Hessian state government
The Hessian state government is the government of the state of Hesse . The current state government , formed by the CDU and Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen , began its work on January 18, 2019. The Prime Minister is the lawyer Volker Bouffier , who comes from Gießen , for the other members of the government see the article Bouffier III cabinet . Government spokesman is State Secretary Michael Bußer .
According to Article 101 of the Constitution of the State of Hesse (HV), the Prime Minister is elected by the Hessian State Parliament. The other members of the state government, the ministers, are appointed by the Prime Minister. They need the special confidence of the state parliament, which is given to them by resolution (Art. 101 IV HV). According to Article 111, the Prime Minister takes his oath of office before the State Parliament, the ministers before the Prime Minister in the presence of the State Parliament. The legal relationships of the members of the government are regulated in the law on the remuneration of the members of the state government of July 27, 1993.
The official seat of the Prime Minister and the meeting place of the state government is the Hessian State Chancellery , which has resided in the former Hotel Rose on Kranzplatz in Wiesbaden since 2004 . The State Chancellery was previously based in a villa on Bierstadter Strasse not far from Warmen Damm and Wilhelmstrasse . Before the Second World War, the state government of the then people's state of Hesse had its seat in Darmstadt .
Hessian state governments until 1918
Before the November Revolution of 1918, the Grand Duke was the Hessian head of state. He appointed after the constitution of 1820 , members of the state government and put the two chambers (of which only the members of the second set were) existing country stands before the bills. The state government (“total ministry”) was headed by a president, but only as head of government, not as head of state.
|Official||Term of office||Remarks|
|Karl von Grolman||1821-1829|
|Karl you Thil||1829-1848|
|Heinrich von Gagern||1848||Prime Minister for three months during the March Revolution , member of the Frankfurt National Assembly|
|Carl Wilhelm Zimmermann||1848||In the summer of 1848 in office for a few weeks|
|Heinrich Karl Jaup||1848-1850||Member of the Committee of Seventeen and the Frankfurt National Assembly|
|Reinhard Carl Friedrich von Dalwigk||1852-1871||Under Grand Duke Ludwig III. , Dismissed in 1871 under pressure from Prussia|
|Friedrich von Lindelof||1871-1872||Under Grand Duke Ludwig III.|
|Karl Wilhelm Hofmann||1872-1876||Under Grand Duke Ludwig III.|
|Philipp Freiherr Rinck gen. Starck||1876-1879||Under Grand Duke Ludwig III, after his death in 1877 under Grand Duke Ludwig IV.|
|Jakob Finger||1884-1898||Under Grand Duke Ludwig IV, after his death in 1892 under Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig|
|Carl Rothe||1898-1906||Under Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig|
|Christian Wilhelm Carl Ewald||1906-1918||Under Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig, until the November Revolution|
State governments of the People's State of Hesse
During the time of the People's State of Hesse (1919 to 1945), the Hessian Prime Minister carried the official title of State President in accordance with Article 37 of the Hessian Constitution , the cabinet the title of “General Ministry”. As today, the government was elected by the Hessian state parliament.
State and Prime Ministers of the People's State of Hesse were:
|President||cabinet||Parties involved||Term of office||Remarks|
|Carl Ulrich ( SPD )||Cabinet Ulrich I||SPD, DDP , center||1919-19|
|Carl Ulrich (SPD)||Cabinet Ulrich II||SPD, DDP, center||1919-1927||President from 1920|
|Carl Ulrich (SPD)||Cabinet Ulrich III||SPD, DDP, center||1927-1928|
|Bernhard Adelung (SPD)||Cabinet Adelung||SPD, DDP, center||1928-33||President|
|Ferdinand Werner ( NSDAP )||Cabinet Werner||NSDAP||1933||Elected president, then appointed prime minister|
|Philipp Wilhelm Jung (NSDAP)||Cabinet Jung||NSDAP||1933-35||Prime Minister|
|Jakob Sprenger (NSDAP)||Cabinet Sprenger||NSDAP||1935-45||As Reich Governor at the same time leader of the state government|
Hessian state governments since 1945
Since the founding of today's state of Hesse, seven different parties have been involved in Hessian state governments. From 1945 to 1987 and 1991–1999 the SPD led the respective state governments, 1987–91 and since 1999 the CDU. Since 1945 nine politicians have held the office of Hessian Prime Minister, five of them belonged to the SPD and three to the CDU, one was non-party. Georg-August Zinn (SPD) was Prime Minister for 19 years, making him the incumbent with the longest period of service to date.
The first two Prime Ministers after the end of the war, Ludwig Bergstrasse ( SPD ) and Karl Geiler ( non-party ), were not elected but were appointed by the American occupation forces. The first state election after the war took place on December 1, 1946.
|Prime Minister||cabinet||Parties involved||Term of office|
|Karl Geiler||Hornier||SPD , CDU , KPD , non-party||1945-46|
|Christian Stock||floor||SPD, CDU||1946 -50|
|Georg-August Zinn||Tin I||SPD||1950 -54|
|Tin II||SPD, GB / BHE||1954 -58|
|Tin III||1958 -62|
|Tin IV||SPD, GDP||1962 -66|
|Tin V||SPD||1966 -69 (resignation)|
|Albert Osswald||Osswald I||1969-70|
|Osswald II||SPD, FDP||1970 -74|
|Osswald III||1974 - 76 (resignation)|
|Holger Borner||Borner I||1976-78|
|Borner II||1978 -84|
|Borner III||SPD, Greens||1984 -87|
|Walter Wallmann||Wallmann||CDU, FDP||1987 -91|
|Hans Eichel||Acorn i||SPD, Greens||1991 -95|
|Glans II||1995 -99|
|Roland Koch||Cook I.||CDU, FDP||1999 -2003|
|Cook II||CDU||2003 -2009|
|Cook III||CDU, FDP||2009 - 2010 (resignation)|
|Volker Bouffier||Bouffier I.||2010-2014|
|Bouffier II||CDU, Greens||2014-2019|
|Bouffier III||since 2019|
- GVBl. I p. 339, last amended by law of May 27, 2013, GVBl., P. 218.
- Prime Minister Zinn announces his resignation, August 27, 1969. Contemporary history in Hesse. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- "Highly respected personality" Uwe Becker is Hesse's new anti-Semitism officer , Hessenschau April 9, 2019
- Uwe Becker Hessen has a new representative against anti-Semitism , FAZ April 9, 2019
- Frankfurt Mayor Uwe Becker is the new anti-Semitism officer in Hesse , by Georg Leppert Frankfurter Rundschau April 10, 2019