Morarji Ranchhodji Desai ( Hindi : मोरारजी देसाई , Morārjī Desāī ) (born February 29, 1896 in Bhadeli , Bombay [now Gujarat ]; † April 10, 1995 in Bombay , Maharashtra ) was Prime Minister of India from 1977 to 1979 .
He joined Mahatma Gandhi's civil disobedience campaign in 1930 and was imprisoned for many years in British India for many years. After independence he was politically active in the Congress Party. From 1952 to 1956 he was Chief Minister of the State of Bombay . In 1967 he became vice-premier under Prime Minister Indira Gandhi . When the Congress party split in 1969, Desai joined the smaller wing ( Indian National Congress (Organization) , INC (O)) and was its top candidate in the 1971 general election . After Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency in 1975 , he was arrested again. After the state of emergency was suspended in 1977, the INC (O) united with three other parties to form the Janata Party , which won the parliamentary elections that followed. Morarji Desai was then elected Prime Minister, but had to give up his office again in 1979 because of the completely divided Janata Party.
Morarji Desai strictly followed the principles of Mahatma Gandhi and was a moralist. He died at the age of 99.
One of his peculiarities was that he was a practicing believer in urine therapy . With this he got himself many nicknames in India.
- Extensive biography of Desai at Iloveindia
- Kuldip Singh: OBITUARY: Morarji Desai. The Independent, April 11, 1995, accessed July 31, 2014 (obituary).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Desai, Morarji Ranchhodji|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Indian Prime Minister, Chief Minister of Bombay|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 29, 1896|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bhadeli, Bombay (now Gujarat )|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 10, 1995|
|Place of death||Bombay, today Mumbai|