Dennis Lee Hopper (born May 17, 1936 in Dodge City , † May 29, 2010 in Los Angeles ) was an American actor and director . As a director he directed the influential cult film Easy Rider (1969), in which he also played one of the leading roles. In his roles in films such as Apocalypse Now , The American Friend , Blue Velvet and Speed , he embodied in particular non-conformist or violent outsiders.
Dennis Hopper grew up on a farm in Dodge City, Kansas before moving to San Diego with his parents . There, actress Dorothy McGuire encouraged him in the mid-1950s to go to Hollywood and seek his fortune in the film business.
Actor and director
After a few appearances on television, he was signed by Warner Brothers . He had two of his first film roles in the James Dean classics ... because they don't know what they're doing and giants . Dean was also one of his friends privately; they both shared a passion for fast cars and motorcycles. However, since Hopper was regarded as stubborn and unteachable, he was rarely offered leading roles. He attended the Lee Strasberg School The Actors Studio and appeared in a few westerns in supporting roles. He met Peter Fonda through B-movie director Roger Corman and became friends with him.
In 1969 they shot the road movie Easy Rider on a budget of around $ 400,000 . The film became a cult film of the hippie movement and ultimately a legend, as did the famous theme song Born to Be Wild . One reason for this was that it was fundamentally different from anything that had previously been seen in the cinema. Easy Rider didn't fit into any scheme, didn't look outdated, but fresh - New Hollywood was born and had found three of its first heroes in Dennis Hopper, Peter Fonda and Jack Nicholson .
Hopper was still considered an eccentric . With his next directorial work The Last Movie , he won the Critics' Prize for Best Film at the Venice Film Festival in 1971 . But in Hollywood, Hopper received consistently bad reviews. Since he came into conflict with most directors due to his idiosyncrasy, he was on a so-called black list for a long time . For this reason he had little commercial success in the 1970s and 1980s, with the exception of his supporting role as a journalist in the award-winning milestone of the New Hollywood era Apocalypse Now (1979).
Dennis Hopper shot a lot in Europe and worked a. a. with the German director Roland Klick for the film White Star . Wim Wenders brought him for Der American Friend u. a. together with Bruno Ganz and Lisa Kreuzer in front of the camera.
In 1986, Hopper caused a stir in the role of a sadist in David Lynch's Blue Velvet . In 1988 he reached a wider audience for the first time since Easy Rider with his directorial work Colors . After a long stay in a therapy facility because of his high drug and alcohol consumption , he moved back from Texas to Los Angeles . In the following years he was seen in several Hollywood productions - mostly in supporting roles.
One of his best-known films from the 1990s is Speed , in which he plays the psychopathic criminal Howard Payne who tries to blow up a bus. But that's just one of almost 50 projects Hopper worked on in the 1990s. In total, he has made over 140 films.
Photography and painting
Two of his greatest passions besides acting were photography and painting. His works have been exhibited worldwide. His photographs from 1961 to 1967 were exhibited for the first time in Europe under the title Dennis Hopper: The Lost Album by the Martin-Gropius-Bau in Berlin in autumn 2012. These are recordings that Hopper made in various locations in the United States. They show everyday situations as well as celebrities from the 1960s such as B. Paul Newman , Phil Spector , Jane Fonda , Ike & Tina Turner , Andy Warhol and Martin Luther King on the march from Selma to Montgomery . Some of the photographs had already been published in magazines such as Vogue or Artforum .
In 2010 the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA) dedicated an exhibition to the visual artist Dennis Hopper : “Dennis Hopper Double Standard”. The exhibition was curated by Julian Schnabel , who calls Hopper an artistic role model. Hopper had also been an art collector since the 1960s , screen prints and pictures by befriended Pop Art artists were his first purchases. In November 2010 and January 2011, large parts of his art collection were auctioned off in Christie's New York auction house for the benefit of his heirs.
Hopper has been married five times, with
- Brooke Hayward (1961-1969)
- Michelle Phillips (October 31, 1970 - November 8, 1970)
- Daria Halprin (1972–1976)
- Katherine LaNasa (1989-1992)
- Victoria Duffy (1995-2010).
He had four children from four different women. In January 2010, Hopper filed for divorce from Duffy.
- Hopper was nominated twice for an Oscar: 1970 in the category Best Writing, Story and Screenplay Based on Material Not Previously Published or Produced for Easy Rider, 1987 as Best Supporting Actor for his role in Free Throw .
- Best first work
- Nominated for the Palme d'Or best film (Easy Rider)
Directors Guild of America 1970
- Nominated in the category best director (Easy Rider)
Étoile de Cristal 1970
- Best Foreign Actor (Easy Rider)
Laurel Awards 1970
- 5th place in the categories Best Film Drama and Best Young Actor (Easy Rider)
National Society of Film Critics Awards 1970
- Special price (Easy Rider)
Writers Guild of America 1970
- Nominated for Best Original Film Drama (Easy Rider)
Kinema Junpo Awards 1971
- Best Foreign Film (Easy Rider)
- In 1998 the Easy Rider was added to the National Film Registry .
- In 1995 he received an MTV Movie Award for his role as Villain in Speed . In the same year he received a Golden Raspberry for his performance in Waterworld .
- On 26 March 2010 Hopper was in the film category with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (6712 Hollywood Boulevard honored).
As an actor
- 1955: Against All Violence (I Died a Thousand Times)
- 1955: ... because they don't know what they're doing (Rebel without a Cause)
- 1956 giant (Giant)
- 1957: Two accounts (Gunfight at the OK Corral)
- 1957: The Story of Mankind
- 1957: Sayonara unnamed
- 1958: Shoot Back, Cowboy (From Hell to Texas)
- 1959: The Young Land
- 1960: The Wolves of Los Angeles (Key Witness)
- 1961: Night Tide (Curtis Harrington)
- 1964: Bonanza (episode: "A Lost Soul")
- 1965: The Sons of Katie Elder (The Sons of Katie Elder)
- 1967: The Indomitable (Cool Hand Luke)
- 1967: The Trip
- 1968: Hang 'Em High
- 1968: Wild Side Gang, also The Glory Stompers
- 1969: Easy Rider
- 1969: The Marshal (True Grit)
- 1971: The Last Movie
- 1973: Kid Blue
- 1976: Mad Dog (Mad Dog Morgan)
- 1976: Tracks
- 1977: The American friend
- 1979: Apocalypse Now
- 1980: Out of the Blue
- 1982: Human Highway
- 1983: Rumble Fish
- 1983: White Star
- 1983: The Osterman Weekend (The Osterman Weekend)
- 1984: Inside Man - The Man from the Cold (Slagskämpen)
- 1985: Future Project - The 4th Dimension (My Science Project)
- 1986: Blue Velvet
- 1986: The Knife on the Bank (River's Edge)
- 1986: Free Throw (Hoosiers)
- 1986: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre Part 2
- 1987: The Black Widow
- 1987: Straight to Hell
- 1989: Chattahoochee - Director: Mick Jackson
- 1989: Blood Red - Die For Your Land (Blood Red)
- 1990: Flashback
- 1990: Catchfire (backtrack)
- 1990: Rabid (Paris Trout)
- 1991: SnowwhiteRosered
- 1991: The Drugs Cop (Doublecrossed)
- 1991: Indian Runner (The Indian Runner)
- 1991: Hot Nights in LA (Sunset Heat)
- 1993: Red Rock West
- 1993: True Romance
- 1993: Boiling Point - The bomb is ticking (Boiling Point)
- 1993: Super Mario Bros.
- 1994: speed
- 1994: Chasers - Too sexy for jail (Chasers)
- 1995: Waterworld
- 1995: Search and Destroy (The Moviemaker)
- 1996: Basquiat
- 1996: Frankie The Fly (The Last Days of Frankie The Fly)
- 1996: The Bible - Samson and Delila (Samson and Delila)
- 1996: Acts of Love - In the Clutches of Sensuality (Carried Away)
- 1996: Space Truckers
- 1997: The Blackout
- 1997: Showdown (Top of the World)
- 1998: Tycus - Death from Space (Tycus)
- 1999: Bad City Blues
- 1999: EDtv
- 1999: Straight Shooter
- 1999: Jesus' Son
- 2000: Prophet's Game - In the web of death
- 2000: Jason and the Argonauts
- 2000: Kidnapped (Held for Ransom)
- 2001: Unspeakable - The Death Trip
- 2001: 24 (TV series, guest appearance)
- 2001: Ticker
- 2001: Knockaround Guys
- 2001: LAPD - To Protect and to Serve
- 2002: The Piano Player
- 2004: The Last Ride
- 2004: The Keeper - In his violence
- 2004: Out of Season
- 2005: Land of the Dead
- 2005: House of 9
- 2005–2006: E-Ring - Military Minds (E-Ring, TV series)
- 2006: Memory - When Thoughts Kill (Memory)
- 2006: Streets of Philadelphia - Among Traitors (10th & Wolf)
- 2008: Hell Ride
- 2008: Sleepwalking
- 2008: Palermo shoot
- 2008: Swing Vote
- 2008: Big Fat Important Movie (An American Carol)
- 2008: Elegy or the art of loving (Elegy)
- 2008–2009: LA Crash (Crash, TV series)
- 2010: Alpha and Omega (Tony's voice)
- 2018: The Other Side of the Wind [filmed in the early 1970s]
As a director
- 2010: Dennis Hopper Double Standard. In: Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (MOCA), July 11, 2010 - September 26, 2010.
- 2012: The Lost Album. In: Martin-Gropius-Bau , Berlin, September 20 - December 19, 2012.
- Tom Folsom : Dennis Hopper. The biography. Karl Blessing, Munich 2013, ISBN 978-3-89667-497-5 (with 14 black and white images).
- Dennis Hopper: The Lost Album. Vintage prints from the sixties. Prestel Verlag , Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3791352459 , hardback (English).
- Dennis Hopper: Uneasy Rider. Documentary, Germany, 2016, 55:04 min., Script and director: Hermann Vaske, production: Emotional Network, ZDF , arte , NTR . First broadcast: August 21, 2016 by arte, table of contents by ARD .
- Dennis Hopper in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Literature by and about Dennis Hopper in the catalog of the German National Library
- Dennis Hopper in the nndb (English)
- Dennis Hopper biography on Who's Who
- Biography ( memento from October 1, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) on film-zeit.de
- Georg Seeßlen : Dennis Hopper Exhibition: Seize Life. In: Die Zeit , September 13, 2012
- dpa / AP / Reuters / AFP: A young savage to the end. In: Süddeutsche.de . May 29, 2010, accessed June 6, 2010 .
- Andreas Hartmann: "I am a hippie". In: taz , September 26, 2012.
- Dennis Hopper Double Standard. 07.11.10 - 09.26.10. ( Memento from April 15, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ). In: MOCA
- Dapd : Dennis Hopper's art collection. 300 works of the "Easy Rider" are for sale. In: Rheinische Post , January 5, 2011.
- Dennis Hopper, artist and collector. In: Monopol (magazine) , November 10, 2010
- US actor Dennis Hopper is dead. In: SpOn . May 29, 2010, accessed June 6, 2010 .
- Celebrities at funeral. Bye bye, Dennis Hopper. In: n-tv . June 3, 2010, accessed June 6, 2010 .
- Shelby Grad: With Jack Nicholson looking on, a beaming Dennis Hopper joins the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In: LA Times . March 26, 2010, accessed June 6, 2010 .
- Dennis Hopper - The Lost Album. Vintage photographs from the 1960s. In: Martin-Gropius-Bau .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Hopper, Dennis Lee (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American actor and filmmaker|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 17, 1936|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dodge City , USA|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 29, 2010|
|Place of death||los Angeles|