Real Lexicon of Germanic Antiquity
The Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde ( RGA ) is a specialist lexicon and academic standard work on the early history and culture of the Germanic peoples and tribes as well as the cultures in contact with them. The second edition of the work was supervised by the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . The name was chosen because of the assumption of older research that historically documented peoples can be traced back to the early prehistoric times. The title was later taken over from the first edition, although its content is obsolete.
The first, four-volume edition was obtained from the English scholar Johannes Hoops 1911-1919, for which several respected researchers at the time contributed (including Rudolf Much , who handed the publication to Hoops for health reasons).
The second edition, the editors of which are Heinrich Beck (from Volume 1, 1968/72), Dieter Geuenich (from Volume 13, 1999), Heiko Steuer (from Volume 8, 1991/94) and Rosemarie Müller (from 1992) and the Verlag Walter de Gruyter (Berlin-New York) 1968 / 73–2008 is a completely revised version of the old Real Lexicon and is the subject of the following explanations.
The Reallexikon takes into account all areas in which Germanic peoples were resident, and it covers the period from the earliest evidence in the 1st millennium BC. BC, through the late ancient migration period to the early Middle Ages . For Scandinavia, which was not Christianized until late, the period covered extends until the end of the Viking Age , i.e. until the 11th / 12th. Century, for the continent it ends in the Carolingian era . The RGA is an important reference work for the history of Central, Eastern, Western and Northern Europe during this period. In addition to the history and culture of the Germanic peoples, Celts , Huns and the Roman Empire are also taken into account. The history of reception is sometimes given a lot of space. Church and literary history are less weighted.
Many of the articles were written by outstanding specialists. The state of research is extensively documented; References can be found at the end of the respective article. If necessary, the topics are dealt with from the perspective of various disciplines (linguistics, history, archeology with the inclusion of scientific methods). The 35th and final volume of the 2nd edition was published in 2007. The lexicon comprises a total of 5124 articles by 1443 authors on 22,359 pages. This is followed by two index volumes: Volume 1 (2008) with author, key word and subject index as well as a list of abbreviations; Volume 2 (2008) with an alphabetical index. In addition, numerous special and supplementary volumes have been published. In the context of the publication of the RGA, a commission for the ancient studies of Central and Northern Europe was founded in 1971 , the proceedings of which were published by the Göttingen Academy of Sciences.
First edition in four volumes
Johannes Hoops (Hrsg.): Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde . 4 volumes. KJ Trübner, Strasbourg. 1911-1919
- Digital copies at the Internet Archive :
Second edition in 35 volumes
Herbert Jankuhn , Heinrich Beck , Hans Kuhn, Kurt Ranke and Reinhard Wenskus (eds.): Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde. 35 volumes. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York (first delivery 1968) 1973–2007, ISBN 3-11-016227-X (and 2 index volumes, published 2008).
- Numerous supplementary volumes since 1986, currently (December 2019) 119 published or planned volumes.
Germanic Antiquity Online
Heinrich Beck, Sebastian Brather , Dieter Geuenich , Wilhelm Heizmann , Steffen Patzold , Heiko Steuer (Eds.): Germanische Altertumskunde Online. European cultural history up to the High Middle Ages. De Gruyter, Berlin-New York 2010, ISBN 978-3-11-021953-1 .
In September 2010 the database Germanische Altertumskunde Online. European cultural history up to the High Middle Ages (GAO) put online on the de Gruyter platform for a fee. In addition to the RGA lexicon articles and the contents of the supplementary volumes, the database also contains documents that are only available online. Likewise, new lexicon articles and revisions or additions to existing lemmas are to appear in the GAO. New book publications by de Gruyter on the subject are regularly integrated into the database. All contents of the database are linked to one another; In addition, the entire database can be searched and selected according to various criteria.
- Heiko Steuer: A major scientific project has been completed. The real dictionary of Germanic antiquity . In: Archäologisches Nachrichtenblatt . Volume 13 (2008), pp. 309-311.
- Rudolf Schieffer : The real dictionary of Germanic antiquity. In: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages . Volume 64 (2008), pp. 603-608. ( Digitized version )
- Timo Stickler : At the end of the real dictionary of Germanic antiquity . In: Historical magazine . Volume 292 (2011), pp. 127-132.
- Heinrich Beck, Dieter Geuenich, Heiko Steuer (Hrsg.): Antiquity - Classical Studies - Cultural Studies. Income and perspectives after 40 years of the Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde. RGA supplementary volume 77. De Gruyter, Berlin a. a. 2012, ISBN 978-3-11-027360-1 .
- See Hans Grünert: Gustaf Kossinna, from Germanist to prehistoric. Rahden 2002, p. 140.
- Heinrich Beck : Germanen, Germania, Germanische Altertumskunde. V. Germanic antiquity. In: Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde (RGA). 2nd Edition. Volume 11, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 1998, ISBN 3-11-015832-9 , pp. 436–437.
- Timo Stickler: At the end of the real lexicon of Germanic antiquity. In: Historical magazine. Volume 292 (2011), pp. 127-132, here: p. 127.
- Timo Stickler: At the end of the real lexicon of Germanic antiquity. In: Historical magazine. Volume 292 (2011), pp. 127-132, here: pp. 127f.
- Timo Stickler: At the end of the real lexicon of Germanic antiquity. In: Historical magazine. Volume 292 (2011), pp. 127-132, here: p. 126.
- degruyter.com: Germanic antiquity online