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FCI Standard No. 148
  • Group 4: Dachshunds
  • Section 1: Dachshund
Origin :


Alternative names:

Dachshund, dachshund


Upper limit about 9 kg

Varieties :
  • Shorthair
  • Long hair
  • Wire hair
Dwarf Dachshund
  • Shorthair
  • Long hair
  • Wire hair
Rabbit Dachshund
  • Shorthair
  • Long hair
  • Wire hair
List of domestic dogs

The dachshund , also known as Dachshund or especially in the hunter's language Teckel , is a German dog breed recognized by the FCI ( FCI Group 4, Section 1, Standard No. 148) . The breed is bred in Germany in the German Teckel Club in 1888 and - as a purely hunting breed - in the Association for Jagdteckel.

The term Dachshund designated next to the dog breed a historical use group of hunting dogs : dogs to hunt under the ground were used for hunting especially in the badger, and a group (Group 4: Dachshunds) in the racial classification of FCI , but only the breed Dachshund contains .


The dachshund is characterized by a low, short-barreled, elongated, but compact shape. He is very muscular, his head is erect and his face is alert. The shortened legs of the dachshund are the result of a targeted selection for chondrodysplasia and are anchored in the breed standard .

The dogs are available in different sizes and coat variations: long-haired, wire-haired, short-haired in many color variations, also multi-colored or brindle . Black animals without a fire and white animals with or without a fire are expressly excluded from the FCI breed standard. Piebald Dachshunds can be exhibited under AKC rules and are known there as Piebalds . The hanging ears are not set too far forward, sufficient, but not excessively long and rounded. In the three hair types, the dachshund in FCI standard are according to their size differences in dachshund (T) (formerly Normal dachshund), Chest (BU) about 35 cm, weight limit about 9 kg Miniature Dachshund (Zw), BU about 30 to 35 cm, and rabbit dachshunds (Kt), BU up to 30 cm.


Six wire-haired dachshund puppies
(almost six weeks old)

Dachshunds are very self-confident. This is very helpful when hunting defensive game, especially the badger (hence the name Dachshund). In the badger or fox den, the dog is a sole hunter and has to make his own decisions, as the dog handler cannot guide him here.

The Dachshund's willingness to bond is less pronounced. Your training requires a loving consistency and a knowledgeable dog handler and should start as early as possible as a puppy. This also applies to the effect on the dachshund when dealing with other dogs and people: The dachshund's strong self-confidence can sometimes mean that it has too little respect for larger dogs and it can lead to confrontations.


The dachshund family with hunter and maid , painting by Adolf Eberle

This breed was bred for hunting, especially for the hunt under the ground to the fox and badger . Its short legs and its comparatively small chest allow the dachshund to penetrate the underground burrows of these wild animals. During the construction hunt, the dog should "blow up" the fox, i. H. Chase him out of his burrow, but if possible do not confront him and do not get involved in a fight.

While foxes “jump” quickly (leave the burrow), the badger often confronts the dachshund and has to be dug up if necessary. Sometimes it also "fissures" (piles up an earth wall between itself and the dog). This way it cannot reach it and has to be dug up if necessary.

In addition, dachshunds are ideal for browsing. On driven hunts , the game brought up by the short-legged dogs flees more familiarly and more slowly, whereby it often stops. So is a safe response and recognition of game possible and difficult shots on highly volatile animals are put rare.

The dachshund also does an excellent job on the trail of sick game. If its uses are limited due to its size, it is ideal for safe death searches .

In addition to being a hunting dog , the dachshund is also used as a companion and exhibition dog . Most of the dogs are not used as working dogs.

Decline in the number of puppies

Waldi , the mascot of the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich

The Dachshund is a breed with sharply declining puppy numbers. Were in 1972 when the dachshund Waldi the mascot of the Olympic Games was in Munich, still about 28,000 puppies every year in Germany thrown , the number of puppies in 1996 was 12,000 and went up further in 2011 to around 6,300 in the year reflected puppies. In view of these figures, there was even talk of the breed becoming extinct in 2007, while breeders pointed out that the population was not endangered.

According to the Association for German Dogs (VDH), the birth rate of dachshunds fell by around 35 percent in Germany between 1997 and 2007. While fewer and fewer dog owners in Germany are opting for a dachshund, in 2007, however, 20,000 dachshund puppies were born in Japan . In 2012, according to a documentary by Arte , most of the dachshunds lived in Japan. In the VDH statistics for 2017, the 9766 German Shepherd puppies littered in the VDH are followed by 5795 Teckel puppies in second place.

Torture breeding

The Dachshund is like some other dog breeds, examples being the Basset and Pekingese, outwardly defined by its short-leggedness. This chondrodysplasia is caused by a mutation that occurred in the domestic dog's gene pool before the development of modern dog breeds. It causes premature ossification of the growth plates on the long bones of the legs, and thus shortened and bent limbs. Due to their extremely long spine in relation to their legs, dachshunds are prone to a special form of herniated discs , dachshund paralysis . This squeezes nerves in the spine and the dachshund loses control of parts of the body, mostly the back legs. Preventive measures against dachshund paralysis are avoidance of excess weight and sufficient exercise to build up strong back muscles. Once the dachshund paralysis has occurred, it can no longer be reversed, but it can be alleviated by medication or surgery and additional physiotherapeutic measures.

Pes varus : Due to a disruption in the growth of the shin , the foot kinks inwards.

The bobble dog as an art object

The bobble dog has been produced in Germany since 1965 . The decorative figure, which is often flocked, was seen on the rear shelf of notchback cars in particular in the 1970s and 80s; its pendulous head reacts to the movements of the car.

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Dachshund  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : Dachshund  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Pied Dachshunds within the AKC ( Memento from May 9, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
  2. a b puppy statistics: is the dachshund dying out? - Nature. In: stern.de . March 6, 2007, accessed August 1, 2015 .
  3. Hella Möhring: The German dachshund will not die. In: welt.de . September 26, 2007, accessed August 1, 2015 .
  4. a b puppy statistics of the VDH. In: vdh.de , accessed on September 7, 2018
  5. Martin Wittmann: The dachshund is dying out. In: FAZ.net . March 8, 2007, accessed August 1, 2015 .
  6. Japan discovers the German dachshund. In: morgenpost.de. August 17, 2007, accessed August 1, 2015 .
  7. Dachshunds! Little dog really big. ( Memento from May 17, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Article on a documentation by arte.tv from February 24, 2012 (repetition February 10, 2013)
  8. Heidi G. Parker et al .: An Expressed Fgf4 Retrogene Is Associated with Breed-Defining Chondrodysplasia in Domestic Dogs. In: Science. vol. 325, No. 5943, August 21, 2009, pp. 995-998, doi: 10.1126 / science.1173275 .