Bavarian Academy of Sciences

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Bavarian Academy of Sciences
motto Tendit ad aequum
founding 1759
Sponsorship autonomous
place Munich , Bavaria , Germany
president Thomas O. Höllmann

The Bavarian Academy of Sciences (BAdW) is a corporation under public law with its seat in Munich . The Bavarian Academy of Sciences is the largest, most research-intensive and one of the oldest of the eight state academies in Germany. It conducts innovative long-term research, networks scholars across disciplines and national borders, works with its scientific expertise in politics and society, promotes young scientists and is a forum for dialogue between science and the public. The academy operates the Leibniz Computing Center (LRZ) and the Walther Meißner Institute for Low Temperature Research (WMI) in Garching . It is also a member of the Union of German Academies of Sciences .


Bavarian Academy of Sciences Alfons-Goppel-Str. 11 in the Munich Residence

The academy was founded in 1759 by Elector Maximilian III. Joseph founded. Count Sigmund von Haimhausen became the founding president of the institution, initially known as the Churbaierische Akademie , in 1759 and remained in office until 1761, repeatedly in office from 1771 to 1779 and 1787 until his death in 1793. In 1779 he became the academy's first honorary president. The establishment is due in particular to Hofrat Johann Georg Lori (1723–1787), the founder of the Bavarian Scholarly Society . Originally the academy was divided into two classes, a historical and a philosophical, whereby philosophy in the scientific understanding of the time also included mathematics and physics .

Since 1783, the academy has been housed in the Wilhelminum , the former college building of the Jesuit order on Neuhauser Strasse in Munich.

After the Second World War , the academy was housed in various alternative quarters near the university, then mainly at the former headquarters of the dissolved German academy. She moved into her domicile in the north-east wing of the Munich Residence in the anniversary year of 1959.

Community of scholars

The scholarly community is divided into ordinary and corresponding members . The members of the scholarly community belong to four sections:

  • Section I - Humanities and Cultural Studies,
  • Section II - Law, Social and Economic Sciences,
  • Section III - Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Technical Sciences,
  • Section IV - Natural Sciences, Life Sciences, Medicine.

The number of members is limited to 30 full and 30 corresponding members per section. Ordinary members have their place of work or residence in Bavaria, corresponding members outside of Bavaria. The Academy currently has 178 full and 131 corresponding members as well as two honorary members, Franz Herzog von Bayern and Ulrich L. Rohde .

In the course of its history, the academy has had countless important members, including Lorenz von Westenrieder , Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , the Brothers Grimm , Theodor Mommsen , Alexander and Wilhelm von Humboldt , Vincenz Bernhard Tscharner , Bernhard Studer , Karl Theodor von Heigel , Aris Konstantinidis , Kurt Sethe , Max Planck , Otto Hahn , Albert Einstein , Walther Gerlach , Franz Boas , Max Weber , Werner Jaeger , Arnold Sommerfeld , Alfred Pringsheim , Erich Preiser , Werner Heisenberg , Adolf Butenandt , Franz Dölger , Hans-Georg Beck and Otto Braun-Falco , Carl August von Steinheil .

The first female members were the ethnologist , zoologist and botanist Therese von Bayern as an honorary member in 1892 and the classical philologist and papyrologist Medea Norsa as a corresponding member in 1936 .


The first president was the chairman of the Münz- und Bergwerkskollegium Graf Sigmund von und zu Haimhausen. Other presidents included Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi , Friedrich Wilhelm von Schelling , Justus von Liebig , Ignaz von Döllinger , Max von Pettenkofer , Walther Meißner and Friedrich Baethgen .

The current president is the sinologist Thomas O. Höllmann , who succeeded the mathematician Karl-Heinz Hoffmann on January 1, 2017 . Its predecessor was the legal historian Dietmar Willoweit .

Research project of the academy

The academy conducts long-term basic research that secures and documents our cultural assets. The focus is on the humanities, geosciences, low-temperature physics and information technology. In over 60 projects with a total of more than 400 employees, series of measurements, editions, models, catalogs, dictionaries and other scientific publications are created.

Research project



  • Schelling Prize for outstanding achievements or the life's work of top researchers. The prize is awarded every two years and alternately in the humanities and natural sciences.
  • Karl Heinz Hoffmann Prize for research achievements by young scientists. The prize is awarded annually in the field of humanities and natural sciences.
  • Robert Sauer Prize for excellent research in the fields of mathematics and natural sciences. The prize was awarded from 1998 to 2014.
  • Arnold Sommerfeld Prize for outstanding achievements in the field of natural sciences. The prize is awarded annually.
  • Max Weber Prize for outstanding dissertations or habilitations in the field of humanities. The prize is awarded annually.
  • Prize of the Peregrinus Foundation for publications in the humanities.
  • Academy award for part-time scientific achievements. The prize is awarded annually.
  • Academy award of the Karl Thiemig Foundation for the promotion of young talent. The award is given to employees who distinguish themselves through special scientific achievements or above-average commitment.
  • “Bene merenti” medal in gold, silver or bronze for personalities who have made a special contribution to the academy.
  • Silver medal of merit for members, employees and former employees (since 2003).
  • Rotary prizes Hofgarten (2006 to 2010) and Friedensengel (2007 to 2009) for academy employees as recognition for special scientific achievements.

Support association

By becoming a member of the Society of Friends (GdF) , anyone interested can become a sponsor of research projects at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences.

Public relations / magazine

The academy publishes the magazine "Akademie Aktuell" three times a year, which provides information on developments in research and science with special issues. The academy's work plans are also presented.

See also


  • Mind and shape. Biographical contributions to the history of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences mainly in the second century of its existence (3 volumes). CH Beck, Munich 1959.
  • Ludwig Hammermayer: History of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences 1759-1806 (2 volumes). Munich 1983.
  • Andreas Kraus : From the early days of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Lorenz Westenrieder's story of Bavaria for the youth and the people (1785) . CH Beck, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-7696-1568-9 .
  • Max Spindler (Ed.): Electoralis Academiae scientiarum Boicae primordia. Letters from when the Bavarian Academy of Sciences was founded . CH Beck, Munich 1959.
  • Monika Stoermer: Bavarian Academy of Sciences. In: Christoph J. Scriba (ed.): The elite of the nation in the Third Reich. The relationship of academies and their scientific environment to National Socialism (Acta historica Leopoldina; 22). Halle / Saale 1995, pp. 89–111.
  • Richard Schumak (ed.): New beginning after the Third Reich - The resumption of scientific work at the Ludwig Maximilians University and the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Diary entries of the classical philologist Albert Rehm 1945 to 1946 . Publishing house Dr. Kovac, Hamburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-8300-4469-7 .
  • Dietmar Willoweit (ed.) With the collaboration of Ellen Latzin: thinker, researcher and discoverer. A history of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in historical portraits . CH Beck, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-58511-1 .
  • Dietmar Willoweit (Ed.) With the collaboration of Tobias Schönauer: Wissenswelten. The Bavarian Academy of Sciences and the scientific collections of Bavaria. Exhibitions for the 250th anniversary of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Catalog. Munich 2009.
  • Bright minds. The history of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences 1759 to 2009. Exhibition catalog of the Bavarian State Archives. Edited by Reinhard Heydenreuter and Sylvia Krauß . Pustet, Regensburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-7917-2223-8 .

Web links

Commons : Bavarian Academy of Sciences  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Bavarian Academy of Sciences  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Daniela Crescenzio: Italian Walks in Munich, Volume III - Italian Women in Munich. IT-INERARIO, Rosenheim 2013, ISBN 978-3-9813046-6-4 , pp. 105-114.
  2. ^ Acta conciliorum oecumenicorum
  3. ^ Bavarian dictionary
  4. Project homepage CbDD
  5. Old Occitan Dictionary / Dictionnaire de l'occitan médiéval (DOM)
  6. Archaeological investigations and excavations on ancient urbanity
  7. ^ Forum Ecology
  8. Forum Technology
  9. Earth measurement and glaciology on the Bavarian Academy of Sciences' own website
  10. New Academy Institute opens: BIDT starts work. Retrieved October 28, 2018 .
  11. List of award winners since 1959
  12. Society of Friends (GdF)
  13. see page for the journal "Akademie Aktuell", accessed June 21, 2020

Coordinates: 48 ° 8 ′ 29.4 "  N , 11 ° 34 ′ 50.2"  E