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Olympic torch-bearers 1936
Course of the front in the first two years of the Spanish Civil War
The civil war in Spain begins with the siege of the Alcázar of Toledo .
Edward's Instrument of Abdication
Edward VIII renounces the British crown in favor of the relationship with Wallis Simpson .
Jesse Owens in the long jump at the Olympics
In Berlin the
XI. Summer Olympics exploited for propaganda purposes.
1936 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1384/85 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1928/29 (10/11 September)
Baha'i calendar 92/93 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1340/41 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2479/80 (southern Buddhism); 2478/79 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 77th (78th) cycle

Year of the Fire Rat丙子 ( since January 24th , before that Wood Pig乙亥)

Chuch'e ideology (North Korea) Chuch'e 25
Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1298/99 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4269/70 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 1314/15 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1354/55 (March 23/24)
Japanese calendar 昭和Shōwa 11;
Kōki 2596
Jewish calendar 5696/97 (September 16-17)
Coptic calendar 1652/53 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1111/12
Minguo calendar (China) Year 25 of the Republic
Seleucid era Babylon: 2246/47 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2247/48 (turn of the year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2478/79 (April 1)
Tibetan calendar 1682
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1992/93 (April)

With two major international sporting events, the year 1936 gave the National Socialists the opportunity to present the German Reich in a brilliant way. The Olympic Winter Games in Garmisch-Partenkirchen , at which a torch relay is carried out for the first time , and in particular the Olympic Summer Games in Berlin are also exploited for propaganda purposes . From the Nazis' point of view, the perfect staging is not even tarnished by the fact that Jesse Owens, an African American , becomes the most successful athlete at the Games . After all, with the German Empire, a nation other than the United States becomes the most successful nation at the Summer Olympics for the first time.

Domestically, the oppression and persecution of Jews and other minorities is consistently continued, and in terms of foreign policy, war is being prepared more and more openly . Adolf Hitler terminates the Locarno Treaties and lets the Wehrmacht march into the demilitarized Rhineland , an aggressive act to which France and Great Britain offer no significant resistance. The Berlin-Rome axis is concluded with the fascist Italy of Benito Mussolini , which has just overrun Ethiopia and founded the colony of Italian-East Africa , and the Anti-Comintern Pact against the Soviet Union with the Japanese Empire .

Civil war is now breaking out in Spain . The fascist Falange and the national right in the military under Francisco Franco tried to come to power with a coup, but encountered unexpectedly strong resistance from the Republican government . After international brigades - voluntary associations consisting of members of numerous European and American nations - support the republic in its defensive struggle, the German Reich sends the Condor Legion to support the fascists, a welcome dress rehearsal for the warworthiness of the German armed forces.

The British monarchy will be shaken by a scandal at the end of the year. King Edward VIII prefers his relationship with the divorced bourgeois Wallis Simpson and abdicates . His brother Albert follows him as George VI. to the throne after.

The cultural highlights of the year are the world premiere of Sergei Prokofiev's musical fairy tale Peter and the Wolf , Margaret Mitchell's novel Gone with the Wind , the International Surrealist Exhibition in London and the premiere of Charlie Chaplin's satirical silent film Modern Times .

Athletic the perfect year for the German Empire by defeating Max Schmeling in boxing against the previously undefeated Joe Louis "rounded" just in New York. And the Austrian Sepp "Bubi" Bradl manages the first jump of a person over 100 meters with skis .


Politics and world events

Spanish Civil War

José Calvo Sotelo
The Alcázar of Toledo

German Empire

Ballot for the Reichstag election

Abyssinian War


Soviet Union

Extract from the 1936 constitution

Other events in Europe

United States of America

Latin America


Other international events

Insurgent troops on February 26th
Faruq I.

International conferences and contracts


Money economy

International exhibitions

Fire at the Crystal Palace
After the fire

Patents and company formation


RMS Queen Mary


science and technology

Aviation and Transport

The Hindenburg reaches Lakehurst

Technical achievements

Hoover Dam (1942)


Skull with hair of the goat man


Visual arts



Early Phantom Comics logo

Music and theater

Rodgers and Hart





Nobel Prizes

price person country Reason for awarding the prize picture
Nobel Price for physics Victor Franz Hess
AustriaAustria Austria "For the discovery of cosmic rays " Victor Franz Hess
Carl David Anderson
United States 48United States United States "For the discovery of the positron "
Nobel Prize in Chemistry Peter Debye
NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands "For his contributions to our knowledge of molecular structures through his research on dipole moments, on the diffraction of X-rays and on electrons in gases" Petrus Josephus Wilhelmus Debye
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Henry Hallett Dale
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom "For their discoveries in the chemical transmission of nerve impulses" (Dalesches principle)
Otto Loewi
AustriaAustria Austria (born in Frankfurt am Main , German Empire ) German EmpireThe German Imperium 
Nobel Prize in Literature
(awarded in 1937)
Eugene O'Neill
United States 48United States United States "For his dramatic poetry, which is characterized by strength, honesty and strong feeling as well as an independent understanding of the tragic" Eugene O'Neill
Nobel Peace Prize Carlos Saavedra Lamas
ArgentinaArgentina Argentina President of the League of Nations Assembly and mediator in the conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia (1935) Carlos Saavedra Lamas




Burt Reynolds, 1991







Yves Saint Laurent, 1976
Robert Redford (2005)





Klaus Kinkel, 2005

Exact date of birth unknown

Tariq Aziz


January February

Rudyard Kipling
George V.

March April

Robert Bárány

May June

July August

García Lorca 1932

September October

November December

Basil Zaharoff, 1928

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1936  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files