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Agricultural Livestock 1787, painting by Edward Hicks
Monument to the animals for slaughter in Wroclaw

Cattle usually referred to domesticated animals in agriculture , in particular the entire herd on a farm or another set of farm animals (. Eg "the cattle on the pasture"), sometimes an individual farm animal.

Scope of meaning

With cattle are often cattle meant what also to the designation of certain breeds of cattle shows (eg. Simmental , Brown Swiss , Yellow cattle ), but also other types of livestock are expected to cattle (see below: large and small livestock). Poultry is counted for sheep and occasionally poultry called, but agricultural are birds rather than cattle referred.

There are many types of farm animals that do not count as livestock. For example, working dogs , honeybees or laboratory mice are farm animals, but they do not belong to livestock.

In colloquial language, a cattle can also mean any animal. The dialect form Viech has a pejorative character. When used transferred, livestock or cattle can refer to an "animal", uncultivated human being.

Large and small livestock

Classification according to type of use

According to the primary use, cattle are divided into meat cattle or slaughter cattle (for meat production), dairy cattle (cattle for milk production ) and draft cattle or working cattle ( e.g. horses, oxen). Höhenvieh is a collective term for mountain breeds of cattle.

As far back as 1800, the termFaselvieh ” was used to describe cattle intended for breeding, in contrast to beef cattle. Since they were only poorly fed, Faselvieh often meant lean, unfattened cattle. Municipal ordinances obliged households to keep the carnivores.

Individual evidence

  1. See cattle at Duden online
  2. See Viech at Duden online
  3. Adelung: Grammatical-Critical Dictionary of High German Dialect , Volume 2, Leipzig 1796, p. 51, keyword Faselvieh
  4. Hans-Werner Johann, Simmern: From the history of the Jewish community . In: Interesting Contemporaries / Interesting Contemporaries . Hartung-Gorre Verlag, Konstanz 1998, p. 268, ISBN 3-89191-888-7 . Quote:
    Similar to Gemünden, the Jews in Laufersweiler were exempted from keeping the "Faselviehs" in 1750. In a “Decretum” of November 16, 1750 it says: “While supplicating Jews are known to draw no civic benefit, they will not move to a bourgeois house in future without prior sovereign consensus and without requesting to have accepted the congregation for keeping the carnivores, should bring to himself which bailiff Kirchner is made available to the further necessary disposal and observation. signed Fhr. Erbschenk von Schmidtburg. "

See also

Web links

Commons : Cattle  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: cattle  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations