, etc. v. m. VMA-Verlag, Wiesbaden 1996, ISBN 3-928127-37-3 .

21st century

Other non-fiction

  • Richard Blase: The hunter test. 32nd edition. Edition Jafona in Quelle & Meyer Verlag, Wiebelsheim 2017, ISBN 978-3-494-01720-4 .
  • F. Müller, DG Müller (Hrsg.): Wildlife information for the hunter.

Web links

Wiktionary: Hunter's language  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: Directory: German / Hunter's language  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g Both spellings - Waid ... and Weid ... - are possible according to the Duden. For more information see Jäger # word origin and spelling of weid or waid .
  2. Duden online: Hunter's language
  3. ^ Hunting language. In: DWDS. Retrieved January 17, 2019 .
  4. ^ Peter Ott: On the language of the hunters in German-speaking Switzerland. A contribution to the terminology of special languages (= contributions to Swiss German dialect research. Volume 18). Huber, Frauenfeld 1970, p. 385.
  5. Further meanings in Haseder, p. 16.
  7. Numßen, p. 14.
  8. JAEGERSPRACHE, WEIDMANNSSPRACHE from A to Z a report in the South Tyrolean hunting portal, BRIXEN. Retrieved January 15, 2019 .
  9. Zeiss, p. 31.
  10. Numssen p. 28.
  11. ^ Wolf - Wiktionary
  12. a b Duden, keyword: 'Fäh' .
  13. I. Haseder, G. Stinglwagner p. 201 I; Carl Zeiss, Fritz Dobschova p. 63.
  14. Haseder, p. 202.
  15. Haseder, p. 230.
  16. a b Ernst Winkelmann: Explanation of 20,000 foreign words and technical expressions which are used in the German language. Paul Neff, Stuttgart 1863, p. 322.
  17. Haseder p. 268.
  18. Haseder p. 282.
  19. ^ Pierer's Universal Lexicon . Volume 7. Altenburg 1859, p. 269.
  20. ^ Georg Ludwig Hartig: Lexicon for hunters and hunting enthusiasts; or hunter's conversation lexicon. Nicolaische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1861, p. 220 Scan in the Google book search.
  21. Haseder, p. 297.
  22. , accessed on February 26, 2019
  23. Wett-Röhren: Like the deer in the clearing. In: SPIEGEL ONLINE .
  24. Haseder p. 368
  25. Haseder p. 459.
  26. Haseder, p. 460.
  27. Haseder p. 463
  28. ^ Sigrid Schwenk: The hunt in the mirror of medieval literature and hunting books . In: Werner Rösener (Ed.): Hunting and court culture in the Middle Ages (=  publications of the Max Planck Institute for History . No. 135 ). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1997, ISBN 978-3-525-35450-6 , ISSN  0436-1180 , p. 460 ( limited preview in Google Book Search [accessed January 25, 2020]).
  29. Symbolic hunt. In: Swiss Society for Symbol Research. Archived from the original on January 25, 2020 ; accessed on January 25, 2020 .
  30. Haseder p. 465
  31. Haseder, p. 469
  32. Deer-friendly signs .
  33. Ernst Winkelmann: Explanation of 20,000 foreign words and technical expressions which are used in the German language. Paul Neff, Stuttgart 1863, p. 491.
  34. Haseder p. 154.
  35. ^ Herbert Krebs: Before and after the hunter examination. 58th edition, new edition. blv, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-8354-0605-6 , p. 114.
  36. Gottlob Heinrich Heinse: Encyclopedic dictionary or alphabetical explanation of all words from foreign languages ​​that are accepted in German. Volume 5. Wilhelm Wabel, Zeitz / Naumburg 1802, p. 2.
  37. Haseder p. 540.
  38. Haseder, p. 565.
  39. See entry "New". In:, accessed on February 23, 2018.
  40. ^ Hermann Julius Meyer: The large conversation lexicon for the educated classes. 2. Department, Volume 5. Printing and publishing of the Bibliographisches Institut, Hildburghausen 1850, p. 789.
  41. Siebern, Werner. In:, accessed March 5, 2016.
  42. Haseder, p. 657.
  43. Ilse Haseder p. 675.
  44. Walter Krämer, Wolfgang Sauer: Lexicon of popular language errors: misunderstandings, mistakes in reasoning and prejudices from Altbier to cynics . Piper Paperback, 2003, ISBN 3-492-23657-X .
  45. Haseder p. 36 Keyword: old box
  46. Haseder, p. 694
  47. Haseder p. 388, keyword: 2. Ansitzeinrichtung b. Umbrellas
  48. Recognize wolf tracks. In:, accessed on February 26, 2018 (Stephan Kaasche's private website).
  49. Haseder p. 715
  50. Haseder, p. 127.
  51. Haseder p. 749.
  52. Carl Zeiss, Fritz Dobschova: Lexicon of the Waidmannsssprache.
  53. Haseder, p. 774.
  54. Haseder p. 792.
  55. Ilse Haseder, Gerhard Stinglwagner: Knaurs Großes Jagdlexikon. Weltbild, Augsburg 2000, ISBN 3-8289-1579-5 , p. 831.