Calendar overview 1835
Joseph Fieschi carried out an assassination attempt on France's King Louis-Philippe using a “ infernal machine ” .
Great Moon Hoax of the New York Sun
enriched the history of the newspaper .
|1835 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1283/84 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1827/28 (September 11-12)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1240/41 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2378/79 (southern Buddhism); 2377/78 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||75th (76th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1197/98 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4168/69 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1250/1251 (turn of the year April 29/30)|
|Jewish calendar||5595/96 (23/24 September)|
|Coptic calendar||1551/52 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2145/46 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2146/47 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1891/92 (April)|
Politics and world events
- July 28 : On the anniversary of the July Revolution perpetrated Joseph Fieschi with fellow conspirators one attack on France's King Louis-Philippe I. by a bomb . The regent is slightly injured, but 12 people from his entourage die. There are more dead and injured in the rows of spectators on Paris' Boulevard du Temple .
- September 9 : In France during the July Monarchy , the September laws reintroduce censorship for the press and higher penalties for journalists . Confession to the republic is forbidden.
- The League of Outlaws is founded in Paris under the leadership of Jacob Venedey and Theodor Schuster .
Other events in Europe
- March 2nd : After the death of Franz I , his disabled son Ferdinand I succeeds him as Emperor of Austria under a Regency Council .
- August 3 : The so-called fireworks revolution breaks out in Berlin.
- January 30th : The assassination attempt on US President Andrew Jackson is the first on a President of the United States.
- September 19 : The Farrapen Revolution begins in the southern Brazilian province of Rio Grande do Sul .
- November 24 : The Texas government transforms the Texas Rangers, founded by Stephen F. Austin in 1823, into a regular state organization and subordinates them to the Texas Army.
- December 9th : San Antonio is captured by troops from the soon-to-be-proclaimed Republic of Texas in an uprising against the Mexican regime of Antonio López de Santa Anna .
- The US state of Ohio and the Michigan Territory are waging the so-called Toledo War over the city of Toledo , which is ultimately awarded to Ohio by the United States Congress. Michigan receives the Upper Peninsula as compensation .
Australia and Oceania
- August 30th : Today's Melbourne emerges from a camp that settlers from Tasmania set up in Port Phillip Bay . The initiator of the settlement, John Pascoe Fawkner , who was delayed , arrives on the second transport of settlers in October.
- October 28 : In Waitangi signed 31 heads of Māori , which in the previous year to the United Tribes of New Zealand have joined the Declaration of Independence of New Zealand .
- The Australian farmer and businessman John Batman concludes with a group of “tribal elders” of the Wurundjeri -Aborigines Batman's Treaty on a lease of land around Port Phillip Bay , near today's city of Melbourne . The treaty is the only document in which European settlers negotiate their presence and occupation of Aboriginal land . The contract later by the Governor of New South Wales , Richard Bourke declared invalid because the British crown , the title to all of Australia claimed.
- In South Africa , the Boers , the so-called Voortrekkers, begin their great trek across the Orange River .
- After the construction of a railway line from Leipzig to Dresden had been approved by a government decree on May 6th, the Leipzig-Dresden Railway Compagnie was founded by twelve Leipzig citizens as a private stock corporation on May 22nd . Founding members include Albert Dufour-Féronce , Gustav Harkort , Carl Lampe and Wilhelm Theodor Seyfferth . The company's shares are fully subscribed within a few hours, so that a capital of more than one million Thalers is available.
- June 28 : The Bayerische Hypotheken- und Wechselbank is founded in Munich , making it the oldest German mortgage bank on shares.
- July 1 : Carl Bertelsmann founded in Gütersloh the C. Bertelsmann Verlag with attached printer and later the media group from the Bertelsmann created.
- October 3 : The confectioner Wilhelm Felsche opens the Café Français with an adjoining sales room on Augustusplatz in Leipzig . The name says it all insofar as Felsche wants to offer Leipzig residents what luxury he has experienced during his stay in Paris in cafés. He developed the café into a first-rate coffee house, in which the elegant world circulated, but not artists and writers.
- October 3 : Johann Sebastian Staedtler founds a factory in Nuremberg to manufacture wooden pens, primarily pencils .
- October 15 : Bayerische Hypotheken- und Wechselbank , a forerunner of today's Unicredit Bank , begins its business activities in Munich.
- Agence France-Presse , the oldest international news agency, is founded in Paris.
- August 14th : Jacob Perkins receives a patent for the first aether ice machine .
- August 17th : The metric system is introduced in Switzerland , old units of measurement disappear.
- The first trade exhibition in the Kingdom of Hanover is organized by the Trade Association for the Kingdom of Hanover in the Leineschloss . The exhibition serves "both to stimulate and promote the tradespeople as well as to showcase craftsmanship and the emerging industry ."
science and technology
The journey of the HMS Beagle
- On February 20, Charles Darwin witnessed the severe three-minute earthquake near Valdivia (see below). Six weeks later, he and Robert FitzRoy saw the effects of this quake while riding to the heavily destroyed city of Concepción . When Darwin was investigating Quiriquina Island near Talcahuano in early March , he found maritime rock that had been lifted a few feet as a result of the earthquake, which he saw as confirmation of the theories of Charles Lyell , which he had dealt with intensively during the trip. During a second Andean expedition in March and April, he discovers that the mountains, which are far from the coast, consist mainly of maritime lava. He finds fossil and petrified trees and begins to develop his first geological theories. By the summer he undertakes two more expeditions in which he conducts research in the Andes.
- After the surveying work off Chile and Peru , which will last until September 7, the HMS Beagle is leaving the South American west coast for good and setting off for the Galápagos Islands .
- September 15 : The HMS Beagle with the naturalist Charles Darwin on board reaches the Galápagos Islands .
- On September 18, Darwin enters one of the numerous islands on San Cristóbal for the first time. The survey work takes a good month. Darwin can conduct examinations and collect animal and plant samples on the islands of Floreana , San Salvador and Isabela . Nicholas Lawson, director of the prison camp on the island of Floreana, draws his attention to the fact that the turtles living on the Galápagos Islands can be assigned to specific islands based on their tanks. Darwin didn't pay much attention to that remark or to the Galapagos finches at the time .
- On October 20th, the HMS Beagle sets out to cross the Pacific Ocean. A good three weeks later, the atoll Puka-Puka in the Tuamotu Archipelago was sighted.
- On the evening of November 15th , Tahiti was reached, where the ship was anchored for ten days. In Papeete Darwin and FitzRoy meet with the Tahitian Queen Pomaré IV .
- During the journey to New Zealand , Darwin completes his theory about the formation of coral reefs , which he had already begun on the west coast of South America.
- Darwin uses the ten-day stay in the north of New Zealand's North Island again for excursions inland. He visits the missionaries of the Te Waimate Mission and examined peculiar limestone formations near Kaikohe .
- April 29 : When field work is in Schifferstadt in Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis the Golden Hat of Schifferstadt , one of four in Europe discovered Bronze Age gold hats discovered.
- The Egyptian government founds the Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte to prevent further looting of archaeological treasures by both local and foreign treasure hunters.
- March 24th : John Herschel notices the two interacting galaxies NGC 3314 in the constellation Water Snake .
- March 31st : John Herschel spots the galaxy NGC 4976 in the constellation Centaur .
- April 18 : John Herschel becomes aware of the galaxy NGC 3268 in the constellation Air Pump .
- April 21 : John Herschel finds the galaxy NGC 5102 in the constellation Centaur .
- July 22nd : In the constellation Indian , John Herschel notices the galaxy listed as NGC 7125 .
- July 24th : John Herschel discovers the galaxy later named NGC 7123 in the constellation Indian .
- October 22nd : John Herschel sees the galaxy later known as NGC 1399 in the chemical furnace constellation .
- October 23 : John Herschel is the first to see the galaxy NGC 324 in the constellation Phoenix .
- October 24 : John Herschel finds the galaxy known as NGC 1448 in the constellation Pendulum Clock .
- November 11th : John Herschel discovers the galaxy NGC 45 in the constellation Whale .
- November 18 : John Herschel becomes aware of the constellation Gravestones of the galaxy NGC 1679 .
- December 11th : John Herschel notices the galaxy NGC 1300 in the constellation Eridanus .
- January 1st : The first depot in Germany is opened.
- May 5 : In Belgium , the first purely steam-powered railway line on the European continent between Brussels and Mechelen goes into operation.
- December 7th : The Ludwigseisenbahn built by Paul Camille von Denis is the first steam-powered railway in Germany to officially start operating between Nuremberg and Fürth , after test drives with the locomotive "Adler" ( LEG - Adler und Pfeil ) had already been undertaken. The train driver is the Englishman William Wilson .
- January 2 : In the merchant town of Gabrovo , the monk Neofit Rilski opens the first Bulgarian secular school in the Ottoman Empire , in which the New Bulgarian language was taught, thanks to funding from Wasil Aprilow , Nikolaj Palausow and others .
- July 25 : The Scot James Bowman Lindsay demonstrates electric light in Dundee for the first time using an incandescent lamp .
- In Kragujevac , the first Bulgarian grammar in New Bulgarian language is published by Neofit Rilski .
- In Vienna , the pedagogue Johann von Hermann invented a type case as a teaching aid .
- January 23 : The first volume of Alexis de Tocqueville 's De la démocratie en Amérique is published in Paris . Comparative political science heralds itself with him .
- In the January issue of New England Magazine , the story The Gray Champion by Nathaniel Hawthorne appears anonymously . The story The Ambitious Guest appears anonymously in the June issue .
- February 28 : Elias Lönnrot completes the first version of the Finnish epic Kalevala
- December 1st : Hans Christian Andersen publishes the first volume of his fairy tale Eventyr, fortalte for børn .
Music and theater
- Jan. 24 : At the Théâtre-Italien in Paris which takes place premiere of the opera I Puritani ( The Puritans ) by Vincenzo Bellini with libretto by Carlo Pepoli after the comedy Têtes rondes et cavaliers who turn to Walter Scott's novel Old Mortality is based. The world premiere will be Bellini's last triumph, to which the “unsurpassed line-up” with Grisi , Rubini , Tamburini and Lablache also contributed. The Italian premiere will take place at La Scala in Milan , and the German premiere will take place in Berlin in the same year.
- February 23 : In Paris, the opera La juive ( Die Jüdin ) by Jacques Fromental Halévy with the libretto by Eugène Scribe takes place . Appreciated by Giuseppe Verdi as much as Richard Wagner , the opera became a series success: by 1893 it was performed 550 times at the Paris Opera alone.
- April 22nd : The farce with vocals Eulenspiegel or Schabernack über Schabernack by Johann Nestroy with Wenzel Scholz in the title role is premiered at the Theater an der Wien near Vienna. Nestroy's piece is based on Till Eulenspiegel by Matthäus Stegmayer , the text of which he has adopted almost unchanged in part. The audience and critics have shared the reception.
- August 1st : Frédéric Chopin receives a French passport.
- September 26th : At the Teatro San Carlo in Naples, the opera Lucia di Lammermoor by Gaetano Donizetti celebrates a triumphant success with its world premiere with Fanny Tacchinardi-Persiani and Gilbert Duprez in the leading roles. The libretto is by Salvadore Cammarano based on the novel The Bride of Lammermoor by Walter Scott .
- October 29th : The world premiere of Michael William Balfe's opera The Siege of Rochelle takes place at the Drury Lane Theater in London.
- December 16 : The world premiere of the comic opera L'éclair (The Lightning) by Jacques Fromental Halévy takes place at the Opéra-Comique in Paris .
- December 30 : At the Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Gaetano Donizetti's lyrical tragedy (opera) Maria Stuarda based on the drama Maria Stuart by Friedrich Schiller is premiered in the original. Maria Malibran sings the title role, but is indisposed, which contributes to the failure of the opera, which is only rediscovered 123 years later.
- January 26th : Queen Maria II of Portugal and Auguste de Beauharnais marry in Lisbon . The marriage was short-lived because on March 28th the husband fell victim to angina .
- August 25 : The New York Sun publishes the first article in the Great Moon Hoax .
- September 16 : The New York Sun admits that its expanding series of articles about astronomer Sir John Herschel's sensational discoveries on the moon was a hoax . As the Great Moon Hoax, falsehood enriches the newspaper's history .
- May 17th : In the encyclical Commissum divinitus “On Church and State”, Pope Gregory XVI. focus on the situation in Switzerland . He condemns liberalism and describes the Baden articles from the previous year as heretical .
- Clemens August II. Droste zu Vischering becomes Archbishop of Cologne .
- Foundation of the Benedictine monastery of St. Boniface in Munich
- The Catholic Church removes Nicolaus Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium coelestium from the Index of Forbidden Scriptures .
- February 20 : The city of Concepción in Chile is completely destroyed in an earthquake . Because the three-minute earthquake occurs at 11:30 a.m., fewer than 100 people have died in the city. In total, however, around 5,000 people die from the forces of nature, because the houses in 70 surrounding villages collapse and a subsequent tsunami washed the fishing port of Talcahuano into the sea.
- December 16 : A large fire breaks out in downtown New York , which lays large parts of the city to rubble and ashes. Fighting the fire is next to impossible because of the extreme cold that has frozen most of the water resources. As if by a miracle, only two people died in the disaster.
- January 3 : Carl Goos , Danish lawyer, university professor, minister of education and minister of justice († 1917 )
- January 5 : Richard Faltin , Finnish composer, music professor and collector of Finnish folk music († 1918 )
- January 6 : Martin Kähler , German Protestant theologian († 1912 )
- January 7 : Charles Constantin , French conductor and composer († 1891 )
- January 7th : Ernst Hoeltzer , German telegraph operator and photographer († 1911 )
- January 10 : Fukuzawa Yukichi , Japanese scholar († 1901 )
- January 14 : Ludwig Abel , German violinist and composer († 1895 )
- January 14 : Marcelo Spínola y Maestre , Archbishop of Seviila and Cardinal († 1906 )
- January 17 : Georg Horvatović , Serbian general († 1895 )
- January 18 : César Cui , Russian composer and music critic († 1918 )
- January 24 : Charles Kendall Adams , American historian and university professor († 1902 )
- January 27 : Johannes Justus Rein , German geographer († 1918 )
- February 2 : Carlos Céleo Arias López , Honduran politician († 1890 )
- February 5 : Friedrich August Theodor Winnecke , German astronomer († 1897 )
- February 8 : Zacharie Astruc , French art critic, journalist, poet, composer, painter and sculptor († 1907 )
- February 8 : August Köhler , German Protestant theologian and university professor († 1897 )
- February 10 : Victor Hensen , German physiologist and marine biologist († 1924 )
- February 13 : Mirza Ghulam Ahmad , founder of the Ahmadiyya († 1908 )
- February 14 : Louis Gallet , French librettist and writer († 1898 )
- February 15 : Demetrius Vikelas , Greek sports official, first President of the IOC († 1908 )
- February 16 : Adolf von Donndorf , German sculptor († 1916 )
- February 19 : Henry R. Pease , American politician († 1907 )
- February 20 : Eleonore Fürstin von Reuss , German song poet († 1903 )
- February 24 : Julius Vogel , Prime Minister of New Zealand († 1899 )
- February 25 : Christoph Theodor Aeby , Swiss anthropologist († 1885 )
- February 26 : Richard Andree , German geographer and ethnographer († 1912 )
- February 26 : Adolphe Danhauser , French composer and music teacher († 1896 )
- March 2 : Hermann Jakob Dingelstad , German Roman Catholic theologian and bishop († 1911 )
- March 5 : Otto Schwerdgeburth , German painter († 1866 )
- March 9 : Willibald Arno von Arndt , Prussian general of the infantry († 1902 )
- March 12 : Gregorio María Aguirre y García , Archbishop of Toledo and Cardinal († 1913 )
- March 12 : Simon Newcomb , astronomer and mathematician († 1909 )
- March 13 : Taruhito Arisugawa , Japanese prince († 1895 )
- March 14 : Giovanni Schiaparelli , Italian astronomer († 1910 )
- March 15 : Eduard Strauss , Austrian composer and Kapellmeister († 1916 )
- March 23 : Nicolaus von Prittwitz , Russian major general à la suite († 1897 )
- March 23 : Manuel Tapia , Chilean painter and photographer († 1915 )
- March 24th : Josef Stefan , Austrian mathematician and physicist († 1893 )
- March 25 : Adolf Wagner , German economist († 1917 )
- March 31 : Rudolf Gottfried Arndt , German psychiatrist and university professor († 1900 )
- April 4 : John Hughlings Jackson , English neurologist († 1911 )
- April 8 : Anna Schramm , German soubrette and actress († 1916 )
- April 9 : Leopold II , Belgian King († 1909 )
- April 10 : Heinrich Hilgard , American railroad king († 1900 )
- April 18 : Joseph Aumer , German orientalist and librarian († 1922 )
- April 19 : Hermann Landois , German zoology professor († 1905 )
- April 24 : Albert von Holleben , Prussian infantry general and military writer († 1906 )
- April 27 : Gustav Hache , German politician († 1886 )
- April 27 : Thomas B. Ward , American politician († 1892 )
- April 30 : Franz Defregger , Austrian genre and history painter († 1921 )
- May 5 : Anton Hermann Albrecht , German Protestant theologian and poet († 1906 )
- May 8 : Augusta Jane Evans Wilson , American writer († 1909 )
- May 10 : Wilhelm von Blume , Prussian general († 1919 )
- May 11 : Kārlis Baumanis , Latvian composer and poet († 1905 )
- May 12 : Mikhail Nikolajewitsch Annenkow , Russian general († 1899 )
- May 14 : Georg Christian von Lobkowitz , Bohemian nobleman and politician († 1908 )
- May 15 : Émile Léonard Mathieu , French mathematician († 1890 )
- May 19 : Heinrich Feiten , German auxiliary bishop († 1892 )
- May 19 : Julius Krohn , Finnish poet, folklorist and literary scholar († 1888 )
- May 26 : Carl Bruno Tröndlin , politician and mayor of Leipzig († 1908 )
- May 27 : Charles Francis Adams, Jr. , American Railroad President († 1915 )
- May 26 : Richard Breslau , German politician and mayor of Erfurt († 1897 )
- May 26 : Edward Porter Alexander , Brigadier General of the Confederate Army in the American Civil War († 1910 )
- May 31 : Johannes Karl Friedrich Eesekiel , German Protestant theologian († 1918 )
- June 2 : Pius X. (Giuseppe Sarto), Pope († 1914 )
- June 6 : Adolf Heyduk , Czech poet († 1923 )
- June 6 : Peter Langen , German classical philologist († 1897 )
- June 9 : Ramón Barros Luco , Chilean politician († 1919 )
- June 10 : Ferdinand IV , Grand Duke of Tuscany († 1908 )
- June 12 : George Andreas Atzerodt , German-American conspirator († 1865 )
- June 14 : Nikolai Rubinstein , Russian composer, pianist and conductor († 1881 )
- June 14 : Adolf Stern , German writer and literary historian († 1907 )
- June 17 : Eugène Borel , Swiss politician († 1892 )
- June 22nd : Adolf Michaelis , German archaeologist († 1910 )
- June 23 : Helena Guerra , Blessed, Italian nun († 1914 )
- June 24 : Carl Faulmann , German typesetter, private scholar and stenographer († 1894 )
- June 24 : Ludwig Schwabe , German classical philologist and archaeologist († 1908 )
- June 24 : Johannes Wislicenus , German chemist († 1902 )
- June 28 : John Young Brown , American politician († 1904 )
- July 1 : Carl Friedrich Koepe , German pioneer of mining technology († 1922 )
- July 3 : Daniel Spitzer , Austrian author († 1893 )
- July 4th : Eugène Vast , French organist and composer († 1911 )
- July 7 : Albert Baur , German painter († 1906 )
- July 7th : Ignacy Maciejowski , Polish writer, playwright and literary critic († 1901 )
- July 9 : William J. Northen , American politician († 1913 )
- July 10 : Henryk Wieniawski , Polish violinist and composer († 1880 )
- July 11 : Albert P. Morehouse , American politician († 1891 )
- July 13 : Franz Umpfenbach , German classical philologist († 1885 )
- July 16 : Désirée Artôt de Padilla , Belgian opera singer († 1907 )
- July 20 : William Ernest Powell Giles , Australian researcher († 1897 )
- July 26 : Moritz Alphons Stübel , German naturalist († 1904 )
- July 27 : Giosuè Carducci , Italian poet and speaker († 1907 )
- July 28 : Karl Moritz von Beurmann , German traveler to Africa († 1863 )
- August 1 : Jacob Audorf , German poet and editor († 1898 )
- August 2 : Elisha Gray , American teacher, inventor and entrepreneur († 1901 )
- August 5 : Christian Wagner , German poet († 1918 )
- August 6 : Jewett William Adams , American politician († 1920 )
- August 7 : Allan James Foley , Irish opera singer (bass) († 1899 )
- August 10 : Rudolf Siemering , German sculptor († 1905 )
- August 16 : James Wilson , American politician († 1920 )
- August 19 : Julius Arnold , German pathologist († 1915 )
- August 21 : Hashimoto Gahō , Japanese painter († 1908 )
- August 27 : Reinhold Persius , German architect († 1912 )
- August 28 : John Attfield , English chemist († 1911 )
- September 1 : William Stanley Jevons , English economist († 1882 )
- September 2 : Carl Heinrich Auspitz , Austrian dermatologist († 1886 )
- September 4 : Leopold Grützmacher , German cellist and composer († 1900 )
- September 10 : Donelson Caffery , American politician († 1906 )
- September 11 : Siegmund Haber , German publicist and writer († 1895 )
- September 11 : William Wirt Allen , Brigadier General of the Confederate States of America in the Civil War († 1894 )
- September 15 : Richard Olney , American politician († 1917 )
- September 16 : John G. McCullough , American politician († 1915 )
- September 18 : Johann Adam Krygell , Danish composer and organist († 1915 )
- September 19 : Ethan A. Hitchcock , American politician († 1909 )
- September 19 : Richard Warner , American politician († 1915 )
- September 20 : Ferdinand Leopold Freiherr von Andrian-Werburg , Austrian geologist and anthropologist († 1914 )
- September 20 : Joseph Lewinsky , Austrian actor († 1907 )
- September 22nd : Leopold von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen , son of Karl Anton Fürst zu Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen († 1905 )
- September 25 : Friedrich Dettmer , German actor, son of Wilhelm Dettmer († 1880 )
- September 27 : Max Strakosch , American opera impresario († 1892 )
- October 1 : Robert Houston Anderson , American Brigadier General († 1888 )
- October 1 : Adam Politzer , Austrian physician († 1920 )
- October 2 : Louis-Antoine Ranvier , French anatomist († 1922 )
- October 3 : August Reifferscheid , German classical philologist († 1887 )
- October 7 : Felix Draeseke , German composer († 1913 )
- October 8 : Christian Otto Mohr , German engineer and structural engineer († 1918 )
- October 9 : Camille Saint-Saëns , French pianist, organist and composer († 1921 )
- October 11 : Ernst Sars , Norwegian historian († 1917 )
- October 13 : Pauline Louise Agnes , Princess von Reuss († 1886 )
- October 17th : Alexandrine Tinné , Dutch explorer and Africa explorer († 1869 )
- October 19 : Joseph N. Dolph , American politician († 1897 )
- October 22 : Johann Grill , German mountaineer, mountain guide († 1917 )
- October 27 : Simon Jenko , Slovenian poet († 1869 )
- October 30 : Carlotta Patti , Italian soprano († 1889 )
- October 31 : Adelbert Ames , American general († 1933 )
- October 31 : Adolf von Baeyer , German chemist and Nobel Prize winner († 1917 )
- October 31 : Michele Saladino , Italian composer and music teacher († 1912 )
- November 1 : George Pomeroy Colley , British major general and commander in chief in the First Boer War († 1881 )
- November 5 : Moritz Szeps , Austrian journalist and newspaper publisher († 1902 )
- November 6 : Albert Bitzius , Swiss Protestant theologian and politician († 1882 )
- November 6 : Cesare Lombroso , Italian professor of forensic medicine and psychiatry († 1909 )
- November 9 : Davorin Jenko , Slovenian composer and conductor († 1914 )
- November 11th : Matthías Jochumsson , Icelandic poet († 1920 )
- November 15 : José Reyes , Dominican composer and musician († 1905 )
- November 16 : Eugenio Beltrami , Italian mathematician († 1900 )
- November 17 : William Arnold Anthony , American physicist († 1908 )
- November 17 : Andrew L. Harris , American politician († 1915 )
- November 21 : Walter W. Skeat , English philologist († 1912 )
- November 22 : Frank Crawford Armstrong , American Brigadier General († 1909 )
- November 22nd : Josef Mocker , Bohemian architect and restorer († 1899 )
- November 24 : Ferdinande von Brackel , Westphalian writer († 1905 )
- November 25th : Andrew Carnegie , industrialist, steel magnate, richest person at the time and philanthropist († 1919 )
- November 25 : Arthur Sewall , American entrepreneur and politician († 1900 )
- November 28 : Franz Xaver von Linsenmann , Catholic moral theologian and Bishop of Rottenburg († 1898 )
- November 29th : Cixi , Chinese imperial widow of the Qing Dynasty († 1908 )
- December 1 : Martin Haller , architect and urban planner († 1925 )
- December 1 : Micah Jenkins , American Brigadier General of the Southern States († 1864 )
- December 6 : Rudolph Fittig , German chemist († 1910 )
- December 6th : Dominikusringenisen , Catholic theologian († 1904 )
- December 11 : Adolf Stoecker , German Protestant theologian and politician († 1909 )
- December 14 : Hubert Theophil Simar , German Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Cologne († 1902 )
- December 17 : Alexander Emanuel Agassiz , Swiss-American geologist and anatomist († 1910 )
- December 18 : Lyman Abbott , American religious philosopher († 1922 )
- December 19 : Karl Elwin Anker , Prussian Major General († 1915 )
- December 28 : William E. Chandler , American politician († 1917 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Sakurama Banma , Japanese no-actor († 1917 )
- Fanny Simonsen , Australian singer and music teacher († 1896 )
- Isaac Burney Yeo , English medic († 1914 )
First half of the year
- January 2 : August Friedrich Ernst Langbein , German poet and writer (* 1757 )
- January 3 : Johann Melchior Kubli , Swiss politician (* 1750 )
- January 11 : Juan Ruiz de Apodaca , Spanish officer, governor of Cuba and viceroy of New Spain (* 1754 )
- January 12 : Christian Wurm , Police Commissioner of the City of Nuremberg 1806 to 1818 (* 1771 )
- January 13th : Karl Gottfried Erdmann , German medic and botanist (* 1774 )
- January 15 : Thérésia Cabarrus , French courtesan, known as Madame Tallien (* 1773 )
- February 4 : Wade Hampton , American general, politician and planter (* 1754 )
- February 7th : Diderich Hegermann , first Norwegian Minister of War (* 1763 )
- February 8 : Catherine Josephine Duchesnois , French actress (* 1777 )
- February 8 : Baron Guillaume Dupuytren , French medic and surgeon (* 1777 )
- February 15 : Manuel de Arzú y Delgado de Nájera , Nicaraguan politician (* 1775 )
- March 2 : Franz II. Joseph Karl , Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and Emperor of Austria (* 1768 )
- March 15 : Samuel Dinsmoor , American politician (* 1766 )
- March 25 : Friederike Brun , Danish writer (* 1765 )
- March 26 : Karl Heinrich von Lang , German historian and publicist (* 1764 )
- March 28 : Ernst Konstantin von Schubert , German lawyer and civil servant in Sweden, Swedish Pomerania and Prussia (* 1757 )
- March 29 : Peter Joseph Glutz-Rüchti , Swiss politician (* 1754 )
- April 2 : Anton Viktor Joseph Johann Raimund , Archduke of Austria (* 1779 )
- April 7th : James Brown , American politician (* 1766 )
- April 8 : Wilhelm von Humboldt , German philosopher and statesman (* 1767 )
- April 17th : Ivan Petrovich Martos , Russian sculptor (* 1754 )
- May 2 : Johann Heinrich Ferdinand Autenrieth , medic (* 1772 )
- May 2nd : Chrysologus Heimes , German Franciscan priest, organist, organ expert and composer (* 1765 )
- May 3 : José María Gruesso , Colombian poet (* 1779 )
- May 14 : Johann Protasius von Anstett , Russian diplomat (* 1766 )
- May 15 : Pauline Auzou , French painter (* 1775 )
- May 16 : Elia Interguglielmi , Italian painter (* 1746 )
- June 2 : François-Etienne Kellermann , French cavalry general (* 1770 )
- June 17th : Izabella Czartoryska , Polish writer and art collector (* 1743 )
- June 18 : William Cobbett , English writer (* 1763 )
- June 24th : Andreas Miaoulis , Greek admiral (* 1769 )
Second half of the year
- July 6 : John Marshall , American lawyer and politician (* 1755 )
- July 12 : Benjamin Parke , American politician (* 1777 )
- July 23 : Johann Gottlob Nathusius , German merchant and industrialist (* 1760 )
- July 28th : Édouard Adolphe Mortier , Marshal of France (* 1768 )
- July 29th : Jean Jacques Antoine Caussin de Perceval , French orientalist (* 1759 )
- August 2nd : Ferdinand August von Spiegel , Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Cologne (* 1764 )
- August 2 : Cornelis Adrianus van Enschut , Dutch legal scholar (* 1778 )
- August 10 : Claus Schall , Danish composer (* 1757 )
- August 11 : Olof Åhlström , Swedish composer (* 1756 )
- August 15 : Werner Jasper Andreas von Moltke , Danish nobleman, bailiff of the Faroe Islands (* 1755 )
- August 18 : Friedrich Stromeyer , German chemist (* 1776 )
- August 30th : William T. Barry , American politician (* 1784 )
- September 4 : Albert Jakob Arnoldi , German theologian and orientalist (* 1750 )
- September 10 : Willie Blount , American politician, 4th Governor of Tennessee (* 1768 )
- September 13 : Karl Adolph Gottlob Schellenberg , German Protestant clergyman and educator (* 1764 )
- September 14th : Alexander McDonnell , Irish chess master (* 1798 )
- September 23 : Georg Adlersparre , Swedish general, politician and writer (* 1760 )
- September 23 : Vincenzo Bellini , Italian composer (* 1801 )
- September 28 : Benjamin Ames , American politician (* 1778 )
- September 30th : Stephen Mix Mitchell , American politician (* 1743 )
- October 4 : Ernst Christian Wilhelm Ackermann , Weimar civil servant and writer (* 1761 )
- October 6th : Pawel Petrovich Sokolow , Russian sculptor (* 1764 )
- October 7 : Charles Tait , American politician (* 1768 )
- October 19 : Wilhelm Julius Ludwig von Schubert , German lawyer and government official (* 1755 )
- October 22 : Wilhelm Gustav Friedrich Bentinck , German Imperial Count (* 1762 )
- November 6th : Ignaz Schuster , Austrian actor and composer (* 1779 )
- November 9 : José Ignacio de Gorriti , Argentine politician and general of the War of Independence (* 1770 )
- November 11th : Johan Herman Mankel , Swedish organist, composer and music teacher (* 1793 )
- November 16 : Louis Jean Jacques Angely , German comedy poet, actor and director (* 1787 )
- November 19 : Gottschalk Mayer , court factor, entrepreneur and landowner in Mannheim (* 1761 )
- November 20 : Joseph von Baader , German engineer (* 1763 )
- November 21 : Hanaoka Seishū , Japanese surgeon (* 1760 )
- December 5th : August von Platen-Hallermünde , German poet (* 1796 )
- December 6th : Nathan Smith , American politician (* 1770 )
- December 6 : George Philip Reinagle , English marine painter (* 1802 )
- December 17th : Pierre-Louis Roederer , French statesman, officer of the Legion of Honor (* 1754 )
- December 18 : Friedrich Starke , German horn player, conductor and composer (* 1774 )
- December 22nd : Franz von Paula cabinet , German botanist, entomologist and Jesuit (* 1747 )
- December 25th : Friedrich Vieweg , German publisher, founder of Vieweg Verlag (* 1761 )
- December 28 : Johann Arzberger , Austrian technician and scientist (* 1778 )
- December 28 : James Findlay , American politician (* 1770 )
- December 29 : Heinrich August Schott , German Lutheran theologian (* 1780 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Black Jack Anderson , American-Australian pirate
- Bernard Václav Štiasný , Czech cellist and composer (* 1760 )