Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski

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Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski in 1900

Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski (born April 7, 1873 in Kassel , † October 9, 1936 in Berlin ) was a German writer , translator , editor and cultural historian . His grave is in the south-west cemetery Stahnsdorf near Berlin.


Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski came from a Prussian officer family. His father was the Prussian Lieutenant General Hermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski (1826–1904). His sister Frieda was also a writer.

Friedrich initially began military training. After attending the cadet school , he served in a hussar regiment . In a riding accident he suffered severe permanent injuries and his promising military career was ended.

Studying and being a writer

Grave of Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski in the south-west cemetery in Stahnsdorf

He then oriented himself elsewhere and studied philosophy , Romance studies and archeology in Berlin from 1896 to 1899 . He then lived as a freelance writer, first in Italy and then in Switzerland . In 1905 he returned to Berlin and published numerous novels , short stories and novels . The subject of his work was on the one hand military life and on the other hand Prussian history. He told military stories and dealt with topics from Prussian history, thus serving the interests of his time. In addition, he wrote biographical and cultural history essays .


Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski translated a large selection of French and Belgian literature, including by Anatole France , Honoré de Balzac , Charles De Coster , Stendhal and Guy de Maupassant . He was editor of the works of Maurice Maeterlinck . From the Italian he translated Niccolò Machiavelli's The Prince and Political Reflections on Ancient and Italian History . In 1914 he was drafted into the military at the beginning of the First World War and initially served in the general staff. From 1920 to 1923 he worked in the Foreign Office.

Writings against anti-Semitism

In his late work, Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski dealt with anti-Semitism in Germany. He especially sat down with the writings Anti-Semitism? A 1920 impartial trial and justice! To solve the Jewish question in 1932 for a prejudice-free treatment of Judaism in Germany. Both documents were confiscated by the Gestapo .


Oppeln-Bronikowski married the baroness Frida Caroline Henriette von Stein-Liebenstein (born March 14, 1860) in 1896 . This had been divorced from Edgar von Brozowski (1855-1915), son of Adolf von Brozowski . The marriage was childless.


  • Chatting from the saddle and other things . 1898
  • The rebel . 1908
  • Anti-Semitism? An impartial test . 1920
  • Key and sword. A papal life from the Cinquecento . 1929
  • Justice! To solve the Jewish question . 1932
  • The great king as the first servant of his state . 1934
  • Old Dessauer . 1936
  • The exotic . Snowstorm, Itzehoe 2012 (manuscript from 1929)


  • Walther Killy et al. (Hrsg.): Deutsche Biographische Enzyklopädie . KG Saur Munich 1998 ISBN 3-598-23160-1 . P. 497.
  • Klaus W. Jonas: An early critic of Rilke: The writer Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski. In: Modern Austrian Literature. 15, 3/4, 1982, Journal of the International Arthur Schnitzler Research Association
  • Klaus W. Jonas: Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski, writer, translator and early critic of Rilke. Neue Zürcher Zeitung , 3./4. April 1982, p. 67.
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm von Oppeln-Bronikowski: Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski, 1873-1936, officer, translator, writer, journalist and campaigner against anti-Semitism in the Weimar Republic, his life and work. written by his son ..., foreword by Friedrich Wilhelm Prince of Prussia , CA Starke, Limburg 2009, with photos and reproductions ISBN 978-3-7980-0581-5 .
  • Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of noble houses, 1917, p.612

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of the baronial houses for the year 1881, p.833
  2. ^ Friedrich von Oppeln-Bronikowski: The exotic