Federal President (Switzerland)
|"Corporate Design Bund"|
Acting Federal President
January 1, 2022 - December 31, 2022
|Official seat||Federal Palace in Bern|
|Term of office||one year (no re-election in the following year)|
|Establishment of office||November 21, 1848|
|Last choice||December 8, 2021|
|Next choice||December 7, 2022|
|Deputy||Alain Berset , Vice President of the Federal Council|
|predecessor||Guy Parmelin (2021)|
|successor||Alain Berset (from January 1, 2023)|
The Federal President ( French Président de la Confédération , Italian Presidente della Confederazione , Romansh President da la Confederaziun ) is the member of the Swiss government, the Federal Council , who, as primus inter pares, chairs the meetings. His deputy is the Vice President of the Federal Council .
On December 9, 2020, Guy Parmelin was elected Federal President for the year 2021 with 188 valid votes (out of a total of 246) of the United Federal Assembly. He is holding this office for the first time. On December 8, 2021, the incumbent Vice President Ignazio Cassis was elected as Federal President for the year 2022 with 156 votes (out of 237). He will take up office on January 1, 2022. Alain Berset was elected as Vice President of the Federal Council.
Unlike the Federal President in the neighboring countries of Austria or Germany , the Swiss Federal President is not a head of state . The Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation has neither a head of state nor a head of government . All of these functions are performed by the entire Federal Council as a college .
In the function of Chairman of the Federal Council, the vote of the Federal President is decisive in the event of a tie; he makes the so-called "casting vote".
In addition to managing his department , the Federal President only takes on some of the representative tasks of a head of state. Initially, this was only the case domestically: The Federal President gives the radio and television speeches on the New Year and the Swiss National Day on August 1st , and he gives the Diplomatic Corps the traditional New Year reception in the Federal Palace , where he and the respective Apostolic Nuncio in the Switzerland giving small speeches. At a time when there are more international contacts, the Federal President also travels abroad more frequently.
However, since Switzerland does not have a head of state, it is customary not to pay any state visits yourself . When the Federal President goes abroad, he only does so as the responsible head of department. However, if an official visit is made to a head of state from another country, this is usually done by the Federal President; The same applies to appearances alongside several heads of state from other countries, for example in the UN General Assembly .
The Federal President is elected for one year from among the Federal Councilors by the United Federal Assembly in the winter session at the beginning of December each year . The term of office of the Federal President runs from January 1 to December 31 of each calendar year.
In the 19th century, the election of the Federal President was an award for particularly valued Federal Councilors. Less influential members of the government, on the other hand, were regularly ignored. Such was the St. Galler Wilhelm Matthias Naeff , which for 27 years belonged to the Swiss government, only once (1853) Federal President.
The choice has usually been undisputed since the 20th century. The unwritten rule applies that the Federal Councilor who has not (or has not) held this office for the longest time to become Federal President. Each Federal Councilor has at least one role in seven years of office. The only question that creates tension in the election is how many votes in the Federal Assembly the person to be elected will receive, which is rated as a popularity test. In the 1970s and 1980s, 200 votes (out of a possible 246) were considered an excellent result. In an era of growing party-political conflicts, there was only one Federal President after 1990 ( Ueli Maurer , 2019) who received more than 200 votes. Therefore, 180 votes have been considered a respectable result since then.
Until 1920 it was common - with interruptions - for the respective Federal President to take over the Foreign Ministry . So every year there was at least a minor castling when the outgoing Federal President returned to his old department and the new one moved to the Foreign Ministry. It was also customary for the Federal President - even as Foreign Minister - not to leave Switzerland during his year in office.
The Vice President of the Federal Council is also elected annually. This is the deputy of the Federal President and is usually elected Federal President in the following year.
- List of Swiss Federal Presidents
- Protocol order of precedence in Switzerland
- List of state visits to Switzerland
- List of official visits to Switzerland
- List of trips abroad by the Swiss Federal Presidents
- Political System of Switzerland , Portal: Politics
- Federal President (Germany) , Federal President (Austria)
Presidia of other federal state bodies:
- President of the National Council (Switzerland)
- President of the Council of States
- List of Federal Supreme Court presidents
Further content in the
sister projects of Wikipedia:
|Wiktionary||- Dictionary entries|
- Federal Presidium
- List of all Federal Presidents since 1848
- Leonhard Neidhart: Federal President. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- session data. Retrieved December 9, 2021 .
- 20.219 | Federal Council. Election of the Federal President and the Vice-President of the Federal Council for 2021 | Official Bulletin | The Swiss Parliament , December 9, 2020.
- Official Bulletin. Retrieved December 8, 2021 .
- The right to the casting vote is v. a. called " Dirimierungsrecht " in Austria .