Kurt Guggenheim came from a Jewish merchant family. At the urging of his father Hermann Guggenheim he learned a merchant profession, worked in Le Havre in a coffee - import company and took over after his father's death his company, which he in subsequent years of the Great Depression slipped and went bankrupt .
He then worked for a while as a copywriter , editor and antiquarian until he turned entirely to writing. When his first novel Entfesselung was published, he was 39 years old. He achieved his breakthrough in 1938 with Riedland , a novel about oil drilling in the reed area on upper Lake Zurich . In addition to his novels, he also wrote a number of theater plays and was (co-) author of film scripts , for example by Wachtmeister Studer and Wilder Urlaub (based on his novel of the same name).
The young Guggenheim's love for Eva Hug - the later wife of his writer colleague Albert J. Welti -, whom he was not allowed to marry (probably because of the anti-Semitic attitude of the Hug family), was formative for the young Guggenheim . This love was processed several times in the work, for example in All in All or in The Early Years . In 1939 he married the widowed Gertrud Schlozer.
During the First World War , Guggenheim advocated pacifist ideals in connection with the religious and social ideas of the Swiss theologian Leonhard Ragaz and considered refusal to serve . During the Second World War he voluntarily rejoined the Swiss Army , from which he had been expelled (due to bankruptcy !). In his novel We were our four , he processed his experiences during the occupation of the border in World War II, as well as his encounter with Albin Zollinger .
Another important topic is dealing with Judaism . The father was over-conform, almost denied being Jewish. In the first decades of the 20th century, many Jews immigrated from Eastern Europe and brought a completely different Judaism to Zurich than that of the long-established Jewish families from which Guggenheim came. These Jewish milieus in Zurich are described in his main work , the novel tetralogy Alles in Allem .
The preoccupation with the life and work of Jean-Henri Fabre , mediated by the aforementioned biologist Eva Welti-Hug, was particularly important for Guggenheim's intellectual development . In doing so, he achieved excellent German translations of " Homer der insects", which were later published under the title The Open Secret . With the novel-like approximation of grain of sand in 1959, he also created a literary monument to the great French entomologist . Since 1967 he was a member of the German Academy for Language and Poetry .
He found his final resting place in the Rehalp cemetery in Zurich .
- 1942: Conrad Ferdinand Meyer Prize
- 1950: Prize from the Swiss Schiller Foundation
- 1955: Literature Prize of the City of Zurich (for All in All )
- 1960: Prize from the Swiss Schiller Foundation
- 1981: Schiller Prize from the Zürcher Kantonalbank
- Unleashing. Novel. Schweizer Spiegel, Zurich 1935
- Seven days. Novel. Schweizer Spiegel, Zurich 1936
- Riedland. Novel. Schweizer Spiegel, Zurich 1938
- Wild vacation. Novel. Schweizer Spiegel, Zurich 1941
- The secret journey. Novel. Artemis, Zurich 1946
- We were our four. Novel. Artemis, Zurich 1949
- All in all. Novel in four volumes. Artemis, Zurich:
- * Volume 1, 1900-1913. with eight original lithographs by Hans Falk , 1952
- * Volume 2, 1914-1919. with eight original lithographs by Hans Falk, 1953
- * Volume 3, 1920-1932. with drawings by Arnold Kübler , 1954
- * Volume 4, 1933-1945. with drawings by Arnold Kübler, 1955
- Peace of heart. Novel. Artemis, Zurich 1956
- Grain of sand for grain of sand. The encounter with J.-H. Fabre. Artemis, Zurich 1959
- The truth under the flow sheet. From the diary. Artemis, Zurich 1960
- Home or domicile? The position of the German-Swiss writer in the present. Artemis, Zurich 1961
- The early years. Report. Artemis, Zurich 1962
- Diary at the Schanzengraben. Ceremony for the 125th anniversary of A. Welti-Furrer AG. With drawings by Karl Mannhart . Artemis, Zurich 1963
- Salt of the sea, salt of tears. Artemis, Zurich 1964
- The end of Seldwyla . A Gottfried Keller book. Artemis, Zurich 1965
- The golden cube. Novel. Artemis, Zurich 1967
- 125 years of weaving machines. Maschinenfabrik Rüti AG, Rüti 1967
- Why me? Words for the sick. Artemis, Zurich 1968
- Minute of life. Novel about the friendship between Zola and Cézanne . Artemis, Zurich 1969
- Mignon and Peregrina. Encounters. Jacobi, Bremen 1970
- The holy comedian. Narrative. Benziger, Zurich 1972 (on Jean Rotrou and Genesius von Rome )
- Called and not called. Novel. Benziger, Zurich 1973
- Later. Four stories. Benziger, Zurich 1974
- The labyrinthine promenade. Goethe's trip to Zurich, Stäfa and the Gotthard in 1797. Huber, Frauenfeld 1975
- Everything is worth talking about. Words for the new day. Huber, Frauenfeld 1977
- The puzzle game. Novel. Huber, Frauenfeld 1977
- Just one time. Diary pages 1925–1980. Three volumes. Huber, Frauenfeld 1981-1983
- The cheerful retirement. Comedy. Reiss, Basel 1938
- The Dying Swan (The Fall of the Second Squadron). Play in three acts. Reiss, Basel 1943
- Micheli. Swiss Radio DRS , 1945
- Laederach family. Radio play series, DRS 1949–1951
- The abused love letters . 1940
- The haunted house . 1940?
- Gilberte de Courgenay . 1941
- Landammann Stauffacher . 1941, with Richard Schweizer
- The shot from the pulpit . 1942
- Wild vacation . 1943
- Charles-François Landry : Zealand on the Jura. With 55 photographs by Maurice Blanc . Baconnière, Neuchâtel 1943
- François Ody : In the fight with the cannibals. Doctor's records. Cheval Aile, Geneva 1944
- Charles-François Landry, Pierre Monnerat : With the vine through the year. Propaganda center for Swiss agricultural products, Zurich 1952
- Jean-Henri Fabre : The Obvious Secret. From the life's work of the entomologist (with Adolf Portmann ). Artemis, Zurich 1961
Published by Charles Linsmayer in Huber Verlag, Frauenfeld 1989–2014:
- Volume 1: The Early Years ; Salt of the sea, salt of tears. ISBN 3-7193-0997-5
- Volume 2: Riedland ; Grain of sand for grain of sand. ISBN 3-7193-1068-X
- Volume 3: All in all. ISBN 3-7193-1113-9
- Volume 4: Minute of Life ; The holy comedian. ISBN 3-7193-1196-1
- Volume 5: The Golden Cube ; The puzzle game. ISBN 3-7193-1292-5
- Volume 6: Wild Vacation ; We were our four. ISBN 3-7193-1395-6
- Volume 7: Unleashing ; Seven days. ISBN 978-3-7193-1522-1
- Volume 8: Called and not called , novel; Afterwards , four stories. ISBN 978-3-7193-1590-0
- Alfred Hauswirth: Kurt Guggenheim. The novels and autobiographical books, especially with regard to the development of the main characters . Diss. Neuchâtel 1971
- Tobias Hoffmann-Allenspach: Kurt Guggenheim . In: Andreas Kotte (Ed.): Theater Lexikon der Schweiz . Volume 1, Chronos, Zurich 2005, ISBN 3-0340-0715-9 , p. 766 f.
- Guggenheim, Kurt. In: Lexicon of German-Jewish Authors . Volume 10: Güde – Hein. Edited by the Bibliographia Judaica archive. Saur, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-598-22690-X , pp. 12-21.
- Nicole Rosenberger : Guggenheim, Kurt. In: Andreas B. Kilcher (Ed.): Metzler Lexicon of German-Jewish Literature. Jewish authors in the German language from the Enlightenment to the present. 2nd, updated and expanded edition. Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2012, ISBN 978-3-476-02457-2 , pp. 180f.
- Literature by and about Kurt Guggenheim in the catalog of the German National Library
- Entry in the Bibliomedia Foundation's authors' directory
- Felix Aeppli: Guggenheim, Kurt. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Texts on Kurt Guggenheim by Charles Linsmayer
- In the footsteps of the novel “All in all” A trip to Zurich in 12 hours , 11 May to 30 June 2019.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Swiss writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 14, 1896|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Zurich|
|DATE OF DEATH||5th December 1983|
|Place of death||Zurich|