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A mixed breed puppy from Wolfspitz and Siberian Husky . The hangings will still straighten up.

A puppy is a young domestic dog , but also a wolf or a fox that is still suckling or is at most two to three months old.

In addition to the young animals of dogs , those of the marten-like predatory game are sometimes referred to as puppies. In addition, it also includes newborns of the predators in general until they are weaned. The originally Low German form has appeared in High German since the 16th century and has largely supplanted the loudly displaced Welf here .

Domestic dog

Six wire-haired dachshund puppies
(almost six weeks old)

Both the number of puppies and their birth weight vary considerably and depend on the breed , among other things . In contrast, the ratio of the total weight of the litter to the body weight of the mother, which is 11 percent (10–15%), is largely uniform . The largest known litter consisted of 22 puppies. In domestic dogs , a young animal is called a puppy beyond the suckling period up to an age of six to nine months, but the hormonal change of the young dog period begins at the latest with the first loss of its milk teeth.

The basic physical development takes place in the so-called puppy age. In this phase there is also the characterological imprint or socialization phase of the dog. It is therefore an essential time in dog training .

In the subsequent young dog age, sexual maturity develops in males (males) and females (females). This means that the young dogs go through a change of character during this hormonal change. Both sexes are more sensitive, insecure, anxious and affectionate and often show a negative reaction in their behavior, such as nervousness , lack of appetite or -gier, disobedience, lack of concentration, irritability and anxiety biting, when in distress.

See also


  • Anton Fichtlmeier: Basic education for puppies . Kosmos, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-440-09988-1 .
  • Viviane Theby: The Kosmos Puppy Book . Kosmos, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-440-09725-0 (with CD environmental noises for gentle familiarization ).
  • Imke Niewöhner: Off to life! - Primary school plan for puppies . Kynos-Verlag , Mürlenbach 2005, ISBN 3-938071-02-8 .

Individual evidence

  1. Brockhaus 2004, puppy (Welf)
  2. Meyer's Encyclopedic Lexicon. Volume 25 . Bibliographical Institute, Mannheim / Vienna / Zurich 1979.
  3. Lexicon of Biology. Volume 14 . Spektrum Akademischer Verlag (Elsevier), Munich 2004, ISBN 3-8274-0339-1 .
  4. Gerhard KF Stinglwagner, Ilse E. Haseder: Das Große Kosmos Jagdlexikon . Franckh-Kosmos, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-440-12309-6 (special edition).
  5. Hunting Lexicon . 4th edition. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Munich 1987, ISBN 3-405-13469-2 .
  6. ^ Ekkehard Wiesner, Horst Meyer, Günter Steinbach: Welpe . In: Ekkehard Wiesner, Regine Ribbeck (Hrsg.): Lexicon of veterinary medicine . 4th edition. Enke (Hippokrates), Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-7773-1459-5 .
  7. ^ German dictionary , founded by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm , s. vv. WELP (E) , WELF
  8. cf. also for dogs, foxes, etc. Wölfe digital dictionary of the German language, keyword: 'Welpe'
  9. a b Dorit Urd Feddersen-Petersen : Hundepsychologie . Franckh-Kosmos, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-440-09780-3 , litter sizes, p. 222 .

Web links

Wiktionary: Puppy  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : Puppies  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files