Cattle usually referred to domesticated animals in agriculture , in particular the entire herd on a farm or another set of farm animals (. Eg "the cattle on the pasture"), sometimes an individual farm animal.
Scope of meaning
With cattle are often cattle meant what also to the designation of certain breeds of cattle shows (eg. Simmental , Brown Swiss , Yellow cattle ), but also other types of livestock are expected to cattle (see below: large and small livestock). Poultry is counted for sheep and occasionally poultry called, but agricultural are birds rather than cattle referred.
In colloquial language, a cattle can also mean any animal. The dialect form Viech has a pejorative character. When used transferred, livestock or cattle can refer to an "animal", uncultivated human being.
Large and small livestock
- In Central Europe, cattle , horses and pigs are generally understood as cattle (while a cattle unit is a conversion key based on the live weight (500 kg) of a cattle).
- For small animals include sheep , goats , poultry and rabbits .
- Sometimes pigs, sheep and goats are grouped together as medium-sized animals .
Classification according to type of use
According to the primary use, cattle are divided into meat cattle or slaughter cattle (for meat production), dairy cattle (cattle for milk production ) and draft cattle or working cattle ( e.g. horses, oxen). Höhenvieh is a collective term for mountain breeds of cattle.
As far back as 1800, the term “ Faselvieh ” was used to describe cattle intended for breeding, in contrast to beef cattle. Since they were only poorly fed, Faselvieh often meant lean, unfattened cattle. Municipal ordinances obliged households to keep the carnivores.
- See cattle at Duden online
- See Viech at Duden online
- Adelung: Grammatical-Critical Dictionary of High German Dialect , Volume 2, Leipzig 1796, p. 51, keyword Faselvieh
Hans-Werner Johann, Simmern: From the history of the Jewish community . In: Interesting Contemporaries / Interesting Contemporaries . Hartung-Gorre Verlag, Konstanz 1998, p. 268, ISBN 3-89191-888-7 . Quote:
Similar to Gemünden, the Jews in Laufersweiler were exempted from keeping the "Faselviehs" in 1750. In a “Decretum” of November 16, 1750 it says: “While supplicating Jews are known to draw no civic benefit, they will not move to a bourgeois house in future without prior sovereign consensus and without requesting to have accepted the congregation for keeping the carnivores, should bring to himself which bailiff Kirchner is made available to the further necessary disposal and observation. signed Fhr. Erbschenk von Schmidtburg. "
- Animal production
- Intensive animal husbandry , species-appropriate husbandry
- Cattle stocking (number of livestock per area)
- Animal fattening
- Cattle transport