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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Art Year · Literature Year · Music Year

Charles III  from Spain
Charles III becomes the new
king of Spain .
The death of the French general Montcalm, watercolor
The British defeat the French in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham .
Friedrich II after the lost battle near Kunersdorf
After the battle of Kunersdorf
, the way to Berlin is open to Russians and Austrians.
1759 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1207/08 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1751/52 (turn of the year September 11th / 12th)
Bengali solar calendar 1164/65 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2302/03 (southern Buddhism); 2301/02 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Earth- Rabbit 己卯 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Tiger 戊寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1121/22 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4092/93 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1137/38 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1172/73 (turn of the year August 24th / 25th)
Jewish calendar 5519/20 (September 21/22)
Coptic calendar 1475/76 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 934/935
Seleucid era Babylon: 2069/70 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2070/71 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1815/16 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Seven Years War in Europe

Battle of Bergen
Battle of Minden
Battle of Kunersdorf
The battle of Lagos
Battle of Quiberon Bay, history painting, 1812

The war in the colonies

Fort Ticonderoga 1759
Siege of Quebéc

Spain / Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

The arrival of Charles III. in Madrid



Course of the war 1759–1760 (movement of the Burmese troops in red, those of the Siamese in green)


science and technology

First page of Symmer's treatise



Visual arts

Canaletto: Vienna as seen from the Belvedere

After an unsuccessful attempt to find work in Bayreuth, Bernardo Bellotto , known as Canaletto , comes to Vienna in January, where he will stay for two years. During this time a total of 13 pictures were created: presumably six Viennese urban interiors designed as counterparts were created for the imperial court , plus two views of Schönbrunn Palace and Park, a panorama of the city from the Belvedere and four views of Hof Palace .


Music and theater


Opening of the British Museum (representation from 1852)





January to April

May to August

Victor Emanuel I as a child
GutsMuths birthplace in Quedlinburg

September to December

Georges Danton, 1792
Friedrich Schiller, 1794

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

georg Friedrich Handel
Lambert-Sigisbert Adam

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1759  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files