1896

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1896
Destroyed building after the attack in the British-Zanzibarian War
The British-Zanzibari War is the shortest war in world history. On August 27, 1896, it lasts only 38 minutes.
Menelik II at the Battle of Adua - depiction in Le Petit Journal
In the Battle of Adua , the Ethiopian army under Menelik II defeats the Italian invasion troops .
X-ray of the hand of Albert von Kölliker, who used Röntgen as a demonstration object
Before Medical Physical Society presents Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen , the X-rays before.
Opening ceremony for the first modern Olympic Games in Athens
The First Modern Olympic Games will be held in Athens .
Gold prospectors are waiting for their claims to be registered
A gold discovery in
northwest Canada triggers
the Klondike gold rush .
1896 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1344/45 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1888/89 (September 10-11)
Baha'i calendar 52/53 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1301/02 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2439/40 (southern Buddhism); 2438/39 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 76th (77th) cycle

Year of the fire monkey丙申 ( at the beginning of the year wood sheep 乙未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1258/59 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4229/30 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 1274/75 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1313/14 (June 12/13)
Japanese calendar Meiji 29 ( 明治 29 年);
Koki 2556
Jewish calendar 5656/57 (September 7/8)
Coptic Calendar 1612/13 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1071/72
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1311/12 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2206/07 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2207/08 (New Year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2438/39 (April 1)
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1952/53 (April)

events

Politics and world events

Africa

Europe

Asia

America

United States after the incorporation of Utah
Election result card

Other events worldwide

  • Theodor Herzl publishes his theses on the establishment of a Jewish state.

business

Patents

Business start-ups

Preferred share from 1896

traffic

Railcar of the Budapest subway 1896
The Brighton and Rottingdean Seashore Electric Railway

miscellaneous

science and technology

Daimler motor truck order no. 81 (1896)

Culture

Visual arts

Self-portrait with skeleton
Fra forposterne 1864

Movie

literature

Title page of the first edition of the Simplicissimus
  • April 4: Only 1,000 copies of the first edition of the satirical weekly magazine Simplicissimus are sold.
Youth, 1896

Music and theater

Cesira Ferrani as Mimì, costume design for the world premiere by Adolfo Hohenstein
Poster for La Bohème from 1896

miscellaneous

society

religion

Disasters

  • June 15: In Japan, a tsunami triggered by the Meiji-Sanriku earthquake kills over 27,000 people.
  • June 16: The British passenger liner Drummond Castle collides with a reef off the French island of Ouessant and sinks within a few minutes. Only three of the 246 passengers and crew members survive.
  • December 8: The passenger ship Salian of the North German Lloyd rebounds before Cabo Corrubedo (northern Spain) in the storm on a reef and sinks, all 279 people on board come.

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Disaster .

Sports

Olympic games

Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the modern Olympic Games
Spyridon Louis at the finish line

More sporting events

Il Ciclista , a supplement to the Corriere della Sera of April 2nd, announces La Gazzetta dello Sport .
  • April 18th: FC Winterthur is founded . Originally founded as Excelsior FC Winterthur, it took on the name FC Winterthur on July 16 of the same year, but the name was changed again in later history due to club mergers.
Before the start of the race in Paris
  • June 28: The Swiss Lawn Tennis Association is founded in Bern , the first national tennis association in continental Europe. The aim is to regulate the tournament scene and play a Swiss championship.

Historical maps and views

The German railway network in 1896

Born

January

  • 0January 2: Dsiga Wertow , Russian director († 1954)
  • 0January 4: Everett Dirksen , American politician († 1969)
  • 0January 4th: André Masson , French painter († 1987)
  • 0January 6th: Erhard Mayke , German speed skater († 1962)
  • 0January 7th: Joe Ball , American serial killer († 1938)
  • 0January 7th: Willi Eichler , German journalist and politician († 1971)
  • 0January 7th: Amedée Rossi , French racing car driver († 1963)
  • January 9: Warwick Braithwaite , New Zealand conductor († 1971)
  • January 11: Heinrich Stuhlfauth , German football player († 1966)
  • January 12: Keen Johnson , American politician († 1970)
  • January 12: David Wechsler , American psychologist († 1981)
  • January 14: John Dos Passos , American writer († 1970)
  • January 14: Kurt Guggenheim , Swiss writer († 1983)
  • January 15: Jacobo Ficher , Argentine composer († 1978)
  • January 16: Ferdinand May , German furniture dealer, dramaturge and author († 1977)
  • January 16: Robert Meyn , German actor, theater director († 1972)
  • January 18: Ville Ritola , Finnish athlete and Olympic champion († 1982)
  • January 20: George Burns , American actor († 1996)
  • January 21: Artur Anders , German politician and Member of the Bundestag († 1976)
  • January 21: Paula Hitler , sister of Adolf Hitler († 1960)
  • January 21: Philipp Daub , Lord Mayor of Magdeburg († 1976)
  • January 22nd: Helmut Berve , German ancient historian, epigraph and prosopographer († 1979)
  • January 22nd: Norman Thomas Gilroy , Australian Roman Catholic clergyman, Archbishop of Sydney and Cardinal († 1977)
  • January 23: Charlotte , Grand Duchess of Luxembourg († 1985)
  • January 24th: Theodor Graf von Sponeck , Lieutenant General of the German Wehrmacht († 1982)
  • January 24th: Hermann Zorn , German chemist († 1983)
  • January 25: Corb Denneny , Canadian ice hockey player († 1963)
  • January 29: Herbert Cysarz , Sudeten German Germanist († 1985)
  • January 30: Joseph Roth , German politician and martyr († 1945)
  • January 31: Josef Ackermann , German journalist († 1959)
  • January 31: Marianne Grunthal , German Nazi victim († 1945)
  • January 31: Lewis Strauss , American politician and chairman of the Atomic Energy Agency († 1974)

February

Werner Richard Heymann

March

Franz Blücher, 1950

April

Wallace Hume Carothers

May

Max Hinsche

June

July

Trygve Lie (right), 1960

August

Gerty Cori, 1947

September

  • 0September 1: Simon Barere , Russian-born pianist († 1951)
  • 0September 1st: AC Bhaktivedanta , Indian commentator and translator of well-known Sanskrit works, founder of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness († 1977)
  • 0September 1: André Hunebelle , French film director († 1985)
  • 0September 1: Anton Tesarek , Austrian educator († 1977)
  • 0September 2: Hinrich Lohse , German National Socialist politician († 1964)
  • 0September 3: Alfons Beil , German priest and author († 1997)
  • 0September 3: Max Dungert , German painter and graphic artist († 1945)
  • 0September 4: Antonin Artaud , French artist († 1948)
  • 0September 4: Adolphe Reymond , Swiss football player († 1976)
  • 0September 4: Rodolphe Rubattel , Swiss politician († 1961)
  • 0September 5: Albert Becker , Austrian chess master († 1984)
  • 0September 5: Heimito von Doderer , Austrian writer († 1966)
  • 0September 5: Karl Ebb , Finnish entrepreneur, athlete and racing car driver († 1988)
  • 0September 6: Karl August Wittfogel , German sociologist, philosopher and sinologist († 1988)
  • 0September 7th: Johannes Siegfried Schubert , German Tibetologist († 1976)
  • 0September 8: B. Everett Jordan , American politician († 1974)
  • 0September 8: Frank Silver , American songwriter, band leader and vaudeville actor († 1960)
  • 0September 9: Alexei Innokentjewitsch Antonow , Soviet general († 1962)
  • 0September 9: Fritz Reuter , German musicologist, music educator, composer and conductor († 1963)
  • September 10th Adele Astaire , American dancer and entertainer († 1981)
  • September 11th: Georg Arnold-Graboné , German painter († 1982)
  • September 11: Robert S. Kerr , American politician († 1963)
  • September 13: Jake Lanum , American football player († 1968)
  • September 13: Tadeusz Szeligowski , Polish composer and music teacher († 1963)
  • September 14: José Mojica , Mexican singer and actor († 1970)
  • September 15: Bert Ambrose , English violinist and band leader († 1971)
  • September 15: Theodor Haubach , German journalist, politician and resistance fighter against National Socialism († 1945)
  • September 16: Willi Milke , German communist resistance fighter against National Socialism and victims of National Socialism († 1944)
  • September 18: Hobart Baumann Amstutz , American theologian and bishop († 1980)
  • September 19: Robert Dussaut , French composer and music theorist († 1969)
  • September 20: Friedrich Sämisch , German chess player († 1975)
  • September 21: Käte Hamburger , German Germanist and philosopher († 1992)
  • September 21: August Prüssing , German engineer († 1967)
  • September 22nd: Ernst Exss , German general († 1965)
  • September 22nd: Elisabeth Selbert , German politician and lawyer, one of the four "Mothers of the Basic Law" († 1986)
  • September 22: Henry Segrave , British racing driver and record-breaking driver († 1930)
  • September 24th: Maxi Ackers , German writer, screenwriter and actress († 1982)
  • September 24: Elsa Triolet , French writer († 1970)
  • September 24: F. Scott Fitzgerald , American writer († 1940)
  • September 24: Camilo Mori , Chilean painter († 1973)
  • September 25: Jacques Errera , Belgian physical chemist († 1977)
  • September 25: Robert Gerhard , Spanish (Catalan) composer († 1970)
  • September 25: Wenzel Jaksch , German politician († 1966)
  • September 25: Alessandro Pertini , Italian politician († 1990)
  • September 26: Max Brunnow , German communist and resistance fighter against National Socialism († 1940)
  • September 27: Sam Ervin , American politician († 1985)
  • September 28: William M. Tuck , American politician († 1983)
  • September 29: David Knowles , English historian († 1974)

October

Blandine Ebinger and Friedrich Hollaender

November

December

  • 0December 1st: Hans Müller , Austrian chess master and theorist († 1971)
  • 0December 1: Georgi Zhukov , Soviet general and four-time hero of the Soviet Union († 1974)
  • 0December 1: Petko Stajnow , Bulgarian composer († 1977)
  • 0December 3: Michael Balint , Hungarian psychoanalyst († 1970)
  • 0December 3: Carlo Schmid , German political scientist and politician († 1979)
  • 0December 3: Bolesław Szabelski , Polish composer († 1979)
  • 0December 3: Martin Wagenschein , German pedagogue, didactic, physicist, mathematician († 1988)
  • 0December 4: Albert Kuntz , German resistance fighter († 1945)
Carl Ferdinand Cori, 1947
Carl Zuckmayer, 1920

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

January to March

April to June

Clara Schumann, 1878/1879

July to September

Friedrich August Kekulé, 1890
Otto Lilienthal

October to December

Anton Bruckner, 1890
Alfred Nobel

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1896  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files