|Simpson , 1931|
The canine species (Caniformia) are a suborder within the order of the carnivores (Carnivora). They usually have a pointed snout and are often toe-walkers whose claws cannot be retracted (in contrast to their sister group , the feline group (Feliformia)). The seals also developed from canine-like ancestors and can therefore be assigned to this group with their three families.
Canine species are divided into the following families:
- Dogs (Canidae)
- Bears (Ursidae)
- Walruses (Odobenidae)
- Ear seals (Otariidae)
- Dog seals (Phocidae)
- Little pandas (Ailuridae)
- Skunks or skunks (Mephitidae)
- Small bears (Procyonidae)
- Marten (Mustelidae)
Two other families, the Amphicyonidae ("bear dogs") and the Hemicyonidae ("dog bears"), died out in the Miocene . Another extinct group are the possibly paraphyletic Amphicynodontidae , close to either the bears or the seals.
The following diagram shows the likely family relationships:
- DE Wilson, DM Reeder: Mammal Species of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-8018-8221-4 .