Richard Tüngel

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Richard Tüngel (born October 1, 1893 ; † March 9, 1970 in Ahrensburg ) was the son of an important Hamburg doctor, studied architecture, and was co-founder and editor-in-chief of the weekly newspaper Die Zeit after the end of National Socialism .


After completing his studies, Tüngel entered the service of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg and became a building officer . In 1933 he was dismissed from his position as building director by the National Socialists . He went to Berlin , where he tried to get by as a translator and writer until 1945 ; for example, he translated the memoirs of Igor Stravinsky . During his time in Berlin he also worked as a publishing editor at "Atlantis Verlag".

Immediately after the war, Tüngel co-founded the weekly newspaper Die Zeit together with Gerd Bucerius , Lovis H. Lorenz and Ewald Schmidt di Simoni . Initially he became head of the arts section and a few months later, because of Ernst Samhaber's professional ban, he became the second editor-in-chief in the history of the newspaper. In 1955 there was an editorial crisis at the time . Tüngel had published a text by the Nazi constitutional law teacher Carl Schmitt , whereupon Marion Countess Dönhoff left the editorial team in protest after ten years of collaboration. Shortly thereafter, Tüngel tried to dismiss the chief from the service, Josef Müller-Marein , after he had sharply criticized the American politician Joseph McCarthy for his persecution of communists in an article . After these events, Tüngel was dismissed, which also represented a decision on the political line of the newspaper. Tüngel, whom his successor Müller-Marein described as "helpful and uncomfortable", "ingenious, the personified contradiction and an artistic nature", was politically right and steered Die Zeit into a fairway "further to the right than the CDU ", like Ralf Dahrendorf in his Bucerius biography noted. The long-term arguments between Bucerius and his co-founders from 1949 onwards ended in 1956 with Tüngel also giving up his role as a partner. In 1957 he received 1 million marks as severance pay .

In 1958, together with the journalist and former SS member Hans Rudolf Berndorff, he published the book "Auf dem Bauche you should crawl ..." Germany under the occupying powers . The book appeared in 2004 as a new edition under the title Zero Hour. Germany under the occupying powers published by Matthes & Seitz Berlin .

Individual evidence

  1. Address of the Senator 2014-09-04
  2. Alexander Gallus: Germany-political lateral thinkers in a conservative "time" - the first two editors-in-chief Samthaber and Tüngel 1946-1948 . In 'Christian Haase, Axel Schildt (Hrsg.): Die Zeit and the Bonn Republic. An opinion-forming weekly between rearmament and reunification . Wallstein, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-8353-0243-3 . P. 231.
  3. ^ Haug von Kuenheim : How it all began - Die Zeit No. 8, February 16, 2006
  4. Karl Heinz Janszen, Zeit Magazin No. 9/1996, p. 12