|publishing company||Zeitverlag Gerd Bucerius GmbH & Co. KG ( Germany )|
|First edition||February 21, 1946|
|Frequency of publication||weekly (thursdays)|
|Sold edition||521,927 copies|
|( IVW 2/2020)|
|Range||1.72 million readers|
|( MA 2020 I )|
|Editor-in-chief||Giovanni di Lorenzo|
Zanny Minton Beddoes
|executive Director||Rainer Esser|
|Article archive||1946 ff.|
Die Zeit (in the publisher's spelling: DIE ZEIT ) is a national German weekly newspaper that first appeared on February 21, 1946. The Zeitverlag and thus the time was in 1996 by the Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group acquired and is one of 50 percent since 2009 to DvH media and publishing group Georg von Holtzbrinck. It appears every Thursday; The day of publication is usually brought forward on public holidays.
The place of publication has always been Hamburg . Die Zeit has editorial offices in Beirut , Berlin , Brussels , Frankfurt am Main , Leipzig , Moscow , New York , Paris , Beijing , Washington , Vienna and Zurich . A correspondent of the time works in London .
The newspaper's political stance is considered liberal or left-wing liberal . She cultivates the debate. In the case of controversial topics, different positions are sometimes contrasted so that the reader can form an independent opinion.
Classification as a leading medium
|#||Journalist survey 1993
|Journalist survey 2005
|1||The mirror (66.7%)||Süddeutsche Zeitung (35%)|
|2||Süddeutsche Zeitung (46.6%)||The mirror (34%)|
|3||Star (37.1%)||Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (15%)|
|4th||Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (36.2%)||The time (11%)|
|5||The time (34.4%)||Image (10%)|
At the beginning of the nineties, the weekly newspaper sold over 500,000 copies, but after the start of the left-liberal weekly Die Woche it fell to 460,000 copies in 1997. It currently stands at 521,927 copies. The share of subscriptions in the circulation sold is 72.5 percent.
Development of the number of copies sold
Development of the number of subscribers
The first edition of the newspaper appeared on February 21, 1946 with a circulation of 25,000 copies as a sheet of the so-called license press . It was eight pages long and cost 40 pfennigs. It was "released under Military Government License No. 6" by the British.
The first editors of the time were Gerd Bucerius , Lovis H. Lorenz , Richard Tüngel and Ewald Schmidt di Simoni . You had planned to publish a bourgeois newspaper during the last phase of World War II . The early years of the period , especially from 1949 onwards, were marked by disputes between Bucerius and the other editors. During this time, losses of the time had to be offset by the income of the Illustrierte Stern , which had also been in Bucerius' possession since 1951.
The newspaper's first editor-in-chief was Ernst Samhaber . Since he had previously worked in the Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda and for some media of the Nazi regime, he was banned from working for two years as part of the denazification in August 1946 and had to be replaced by co-editor Richard Tüngel in the founding year. Tüngel steered the newspaper in a conservative direction. The time was then in numerous articles "Pioneers of rearmament ".
In 1955 there was an editorial crisis of the time : Tüngel had published a text by constitutional lawyer Carl Schmitt , who is often regarded as the “Crown Lawyer of the Third Reich”. In protest left Marion Dönhoff that for the March 1, 1946 time had come, after ten years the editor. Shortly thereafter, Tüngel tried to dismiss the chief from the service, Josef Müller-Marein , after he had sharply criticized the American politician Joseph McCarthy for his persecution of communists in an article . After these events, Tüngel was released, which made it possible for Countess Dönhoff to return. This also represented a decision about the political line of the newspaper, whose publisher from 1956 was only Bucerius. Tüngel was followed as editor-in-chief by Josef Müller-Marein (1957–1968) and finally Marion Gräfin Dönhoff (1968–1972), who was the editor of the newspaper from 1972 until her death in 2002. In 1979, while she was the editor, Zeit received the Dutch Erasmus Prize together with the Neue Zürcher Zeitung .
In the late 1960s was the time an article of the then feuilleton boss Rudolf Walter Leonhardt published of this calling to release pedophilia. In 1976 Die Zeit published an article by the Hamburg pedagogue Karlheinz Lutzmann, in which he relativized pedophilia, at least in part. Decades later, the then deputy editor-in-chief Theo Sommer apologized for not having been more sensitive at the time.
From 1985 to 1996 Hilde von Lang was a publisher and from 1985 to 1999 managing director. In May 2012, the Jakob Fugger Medal of the Association of Magazine Publishers in Bavaria , one of the most prestigious German-language prizes for the magazine industry, was awarded for the first time not to an individual but to the editors, publishers, managing directors, editors-in-chief and employees of the time .
- 1946: Ernst Samhaber
- 1946–1955: Richard Tüngel
- 1957–1968: Josef Müller-Marein
- 1968–1972: Marion Countess Dönhoff
- 1973–1992: Theo Sommer
- 1992–1997: Robert Leicht
- 1997-2001: Roger de Weck
- 2001–2004: Josef Joffe and Michael Naumann
On May 1, 2017, a five-member editorial council consisting of Jutta Allmendinger , Zanny Minton Beddoes , Florian Illies , René Obermann and Josef Joffe was appointed. It is supposed to meet twice a year to advise publishers, editors-in-chief and management. In May 2020 Nicola Leibinger-Kammüller replaced René Obermann. Other editors included Gerd Bucerius , Marion Gräfin Dönhoff , Helmut Schmidt , Theo Sommer and Michael Naumann .
Sections and supplements
The editorial team with over 100 permanent employees is divided into ten departments (with a leader):
- Politics: Marc Brost , Elisabeth Raether and Heinrich Wefing
- Dispute: Jochen Bittner and Charlotte Parnack
- Dossier: Tanja Stelzer and Wolfgang Uchatius
- History: Christian Staas
- Economy: Uwe Jean Heuser
- Knowledge: Manuel J. Hartung and Andreas Sentker
- Features: Iris Radisch and Adam Soboczynski
- Faith and Doubt: Evelyn Finger
- Z - time to discover: Anita Blasberg and Dorothée Stöbener
- Zeitmagazin: Christoph Amend
The Faith and Doubt section was introduced in March 2010 and the Z - Time to Discover section in November 2015. In September 2019, the Politics section and the capital city office as well as the Knowledge section and the Opportunities section were merged and the Dispute section was introduced.
Since December 2010, a partial edition of the newspaper has been accompanied by the supplement Christ und Welt . It is a continuation of the weekly newspaper Rheinischer Merkur , which was previously discontinued. Since 2015 the supplements Zeit Doctor and Zeit Geld have been published four times a year and the supplement Zeit Golfen three times a year.
Appearance and print
The lettering in the headline of the weekly newspaper Die Zeit with the elegant lettering “with soul” (white inner line) was designed by the Art Nouveau artist Carl Otto Czeschka from Vienna in 1946 . Czeschka based the design of the header on the British daily newspaper The Times , which bears the British national coat of arms with lion and unicorn between the two title words. This was not only of graphic importance, but also showed the self-image of the founder of the newspaper Gerd Bucerius - to be read in his editorial "Our Task" on February 21, 1946:
“We hope that“ Die Zeit ”will be worthy of its namesake in England. […] We are not so presumptuous as to strive with our modest means for the pre-eminent position enjoyed by the London 'Times' all over the world, but we have understood the meaning of this comparison as a warning. With this resolution we start our weekly newspaper. "
From the first edition (February 21, 1946) to the 12th edition (May 9, 1946) the first version designed by Czeschka was used, which shows the Hamburg coat of arms with a lions holding a shield between the two words. In contrast to the official national coat of arms, this coat of arms had the special feature that the peacock feathers of the crest were decorated with small hearts. The leg position of the lions corresponded to the older version of the great national coat of arms; only in the period between 1952 and 1955 was this leg posture changed (for unknown reasons). Despite this small difference, the Hamburg Senate regarded it as the Great Hamburg Coat of Arms and thus as a "national emblem". Thereupon the coat of arms was changed: An open gate should show the cosmopolitanism of the Hanseatic city. But this second, modified version of the Hamburg coat of arms, which was used from issue No. 13 to No. 18, was rejected by the Senate. Even so, this is the "abuse of a national emblem" for commercial purposes, and this prohibition applies to this day.
Since its 19th edition on June 27, 1946, the title line of the sheet shows the Bremen key and the golden crown of the Bremen city coat of arms instead, with the permission of the Mayor of Bremen Wilhelm Kaisen . This was done through the mediation of Josef Müller-Marein , who later became editor-in-chief of the time (1957–1968). The graphic with the Bremen key in the header was also designed by Carl Otto Czeschka . Today it is used as the logo of the entire publishing group.
The Hamburg artist Alfred Mahlau had designed the entire first edition according to the instructions of Ernst Samhaber , with a five-column break "in classic rigor and objectivity". The printing took place in the Hamburg printer Broschek. In addition, CO Czeschka had also drawn headlines for the various departments at the beginning. The articles of the time and especially the leading articles on the first page are traditionally longer and more detailed than in daily newspapers. For this reason, the title page was even derided as a “grave slab”. For some years now, however, many articles have been significantly shorter and more illustrated. Since the redesign by Mario Garcia in January 1998, the headlines have been set in the Tiemann -Antiqua. The running texts are in Garamond , a typical book font that newspapers rarely use.
Die Zeit did not take part in the discussion about a return to traditional German spelling , which was led by Der Spiegel , Süddeutsche Zeitung and Bild . Since 1999 it has been using its own house orthography , which deviates from the traditional as well as the various versions of the Reformed spelling , which the long- time editor Dieter E. Zimmer had worked out. Since 2007, Die Zeit has dispensed with this house orthography and, like many other newspapers, writes according to Duden's recommendations .
The Nordic format , a trademark of the time, has always been a theme in literature and cabaret - mostly in a satirical form. According to the writer Hanns Dieter Hüsch , time is z. B. "so big, if you open it, the neighbor has to go to the dentist". However, the format is no larger than that of a dozen other German daily newspapers.
In May 2020 the new claim The time is different was introduced. Previously, the claim Enjoy the time was used for 20 years .
In 1970 the colored magazine supplement Zeitmagazin appeared . After the supplement was discontinued in 1999, the time department for life was set up under the direction of Andreas Lebert . Since the Zeit edition on May 24, 2007, the department has again been outsourced to a magazine supplement entitled Zeitmagazin . In this supplement Giovanni di Lorenzo conducted a short weekly interview with Helmut Schmidt under the title Auf ein Cigarette with Helmut Schmidt until the end of January 2009 . Also well-known are the weekly columns by Harald Martenstein , who mostly philosophizes in a sarcastic but humorous way about “God and the World”, the “ Map of Germany” section on changing topics and Wolfram Siebeck's cooking page. The “cryptic” crossword puzzle Around the Corner has been printed in Zeitmagazin since 1971 . Mathematical entertainment can be found in the time section Logelei .
On October 14, 2010, for the 40th birthday of Zeitmagazin, an anniversary edition with a hundred extra pages was published. It contains forty different cover pictures, one for each year of life. For the June 21, 2012 issue, possible topics were collected and evaluated online in advance by the network community using the Adhocracy Liquid Democracy software .
The Austrian edition of Die Zeit started in 2005. Since then, the circulation has increased by around a third to over 15,000 copies. The Austrian website was founded by Joachim Riedl . Florian Gasser has been leading the team in Vienna since March 2020. Since May 12, 2010, Die Zeit in Austria has been published with three (instead of two) regional pages. In addition, the Austria edition often has country-specific front pages. Since November 2009, Die Zeit has been published on two pages in a local Saxon edition entitled Zeit für Sachsen , which is produced in a specially established correspondence office in Dresden. Since December 4, 2008, an extra edition with two additional Switzerland-related pages has been produced for the readership in Switzerland: since May 12, 2010 the number of pages has increased to three. Matthias Daum is responsible for the Switzerland pages . The circulation in 2017 was 19,500 copies; 74% of the readers are Swiss, 30% German nationality, most of them have a high level of education. The Swiss edition has been marketed by Goldbach Publishing since April 2020 .
Since April 3, 2014 there is also a regional supplement for Hamburg as a separate newspaper book Zeit Hamburg . In the editorial by Giovanni di Lorenzo for the first edition of the Hamburg supplement it says:
“ZEIT has lived with a sham in its headline since its first days. Because the city fathers at the time refused to use the Hamburg coat of arms for ZEIT publisher Gerd Bucerius, the Bremen city emblem has been on display there for almost 70 years. For the Hamburg part, Hamburg can also look like Hamburg. Olaf Scholz made it possible. If that is not the beginning! "
This editorial creates the impression that Hamburg's mayor Olaf Scholz has approved the title of the Hamburg supplement as a hybrid of the Bremen coat of arms and the small Hamburg state coat of arms . However, this is not the case. The Zeit Hamburg logo uses the freely usable "Hamburg symbol" instead of the Bremen key, but remains with the usual design with "Bremer Krone".
Since January 2019, Zeit Hamburg has been published monthly instead of weekly.
In addition to the editorial online offer Zeit Online , the print offer is put online in various forms in the area created for this purpose. A subscription must be concluded for access; Subscribers to the print edition receive discounted access.
With digital access there is the edition of the weekly newspaper and the time magazine
- in digital form with original layout as PDF ,
- ePUB files adapted in text versions for electronic reading devices and since 2011 Mobipocket files, which have been supplemented with selected images since the end of 2012, and
- as an e-paper app for Android and iOS (all devices from Android 4.0.3 and iOS 8.0 or higher)
The web app for tablets, which was offered from mid-August 2012, has been replaced by the e-paper app.
In addition, selected articles from the printed Zeit edition are available for download as read audio files in MP3 format. Die Zeit also offers the so-called audiofon service for listening via a landline number.
All file formats used have been DRM-free since mid-2010 .
Zeit Online is operated by Zeit Online GmbH, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Zeitverlag . The independent editorial team consists of around 70 editors, graphic designers and technicians.
On February 1st, 2009 Zeit Online , Tagesspiegel Online and zoomer.de were merged as Zeit Digital and received a joint editorial office in Berlin. Only a few liaison editors as well as technology and marketing remained in Hamburg. zoomer.de was discontinued at the end of February 2009 and the editorial team of Tagesspiegel Online has been part of Tagesspiegel again since September 2009 .
Die Zeit is one of the 100 most visited websites in Germany.
In terms of content, technology and graphics, the free offer sets significantly different accents than the printed sheet: The website contains topics for a younger target group. Reports, analyzes and background pieces are written, spoken or filmed exclusively for the website. The contributions are not only written by the online editorial team, but also by time editors and freelance authors. Articles from the printed edition are also published online. Articles can be commented by registered users. The editors can edit, delete or block the commentator's account at their own discretion if contributions go beyond the scope of netiquette or are too polemical in the eyes of the editors.
The offer is divided into various departments, with several groups being grouped together:
- Politics, Economy and Society
- Culture & discovery
- Knowledge & digital
In addition, since April 3, 2014, Zeit Online has been offering a local section for Hamburg.
In a survey of German-language literary blogs, the literature section of Zeit Online was rated as the best portal. Among other things, it prevailed against the literary sections of the online editions of Spiegel , Süddeutsche Zeitung and Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung .
A freely accessible API for the archive of the time since 1946 has been available to interested parties since November 23, 2012 .
The number of website visits increased sharply until 2017. In March 2017, the Z + payment model was introduced, which means that some content can only be accessed against payment . In January 2019, the website was visited 75.1 million times , with an average of 2.34 pages .
Editor in chief was until the end of February 2008, the former Time -Redakteur Gero von Randow . On March 1, 2008, the journalist Wolfgang Blau became his successor. He moved to the British daily The Guardian in April 2013 . His successor has been Jochen Wegner since March 15, 2013 ; from 2006 to 2010 he was editor-in-chief of Focus Online .
Since September 2006 there has been a cooperation with the Berliner Tagesspiegel . This also belongs to the Holtzbrinck publishing group. As part of the cooperation, both online offers exchange texts. There are similar agreements with the Handelsblatt and the IT portal Golem.de .
In June 2008 Zeit Online started a cooperation with ZDF and broadcast their news format 100 seconds .
The brand eins online presence has been linked to Zeit Online since 2018 and is marketed jointly.
With the Zuender , Zeit Online operated an internet portal for teenagers and young adults between 16 and 25 years from 2005 to 2009.
Time Campus Online
In 2006, Zeit Campus Online was launched as an Internet service for the Zeit Campus print magazine .
In 2007 Zeit Online started together with the music magazine Intro , the association Show Face! and the agency WE DO together with the moderators Markus Kavka , Ole Tillmann and Klaas Heufer-Umlauf the project Störmelder against right-wing extremism .
Network against Nazis
On May 5, 2008, Zeit Online started the Internet portal Netz gegen Nazis with partners such as the German Football Association , the German Fire Brigade Association , the VZ networks , the ZDF and the German Olympic Sports Association . In addition to this support, the portal also received criticism from the journalistic side because it argues superficially and offers little new. On January 1, 2009, the time largely withdrew from the project and left the Amadeu Antonio Foundation to act as sponsor . An undefined cooperation should continue to exist.
On July 27, 2015 Zeitverlag launched ze.tt, an online magazine aimed at a target group between 16 and 35 years of age. On June 23, 2020 it was announced that ze.tt would become a department of Zeit Online in autumn 2020.
Reporting on Dieter Wedel
The then Zeit-Online author Thomas Fischer criticized the reporting on the abuse allegations against Dieter Wedel and described them as tendentious and biased. Thereupon Zeitverlag separated from Fischer.
The lawyers of the time assured women that the cases were statute-barred and that there would be no lawsuits. However, they overlooked the fact that, due to a change in the law from 2015, the statute of limitations for rape does not begin until the age of 30 and that Jany Tempel's allegations therefore only became statute-barred in 2019. The Munich public prosecutor's office then initiated an investigation against Dieter Wedel. According to the temple, the statute of limitations was a condition of her testimony. According to Tempel, the time had agreed to pay her legal fees. Your lawyer filed a lawsuit against the time because of it. According to the Zeit, only legal fees were promised in civil litigation and not in criminal litigation. In March 2020, the Hamburg Regional Court ruled in favor of Zeit. Temple's attorney announced that they would appeal .
Reporting on private sea rescue
In the politics section of the July 12, 2018 issue, Zeit published under the title Or should you let it? an article written by Caterina Lobenstein and Mariam Lau about the pros and cons of private sea rescue in the Mediterranean. In the contra section, Lau criticized the fact that private sea rescuers have long been part of the smugglers' business model and that they politically benefit those who no longer want the right to asylum. The article was heavily criticized in particular by journalists and politicians. The Zeit was accused of generally questioning sea rescue. A week later, the editor-in-chief apologized on the front page for the fact that the title Or should we leave it? the impression arose that sea rescue was generally being questioned. Lau was accused of not having shown the sea rescuers enough respect. The editor-in-chief was then accused of having pilloried its own editor. In its July 27, 2018 edition, Der Spiegel reported that the controversy was part of a leadership dispute within the chief editor. The contra part was created at the request of editor-in-chief Giovanni di Lorenzo and the deputy editor-in-chief and head of the political department Bernd Ulrich is said to have taken this and the content of the text as a criticism of his course. In April 2019 the article was on the shortlist for the Theodor Wolff Prize . However, it was not included in the final selection because Lobenstein did not want to be nominated for the award with this article.
Big Brother Award
In June 2019 Zeit Online received - in part on behalf of the entire publishing industry - the negative Big Brother Award in the consumer protection category. The reason in short:
"That they zeit.de first) on their websites and mycountrytalks.org partly on a large scale advertising trackers , as well as the Facebook - pixels used, 2.) that they in 2017 with her project Germany speaks all person-relatable data included political opinion on the computers of Google are stored and processed, and 3) they that for the next project My Country talks not only by the insatiable advertising company with world claim to power Google for their project can sponsor, but that they have also integrated tracking tools that Information can be passed on to third parties. "
Subsidiaries and holdings of Zeit Verlag
Together with the journal Research & Teaching , the Zeit publishing group operates academics , a career portal for science and research. Since 2013, e-fellows.net GmbH & Co. KG from Munich has been a 66% subsidiary of Zeit Verlag: The career network has been bringing young professionals together with employers since 2000 . It offers members an online scholarship with internship and job offers, newspaper subscriptions, career events, mentors and an online community. With TEMPUS CORPORATE , Zeit-Verlag has been running an agency for corporate publishing since 2010 , while ZEIT Kunstverlag publishes the magazine WELTKUNST , the newspaper KUNST UND AUKTIONEN and catalogs for art fairs . Zeit-Verlag has been organizing congresses and meetings for medium-sized German companies through Convent Kongresse GmbH since 1998 .
The Zeit Foundation Ebelin and Gerd Bucerius promotes science and research, art and culture as well as education and training.
- The ZEIT library of 100 books is a compilation of the features editorial team.
- The Marion Dönhoff Prize for International Understanding and Reconciliation is awarded annually by Zeit, the Zeit Foundation and the Marion Dönhoff Foundation.
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- Mathias von der Heide, Christian Wagner: "Further to the right than the CDU". The first decade of "time". In: Lutz Hachmeister , Friedemann Sierung (ed.): The gentlemen journalists. The elite of the German press after 1945. CH Beck, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-406-47597-3 , pp. 165-184.
- Karl-Heinz Janßen , Haug von Kuenheim , Theo Sommer (ed.): The time: history of a weekly newspaper - 1946 to today. Siedler, Munich 2006, ISBN 978-3-88680-847-2 .
- Frank Bajohr : The man who was Ernst Krüger at the time. “For six years, from 1950 to 1956, he wrote for our newspaper under a false name. Only now was his true identity discovered: behind "Ernst Krüger" hid the diplomat and SS-General Erwin Ettel . "In: DIE ZEIT of February 23, 2006, No. 9, p. 94.
- Christian Haase, Axel Schildt (ed.): Time and the Bonn Republic. An opinion-forming weekly between rearmament and reunification . Wallstein, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-8353-0243-3 .
- The best reports from 65 years of ZEIT events (report collection). Wissenmedia, Gütersloh 2011, ISBN 978-3-577-14655-5 .
- Smetek for DIE ZEIT , covers , sketches and ideas from the illustrator Wieslaw Smetek . Propaganda Verlag, 2014, ISBN 978-3-9816557-0-4 .
- Administrative matters: Imprint DIE ZEIT . In: The time . August 1, 2019, ISSN 0044-2070 ( zeit.de [accessed August 7, 2019]).
- Dieter von Holtzbrinck participates in Zeit-Verlag zeit.de, March 26, 2009
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- according to IVW , second quarter 2020, weekly ( details and quarterly comparison on ivw.eu )
- according to IVW , fourth quarter in each case ( details on ivw.eu )
- according to IVW , fourth quarter in each case ( details on ivw.eu )
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- Matthias Daum becomes head of Switzerland
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