Gustav Harkort

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Gustav Harkort around 1850

Gustav Harkort (born March 3, 1795 in Westerbauer ; †  August 29, 1865 in Leipzig ) was a German entrepreneur , banker and railway pioneer in Leipzig.

He held the honorary title of Commerce Councilor .

Live and act

Harkort monument in Leipzig Central Station
Gustav Harkort grave and relatives, Alter Johannisfriedhof Leipzig

Gustav Harkort was the sixth of eight children of Brandenburg Hardware manufacturers and merchant Johann Caspar raking place IV. To house Harkorten born in Hagen. Among other things, he was the brother of the industrialist and politician Friedrich Harkort , the entrepreneur Johann Caspar Harkort V. and the mining engineer and officer Eduard Harkort . He attended the trade school in Hagen and after completing it did a commercial apprenticeship in his father's company. In 1813/15 he took part in the Wars of Liberation as a lieutenant in the Märkisches Landwehr Regiment .

After his father's death, Harkort went to Leipzig in 1820. Together with his older brother Carl Friedrich Harkort (1788–1856) he founded a company that operated forwarding and commissioning and traded in English yarns .

At the end of 1829 he directed the first preparations for the construction of the Magdeburg – Leipzig railway line .

On April 3, 1834, Harkort was one of the founders of the Railway Committee, which took up the concept for a German railway network from Friedrich List (1789–1846) and started the construction of the first line between Leipzig and Dresden ( Leipzig-Dresden Railway ) started. He was chairman of the board of directors of the Leipzig-Dresdner Eisenbahn-Compagnie from its foundation in 1835 until his death.

In December 1836, Harkort was one of the founders of the worsted spinning mill in Leipzig AG , the first Leipzig stock corporation . In 1838 Harkort was one of the founders of the Leipziger Bank and in 1837 one of the initiators of the Leipziger Kunstverein .

He was a member of the Second Chamber of the Saxon State Parliament from 1842 to 1847 as a deputy representative for trade and manufacturing. Then in 1848 he was a member of the 2nd electoral district for trade and factories, and in the state parliament in 1849/50 he held the mandate of the 27th electoral district.

In 1856 Harkort co-founded the Allgemeine Deutsche Credit-Anstalt , of which he was also director.

Among other things, Harkort made a contribution to the development of the Neuschönefeld community . He left the local council of Neuschönefeld 500  thalers , the interest of which was to be distributed to the poor in Neuschönefeld every year on Christmas Day. In 1902 the foundation's capital was 1,750.50  marks .

On August 29, 1865, Harkort died in Leipzig at the age of 70.


On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the complete completion of the Leipzig-Dresden Railway, he was made an honorary citizen of the city of Leipzig in 1864. In 1876 the Harkortstraße in Leipzig was named after him, as did the former Harkortbrücke (today a footpath over the Pleißemühlgraben at this point on the Federal Administration Report).

On July 9, 1878, a monument designed by the architect Carl Gustav Aeckerlein (1832-1886) with a bust created by the sculptor Eduard Lürssen (1840-1891) was inaugurated on the promenade in Leipzig in his honor . The Harkort bust was included in the List-Harkort monument created by Adolf Lehnert (1862–1948) in the facilities at the Schwanenteich in 1927 and stood there until 1960. Today the bust is at the west end of the cross-platform in the main station .

Harkort's name is also immortalized on the Leipzig railway monument. In Neuschönefeld , today's Jonasstraße was called Gustav-Harkort-Straße until 1902 .


Web links

Commons : Gustav Harkort  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. Harkort, Gustav at
  2. ^ Josef Matzerath : Aspects of Saxon State Parliament History. Presidents and members of parliament from 1833 to 1952. Sächsischer Landtag, Dresden 2001, p. 103.
  3. ^ Statistical Bureau in the Ministry of the Interior (ed.): State Handbook for the Kingdom of Saxony. 1850, ZDB -ID 204740-8 , p. 46.
  4. Newspaper report Illustrirte Zeitung 1878; 71: 57 .