List of names for domestic and wild animals

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Domestic animals and wildlife often have specific names based on gender, age, reproductive capacity, and other categories; sometimes the names are derived from a basic form (see movied animal names ).

Names for domestic and wild animals

Abbreviation: Jg. = Hunter's language

Art Male Female Cub Castrated ( / ♀) foot Animal group More, comments
Bees drone Worker larva State , swarm Queen, queen (reproductive-capable ♀)
Elk A1 Bull (elk bull); Shovel, Stangler Cow (elk cow); Moose Calf, elk calf pack
Ducks A5 Drake, Drake duck Kü (c) ken / cakes Schoof
Donkey A2 , especially domestic donkey stallion mare foal Gelding (♂) hoof like horses
Fish, especially bony fish Milchner Rogner larva swarm Larva : only up to metamorphosis , see reproductive biology in bony fish
Chamois A1 Bock, chamois Goat fawn
Geese , especially domestic goose Goose, goose, goose, goose goose Kü (c) ken / Küchlein, Gössel Schoof dialectal for Gössel: goslings
Hares , including rabbits Rammler , buck Zibbe Puppy paw
Deer, real A1 Cop Hind, hind, hind, animal calf pack Number with additional end : indication of the age of the ♂ after the antlers ;
Monk : born antlers ♂ stag;
Animal : cf. English deer 'Hirsch, Reh' - born precisely Rottier ( red deer ), Damtier ( fallow deer ); Adult, Jg mother animal. Pricket ♀ Jg before farrowing.
Calf : Born until Martin's Day or New Year's Eve
Dogs and various marten-like A3 Male Bitch A4 , Zauche , Fähe A8 Puppy pack
Chickens including domestic chicken A6 Rooster A6 , Gockel (domestic chicken only) Chicken, hen Kü (c) ken / cakes Capon (♂, domestic chicken only) claw Crowd Domestic chicken: hen ♀ ○ with
turkey and turkeyTurkey
dialektal for chicks: Pipperl, Wuserl, Puserl, Singerl, Hünkel / Hinkel
Poularde (♀ sexually mature domestic fowl)
Cats: small cats , especially house cats Cat, cat Cat, queen Young, Kitten , Kittens paw Wildcat and Lynx : Jg. Kuder ♂,
dialectal for "female. Cat ": female cat; She-cat (distrib. In NPf and northern. VPF)
marmot bear Cat) monkey Colony (depending on species)
Horses A2 , especially domestic horses stallion mare Foal , colt Gelding (♂) hoof herd Yearling (annual ○),
weaners (weaned from mother ○)
Deer A1 Buck, roebuck Doe, goat fawn Leap Fawn : cf. english kid ;
Yearling : Annual roebuck
Cattle A1 Bull, bull cow calf Ox (♂); Carved calf  (♀) herd Domestic cattle (see there for details) :
Cow technically only after the first litter:
suckler cow suckling,
dairy cow in extended milking time;
Heifers , also strong / strong, calf, Queen (e), Gusti: immature ♀ over a year;
Beef cow: ♀ completely without ○;
Young bull: ♂ over a year to maturity, later
fattening bull or
breeding bull , also Hage / Häge (l), Farre (n), Fasel, Muni
○ under 1 year ♀ Kaibl, Schumpen
Sheep , especially domestic sheep and mouflon Buck, Aries Au, Aue, Zibbe lamb Mutton, Schöps (♂) herd Domestic sheep: milk lamb (○ 8 weeks to 6 months), fattening lamb (○ up to 1 year); then also yearlings, admitters ; adult ♀ also analogous to cattle (mother, dairy, fattening sheep)
Pig (domestic pig) Boar , Saubär sow piglet Altschneider , Borg (♂) Borg resp. Altschneider depending on the time of the castration.
Whales A1 Cop cow calf school
Wild boar , born in Sau / Wildsau A7 Boar Bache Freshman, defector Rotte (born) Basse (born strong, old boar);
Newborn : ○ up to 12 months, defectors : ○ 12 to 24 months
Goats A1 , including ibex A7 Buck (esp. Billy goat in domestic goats ) Geiss (esp. Steingeiß in Capricorn), bitch, doe (domestic goat) Fawn, kid Monk (♂ with the domestic goat) herd


Preliminary remark: To want to transfer the "schemes" of the traditional German hunting and agricultural special languages, which are tailored to the animal species occurring in Central Europe, to more recent evolutionary biological systems of descent (taxonomic groups) , is often not very useful, the terms are mostly phenomenological. comparing.

A1Scheme bull / cow / calf (the scheme domestic cattle / red deer) for all real deer and cattle (tribe), various other large ungulates in the broader sense (such as elephants , giraffes - here as one of two possibilities, some antelopes , etc.), too for the whales and manatees (which are actually relatively closely related to ungulates), and also the seals (which, however, are canine-like predators A3 ). Bock / doe / fawn (naming scheme of goat / deer) for capreolinae (the deer is one of the deceit deer - except for the moose , which is due to its size and clumsiness German as the red deer named) and chamois and other goat-like , gazelles , and many other smaller, agile ungulates
A2 Stallion / mare / foal with horses (Equus), also with wild horses , wild donkeys and zebras , as well as with camels and - as one of two possibilities - with giraffes
A3The domestic dog scheme applies in principle to all dogs , foxes and wolves , and marten-like , such as ferrets ; in the case of the roof , the applicability of the scheme is disputed
A4Domestic dogs only , including dingo ; unclear or rare with representatives of real dogs , such as the African wild dog
A5All species of the duck bird family designated as "ducks"
A6Also applies for Auerhahn , born Urhahn. Birkhuhn born Spielhahn. Partridge , woodcock , pheasant and other game birds , and ratites and bustards ;
The rooster / hen / chick scheme generally applies in ornithology to ♂ / ♀ / ○ of birds , especially songbirds
A7Vol. For ungulates and ground game expected
A8 Only Fuchs, born also transferred to some species of marten

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Directory: German / gender  terms in animals - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Walter Prader : Hunters' language from A to Z. In: South Tyrolean hunting portal, accessed on December 3, 2015 (German).
  2. ^ Johann Gottlieb Radlof: Basic features of an educational history of the Germanic peoples: based on the primeval monuments of language and history. G. Reimer, 1825, p. 55 (§ 3); other outdated forms: "in some places also Zaupe or Betze ". Georg Ludwig Hartig : Textbook for hunters and those who want to become one. Volume 1. Rötzl and Kaulfuss, 1812, p. 258 ( scan in Google book search).
  3. Kätzin in Duden Spelling
  4. Groundhog. In: South Tyrolean hunting portal, accessed on February 26, 2018 (German).
  5. Explicitly excluding the badger : Ilse Haseder , Gerhard Stinglwagner : Knaurs Großes Jagdlexikon. Weltbild-Verlag, Augsburg 2000, ISBN 3-8289-1579-5 , p. 201, as well as Carl Zeiss, Fritz Dobschova: Lexikon der Waidmannsssprache. Hubertusverlag Hitschmann, Vienna 1992, ISBN 3-7039-0011-3 , p. 63.