Senate of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg

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Flag of the Hamburg Senate: the state flag
The Senate in its traditional attire in 1897
The Senate meets in the Hamburg City Hall .
Senate meeting room. The council chamber in the Senate enclosure of the Hamburg City Hall

The Senate of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg is in accordance with Article 33 paragraph 2 sentence 1 of the. Constitution of Hamburg on June 6, 1952 (short. HmbVerf), the state government of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg ; he leads and supervises in accordance with Article 33 paragraph 2 sentence 2 HmbVerf. as a constitutional organ the (executive) administration . It represents and represents the city-state to the outside world and, as there is no separation of state and communal tasks, it is also the highest body for communal tasks.

Since the re-election of Peter Tschentscher ( SPD ) as First Mayor and President of the Senate by the Hamburg citizenship on June 10, 2020, the red-green Senate Tschentscher II has been in office . Formally, he replaced the Tschentscher I Senate .

Composition and choice

The Senate consists of the President of the Senate ( First Mayor ), the deputy appointed by him ( Second Mayor ) and the other members ( Senators ). The number of Senate members is limited to 12 in the Senate Act.

The senators can belong to a political party or be non-party . You are not allowed to exercise any further office or any other professional activity while you are in the Senate. If a member of the state parliament, the Hamburg citizenship , is elected senator himself, his mandate is suspended and a candidate from his party moves up to the citizenship.

After the meeting of a newly elected citizenry, the first mayor is elected by a majority of the legal members of the citizenry in a secret ballot . The Senate members appointed by him are then confirmed jointly (without individual votes for the respective person) by the citizenry without discussion and in secret ballot. Senators appointed later can also be confirmed individually.

Because of a constitutional amendment, the mayor was elected directly by the Hamburg citizenship for the first time after the 1997 general election. Previously, she elected the proposed Senate members individually (and could also vote them out individually by means of a vote of no confidence ). The elected members of the Senate then elected the president and the deputy from among their number in a secret ballot.


The Senate is the government of the State of Hamburg. As the highest management body, it leads and supervises the administration and is at the same time the highest body for municipal tasks, since the city-state of Hamburg does not provide for any separation of state and municipal tasks.

The Senate represents and represents Hamburg vis-à-vis other states and countries.

The Senate decides on matters of general importance. As a rule, the districts in Hamburg and the district assembly elected there themselves decide on decentralized administrative tasks , but the Senate can also take such decisions (right of evocation ) and decide on them. The Senate also has the right to pardon . He appoints and dismisses civil servants and takes oaths to be taken from the state, unless this has been transferred to other offices.

The First Mayor is in charge of Senate affairs and has been responsible for guidelines since 1997 . The Senate previously determined the guidelines for politics.

Each senator is regularly the head of a department ( president ) of a senate authority, this corresponds to a ministry in an area. The Senate itself performs important administrative tasks with the help of Senate offices that work across disciplines for the entire Senate. Senate offices are the Senate Chancellery and the Personnel Office.

The Senate can appoint permanent Senate syndici. These state councilors are the highest officials in the departments assigned to them (senate authorities and offices) and support and represent the senators as political officials.

The Senate meetings traditionally take place on Tuesdays in the Hamburg City Hall. The councils of state take part in an advisory capacity. To relieve or support its work, the Senate can set up Senate Commissions for certain matters in which the Councilors of State can also have voting rights.

Each senator is also assigned deputations (civil co-decision-making bodies) in his authority .

Senate Agencies and Senators

The office of President of the Senate of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, which is held by the First Mayor, has been held by Peter Tschentscher ( SPD ) since March 28, 2018 . He was elected on the same day by the Hamburg parliament , the state parliament, and continued a red-green senate coalition that was formed after the 2015 mayor election under the first mayor Olaf Scholz (SPD), who was in office until March 13, 2018 (Senate Senat Scholz II and Tschentscher I ) and who was confirmed in office in the 2020 general election. As a result, Tschentscher was re-elected as First Mayor on June 10, 2020. The appointment of the other Senate members by Tschentscher and their confirmation by the citizens also took place on June 10, 2020. The Senate Tschentscher II and the appointed State Councilors ( Senatssyndici ) in the 22nd electoral term are the following persons:

Senate Tschentscher II (since June 10, 2020)
No. authority Surname Political party Beginning of the term of office State Councilor
President of the Senate and First Mayor

Senate Chancellery

Peter Tschentscher SPD March 28, 2018 Head of the Senate Chancellery and Personnel Office
Jan Pörksen (SPD)
Authorized Representative at the Federal Government, the EU and for Foreign Affairs
Almut Möller (SPD)
Second mayor Katharina Fegebank Green April 15, 2015
1 Science, Research, Equality and Districts Authority Katharina Fegebank Green April 15, 2015 Eva Gümbel (Greens)
2 School and Vocational Training Authority Ties raven SPD March 23, 2011 Rainer Schulz (SPD)
3 Department of Home Affairs and Sport Andy Grote SPD 20th January 2016 Sports division
Christoph Holstein (SPD)
Interior affairs
Bernd Krösser (independent)
4th Tax authority Andreas Dressel SPD March 28, 2018 Bettina Lentz (SPD)
5 Authority for Economy and Innovation Michael Westhagemann independent 1st November 2018 Andreas Rieckhof (SPD)
6th Authority for Urban Development and Housing Dorothee Stapelfeldt SPD April 15, 2015 Matthias Kock (independent)
7th Authority for the Environment, Climate, Energy and Agriculture Jens Kerstan Green April 15, 2015 Michael Pollmann (Greens)
8th Justice and Consumer Protection Authority Anna Gallina Green June 10, 2020 Katja Günther (Greens)
9 Authority for Labor, Health, Social Affairs, Family and Integration Melanie Leonhard SPD October 1, 2015 Petra Lotzkat (SPD)
10 Authority for Transport and Mobility Turnaround Anjes Tjarks Green June 10, 2020 Martin Bill (Greens)
11 Culture and Media Authority Carsten Brosda SPD January 27, 2017 Jana Schiedek (SPD)


There has been a Senate in Hamburg since 1216. Until 1860 it was called Rat (or Rath) and supplemented itself. The up to 60 councilors, most of whom came from the leading merchant families, elected the “word-keeping” mayors from within their own ranks. The Senate has been elected by the citizens since 1860. Until 1918 the senators were elected for life.

Katharina Fegebank Dorothee Stapelfeldt Dietrich Wersich Christa Goetsch Birgit Schnieber-Jastram Mario Mettbach Ronald Schill Krista Sager Erhard Rittershaus Hans-Jürgen Krupp Ingo von Münch Alfons Pawelczyk Helga Elstner Dieter Biallas Hans Rau Helmuth Kern Peter Schulz Wilhelm Drexelius Edgar Engelhard Paul Nevermann Christian Koch Adolph Schönfelder Peter Tschentscher Olaf Scholz Christoph Ahlhaus Ole von Beust Ortwin Runde Henning Voscherau Klaus von Dohnanyi Hans-Ulrich Klose Peter Schulz Herbert Weichmann Paul Nevermann Max Brauer Kurt Sieveking Max Brauer Rudolf Petersen

Senate since 1945

senate Term of office Parties involved First Mayor
Petersen 1945-1946 CDU , SPD , KPD , FDP Rudolf Petersen
Brewer I 1946-1950 SPD, FDP, KPD Max Brewer
Brewer II 1950-1953 SPD
Sieveking 1953-1957 CDU, FDP, DP Kurt Sieveking
Brewer III 1957-1961 SPD, FDP Max Brewer
Nevermann I. 1961 Paul Nevermann
Nevermann II 1961-1965
Soft man I. 1965-1966 Herbert Weichmann
Soft man ii 1966-1970 SPD
Soft man III 1970-1971 SPD, FDP
Schulz I 1971-1974 Peter Schulz
Schulz II 1974
Klose I 1974-1978 Hans-Ulrich Klose
Klose II 1978-1981 SPD
by Dohnanyi I 1981-1983 Klaus von Dohnanyi
by Dohnanyi II 1983-1987
by Dohnanyi III 1987
by Dohnanyi IV 1987 - 1988 SPD, FDP
Voscherau I. 1988-1991 Henning Voscherau
Voscherau II 1991-1993 SPD
Voscherau III 1993-1997 SPD, INSTEAD
round 1997-2001 SPD, GAL Ortwin round
by Beust I 2001 - 2004 CDU, PRO , FDP Ole von Beust
by Beust II 2004 - 2008 CDU
by Beust III 2008 - 2010 CDU, GAL
Ahlhaus 2010-2011 Christoph Ahlhaus
Scholz I. 2011-2015 SPD Olaf Scholz
Scholz II 2015 - 2018 SPD, B'90 / Greens
Tschentscher I. 2018-2020 Peter Tschentscher
Tschentscher II since 2020 Peter Tschentscher

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Hans Peter Ipsen: Hamburg State and Administrative Law. Introduction and resources for academic use. In: Hamburg treatises on public law. 5th edition. Volume 46. Gerold & Appel, Hamburg 1975, p. 8, 15.
    Hans Peter Ipsen: Hamburg's constitution and administration. From Weimar to Bonn. Reprint of the Hamburg 1956 edition. Scientia, Aalen 1988, pp. 295 ff.
    Günter Hoog: Hamburg's constitution. Outline, development, comparison. Nomos, Baden-Baden 2004, ISBN 3-8329-0931-1 , p. 91 f.
    Klaus David: Constitution of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. Comment. 2nd Edition. Richard Boorberg, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-415-03119-5 , Art. 34 Rn. 2.
    Uwe Bernzen, Michael Sohnke: Constitution of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. Comment with decision register. Mauke, Hamburg 1977, Art. 43 Rn. 1.
    Ulrich Karpen: Hamburg State and Administrative Law. Edited by Wolfgang Hoffmann-Riem, Hans-Joachim Koch. 3. Edition. Nomos, Baden-Baden 2006, ISBN 3-8329-1006-9 , p. 43.
    Werner Thieme: Constitution of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. Commentary with an appendix of Hamburg constitutional laws. Harvestehuder Fachverlag, Hamburg 1198, ISBN 3-933375-00-2 , p. 110.
    Wilhelm Drexelius, Renatus Weber: The constitution of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg from June 6, 1952. Commentary. De Gruyter, Berlin 1972, ISBN 3-11-003781-5 , Art. 43 Rn. 1.
    Otto Uhlitz: On the question of the head of state in the federal states. In: Public Administration. Volume 19, 1972, pp. 293, 295 (takes the view that the First Mayor is head of state).
  2. see Article 33 (3) of the Hamburg Constitution .
  4. Application for confirmation of the second mayor appointed by the first mayor and the other senators (citizen's printed matter 22/445). Hamburg Citizenship, June 10, 2020, accessed on June 11, 2020 .
  5. Short minutes of the 6th session of the citizenship of the 22nd electoral period on Wednesday, June 10th, 2020. Hamburg citizenship, June 12th, 2020, accessed on June 12th, 2020 .
  6. State Councilors 16 State Councilors support the Hamburg government in its work. Hamburg Senate, accessed June 12, 2020 .