Christian Stock

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Christian Stock as a member of the Weimar National Assembly, 1919
Christian Stock (right) at a meeting of the Bi-Zone Council in 1947

Christian Stock (* 28. August 1884 in Darmstadt ; † 13. April 1967 in Seeheim ) was a German SPD - politician and the first elected Prime Minister of Hessen .


Stock was born the son of a cigar worker. After attending primary school , he was a cigar worker in Pfungstadt like his father. In 1902 he joined the SPD and since then has dedicated his entire life to the cause of democracy and social equality for the workers. In 1910 he became district secretary of the tobacco workers ' union of Baden , Palatinate and Hesse, and from 1914 he was the workers' secretary, head of the legal information office for the Baden trade unions in Heidelberg .

In 1919 he was a member of the Weimar National Assembly . In March 1920, Reich President Friedrich Ebert appointed him as Undersecretary of State in the Reichswehr Ministry , where he had the task of overcoming the consequences of the right-wing Kapp Putsch . He held this office until September 1, 1920. In 1921 he was elected to the state parliament of the Republic of Baden , of which he was a member until 1925. In 1922 he became director of AOK Heidelberg, later director of AOK Frankfurt am Main . He was dismissed from this office in 1933 after the " seizure of power " by the National Socialists . He was then imprisoned in the Kislau concentration camp for several months . After his release, he worked as a representative for various companies until he was able to set up his own cigar shop in Darmstadt, which became a secret meeting place for social democrats, including Heinrich Zinnkann and Professor Ludwig Bergstrasser .

After the Second World War, he was initially again director of the AOK Frankfurt am Main, and later president of the State Insurance Company Hesse. He was a member of the Hessian state assembly that advised the constitution and, following the first free state parliament election on December 1, 1946, a few weeks later, on December 20, 1946, was elected by the Hessian state parliament with 58 of 87 votes to be the Hessian Prime Minister. He formed a coalition government made up of the SPD and CDU , which he chaired until 1950.

During his term of office it was about building the democratic state and securing the economic livelihoods of the citizens of Hesse and the many hundreds of thousands of refugees. At the same time, as chairman of the Prime Minister's Conference, he was intensively involved in the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany .

Stock was elected to the Hessian state parliament in 1946, 1950 and 1954, but renounced his mandate with effect from December 15, 1954.



  • Walter Mühlhausen: Christian Stock 1910–1932. From Heidelberg workers' secretary to prime minister of Hesse. (= Series of publications by the Heidelberg City Archives. Special publication. 6). Brigitte Guderjahn Verlag, Heidelberg 1996, ISBN 3-924973-58-X .
  • Frank Schmidt : Christian Stock (1884-1967): A biography. Hessian Historical Commission, Darmstadt 1997.
  • Andreas Hedwig, Jutta Scholl-Seibert, Sabine Pappert (eds.): The cabinet minutes of the Hessian state government. Cabinet floor. Volume 1: 1947-1948. Historical Commission for Nassau , Wiesbaden 2008, ISBN 978-3-930221-20-2 .

Individual evidence

  1. List of members of the Hessian state parliament (3rd electoral period)
  2. ^ Awarded the Wilhelm Leuschner Medal on July 2, 1967 . In: The Hessian Prime Minister (Ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1967 No. 8 , p. 241 , point 174 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.0 MB ]).

Web links

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