On October 11, 1932, Bucerius married Detta ( Gretel ) Goldschmidt (1910–1970), a Jew . She emigrated to England in December 1938 . The marriage was divorced on December 19, 1945. On April 12, 1947, he married Gertrud Ebel (1911–1997), called Ebelin, b. Müller. Gerd and Ebelin Bucerius were buried in the Klosterbergen cemetery in Reinbek . The grave is at the back of the cemetery chapel. Hilde von Lang , who was also very close to Gerd Bucerius and the publisher, was buried there in 2011 .
education and profession
Bucerius attended schools in Essen , Hanover and Hamburg. His father Walter Bucerius , mayor of Hanover from 1920–1922, moved to the management of Hugo Stinnes AG for shipping and overseas trade in 1922 . After graduating from high school in Hamburg in 1924, Gerd Bucerius studied law in Freiburg im Breisgau , Hamburg and Berlin . In 1928 he passed the first and in 1932 the second state examination in law .
Bucerius then worked as an unpaid judge in the then still Prussian Altona , in Kiel and Preetz and as a paid judge in Flensburg . From 1933 to the beginning of 1946, Bucerius worked as a lawyer in his father's office in Altona . In 1934 he received his doctorate as Dr. iur. at the University of Hamburg on the topic: The time of the loss of property in confiscated and liquidated goods, presented comparatively to the English, American and German right of confiscation of the world war. In 1937, Bucerius defended the Jewish Hamburg shipowner Arnold Bernstein as one of the first victims of the Aryanization against the First Public Prosecutor of Hamburg Heinrich Jauch .
In 1940, Bucerius was drafted into the Wehrmacht for only two months. From 1943 to 1945 he was deputy managing director and syndic of Diago-Werke Moeller & Co. in Hamburg. In the last years of the war this company was responsible for building barracks and emergency shelters and also used Jewish concentration camp inmates as forced laborers . However, Bucerius was also a family lawyer for the later politician Erik Blumenfeld . From mid-April 1945 he hid Blumenfeld in his house in Hamburg-Othmarschen and was recommended by him to the British after the end of the war.
On February 14, 1946, together with Lovis H. Lorenz , Richard Tüngel and Ewald Schmidt di Simoni, he received the license to publish the weekly newspaper DIE ZEIT from the British occupation authorities . From 1949 to 1951 he gradually acquired the majority in Nannen- Verlag and thus also became the publisher of Stern .
In the years 1951 to 1957 under the found shareholders of TIME clashes take place, finally alone at the end Bucerius partner of TIME was. Until his death, Bucerius' great passion was TIME , which he financed with profits from the star . Against the opposition of the editors, he successfully implemented ZEIT magazine as the first color supplement in Germany. His professional relationship with the longstanding chief editor-in-chief Marion Gräfin Dönhoff was sometimes tense, as the correspondence shows.
On July 1, 1965, together with Richard Gruner and John Jahr senior, he founded Gruner + Jahr GmbH , the second largest German press company at the time. On January 1, 1973, he transferred his shares in Gruner + Jahr to the newly founded Bertelsmann AG and temporarily became its supervisory board chairman .
On December 15, 1971, Bucerius established the Zeit-Stiftung , which later became the sole heir to his fortune. The Foundation operates, among other things since 2000 Bucerius Law School , the first German private university for Law in Hamburg. In 2001 the Bucerius Institute for Research of Contemporary German History and Society at the University of Haifa and in 2002 the Bucerius Kunst Forum were opened by the Zeit Foundation. Since 2016, the ZEIT Foundation, together with the Norwegian Stiftelsen Fritt Ord, has been awarding three Free Media Awards each year for Eastern European media, each worth € 15,000.
In 1972 DIE ZEIT was separated from Bertelsmann AG and then the new Zeitverlag was founded. Diether Stolze headed the publishing house from 1977 to 1982 . From 1985, Bucerius' partner Hilde von Lang ran the publishing house together with Helmut Schmidt until 1990 . Helmut Schmidt was the publisher until his death in 2015 and has since been listed as the publisher in the imprint for an honorary sake. The film production company Die Zeit TV GmbH was founded in 1988 as a 55 percent subsidiary of Zeitverlag. DIE ZEIT and Zeitverlag have been part of the Holtzbrinck publishing group since July 1, 1996 . From 2009 49% of the shares in Zeitverlag are owned by Dieter von Holtzbrinck Medien GmbH (DvH Medien) and 51% by Georg von Holtzbrinck GmbH & Co KG Zeitverlag Beteiligungsgesellschaft .
From 1983 Bucerius was a member of the newly created Advisory Board of the Bertelsmann Foundation (from 1993 as an honorary member). Bertelsmann Patriarch Reinhard Mohn brought this into being in 1977 in order to secure his life's work.
In 1946 Bucerius belonged to the Hamburg citizenship appointed by the occupying power . From February 26 to November 15, 1946, Bucerius was a non-party building senator for the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg . After the state elections in 1946 he was intended for the post of cultural senator in the event that the CDU participated in government, but this did not materialize. In 1946/47 he was a member of the Zone Advisory Council for the British Zone, and in 1948/49 a member of the Economic Council for the Bizone in Frankfurt am Main . In the economic council, he took over the chairmanship of the committee for burden sharing .
Bucerius joined the CDU on June 26, 1946 with a group led by Mayor Rudolf Petersen . From 1952 to 1957 he was federal commissioner for the promotion of Berlin's economy . He fell out with his role model Konrad Adenauer because of his Ostpolitik, especially his political behavior after the construction of the Berlin Wall in August 1961.
On February 8, 1962, he left the party after the so-called Hellfire Affair. The occasion was the article Is there really a fire in Hell? im Stern , which the CDU / CSU parliamentary group on February 7th disapproved of as "a violation of Christian sentiments".
Member of Parliament
Gerd Bucerius was elected to the German Bundestag for the first time in the constituency of Hamburg I in 1949 as a joint candidate for the CDU and FDP . In the first electoral term he was chairman of the Berlin committee, from November 10, 1954 to July 3, 1957 chairman of the committee of inquiry into the John case .
During a period of weakness in the Eastern Bloc in autumn 1956, he advocated using it and moving the German capital to Berlin. Shortly afterwards it was decided that the Federal President had a second official seat in Berlin and that the Bundestag should meet regularly in the restored Reichstag.
In 1953 he won the direct mandate in the constituency of Hamburg I again, after which he moved into parliament via the CDU state list. In March 1962 he resigned from his seat.
- The accused publisher. Notes on freedom of the press. Piper, Munich 1974, ISBN 3-492-00392-3 .
- The Adenauer. Subjective observations of an uncomfortable contemporary. Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 1976, ISBN 3-455-00736-8 .
- Advice for beginners. In: Sonja Schmid-Burgk (Ed.): A life for politics? Letters to younger citizens. Herder-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Freiburg im Breisgau 1988, ISBN 3-451-08573-9 , pp. 9-13.
- Heckling and calls to order. On issues of time. Siedler, Berlin 1984, ISBN 3-88680-034-2 .
In 1956 Bucerius received the Great Cross of Merit with Star and in 1986 the Great Cross of Merit with Star and Shoulder Ribbon. In 1974 he was the winner of the Alexander-Rüstow-Badge . On May 15, 1986, the Hamburg citizenship made Gerd Bucerius an honorary citizen of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. In November 1990 he was awarded the Ludwig Erhard Medal for services to the social market economy .
On the occasion of his 100th birthday on May 18, 2006, Deutsche Post AG issued a special postage stamp in 2006 and the cross street to the Speersort in Buceriusstraße, west of the Hamburg publishing house, was named.
His place of birth Hamm named the event hall in the communal education center (Heinrich-von-Kleist-Forum) Gerd-Bucerius-Saal .
- Gero von Boehm : Gerd Bucerius. April 22, 1983. Interview in: Encounters. Images of man from three decades. Collection Rolf Heyne, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-89910-443-1 , pp. 18-26.
- Ralf Dahrendorf : Liberal and independent. Gerd Bucerius and his time. CH Beck Verlag, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-596-15942-3 .
- Literature by and about Gerd Bucerius in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Gerd Bucerius in the German Digital Library
- Newspaper article about Gerd Bucerius in the 20th century press kit of the ZBW - Leibniz Information Center for Economics .
- Search for "Gerd Bucerius" in the SPK digital portal of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
- The estate of Gerd Bucerius in the ZEIT Foundation
- Research on the estate of Gerd Bucerius in Archivportal-D
- Hamburgische Biografie-Personenlexikon (vol. 2, p. 73)
- Portrait on www.kas.de (Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung)
- Hamburgische Biografie-Personenlexikon Volume 2 , Franklin Kopitzsch, Dirk Brietzke Wallstein Verlag Göttingen 2003 p. 73 ISBN 978-3-8353-0099-6
- The work owes its creation to the initiative of constitutional lawyer Albrecht Mendelssohn Bartholdy . 
- [aid = 234 Hamburg-Tiefstack] ( Memento from March 30, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Bruno Jahn, page 148: The German-language press: A biographical-bibliographical handbook (2010)
- Ralf Dahrendorf : Liberal and independent. Gerd Bucerius and his time. CH Beck Verlag, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-596-15942-3 , p. 58f.
- Marion Countess Dönhoff - Gerd Bucerius: A little sad, your Marion. An exchange of letters from five decades, Munich 2003
- Newsletter of the University of Haifa, 03/2001, p. 3. (PDF file; 835 kB)
- The 2016 Free Media Awards - The Fritt Ord Foundation and the ZEIT-Stiftung Free Media Prizes for Independent Journalism in Eastern Europe , accessed August 4, 2016
- Long-time "Zeit" publisher Hilde von Lang died. In: Spiegel-online, April 5, 2011
- KEK media database - Zeitverlag Gerd Bucerius GmbH & Co KG . In: kek-online.de . 2016. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Report to Zeit-Online, March 26, 2009; Change of power in the Holtzbrinck family ( memento from November 22, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), meedia.de, March 26, 2009
- Chronicle. Bertelsmann Stiftung, accessed on May 15, 2020 .
- Death of an economic. In: Spiegel Online. October 4, 2009, accessed October 1, 2016 .
- Gerd Bucerius: Why I left the CDU. Reasons and backgrounds of a political decision . In: Die Zeit , February 16, 1962. Retrieved June 10, 2013. Gerd Bucerius, Henri Nannen , Erik Blumenfeld : You call this a sin. In: Der Spiegel , № 9, February 28, 1962. Retrieved June 10, 2013 .
-  So Bucerius' initiative probably contributed to keeping the "capital question" open.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Buz (author's abbreviation); Karl Anton Martin Gerhard Bucerius (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German publisher and politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag, Member of the Bundestag|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 19, 1906|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamm ( Westphalia )|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 29, 1995|
|Place of death||Hamburg|