Hans Wilhelm Haussig

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hans Wilhelm Haussig (born October 3, 1916 in Berlin ; † April 27, 1994 ibid) was a German historian specializing in Oriental and Byzantine studies .


Hans Wilhelm Haussig received his doctorate in Berlin in 1939 and completed his habilitation in 1956 at the Free University there . In his habilitation thesis he dealt with the subject order of the Byzantine Empire . In 1968 he was appointed professor for Byzantine history at the same university, and the following year he took over the chair for the history of Near and Central Asia and Byzantine studies at the Ruhr University in Bochum . In 1982 he retired and returned to the Free University of Berlin, where he lectured as an honorary professor in the same subject areasheld. In 1991 he became an honorary member of the Societas Uralo-Altaica , an international uralistisch - Altai-Nazi research community.

Hans Wilhelm Haussig died in Berlin in 1994 at the age of 77. His grave is in the Dahlem forest cemetery .


Haussig's publications deal primarily with the region around the Silk Road as well as the culture and history of the Byzantine Empire. His “Cultural History of Byzantium” (1959) in particular gained widespread circulation, appeared in several editions and was translated into English, French, Italian and Polish. His two-volume work on the history of Central Asia and the Silk Road in pre-Islamic and Islamic times up to the 13th century (1983/1988) is of scientific importance to this day due to the fact that it takes into account the various European, Islamic and Chinese sources as well as the archaeological findings.

In addition, Hans-Wilhelm Haussig was the editor of the extensive “ Dictionary of Mythology ”, which has been published by Klett-Cotta in Stuttgart since 1965 . The volumes on the myths of the ancient Orient (1965), pre-Christian Europe (1973), the Indian subcontinent (1984) and the Caucasian and Iranian peoples (1986) were published under his direction . Together with Edward Tryarski he researched the old Turkish Orkhon runes ; In collaboration with the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen , he examined trade and ethnology in Eastern Europe in the early Middle Ages . He also made several contributions to the Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde and the Handbuch der Orientalistik .

All in all, Haussig covered a broad spectrum of research fields, whereby his interest was not only in the characteristics of individual cultures but also in the mutual influences and relationships of the various societies. The ancient historian Manfred Clauss wrote in an obituary in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung : “As a scientist, Hans Wilhelm Haussig was a wanderer between worlds and cultures. Sometimes there was something shimmering about his work, something that cross-border commuters sometimes have to offer. "


as editor
  • Herodotus : histories. Translated by August Horneffer (= Kröner's pocket edition. Volume 224). Kröner, Stuttgart 1955. 2nd edition, ibid 1959. 3rd edition, ibid 1963.
  • with Dietz Otto Edzard : Gods and Myths in the Middle East (= Dictionary of Mythology. Department 1: The ancient civilized peoples. Volume 1). Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1965. 2nd edition, ibid 1983, ISBN 3-12-909810-0 .
  • with Jonas Balys: Gods and Myths in Old Europe (= Dictionary of Mythology. Section 1: The ancient civilized peoples. Volume 2). Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1973, ISBN 3-12-909820-8 .
  • with Heinz Bechert : Gods and Myths of the Indian Subcontinent (= Dictionary of Mythology. Section 1: The ancient civilized peoples. Volume 5). Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1984, ISBN 3-12-909850-X .
  • with Carsten Colpe : Gods and myths of the Caucasian and Iranian peoples (= dictionary of mythology. Department 1: The ancient civilized peoples. Volume 4). Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1986, ISBN 3-12-909840-2 .
as a writer
  • Theophylact's digression on the Scythian peoples. In: Byzantion , Volume 23, 1954, pp. 275-462.
  • with Franz Altheim : The Huns in Eastern Europe. A research report. Publishing house for art and science, Baden-Baden 1958.
  • Cultural history of Byzantium (= Kröner's pocket edition. Volume 211). Kröner, Stuttgart 1959. 2nd edition, ibid 1966.
    • Italian translation: Storia e cultura di Bisanzio. Translated by Maria Attardo Magrini. Il Saggiatore, Milan 1964.
    • Polish translation: Historia kultury bizantyńskiej. Translated by Tadeusz Zabłudowski. Państwowy Instytut wydawniczy, Warsaw 1969. 2nd edition, ibid 1980.
    • French translation: Histoire de la civilization byzantine. Translated by Jean Décarreaux. Tallandier, Paris 1971.
    • English translation: A History of Byzantine civilization. Translated by JM Hussey. Thames and Hudson, London 1971.
  • Byzantine history. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1969.
  • The history of Central Asia and the Silk Road in pre-Islamic times (= basics. Volume 49). Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1983, ISBN 3-534-07869-1 . 2nd edition outside the series "Grundzüge", ibid. 1992. Reprint, ibid. 2005, ISBN 978-3-534-19185-7 .
  • The history of Central Asia and the Silk Road in Islamic times (= basics. Volume 73). Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1988, ISBN 3-534-09271-6 . 2nd edition outside of the series “Grundzüge”, ibid 1994. Reprint, ibid 2005, ISBN 978-3-534-18992-2 .
  • Archeology and Art of the Silk Road. Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1992, ISBN 3-534-09072-1 .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans-Jürgen Mende: Lexicon of Berlin burial places . Pharus-Plan, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-86514-206-1 , p. 581.
  2. Hansgerd Göckenjan : A meeting place for the high religions. Hans Wilhelm Haussig researches the history of the Asian Silk Road. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , April 5, 1990, p. 38.
  3. ^ Manfred Clauss : Cross-border commuters: Hans Wilhelm Haussig died. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , May 9, 1994, p. 38.