In the Roman calendar , February was originally the last month and therefore the one to which the leap days were added. The actual leap day of the Gregorian calendar in Roman counting is, however, as in the Julian calendar , a second February 24 inserted after February 23 . This fact could be recognized in the Roman Catholic Church until the reorganization of the ecclesiastical festival calendar in 1969 when the festival of St. Matthias , which was always celebrated on February 24, was postponed to February 25 in the leap year . For theEvangelical Church in Germany , this regulation still applies.
Today's regular leap days have existed since Pope Gregory XIII. in a papal bull on February 24, 1582 ordered the cancellation of ten accrued leap days. From then on, all are leap years whole numbers divisible by four, with the exception of the centuries that are not divisible by 400, i.e. 1700, 1800, 1900. On the other hand, 1600 and 2000 were leap years. Similarly, 2100, 2200, 2300 and 2500 will not be leap years, but 2400 will be a leap year.
January · February · March
Birthday on February 29th
In Germany there is a legal regulation for those born on February 29th. To calculate their age , the deadline calculation of the BGB is to be used. In non-leap years applies to para. 3 BGB the completion of the February 28 as expiry date , so they are in non-leap years to at a March 1 born equal. This means, for example, that those born on February 29th after 18 years of age will come of age on March 1st.
Politics and world events
- 888 : In the Compiègne robertians is Odo of Paris to the West Frankish collected king.
- 1712 : In Sweden, February 29th is followed by February 30th , in order to bring the Swedish calendar back into line with the Julian calendar .
- 1720 : The Swedish Queen Ulrike Eleonore abdicates in favor of her husband Friedrich .
- 1768 : With the aim of pushing back Russian influence in Poland-Lithuania , Polish nobles form the Confederation of Bar .
- 1884 : The British general Gerald Graham and his units at at-Taib defeat the Mahdists under Osman Digna during the Mahdi uprising in Sudan .
- 1916 : During the First World War , a battle breaks out in the North Sea between ships of the Royal Navy and the Imperial Navy . The German auxiliary cruiser SMS Greif first sinks the British auxiliary cruiser Alcantara before it goes down. A total of 264 seafarers were killed on both sides.
- 1920 : Reichswehr Minister Gustav Noske dissolves the Ehrhardt Marine Brigade and the Loewenfeld Freikorps . The Kapp Putsch against the Weimar Republic developed from this measure .
- 1920 : The Czechoslovak National Assembly adopts the Constitution of the Czechoslovak Republic .
- 1936 : The attempted coup in Japan on February 26, 1936 by members of the Kōdō-ha party is finally crushed, the rebels either executed or summoned to the ritual suicide Seppuku . However, martial law will remain in effect until July.
- 1944 : Allied troops led by US General Douglas MacArthur begin to conquer the Admiralty Islands , which the Japanese occupied in the Pacific War.
- 1972 : In protest against the new Ostpolitik of the social-liberal coalition , member of the Bundestag Herbert Hupka , President of the Landsmannschaft Silesia , resigns from the SPD parliamentary group.
- 1996 : After 1425 days - more than two months after the Dayton Treaty was signed - the siege of Sarajevo , the longest siege of the 20th century, ends .
- 2004 : In the early elections for Hamburg citizenship , the CDU with Mayor Ole von Beust wins 21 percentage points compared to the 2001 election and can subsequently govern with an absolute majority. At the same referendum , a clear majority is against the sale of city clinics .
- 2004 : After widespread protests and intervention by France and the USA, Jean-Bertrand Aristide abdicated as President of Haiti and left the country.
- 1916 : In the United States, civil engineer Arthur Hale is granted a patent for the cloverleaf interchange he developed .
- 2008 : The Russian automobile manufacturer Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Rus is founded.
science and technology
- 1880 : The Gotthard tunnel through the Gotthard massif in the Swiss Alps was built for rail traffic .
- 1828 : The opera La muette de Portici (Die Mute von Portici) by Daniel-François-Esprit Auber with the libretto by Eugène Scribe celebrates a resounding success at its premiere at the Grand Opéra Paris .
- 1836 : At the Grand Opéra Paris is the grand opera Les Huguenots by Giacomo Meyerbeer premiered. The libretto is by Eugène Scribe and Émile Deschamps .
- 1892 : In Bury St Edmunds in the English county of Suffolk, the farce Charley's Aunt ( Charley's Aunt ) by Brandon Thomas premiered.
- 1912 : The opera Leila by Natanael Berg is premiered at the Kungliga Teatern in Stockholm .
- 1940 : With the Academy Awards is Gone with the Wind with ten Academy Awards the most successful film, with for her portrayal of Mammy excellent Hattie McDaniel for the first time an African American woman receives an Oscar statuette.
- 1980 : The Berlin International Film Festival , the first under the direction of Moritz de Hadeln , ends.
- 1992 : Irish rock band U2 begins the Zoo TV world tour in Lakeland, Florida .
- 1996 : Clint Eastwood will receive the Life Achievement Award of the American Film Institute .
- 2004 : With the Academy Awards is The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King , nominated in all eleven categories is also excellent, most successful film.
- 1860 : In Leipzig, the theology professor Wilhelm Bruno Lindner is sentenced to six years in a workhouse for stealing from public libraries .
- 2000 : At the Theo J. Buell Elementary School near Flint in the US state of Michigan, a six-year-old shoots another six-year-old classmate. You are the youngest victim and the youngest perpetrator of a school shooting .
- 2016 : The Equal Care Day is based on the Equal Pay Day as a day of action for more appreciation and a fair distribution of care work.
- 1528 : The Protestant theologian Patrick Hamilton , who returned to Catholic Scotland , was sentenced to death for heresy in a short trial and immediately burned in public.
- 1964 : A British Eagle International Airlines passenger aircraft approaching Innsbruck collides with the eastern flank of the Glungezer in the Tux Alps on British Eagle flight 802 . All 83 people on board are killed.
- 1996 : A Peruvian Boeing 737 coming from Lima crashes into a mountain while approaching Arequipa, killing all 123 passengers on this aircraft.
Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .
- 1924 : Paul Samson-Körner is against Hans Breitensträter German champion in boxing in the heavyweight division by knockout in the third round..
Entries of athletics world records can be found under the respective discipline under athletics .
Before the 19th century
- 1468 : Paul III. , Pope
- 1528 : Albrecht V , Duke of Bavaria
- 1640 : Benjamin Keach , English pastor, song poet and author
- 1692 : John Byrom , English writer
- 1736 : Ann Lee , founder of the American Free Church of the Shakers
- 1756 : Christian Frederik Hansen , Danish architect
- 1764 : Conrad Daniel von Blücher-Altona , Upper President of Altona
- 1764 : Karl Adalbert von Beyer , Abbot of Hamborn and auxiliary bishop in Cologne
- 1764 : Paul Erman , German physicist
- 1784 : Leo von Klenze , German architect, painter and writer of classicism
- 1792 : Gioachino Rossini , Italian opera composer of Belcanto ( The Barber of Seville and La Cenerentola (Cinderella) )
- 1808 : Hugh Falconer , British paleontologist, botanist and geologist from Scotland
- 1820 : Adolf Schimon , Austrian-German pianist, singing teacher and composer
- 1840 : Paul Adolph , German lawyer and politician
- 1840 : Theodor Leber , German ophthalmologist
- 1860 : Herman Hollerith , American entrepreneur, engineer, and inventor
- 1864 : Adolf Wölfli , Swiss painter
- 1868 : Heinrich Claß , German publicist and politician, MdR, ideological pioneer of National Socialism
- 1868 : Carl Peters , Cologne entrepreneur
- 1868 : Wilhelm Steputat , German writer, lawyer and politician
- 1872 : Berthold Daun , German art historian and lecturer
- 1884 : Frederick Grace , British boxer
- 1888 : Herbert Ihering , German dramaturge, director, journalist and theater critic
- 1888 : Gyula Kertész , Hungarian football player and coach
- 1888 : Domenico Tardini , Italian priest, cardinal secretary of state and cardinal
- 1892 : Vilmos Apor , Hungarian priest, bishop of the Győr diocese and blessed of the Catholic Church
- 1892 : Leandro Arpinati , Italian politician and sports official
- 1892 : Dietrich von Jagow , German envoy to Hungary and SA general
- 1896 : Josef Autrith , Austrian politician
- 1896 : Rudolf Bernstein , German Comintern and film official
- 1896 : Morarji Desai , Indian politician and head of government
- 1896 : Wladimir Rudolfowitsch Vogel , Swiss composer of German-Russian origin
- 1896 : William A. Wellman , American film director
- 1904 : Rukmini Devi Arundale , Indian dancer, politician and theosophist
- 1904 : Hugh Bancroft , Canadian organist and composer
- 1904 : Jimmy Dorsey , American jazz musician
- 1904 : Walter Heinrich Fuchs , German phytomedicist
- 1908 : Balthus , actually Balthasar Kłossowski de Rola , Polish-French painter
- 1908 : Dee Brown , American writer and historian
- 1908 : Kurt Fiebig , German composer and church musician
- 1908 : Robert E. Pearce , American wrestler, Olympic champion
- 1912 : Gaetano Amata , Italian filmmaker
- 1912 : Reinhold Meyer , German lawyer, President of the Central Post Office
- 1912 : Taiichi Ōno , Japanese engineer and inventor (Toyota production system: Kanban, just-in-time)
- 1916 : Barton Childs , American pediatrician and geneticist
- 1916 : Max-Joseph Halhuber , Austrian cardiologist
- 1916 : Rudolf Sachsenweger , German ophthalmologist
- 1916 : Dinah Shore , American singer, actress, and golfer
- 1920 : Fyodor Abramov , Soviet writer
- 1920 : Marcel Frémiot , French composer
- 1920 : Michèle Morgan , French actress
- 1920 : Howard Nemerov , American professor of literature and poet
- 1920 : Johann Waldbach , German employee of the East German MfS, killed in the uprising of June 17, 1953
- 1924 : David Beattie , 14th Governor General of New Zealand
- 1924 : Andrzej Maria Deskur , Polish priest and lawyer, titular archbishop and cardinal
- 1924 : Will Elfes , German sculptor and musician
- 1924 : Gunnar Johansson , Swedish football player and coach
- 1924 : Edward J. Kenney , British classical philologist
- 1924 : Vladimir Kryuchkov , Soviet-Russian political functionary
- 1924 : Marcellina Pustet , German abbess
- 1924 : Carlos Humberto Romero , Salvadoran politician and president
- 1924 : Willibald Sauerländer , German art historian
- 1924 : Pierre Sinibaldi , French football player and coach
- 1928 : Joss Ackland , British actor
- 1928 : Ivan Bohdan , Russian wrestler, Olympic champion
- 1928 : Alfons Demming , German priest, auxiliary bishop in Münster
- 1928 : Seymour Papert , American mathematician and learning theorist
- 1932 : Masten Gregory , American Formula 1 racing driver
- 1932 : Reri Grist , American soprano
- 1932 : Hermann Weiß , German historian
- 1936 : Frank Bowling , British artist
- 1936 : Henri Richard , Canadian ice hockey player
- 1936 : Alex Rocco , American actor
- 1936 : Glen Stassen , American social ethicist and theologian
- 1936 : Sharon Webb , American writer
- 1940 : Bartholomeos I , Patriarch of Constantinople
- 1940 : Margit Carstensen , German theater and film actress
- 1940 : Klaus-Jürgen Jacob , German biologist, director of the Cottbus zoo
- 1940 : Klaus-Dieter Lehmann , German librarian and President of the Goethe Institute
- 1940 : Hideo Ochi , Japanese-German karateka
- 1940 : John Huston Ricard , American Roman Catholic bishop
- 1940 : Paul Rutherford , British jazz trombonist
- 1940 : Wilfried Sauerland , German boxing promoter
- 1940 : Mario Velarde , Mexican soccer player
- 1944 : Ene Ergma , Estonian politician and astrophysicist
- 1944 : Dennis Farina , American actor
- 1944 : Oleksandr Moros , Ukrainian politician
- 1944 : John Niland , American football player
- 1944 : Paolo Eleuteri Serpieri , Italian comic book author
- 1944 : Max Steller , German forensic psychologist
- 1944 : Bernd Witthüser , German cabaret artist
- 1948 : Jirō Akagawa , Japanese writer
- 1948 : Andreas Auer , Swiss constitutional lawyer
- 1948 : Richie Cole , American jazz alto saxophonist
- 1948 : Ken Foree , American actor
- 1948 : Karen Lafferty , American singer and music teacher
- 1948 : Hermione Lee , British literary scholar
- 1948 : Patricia A. McKillip , American author
- 1948 : Ronnith Neumann , Israeli-German writer and photographer
- 1948 : Yanti Somer , Finnish actress
- 1948 : Rainder Steenblock , German politician, Member of the State Parliament, State Minister, Member of the Bundestag
- 1948 : Martin Suter , Swiss author
- 1952 : Raúl González , Mexican walker, Olympic champion
- 1952 : Roger Gustafsson , Swedish football player and coach
- 1952 : Thomas Löhr , German priest, auxiliary bishop in the Limburg diocese
- 1952 : Holger Oertel , German handball goalkeeper and handball trainer
- 1952 : Gérard Pansanel , French jazz guitarist
- 1952 : Oswaldo Payá , Cuban civil rights activist
- 1952 : Tim Powers , American writer
- 1952 : Hermann Schützenhöfer , Austrian politician
- 1952 : Raissa Petrovna Smetanina , Russian cross-country skier, four-time Olympic champion
- 1956 : Johannes Thimme , German supporter of the Red Army Faction ( RAF )
- 1956 : Aileen Wuornos , American serial killer
- 1960 : Cheb Khaled , representative of the Algerian folk and popular music Raï
- 1960 : Norbert Lehmann , German journalist and television presenter
- 1960 : Richard Ramírez , American serial killer
- 1964 : Carmel Busuttil , Maltese football player and coach
- 1964 : Ralph Dietl , German historian and Americanist
- 1964 : Martin France , British jazz drummer
- 1964 : Marek Leśniak , Polish football player and coach
- 1964 : Ola Lindgren , Swedish handball coach
- 1964 : Larissa Peleschenko , Russian shot putter
- 1964 : Ellen Pieters , Dutch actress and singer
- 1964 : Swilen Rusinow , Bulgarian amateur boxer
- 1964 : Henrik Sundström , Swedish tennis player
- 1968 : Dirk Bublies , German actor
- 1968 : Pete Fenson , American curler
- 1968 : Emer Martin , Irish writer, painter and filmmaker
- 1968 : Guy Philippe , Haitian officer, police chief and rebel leader
- 1968 : Dana Schweiger , American presenter, entrepreneur and former model
- 1972 : Rui Águas , Portuguese racing car driver
- 1972 : Martin Berger , German church musician and cathedral music director
- 1972 : Iván García , Cuban sprinter
- 1972 : Magnus Kihlstedt , Swedish football goalkeeper
- 1972 : Pedro Sánchez , Spanish politician
- 1972 : Vadim Tokarew , Russian boxer
- 1972 : Dave Williams , American rock singer
- 1976 : Judith Enders , German political scientist and author
- 1976 : Katalin Kovács , Hungarian canoeist
- 1976 : Ja Rule , American rapper
- 1976 : Simone Panteleit , German television and radio presenter
- 1976 : Milaim Rama , Swiss football player
- 1980 : Hauke Brückner , German soccer player
- 1980 : Çağdaş Atan , Turkish football player
- 1980 : Kristin Fraser , American figure skater
- 1980 : Simon Gagné , Canadian ice hockey player
- 1980 : Vanessa Jung , German actress
- 1980 : Rubén Plaza , Spanish cyclist
- 1980 : Mizuki Tsujimura , Japanese writer
- 1984 : Ihor Bojchuk , Ukrainian ski jumper
- 1984 : Olga Bołądź , Polish theater and film actress
- 1984 : Jolanda Bombis-Robben , Dutch handball player
- 1984 : Cullen Jones , American freestyle swimmer
- 1984 : Selapperuma Nirantha Perera , Sri Lankan soccer player
- 1984 : Buddy Ogün , German comedian and solo entertainer
- 1984 : Anna Paulson , Swedish football player
- 1984 : Radik Schaparow , Kazakh ski jumper
- 1984 : Roger Vidosa , skier from Andorra
- 1984 : Cam Ward , Canadian ice hockey goalkeeper
- 1984 : Maike Weiss , German handball player
- 1984 : Mari Weiß , German lawyer and politician
- 1984 : Benedict Wells , German-Swiss writer
- 1988 : Hanne Haugen Aas , Norwegian volleyball and beach volleyball player
- 1988 : Mikel Balenziaga , Spanish soccer player
- 1988 : Tom Buschke , German soccer player
- 1988 : Dean Gardiner , Irish boxer
- 1988 : Lena Gercke , German model, presenter
- 1988 : Benedikt Höwedes , German soccer player
- 1988 : Marko Marković , Serbian musician
- 1988 : Michael Schick , German soccer player
- 1988 : Aqqaluk Sørensen , Greenlandic handball player
- 1992 : Yusleidy Arriola , Venezuelan weightlifter
- 1992 : Niclas Huschenbeth , German chess grandmaster
- 1992 : Perry Kitchen , American football player
- 1992 : Jessica Long , American swimmer
- 1992 : Aleksandrina Najdenowa , Bulgarian tennis player
- 1992 : Viktor Roth , German YouTuber
- 1992 : Katie Stengel , American soccer player
- 1992 : Saphir Taïder , Algerian-French football player
- 1996 : Sebastian Schmitt , German basketball player
- 1996 : Rhizlane Siba , Moroccan high jumper
- 1996 : Claudia Williams , New Zealand tennis player
- 2000 : Cyrill Akono , German-Cameroonian football player
Before the 20th century
- 628 : Chosrau II , Great King of the Sassanid Empire
- 992 : Oswald of York , Archbishop of York and Bishop of Worcester
- 1172 : Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd , Welsh prince
- 1388 : Władysław , Duke of Kujawy and pretender to the crown of the Kingdom of Poland
- 1460 : Albrecht III. , Duke of Bavaria-Munich
- 1516 : Bernat Fenollar , Valencian clergyman, promoter of culture and poet
- 1528 : Patrick Hamilton , Scottish Protestant theologian and martyr
- 1532 : Johann III. von Rosenberg , Grand Prior of the Order of St. John and nobleman from the House of Rosenberg
- 1604 : John Whitgift , Archbishop of Canterbury
- 1732 : André-Charles Boulle , French cabinet maker
- 1744 : John Theophilus Desaguliers , Franco-British natural philosopher
- 1784 : François-Alexandre Aubert de La Chenaye-Desbois , French writer and compiler
- 1792 : Johann Andreas Stein , German organ and piano builder
- 1796 : François Athanase de Charette de la Contrie , French naval officer
- 1820 : Johann Joachim Eschenburg , German literary historian
- 1868 : Ludwig I , King of Bavaria, builder of numerous public buildings in Munich
- 1896 : Ludwig Brüel , German lawyer and politician, MdL, MdR
- 1896 : Albrecht von Stosch , royal Prussian general and admiral, first head of the imperial German admiralty and minister of state
- 1924 : Emily Ruete (née Salme, Princess of Oman and Zanzibar), German writer and teacher
- 1928 : Adolphe Appia , Swiss stage designer
- 1928 : Paul Dahlke , German doctor and pioneer of Buddhism in Germany
- 1928 : Armando Diaz , Italian chief of staff
- 1932 : Ramon Casas i Carbó , Spanish painter and graphic artist
- 1940 : Simon Abram , Austrian politician
- 1944 : Traugott Müller , German director
- 1944 : Pehr Evind Svinhufvud , Finnish President
- 1968 : Anny Hannewald , German actress
- 1976 : Paul Schallück , German writer
- 1980 : Jigal Allon , Israeli politician, multiple minister, foreign minister
- 1980 : Gil Elvgren , American pin-up and advertising artist
- 1984 : Heinz Autenrieth , German lawyer
- 1984 : Meyer Dolinsky , American screenwriter and writer
- 1988 : Johann van Aken , German politician, MdL
- 1992 : Joseph Carroll , Irish bishop
- 1992 : Ferenc Karinthy , Hungarian writer
- 1992 : Ruth Pitter , British poet
- 1996 : Øystein Gaukstad , Norwegian musicologist and librarian
- 1996 : Shams Pahlavi , Iranian civil rights activist
- 2000 : William Goffman , American information scientist
- 2000 : Hermann Meier , Police Chief of the Princely Liechtenstein Security Corps
- 2004 : Lev Jakowlewitsch Abramow , Russian chess player and arbiter
- 2004 : Danny Ortiz , Guatemalan soccer player
- 2004 : Witold Rudziński , Polish composer
- 2008 : Wolfram Achtnich , German crop scientist
- 2008 : Lucie Beyer , German politician, Member of the Bundestag
- 2008 : Luigi Brogna , Italian-German writer
- 2008 : Janet Kagan , American science fiction and fantasy writer
- 2008 : Arnold Künzli , Swiss philosopher
- 2008 : Hans Lubsczyk , German exegete
- 2008 : Erik Ortvad , Danish painter and draftsman
- 2008 : Philip Rabinowitz , South African athlete
- 2008 : Tatsuya Takahashi , Japanese jazz musician
- 2008 : Jan Wirix , Dutch Old Catholic Bishop of Haarlem
- 2012 : Davy Jones , British actor and singer
- 2012 : Anne Marie Moss , Canadian jazz singer
- 2016 : Mischal ibn Abd al-Aziz , Saudi Arabian prince and politician
- 2016 : Alice Arlen , American screenwriter and biographer
- 2016 : Vladislavas Domarkas , Lithuanian engineer and politician
- 2016 : Manfred Eger , German journalist, book author and museum director
- 2016 : Gilbert R. Hill , American actor
- 2016 : Helmut Hodel , German football official
- 2016 : Hannes Löhr , German soccer player and coach
- 2016 : Francis Xavier Osamu Mizobe , Japanese bishop
- 2016 : Mumtaz Qadri , Pakistani assassin
- 2016 : Louise Rennison , British writer
- 2016 : Peter Schäfer , German historian
- 2016 : Rudolf Trostel , German engineer
- 2020 : Avraham Barkai , Israeli historian and anti-Semitism researcher
- 2020 : Wolfgang Edelstein , German educator and educational researcher
- 2020 : Hans Eichhorn , Austrian writer
- 2020 : Vito Kapo , Albanian politician
- 2020 : Horst Kiesecker , German politician
- 2020 : Dieter Laser , German actor
- 2020 : Klaus Mehle , German politician
- 2020 : Gerd Menne , German soccer player and coach
- 2020 : Bill Smith , American (jazz) clarinetist and composer
- 2020 : Éva Székely , Hungarian swimmer and swimming coach
- 2020 : Andrei Wedernikow , Soviet cyclist
Holidays and memorial days
- Church memorial days
- action Day
The list of days of remembrance and action contains further entries .
- Georg Christoph Lichtenberg: Reasons for consolation for the unfortunate ones who were born on February 29th in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Otto Eggenberger: Datumswerte ( Memento from January 10th, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) (on date calculations in MS Excel).
- The Leap Day by Nikolaus A. Bär "dedicated to all those whose birthday is at the end of February."
- Reorganization of the divine service readings and sermon texts. Draft for testing on behalf of EKD, UEK and VELKD . Hannover, 2014, p. 154 below (pdf; 4.4 MB)
- Otto Palandt / Jürgen Ellenberger , BGB Commentary , 73rd Edition, 2014, § 187 BGB Rn. 3