Academy of Sciences in Göttingen
|Academy of Sciences in Göttingen|
|motto||Fecundat and regalia|
|place||Goettingen , Germany|
The Academy of Sciences in Göttingen (until 1942: Society of Sciences in Göttingen , until 2001 Academy of Sciences in Göttingen ), founded in 1751 by King George II of Great Britain , Elector of Hanover, is the oldest continuously existing institution among the eight scientific academies in Germany, which are united under the umbrella of the Union of German Academies of Sciences . Your job is to work on their own and in cooperation with scientists and research institutions at home and abroad of science to serve. Members are professors of the humanities and natural sciences who have made a special contribution in their field. The academy is therefore a place where interdisciplinarity is realized at the highest scientific level.
The first president was the polymath Albrecht von Haller . The academy's motto is Fecundat et Ornat (It fertilizes and adorns).
The academy currently oversees more than 20 long-term projects of national and international standing, including the German inscriptions of the Middle Ages and the early modern times , Germania Sacra , learned journals and newspapers as networks of knowledge in the Age of Enlightenment , Johann Friedrich Blumenbach - Online , Runic writing in the Germanic languages , the Middle High German Dictionary and the Early New High German Dictionary .
The members alone decide who is admitted to the academy in a secret ballot. The members are divided into two classes, the mathematical and natural science class and the humanities and social science class, which always meet together when scientific lectures are given.
The professors meet every two weeks during the semester for plenary sessions and exchange research results. Some contributions will be included in the yearbook, which provides an overview of ongoing research.
The Göttingen Academy often addresses the public in lectures. In cooperation with the Georg August University, it offers lecture series. Since 2005 the academy week has been held annually on a current topic. Members regularly give lectures in the state parliament in Hanover and discuss with political decision-makers.
At the annual public celebration in November, which is the culmination of the many events of the year, the incumbent President presents his report; The academy then awards prizes with which it recognizes outstanding achievements and particularly aims to honor and promote young scientists. The focus of the annual celebration is the speech, which deals with a scientific or science-political topic.
The conference room is located in the auditorium of the Georg August University .
The academy consists of two equal classes, the mathematical and natural science class and the humanities and social science class. Each class can have up to forty full members under the age of 70 who live in Göttingen or in northern Germany. In addition to these full members, there are up to two hundred corresponding members who live in the rest of Germany and abroad.
As the oldest continuously existing institution of its kind in Germany, the Academy can look back on a long tradition. Many famous scholars were members, including Carl Friedrich Gauß , the brothers Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm , Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , the brothers Alexander and Wilhelm von Humboldt , Georg Christoph Lichtenberg , and Werner Heisenberg . Today three Nobel Prize winners bring their knowledge to the Göttingen Academy: Erwin Neher , Bert Sakmann and Stefan Hell . The Göttingen Academy can boast a total of 74 Nobel Prize winners in its history.
The Presidium is elected every four years by the plenary. The President of the Academy has been Andreas Gardt , Professor of German Linguistics and Linguistic History at the University of Kassel , since April 2016 . Vice-Presidents are Annette Zippelius and Jens Peter Laut , and Jonas Maatsch has been Secretary General since 2020.
Research projects of the academy program
Research projects as part of the nationwide academy program :
- German inscriptions of the Middle Ages and early modern times
- German dictionary by Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm Grimm (completed in 2016)
- The inscriptions of the Ptolemaic Temple of Edfu (funding until 2017)
- Edition of Lichtenberg's scientific writings
- Edition and processing of Byzantine legal sources
- Encyclopedia of Fairy Tales
- Development of the files of the Imperial Council of the Imperial Court
- Early New High German Dictionary
- Scholarly journals and newspapers of the Enlightenment
- Germania Sacra
- Goethe dictionary
- Court and residence in the late medieval German Empire (1200–1600)
- Johann Friedrich Blumenbach-online
- Cataloging of the oriental manuscripts in Germany
- Leibniz edition
- Middle High German dictionary
- Place names between the Rhine and Elbe - onomastics in Europe
- Papal documents of the early and high Middle Ages
- Patristic Commission
- Qumran Dictionary
- Runic writing in the Germanic languages
- Sanskrit dictionary
- Schleiermacher Edition ,
- Göttingen Septuagint company
- Demographic change
- The Göttingen Academy and the Nazi era
- Edition and exploration of the Septuagint
- History of Science of the Enlightenment
- Function of the law in the past and present
- The nature of information
- Research into the culture of the late Middle Ages
- Imperium and Barbaricum: Roman expansion and presence in Germania on the right bank of the Rhine and the excavations of Kalkriese
- Committee for Mathematicians' Legacies
- Origin of Life
- Manichean Studies
- Synthesis, properties and structure of new materials and catalysts
The Academy awards:
- Biology Prize from the Göttingen Academy of Sciences
- Chemistry Prize from the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen
- Prize for the humanities of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen
- Physics Prize from the Göttingen Academy of Sciences
- Brothers Grimm Medal
- Dannie Heineman Prize
- Hans Janssen Prize
- Hanns Lilje Prize
- Lichtenberg Medal
- Wedekind Prize for German History (Academy Prize for History)
- Wilhelm Jost Memorial Medal
- Karl Arndt : Göttingen scholars. The Academy of Sciences in Göttingen in portraits and appreciations 1751-2000 . 2 volumes. Wallstein, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-89244-485-4 .
- Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 (Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class, 3rd Volume, Vol. 246 / Mathematical-Physical Class, 3rd Volume, Volume 50) .
- Achim Link: The publications of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751–2001. Bibliography with subject catalog . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82518-8 (Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class, 3rd Volume, Volume 245 / Mathematical-Physical Class, 3rd Volume, Volume 49) .
- Rudolf Smend , Hans-Heinrich Voigt (Ed.): The sciences in the academy. Lectures at the anniversary colloquium of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen in June 2000 . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2002, ISBN 3-525-82519-6 (Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class, 3rd Volume, Vol. 247 / Mathematical-Physical Class, 3rd Volume, Volume 51) .
- Rudolf Smend (Ed.): Science arises in conversation. 250 years of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen . Wallstein, Göttingen 2002, ISBN 3-89244-624-5 .
- Rudolf Vierhaus : Stages of the Göttingen Academy History. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2003.
- Further publications
- Digital library, res doctae document server
Members by name
- Homepage of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen
- ZeitZeichen : 11/10/1751 - Academy of Sciences founded
- About us. August 14, 2019, accessed September 26, 2019 .
- amendment in 2001, renamed "Academy of Sciences in Göttingen" to "..within Göttingen", 13.8.2001, Lower Saxony. Ministerialblatt No. 34/2001 pp. 775–777
- Lt. Academy press release from February 3, 2020.