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The young animals of many herd animals are referred to as calves , for example cattle , deer , but also elephants , giraffes and hippos ; This designation is also common with marine mammals, i.e. whales and manatees .

Domestic cattle

Cow with a new born calf

In cattle, the young until sexually mature is called a calf, so as a rule a young cattle of both sexes up to the completion of the first year of life; a bull (s) calf is a male cub. A young cattle raised only with milk is called a milk calf up to a weight of 150 kg and an animal over 300 kg that is not yet sexually mature is called a young cattle. Female young animals are heifers from then until the first calving . However, since the term cow is also used for many other animal species , a young whale is also referred to as a calf.

Today the cattle are mostly raised separately from the mother, because the milk is milked by the farmer and processed in the dairy into drinking milk , butter , cheese or other dairy products. On the other hand, keeping cows together with their calves ( suckler cow keeping) can be more animal-friendly keeping . It is usually only practiced when meat production is in the foreground.

The process of giving birth to a calf is called calving .

Calves that are fed only with milk and hay until they are slaughtered and therefore produce particularly tender and light-colored meat are called milk calves.

Calves from other mammalian species

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Kalb  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : Calves  - collection of images, videos and audio files