Daimler motor truck (1896)

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Daimler motor truck order no.  81 (1896)
Daimler motor truck order no. 81 (1896)
Motor trucks
Manufacturer: DMG
Production period: 1896–?
Previous model: none
Successor: none
Technical specifications
Designs: Forward control
Engines: Petrol engines
Power: 2.9-7.4 kW
Payload: 1.2-5 t
Daimler motor truck, 6 hp (1898)
Daimler motor truck, 4 hp (1899)

The Daimler Motor-Lorry (1896) from Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft was the world's first lorry .

History and technology

In 1894 Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach began developing a truck with a 1.06 liter two-cylinder four-stroke engine ( bore / stroke : 75 × 120 mm) built into the rear, producing 4  hp (2.9  kW ) at a speed of 700 min -1 made. The one with hot-tube ignition and injection nozzle carburetor equipped engine was the first prototype built yet behind the rear axle and driving the rear wheels through a four-speed belt drive on. The car had a turntable steering and a hand-operated block brake that worked on the iron tires of the rear wheels. There was also a foot-operated shoe brake on the countershaft. The vehicle was 4.5 m long and 1.5 m wide, the payload was specified at 1500 kg and the curb weight at 1500 kg, the top speed was 12 km / h, the purchase price was 5,200 marks .

On October 1, 1896, Daimler sold the first truck ("Order No. 81") to the British Motor Syndicate in London . In this model, according to Oswald, the one-off engine, enlarged to 1.53 liters (bore / stroke: 90 × 120 mm) with 6 HP (4.4 kW) power, was installed under the driver's seat. In the same year, Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft was the first vehicle manufacturer in the world to launch a range of different trucks that were available in four different power levels: 2.9 kW, 4.4 kW, 5.9 kW and 7.4 kW. The payloads ranged from 1.2 t to 5 t. From 1897 "Phoenix two-cylinder engines" with low-voltage magneto ignition were used to drive Daimler motor trucks. The engine has now been installed above the front axle. The models were also set up for "reversing" and could handle inclines of up to twelve percent. According to documents from Daimler, “ten trucks and thirteen beer cars” had been delivered by January 1899. Customers included the forwarding company Paul von Maur in Stuttgart and the Bohemian Brewery in Berlin, which used the Daimler motor truck as a “beer wear truck”.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. 1896: Gottlieb Daimler builds the world's first truck on media.daimler.com, accessed on July 10, 2016.
  2. Werner Oswald, p. 83.
  3. ^ Olaf von Fersen : A century of automobile technology. Commercial vehicles. VDI-Verlag, Düsseldorf 1987, ISBN 978-3-662-01119-5 , p. 11.
  4. ^ Hans Christoph Graf von Seherr-Thoss, p. 196.
  5. Werner Oswald, p. 75.