Chhaya ( Sanskrit छाया chāyā f. [ ˈʧʰɑːjɑː ] "shadow") is the second wife of the sun god Surya in Hinduism . In the Vedic versions her name is Savarna (Sanskrit सवर्णा savarṇā ) and that of the sun god Vivasvat .
Sanjna , the wife of the sun god, created because she could no longer bear his blazing glow, an image, Chhaya, who then took her place as his wife. As a result, she became the mother of Shani , Manu Savarni and the river goddess Tapati . Yama , the son of Sanjnya and Vivasvat, upset that she preferred her own children, lifted her foot to kick her. Then she cursed him that his foot should be eaten by ulcers and maggots. This made it clear that she wasn't Yama's mother and Vivasvat went in search of Sanjna, his real wife.
The Puranas make Chhaya the sister of Sanjna.
- Hans Wilhelm Haussig (Ed.) Gods and Myths of the Indian Subcontinent (= Dictionary of Mythology . Department 1: The ancient civilized peoples. Volume 5). Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1984, ISBN 3-12-909850-X , p. 56.
- Jan Knappert: Lexicon of Indian Mythology. Heyne, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-453-07817-9 , p. 89.
- Chhaya . In: John Dowson : A classical dictionary of Hindu mythology and religion, geography, history, and literature. Trübner & co., London 1879, p. 72 ( Text Archive - Internet Archive ).
- ↑ chāyā . In: Monier Monier-Williams : Sanskrit-English Dictionary . Clarendon Press, Oxford 1899, p. 406, col. 1 .