|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Arnsberg|
|Height :||63 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||226.43 km 2|
|Residents:||179,916 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||795 inhabitants per km 2|
|Primaries :||02381-02385, 02388, 02389, 02307|
|License plate :||HAM|
|Community key :||05 9 15 000|
|LOCODE :||DE HMM|
|City structure:||7 boroughs|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Thomas Hunsteger-Petermann ( CDU )|
|Location of Hamm in North Rhine-Westphalia|
Hamm ( Latin Hammona ) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia . The Westphalian city is located in the north of the Arnsberg administrative district on the northeastern edge of the Ruhr area and the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region . Hamm is an important junction of several railway lines . The marshalling yard and freight yard , which is now largely closed, was once one of the largest in Europe .
The city is designated by the state planning as a middle center. After several regional reforms , Hamm achieved its current size in 1975 and with over 100,000 inhabitants the status of a large city . Hamm has around 180,000 inhabitants and on December 31, 2016, with around 179,570 inhabitants, it was 43rd on the list of the largest cities in the Federal Republic of Germany .
Hamm is located in the east of the Ruhr area and in the heart of Westphalia. In terms of nature, the city is to be assigned to the Westphalian Bay . Its parts north of the Lippe lie in the Münsterland and the associated Lipper heights , to which the Lippetal with its lowlands connects to the south, in the south the landscape finally merges into the Hellwegbörden . The Hammer city districts extend north and south of the Lippe , which flows through the city and its center from east to west over a length of 31.665 km. It takes the Ahse east of the city center as a left tributary. This is the second largest flowing water within the urban area. Its course was relocated from the western city center to the east in 1913, where it now reaches the culvert in the spa gardens that feeds the Ahse under the Datteln-Hamm Canal to the Lippe. The highest natural point in the urban area is part of the south-eastern Lipper heights and is located on the road "In der Sommerbree" in the north-western district of Bockum-Hövel and is measured at . Only a few meters outside the city limits, the Kurricker Berg and the Homberg form further higher elevations of this ridge that accompanies the Lippe from Ahlen to Olfen in the north. To the south, the lip lowlands rise slowly to the Hellwegbörden. The highest artificial point is on the Kissinger Höhe at . The lowest point in Hamm - "Am Lausbach" at - is located south of the Lippe. The city limits are 104.0 km long. The largest expansion of the urban area is 18.2 km in north-south direction and 21.9 km in west-east direction.
The urban area is divided into the seven urban districts Hamm-Mitte, Hamm-Uentrop , Hamm-Rhynern , Hamm-Pelkum , Hamm-Herringen , Hamm-Bockum-Hövel and Hamm-Heessen . Each district has a district council with 19 members each, who are elected by the population of the district in local elections . The district council elects the district chairman from among its members as chairman and representative of the city district.
With a view to the decentralization of municipal administration, Hamm sees itself as a citizen's municipality .
For statistical purposes, the city districts are divided into so-called “statistical districts” and these in turn are divided into “building blocks”. The statistical districts are marked with a two-digit number and a special name. The city districts with their associated statistical districts:
- Hamm-Mitte: City, downtown south, downtown east, south east of Werler Strasse, south west of Werler Strasse, west north of Lange Strasse, west south of Lange Strasse, train station including local freight station
- Hamm-Uentrop: Kurpark, Mark , Braam , Werries , Geithe, Ostwennemar , Norddinker , Vöckinghausen , Frielinghausen , Schmehausen , Uentrop town center
- Hamm-Rhynern: Berge , Westtünnen west of the Heideweg, Westtünnen east of the Heideweg, Rhynern town center, Osttünnen , Freiske , Osterflierich , Wambeln , Allen , Süddinker
- Hamm-Pelkum: Wiescherhöfen / Daberg, Lohauserholz, Selmigerheide / Weetfeld, colliery settlement, Harringholz, Pelkum town center, Westerheide, Lerche
- Hamm-Herringen: Westenfeldmark, Ostfeld, Heidhof, Herringen town center, Nordherringen, Herringer Heide, Sandbochum
- Hamm-Bockum-Hövel: Nordenfeldmark-West, Hövel-Mitte, Hövel-Nord, Hövel-Radbod, Bockum, Barsen, Hamm-Norden , Holsen, Geinegge, Hölter
- Hamm-Heessen: Nordenfeldmark-Ost, Mattenbecke, Zeche Sachsen , Heessener Gartenstadt, Heessener Dorf, Westhusen, Dasbeck, Frielick
Municipality of Lippetal (5.7 km), municipality of Welver (19.4 km), town of Werl (8.1 km) (all district of Soest (33.2 km)), town of Unna (0.3 km), municipality of Bönen ( 19.3 km), town of Kamen (2.4 km), town of Bergkamen (5.7 km) and town of Werne (14.0 km) (all in the district of Unna (41.7 km)), municipality of Ascheberg (5.2 km) ( district of Coesfeld ) as well as the city of Drensteinfurt (9.0 km) and city of Ahlen (14.9 km) (both district of Warendorf [23.9 km]).
The numbers in brackets indicate the length of the shared city limits. The city limits of Hamm have a total length of 104 km.
Climate table Hamm
Source: DWD, data: 1971–2000
From the founding of the city to the Reformation
Hamm is a planned town that Count Adolf I von der Mark founded on Ash Wednesday in 1226 and granted town rights . The founding of Hamm marks the beginning of a series of city foundations by this count family in order to strengthen the Grafschaft Mark both militarily and economically and to create a unified sphere of power from it. The reason for the city's foundation was a dispute between the secular Westphalian nobility and the archbishop of Cologne, Engelbert I von Berg , who tried to free the church from secular influence and to consolidate the duchy of Westphalia, which had split off from the Duchy of Saxony . The resulting tensions between the protagonists, some of whom were closely related, finally culminated in the assassination of the archbishop by a group of hunters of his relative, Count Friedrich von Altena-Isenberg . This brought Friedrich the imperial ban and ultimately led to his execution in Cologne. His property, castle and town of Nienbrügge , were razed as part of a punitive action by Count Adolf I. von der Mark . He tried to get the legacy of the Isenberg family and thus to preserve the area of the common Altena-Berg line. So it also offered the citizens of Nienbrügge a new home a few hundred meters up the Lippe. The remains of Nienbrügge served as a supplier of building materials. Since the newly founded town of Hamm then emerged a little further east on the headland between the Ahse and the Lippe at the confluence of the Ahse, the new settlement was named "tom Hamme" (for Hamm) or Ham - after the old name for one Parcel, the ham. From this, the current spelling “Hamm” developed over time.
In the following centuries Hamm became a suburb and again and again the county residence and served as a court seat with an appeal function for the Brandenburg cities. This also establishes the city's court tradition, which continues to this day. Hamm lost its residence function in 1461 with the death of Count Gerhard von der Mark zu Hamm , who had resided in Hamm's town castle since 1437 . The counts, who were meanwhile also the dukes of Kleve , now lived at the Schwanenburg in Kleve .
In the association of Hanseatic cities , Hamm took on the role of principal city for the Brandenburg cities from 1549. The exact date of Hamm's accession to the Hanseatic League is unclear, various sources cite the period between 1417 and 1471. (In 1494 the nearby city of Münster became the principal city of the Hanseatic League in Westphalia.)
The city's first sacred building, a chapel on the site of today's St. Paul's Church , was replaced in 1275 by the construction of St. George's Church (today's St. Paul's Church). However, it was not until April 17, 1337 that the parish was removed from the main church, the Pankratiuskirche in the Mark . It is Hamm's central church building to this day. The Marienhof Cistercian convent was founded in Hamm in 1270 and moved to Haus Kentrop in 1290 . In 1455, the Franciscan monastery in Hamm was established as the second monastery , which repeatedly sent preachers to Münster in the run-up to the Anabaptist Empire . The other churches that shape the cityscape were not built until the 16th ( St Agnes ) and 18th centuries ( Martin Luther ).
In the years 1444–1449 ( Soest feud ) the city took the side of Johann von Kleve (since June 5, 1444, the new sovereign of Soest), who interfered in the dispute between Soest and the archbishops in Cologne. They tried to restore their original position as sovereigns of Soest. Thereupon the Archbishop and Elector of Cologne obtained the imperial ban against Hamm in 1444 , which however remained without the drastic consequences of the year 1226. Despite this feud and imperial ban, the city's economy flourished during this period. An essential factor for this is the ordinance that came into force in 1448, according to which no one outside the city was allowed to practice the bakery, brewing, shoemaking, blacksmithing and tailoring trade in the Hamm district. The rural population had to shop in the city. This ordinance remained in force until the 19th century. As recently as 1498, an alliance agreement with Münster testified to the relative independence of the city of Hamm. In 1503 Hamm was freed from all Westphalian free courts and other foreign courts by the Roman-German king and later Emperor Maximilian I.
The economic decline began with the outbreak of a disease known as the plague in 1531, the civil strife that began in 1533 and the growing influence of the local rulers.
From the Reformation to the French Revolution
The Reformation entered Hamm in 1553. The large town church of St. Georg and Laurentius, today's St. Paul's Church, was renamed the “Reformed Parish Church” and has since been the meeting place of the most important Reformed community in Hamm. When the new Lutheran congregation elected the Calvinist Carrell Gallus from Holland as pastor in 1562 , it came to an iconoclasm . In this context, almost all art objects in the church were destroyed.
In 1557 the city was ravaged by a famine and in 1558 by one of the numerous hammer city fires. A little later, a dispute between cost bakers and linen weavers after entering the Leineweber top guild champion to the sovereign , Duke John of Cleves, Mark and Ravensberg, in 1570 the city of their hard-won privileges . As a result, Hamm's independence began to wane and made way for the absolutism of the sovereigns that was everywhere .
Even with the Spanish-Dutch War , Hamm got involved in armed conflicts that have repeatedly devastated Westphalia and thus the region around the city since 1587. The Spanish general and governor in the Netherlands, Alessandro Farnese , moved with an army to the city of Hamm in 1587 . He refrained from conquering after the city had ransomed. Spanish marauders devastated the parish of Heessen north of Hamm in 1598. A memorial stone was placed in Hamm-Heessen for the victims of the witch persecution in Hamm around 1600. When the male line of the von der Mark family died out in 1609, the county fell to the Electorate of Brandenburg after the Jülich-Klevian succession dispute . The elector had to call the Netherlands for help in 1614, so that Hamm was occupied by their troops on September 23. After the outbreak of war in 1618, various warring factions followed and occupied Hamm until 1648. The city repeatedly had to make high payments to the occupiers. Only with the end of the Thirty Years' War through the Peace of Westphalia was the Brandenburg claim to ownership confirmed. But it was not until 1666 that a partition agreement finally regulated the inheritance of the von der Mark family. Hamm stayed with Brandenburg and kept his garrison. This traditionally consisted of a regiment on foot, later, after the numbering was introduced, the Old Prussian Infantry Regiment No. 9 from 1646 , which received its replacement from the county of Mark.
In 1650 there was the first documented printing press in Hamm. In 1657, the Ilustre Academicum high school was founded, a university with three faculties for law, theology and philosophy. This development was an expression of a new flourishing of the city, but also of the efforts of the sovereign to rebuild the country after the war. The university existed until 1781, but no students had been enrolled since 1766. In 1781 the school was merged with the Latin school that had existed in Hamm since the Middle Ages to form the Hammonense humanistic grammar school, which still exists today .
In 1701 the Electorate of Brandenburg stepped back behind the newly established Kingdom of Prussia . In 1718, Hamm received a permanent magistrate instead of the annually changing council.
In 1741, Hamm was hit by one of the numerous catastrophes that repeatedly slowed down the city's development. In this case it was a big city fire. The old Gothic town hall of the former Hanseatic city and 346 houses sank into rubble and ashes, as did the tower of St. Paul's Church and the city archive. Numerous town houses have now been rebuilt in stone. As a result of the city fire, the city received a fire order in 1743. The Prussian government reorganized the administrative areas and founded the Hamm district in 1753 with the city of Hamm as its seat. In addition, the Hamm District Court and in 1787 the Märkische War and Domain Chamber , whose president was Baron vom Stein at first , were established. In the sixties of this century, the Seven Years War (1756–1763) brought further destruction, but also an expansion of the fortifications. Finally, in 1772, a new barracks was built in Hamm to accommodate the fortress' garrison. Until then, this was quartered in the residential buildings of the population. Mark Castle was demolished for the construction of these barracks in order to preserve the building material. In 1803 the last foundations were removed. Natural stone is precious in the rockless Lippemarsch .
From the French Revolution to the founding of an empire
The French Revolution brought large numbers of refugees to Hamm, including the future French kings Louis XVIII. and the later Charles X. They made Hamm the seat of their government-in-exile for France and stayed for several months in the city, which thus became the quasi-governmental seat of the Kingdom of France without being part of this state. In 1796–1798 the city gates were demolished. Since then Hamm was only a garrison town (until 1884), but no longer had a fortress. The previous fortifications were no longer able to cope with the development of war technology. The consequences of the French Revolution overwhelmed Prussia and with it Hamm. On October 23, 1806, Napoleon's imperial French troops marched into the city. In 1808 the occupiers of Hamm took over the Grand Duchy of Berg . The city became the seat of the canton in the vassal state of Napoleon, which was organized according to the French model. It was not until 1813 that Hamm came back into the possession of the House of Hohenzollern, but after the final peace with France in 1815 it lost the seat of government for the area of the former County of Mark to Arnsberg. The new administrative district was supposed to be located in Hamm, but this was prevented by the actions of the Oberpräsident Ludwig van Vincke, who advocated the establishment of the administrative district in Arnsberg. To compensate, Hamm received the Higher Regional Court, which had previously met in Kleve. From 1816 inflation and famine ruled the city. After the Napoleonic Wars, the country and the city recovered under the Prussian government, so that as early as 1840 there was strong growth in the suburbs in the east, south and west. In 1839 the "Association for Horse Dressage for the Service of the Landwehr Cavalry in the Arnsberg District" was founded. Since that year the horse market took place, which was held in the central halls from 1961 until the end in 2008 .
At the end of the 1840s, the age of industrialization was no longer just outside the city gates - Hamm had long since rolled over towards Minden: the railroad had reached Hamm. The first station building was opened in 1847 and developed into the engine of the Hammer economy and the guarantee for the settlement of the metal industry, which stepped alongside the old breweries such as Asbeck, Pröpsting and Isenbeck . The revolution of 1848 was not without echo in Hamm, but the troops that had marched to Iserlohn to suppress the uprisings were cheered in Hamm. In 1853 a death sentence was carried out by execution in Hamm, the last in the long history of the Hammer Justice. The second half of the 19th century was then characterized by rapid economic growth. In 1856 the foundation stone for today's WDI was laid with the opening of the Hobrecker-Witte-Herbers wire works.
From the founding of the empire to the end of the First World War
The founding of the empire in 1871 fueled this development with national pride and the compensation payments made by France, which was defeated in the war. As early as 1873 in Freiske the first search for black gold, coal, the driving force for the new industries that arose everywhere. In test drilling three years later (1876) was met with Mark on Sole . This find founded the Hamm spa, which is still reflected in the name of the district of Bad Hamm today . Spurred on by these developments, the city grew considerably, so that more and more modern infrastructures were needed to keep the city viable. So the sewer system was built in 1891/92. The first tram ran in 1898 , and in 1858 a gas works - initially for street lighting - was founded. At the turn of the century (19th to 20th century) Hamm became so large in 1901 with more than 30,000 inhabitants that it could no longer remain in the Hamm district. The city was granted district freedom, but initially remained the seat of the district administration. The age of the mines began for today's urban area in 1903 with the sinking of the Heinrich and Robert shafts at the De Wendel colliery (1901). This was followed by the Maximilian colliery , then the Radbod colliery (1905) and the Sachsen colliery (1912) in the years to come . However, the year 1908 went down as a black year in the history of the city of Hamm and the then municipality of Bockum-Hövel . Bad weather and a subsequent mine fire at the Radbod colliery resulted in 348 deaths. A short time later, the construction of the Datteln-Hamm Canal, completed in 1913, began . The city port of Hamm was opened in 1914.
The First World War slowed down - how many wars before - the city's development and finally led to the abandonment of the mine Maximilian, the fully ran in August 1914 with groundwater. Because of the urgency of the war transports, urgently needed material could not be procured in time.
November Revolution and Weimar Republic
At the end of the war, in the course of the November Revolution, the station headquarters were occupied. On November 9, 1918, a workers 'and soldiers' council was formed, which was banned from political sideline by the Prussian municipal elections on March 2, 1919. Overall, the center maintained its position as the leading party in Hamm in the local elections during the Weimar Republic. It was only overtaken by the NSDAP in the March 1933 elections, which were already unfree. In December 1918 the gas works was shut down. Instead, the Radbod colliery took over the city's gas supply from 1920.
Triggered by the Kapp Putsch in 1920, the “Red Army” made up of miners fought a battle with the Reichswehr with dead and wounded. A railway bridge was blown up and eventually three of the leaders of the defeated miners were shot dead. During the occupation of the Ruhr , the first Reich President - Friedrich Ebert - came to Hamm. This was exile for the evicted authorities from the occupied part of the Ruhr area. These included the Reich Railway Directorate, which organized its resistance against the Belgians and French from Hamm.
After the takeover of the NSDAP there were repeated raids against Social Democrats and Communists in the city. The first attacks against the Jewish community also took place. With the Prussian municipal constitution law of December 15, 1933 and the German municipal ordinance of January 30, 1935, the harmonization of city administration and city council was also completed in Hamm . The then mayor Josef Schlichter was forced to retire in August 1933 and replaced by a member of the NSDAP, Erich Deter . The Hammer Synagogue was devastated during the November pogroms in 1938 and later had to be torn down by the Jews themselves. In the following years, all Jews were deported from Germany if they could not get themselves to safety by emigrating abroad.
The zoo was opened in 1933, and today's federal motorway 2 was built in 1938 . In 1936 the waterworks in Warmen an der Ruhr was added to the city of Hamm in order to improve the water supply, not least for the war-important industry. With a community reform, the village of Mark and the remains of Mark Castle came into the urban area on April 1, 1939.
During the Second World War , the Ruhr area - see air raids on the Ruhr area - was a frequently attacked target by British ( RAF ) and US ( USAAF ) bomber groups. In addition to the city, the Hamm marshalling yard and numerous industrial plants such as the Westfälische Drahtindustrie / Westfälische Union plants were destroyed by 60% by the end of the war in 1945 . The first bombs fell in early June 1940. They were dropped by British bombers at night in retaliation for German bombing raids on the civilian population of English industrial cities. Another attack followed shortly before midnight on September 8, 1940. Two bombs hit the Liebfrauenkirche and caused serious damage. It was the first church in Germany to fall victim to the bombs, which the Nazi propaganda under Goebbels used. As a result, eleven raised bunkers and numerous other shelters were built in Hamm .
There was a USAAF daytime attack on Hamm on March 4, 1943. During Operation Chastise on 16/17. May 1943, at the u. a. The Möhne dam was destroyed, the units of the RAF Bomber Command flew around a large area. The major attacks of 1944 hit the city hard. In addition to 1029 deaths (including 233 internees / prisoners of war ), the attacks destroyed a large number of the city's cultural assets. The city archives were lost again in December 1944, like after the city fire of 1741. In the same year there was a mine accident at the Sachsen colliery with 169 dead.
At the beginning of April 1945, Hamm was occupied by US troops (see Ruhrkessel ). Elsewhere in Germany, the war continued until the beginning of May. The war finally ended on May 8th with the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht . At the end of the war - after Dortmund - Hamm was the most heavily damaged city in the Westphalian Ruhr area.
The years after the war were marked by the necessary reconstruction of the city. The bunkers that had remained intact and some of them are still operational today protruded lonely from their ruins. The zoo was reopened in 1951 and the Pauluskirche was re-consecrated in 1954, although its tower was not completed until 1962. Construction of the city's first skyscraper was then completed in 1959. It even towered over the bunker and was the domicile of the Higher Regional Court and the General Prosecutor's Office in Hamm. The drying up of the brine spring led to the abandonment of the traditional Bad Hamm in 1960. However, the former site of the spa is still a location for rehabilitation facilities today. The construction of the Maximare ( brine bath ) and a graduation tower confirm the will of the city leaders to continue and renew the tradition of Bad Hamm. On January 1, 1968, Hamm was enlarged to include the former communities of Berge, Westtünnen and parts of Wiescherhöfen. On January 1, 1975, Hamm was reorganized through the second municipal reorganization - cf. also Münster / Hamm law - extended to include Bockum-Hövel , Heessen , Pelkum , Rhynern (without Hilbeck ) and Uentrop .
In 1977 the various companies in the electricity, water and gas supply as well as local transport were merged to form Stadtwerke Hamm GmbH.
The gradual decline of the mining industry reached Hamm in 1976. The closure of the Sachsen colliery and the subsequent demolition of its winding towers three years later brought with it a wave of unemployment that intensified again in 1990 when the mining operations at the Radbod colliery were discontinued. The necessary structural change resulting from the collapse of the colliery has not yet been completed.
In 1971 the construction of the thorium high-temperature reactor ( nuclear power plant THTR-300 ) began in Uentrop . The reactor was commissioned in 1983. The decommissioning of the nuclear power plant was already decided in 1986 for cost reasons after an accident on May 4, 1986 and numerous other incidents destroyed confidence in the new technology. Operations finally ended on September 1, 1989. On October 10, 1991, the dry cooling tower was blown up.
In 1984, the first state horticultural show in North Rhine-Westphalia took place in Hamm . Erected on the site of the former coal mine Maximilian Maximilian Park is still one of the largest leisure areas of the city. The huge glass elephant built especially for this purpose is today the symbol of the city alongside the Pauluskirche . In 1985 the city's waste incineration plant was put into operation. A year later, the Masannek affair rocked the city. The two doctoral degrees of the department head for economic development, sport and waste disposal, to whom the city u. a. the waste incineration plant and the ice rink turned out to be fake.
Also in 1984 there was an investigation and the arrest of the CEO of Hammer Bank Spadaka eG, u. a. on allegations of aiding and abetting tax evasion . As a result of the investigation, there is also a comprehensive bank audit, which ends in the reassessment of numerous loans and brings the cooperative bank to the brink of ruin. In 1987 Hammer Bank finally became BAG Bankaktiengesellschaft , a bad bank of the German cooperative banks .
When the Isenbeck brewery was closed in 1988, the centuries-old brewing tradition of the city of Hamm ended. After the old brewery building was demolished in 1990, the space required to build the Allee Center was available. Opened in 1992, since 1997 it has merged with the Ritterpassage across the street to form the city's largest shopping complex.
The private radio station Lippewelle Hamm has been broadcasting from Hamm since 1990, and an open channel has been available on cable television since 1993. In that year, the new building of the Gustav-Lübcke-Museum was opened, enriching Hamm with one of the largest German Egyptian collections and, in addition to a permanent exhibition on the city's history, regularly offering interesting changing exhibitions. The expansion of Hamm into a cultural and eco-city was advanced step by step with the establishment of the Eco Center in 1998, the opening of a large cinema in the same year, the reopening of the renovated and partly newly built Kurhaus in 2003 and finally the establishment of the SRH University of Applied Sciences Hamm with a focus on logistics and economics . Together with the city library and the adult education center, this moved into a new building (Heinrich-von-Kleist-Forum) in 2010 on the former after-school care center in the immediate vicinity of the main train station. The city libraries of Hamm were able to round off the image of the cultural city of Hamm in 2005 with the title “Library of the Year 2005”.
Since its completion and inauguration on July 7, 2002 in Uentrop, the Hindu temple of the goddess Sri Kamadchi Ampal is the largest Tamil-Hindu temple in Europe and the second largest Hindu temple in Europe after the North Indian-style London temple. In 2006, plans to build a lake in the Lippeauen ("Hamm ans Wasser") failed due to the result of a council decision. The Sodenkamp affair in 2007 was reminiscent of the Masannek affair 20 years earlier. Dirk Sodenkamp, CDU local politician from Fröndenberg, applied for the post of city archivist in Hamm with a forged certificate and was accepted despite better qualified applicants. In January 2006, during the demolition of the Elisabeth Children's Clinic on the north wall, the foundation walls of the castle of the town's founder , Adolf I von der Mark , first mentioned in 1269 , were exposed. The exposed remains of the wall were partially rebuilt and can be viewed on the site in front of the newly built An Sankt Agnes senior citizens' monastery.
On April 1, 1939, the municipality of Mark (Rhynern Office), the nucleus of the county of Mark named after it , was incorporated into the city of Hamm . On January 1, 1968, the municipalities Berge and Westtünnen (Rhynern office) and most of the Wiescherhöfen municipality (Pelkum office), district of Unna, were incorporated . The city of Hamm received its current expansion as part of the municipal reorganization of 1974 - based on Section 44 of the Münster / Hamm Act - which came into force on January 1, 1975. At that time, the following cities and municipalities were incorporated into Hamm:
- City of Bockum-Hövel , Lüdinghausen district
- City of Heessen , Beckum district
- Uentrop municipality , Unna district, formed in 1968 from the municipalities of Braam-Ostwennemar, Frielinghausen, Haaren, Norddinker, Schmehausen, Uentrop, Vöckinghausen and Werries
- Municipality of Rhynern (excluding Hilbeck ), Unna district, formed in 1968 from the municipalities of Allen, Freiske, Hilbeck, Osterflierich, Osttünnen, Rhynern, Süddinker and Wambeln (Hilbeck was incorporated into the town of Werl in 1975. )
- Municipality of Pelkum , Unna district, formed in 1968 from the municipalities of Herringen , Lerche, Pelkum, Sandbochum, Weetfeld and parts of Wiescherhöfen (until 1968 Pelkum office)
The development of the population cannot be traced back indefinitely. The oldest numbers that can be precisely identified are those from the first census in 1819. The figures for earlier centuries are based on imprecise estimates . The size of the city was estimated for the year 1618 with only about 1,000 inhabitants.
In 1819 Hamm had 4657 inhabitants. The now much larger city of Dortmund and the former Free Imperial City had 4,453 inhabitants in the same year, Essen 4842 (status: 1822), Münster had 15,158 inhabitants in 1818, Cologne 55,355 in 1819. Hamm, Dortmund and Essen belonged to the beginning of the 19th century. Century to the Rhenish-Westphalian medium -sized towns , as is the case today with Soest or Unna. With the industrialization that began slowly in Hamm at the beginning of the 19th century, the size and population of these cities grew rapidly. The population of the city rose from 4,467 in 1819 to 31,371 in 1900, which is why the city left the district association a year later and formed its own urban district. As the following table shows, growth accelerated particularly rapidly from the middle of the 19th century, especially in the western fieldmark. This resulted from the wire works Westfälische Drahtindustrie (WDI) and Westfälische Union (WU), which were established in the west of Feldmark in 1853 and 1856 , and which quickly had a workforce of several hundred.
|Population (as of December 31, 2004)|
|0-18 years||20.69% (37,417 inhabitants)|
|19–64 years||60.03% (108,576 inhabitants)|
|from 65 years||19.27% (34,856 inhabitants)|
|Proportion of foreigners||10.7%|
By 1925 the population rose to more than 50,000. As a result of the later incorporation of neighboring towns - in particular due to the municipal reform of January 1, 1975 - the number of inhabitants was more than doubled, from 83,000 to 172,000. Hamm thus caught up with the big cities. In 2003 the population reached its historic high of 184,961. On December 31, 2006, the “ official number of inhabitants ” for Hamm was 183,672 according to an update by the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics North Rhine-Westphalia (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices ). As of December 31, 2007, the city of Hamm has a population of only 179,853.
With a population of 176,048 as of 2013, the number of inhabitants is arithmetically 4,000 lower than the population of 179,900 forecast by IT.NRW for 2025.
Landmarks and mascots
- Hamm's oldest landmark , today's Pauluskirche , is the central sacred building in the heart of the city.
- Until the Isenbeck brewery was demolished, the glowing, filling beer glass on the facade of the brewery, which - coming from Münsterstrasse - could be seen from afar, was one of the most striking points in the city. A replica of this beer glass is now in the Universa House on Südstrasse.
- Since 1984, the large glass elephant on the site of the former state horticultural show (today Maximilianpark ), which was built from the coal washing plant of the former Maximilian colliery, has been seen as a symbol of the city.
Elephants, whether made of glass, plastic or plush, are omnipresent in Hamm - right up to Maxi, the city's mascot. Derived from the elephant in Maximilianpark, a logo and branded item with a stylized elephant were developed for the 775th anniversary of the city of Hamm. Blue plush elephants are part of the street scene at almost every city festival. In the summer of 2004 the "Elephant Parade" took place. As a result, the development of a mascot for the city was based on the figure of the elephant - that's how Maxi came about.
Maxi is intended to advertise events and celebrations in the form shown and to be used in special campaigns for children. As Maxi's brothers, the “Bau-Maxi”, the “Stadtwerke-Maxi” and the “Grün-Maxi” are intended to promote understanding at construction sites in public spaces when the civil engineering department, municipal works or green space department block lanes or other obstructions .
Maxi is also the mascot of the handball club ASV Hamm 04/69 Handball . Maxi regularly appears at home games in the Maxipark Arena and at club celebrations. The mascot is very popular with fans, players and spectators.
In Hamm's Turkish twin town Afyonkarahisar , a street was renamed Hamm Bulvarı on August 20, 2005 and an elephant sculpture was erected.
Politics and administration
There is evidence of a council at the top of the city since 1279 . He changed annually. The "seated council" had 12 members who formed the "old council" after the end of the year of office. If the council was initially appointed by the city lord, the population elected it directly from 1376 onwards. Later the election was made indirectly by eight electorates. The chairman of the council was initially one, later two mayors . In the 18th century, the first mayor was called the “guessing mayor” and his colleague was called the “second mayor”. Since the 16th century there was a magistrate as the executive body of the council. This included the mayors, two chamberlains and two fish masters. From 1718 the annually changing council was replaced by the permanent magistrate. In French times, a mayor headed the city administration and from 1835, with the introduction of the revised city regulations, there was again a magistrate with a mayor, who received the title of mayor from 1892 .
|Lord Mayor||Thomas Hunsteger-Petermann (CDU)|
|1st Mayor||Ulrike Laundry (CDU)|
|2nd Mayor||Monika Simshäuser (SPD)|
|3. Mayor||Manfred Lindemann (SPD)|
During the time of the Nazis , the Mayor of that was NSDAP used. After the Second World War, the military government of the British Occupation Zone appointed a new Lord Mayor. In 1946 she introduced the local constitution based on the British model. Then there was a “city council” elected by the people, whose members are known as “city councilors”. The council initially elected the mayor from among its members as chairman and representative of the city, who was active on a voluntary basis. Furthermore, from 1946 the council also elected a full-time senior city director as head of the city administration. After the municipal reorganization in 1975, Council Commissioner Jürgen Graef heads the fortunes of the city until the first council is elected. In 1999, the dual leadership in the town hall was given up due to the change in the municipal code. Since then there has only been the full-time mayor. He is chairman of the council, head of the city administration and representative of the city. He was first elected directly by the city's citizens in 1999. This office is currently held by Thomas Hunsteger-Petermann .
There is currently the following distribution of seats in the city council according to parliamentary groups (as of September 2014):
WG Pro 2
THE RIGHTS 1
Since the 2014 local elections, the CDU and SPD have formed a coalition.
The results of the past city council elections are listed in the table below.
|Hamm City Council: Share of voters and seats since 1994|
|Electoral term||CDU||SPD||GREEN||FDP||THE LEFT||REP||DSP||FWG||LA||BG||WG Pro||PIRATES||THE RIGHT||independent||advice|
|XV: 2009-2014||47.0||27||32.3||18th||8.2||5||5.7||3||4.7||3||1.2||1 *
Sources: The Regional Returning Officer (www.wahlen.lds.nrw.de) and City of Hamm. Coalitions highlighted.
The result for FWG 1994 is given by the regional returning officer as “other” and 2009 as “voter group 1”.
* The REPs are not represented on the city's website. A non-party council has been named for this.
In 2017, the equity of the city of Hamm was 140 million euros with total assets of 1.44 billion euros. The current budget for 2017 and 2018 is the financially strongest in the history of the city of Hamm. The budget is broken down as follows:
|Yield||€ 721.8 million||€ 740.5 million|
|effort||€ 721.4 million||€ 739.1 million|
|balance||+ € 0.4 million||+1.4 million €|
As of December 31, 2016, the city of Hamm had total debt of 385.5 million euros. This means that every inhabitant of the city has a debt of around 2,178 euros (for comparison: the average in North Rhine-Westphalia is 3,545 euros).
The current loans are distributed as follows:
|Investment loans||Liquidity loans|
|€ 221.5 million||€ 164.0 million|
Hamm participates in the Strengthening Pact for Urban Finances within the framework of the Strengthening Pact Act for over-indebted or threatened cities and municipalities in North Rhine-Westphalia and will receive progressive consolidation aid from the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (2017: € 14.6 million) until 2020 to achieve budget balance. As part of the strengthening pact, a total of 240 budget restructuring measures have been developed and implemented in Hamm since 2011. These 240 measures are expected to save around 38 million euros in 2017 alone.
Coat of arms and banner
The coat of arms of the city of Hamm shows the three-row Brandenburg chessboard beam in red and silver on a golden background . The city colors and city flag are red and white. The city of Hamm received the coat of arms again in 1934. However, she had been running it in a hardly changed way since the 13th century. Originally, the city coat of arms is the coat of arms of the Counts von der Mark, who founded the city in 1226. After the territorial reforms of 1968 and 1975, neither coats of arms nor parts of the coats of arms of the incorporated towns and communities were incorporated into the historic coat of arms of the city of Hamm.
Hamm has twinning partnerships with the following cities :
- Neufchâteau ( France ), since 1967 (originally with the then municipality of Herringen )
- Santa Monica ( USA ), since 1969
- Bradford ( United Kingdom ), since 1976 (contacts since the 1950s)
- Chattanooga ( USA ), since 1977
- Mazatlán ( Mexico ), since 1978
- Toul ( France ), since 1987
- Oranienburg ( Germany ), since 1990
- Kalisz / Kalisch ( Poland ), since 1991
- Afyonkarahisar ( Turkey ), since 2005
Ecological city of Hamm
In July 1991, the state government of North Rhine-Westphalia announced the model project Ecological City of the Future to support the cities in North Rhine-Westphalia in their efforts to reorientate themselves ecologically. Among the applications, three model cities should be selected whose concepts and projects exemplify the path taken towards ecological renewal. In the early 1990s, the city of Hamm declared ecological and economic renewal to be the main objective of its actions. In many areas, a reorientation was necessary that went far beyond the classic areas of urban, traffic and infrastructure planning or economic development and necessarily included a change in the lifestyle and consumption habits of the citizens. In April 1992, the cities of Aachen for the Rhenish part of the state, Herne for the Emscher-Lippe region and Hamm for the Westphalian part of the state were selected as model cities by a commission from the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The conception of the model project envisaged linking different approaches to ecological urban redevelopment in the local political context in the three cities for a period limited to ten years. The model cities should conceptually develop and implement the possibilities and feasibility of ecologically-oriented urban development and point out the limits and obstacles that can be identified. The implementation should take place under the normal conditions of local politics, finances and norms of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and encourage other municipalities to imitate them. The organizational foundations were laid with the establishment of a steering group based at the city planning office. In seven working groups related to environmental issues - waste, education, energy, open space and water, children and young people, planning and building as well as transport - the first results were quickly drawn up with broad participation from various groups from administration, clubs, associations, institutions and companies. The working groups, which gave everyone interested the opportunity to develop and contribute their own ideas and visions for their city, also developed initial concepts for the subsequent implementation of specific projects, measures and campaigns. As an example, reference is only made to the development and coordination of a catalog of ecological building standards and an energy concept.
Lippesee council citizens' decision
In 2006 the first council citizens' decision was carried out in Hamm. In this vote, the citizens decided on the construction of a city lake, which should be built between 2007 and 2010. His project name was "Lippesee". For this purpose, a voluntary referendum on June 18, 2006 was made possible - so far unique in NRW. A vote of at least 20% of the 136,521 eligible voters for or against the motion was necessary. In fact, there were 57,563 valid votes. Of these, according to the preliminary final result, 43.1% voted for “yes” and 56.9% for “no”. Thus the construction of the lake was rejected. This clear result was surprising insofar as a previous survey by Emnid had shown great approval for the project. In addition, in a telephone survey conducted by the local radio station “ Lippe Welle Hamm ”, 91% of around 2,000 callers said they were in favor of the lake. The decision of the hammer against the lake is or was seen and celebrated by the opponents of the lake as a great success. In the run-up to the decision, the advocates of the lake had made a lot of - sometimes controversial - advertising for the lake, e.g. B. an artificial beach was created in the pedestrian zone and flyers were distributed in schools.
The Hammer Council Citizenship Decision should be forward-looking for the country.
German building court day
The German Construction Court Day was launched in Hamm in 2006; it meets every two years in Hamm. The building court day takes on a similar function for the development of German building law as the German traffic court day in Goslar does for traffic law.
New Hanseatic League
Hamm is a member of the New Hanse . This was founded as a living and cultural community of cities across borders. In addition to promoting trade, its aim is also to promote tourism. It stands in the tradition of the old Hanseatic League in the Middle Ages. In 2008 Hamm hosted the Westphalian Hanseatic Day.
According to the structural atlas of the city of Hamm 2001-2017, the city's population is currently (as of December 31, 2017) divided into:
- Catholic Church: 34.3% = 61,974 inhabitants
- Evangelical Church: 23.2% = 50,963 inhabitants
- Other denominations
and non-denominational: 37.5% = 67,598 inhabitants
These numbers are from 2017, since then the churches have been running away from members in today's times of abuse and financial scandals. In Hamm alone there were 918 church departures in 2019. That was 524 Catholics, 393 Protestants and one member of the New Apostolic Church. That is almost a third more than in the previous year.
A Roman Catholic diocese border has been running through the urban area of Hamm for centuries. The area north of the Lippe belonged or belongs to the diocese of Münster , while the area south of the Lippe belonged to the archdiocese of Cologne , dean's office in Dortmund. In 1337 Hamm became the seat of a parish separated from Mark , which remained the Catholic parish church of Hamm until 1553, when it became Lutheran . The Catholics who remained in the city were looked after by the Franciscan monastery Hamm until 1638 , which from 1660 could officially exercise parish rights. In 1821 the area south of the Lippe became part of the diocese or archbishopric of Paderborn , while the northern area remained with the diocese of Münster. Today there are two deaneries in two dioceses in the city, the Hellweg deanery of the Archdiocese of Paderborn, based in Werl, and the Hamm deanery of the Münster diocese, in the Warendorf district deanery .
The Reformation gained a foothold in Hamm as early as 1533. But it was not finally introduced until 1553. The Lutheran creed was predominant at first , followed by the Reformed creed from 1585 . The Lutherans could not celebrate their own services again until 1650. Both congregations united in the 19th century when the union between Lutheran and Reformed congregations was carried out to form a Protestant congregation throughout Prussia . In 1821 Hamm became the seat of a district synod with a superintendent within the Evangelical Church in Prussia and the Westphalian provincial church. This gave rise to today's " Church Circle Hamm" to which 16 Protestant parishes of Hamm and the neighboring cities and towns Ahlen , Bönen , Sendenhorst , Hilbeck (district of Werl ) and Werne within the Evangelical Church of Westphalia belong.
In addition to the Protestant and Catholic congregations, there are also various free churches in Hamm , including two Evangelical Free Churches that belong to the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches in Germany, KdöR, as well as two Baptist congregations of Russian German origin, brother congregations , a free church Pentecostal congregation , the Seventh- Tag Adventists and a Methodist Church .
Other Christian religious communities
The New Apostolic Church is represented in Hamm by four congregations. There is also a Latter-day Saint Church of Jesus Christ ward that is affiliated with a genealogical research facility for the Genealogical Society of Utah .
The Johannisloge Zum bright light is the Masonic Lodge in Hamm. It was founded here on July 24, 1791 by 13 people. A day later, Freemasons from Soest and other surrounding communities joined.
Former Jewish religious community
The Jews in Hamm apparently had a house of worship in earlier centuries. It is no longer known today where this was. The site in the area of today's Santa-Monika-Platz No. 5a was only acquired by the Jewish community in the course of the 19th century.
The existence of a prayer house in this area is documented for the year 1831. The actual Hamm synagogue , which was built according to the building plans by Julius Lenhartz, was inaugurated on September 12, 1868.
During the November pogroms on November 9, 1938, the synagogue was desecrated, devastated and looted. Burning down was out of the question due to the risk of fire due to the dense development of the old town. The final destruction took place in late 1938 / early 1939. The city demolished the synagogue and charged the Jewish community for the costs.
After the end of the war, this area of the city center was used as a parking lot and a public toilet was built over the site of the synagogue. This unworthy condition was preserved for about 50 years. As part of an inner-city reuse of space, the square should be rebuilt. This led to an awakening of the memory of the synagogue. After the original development plans for Santa-Monica-Platz were abandoned, the parking lot was redesigned, the toilet facilities demolished and space was created for a memorial. After a long discussion about the nature of the memorial, during which a reconstruction of the synagogue was also considered, a memorial now (since December 2003) that shows the outline of the synagogue commemorates the Jewish house of worship, the Jewish school at 5 Kleine Weststraße, but also of the lost, formerly pulsating life of the religious community and its destruction.
The memorial was designed by Wilhelm Hagebölling from Paderborn. The bus stop, which is right next to it, is now called "Old Synagogue / Market".
Some rescued objects from the Jewish Hammer community are now on loan in the Gustav-Lübcke-Museum .
The Islam is the third largest religious group in Hamm. The believers, who are usually descended from the guest workers who were recruited after the Second World War to meet the labor shortage in Germany, have since then set up numerous prayer rooms and small mosques. There are a total of 15 mosques operated by various umbrella organizations: The DITIB includes the Fatih Mosque, the Selimiye Mosque, the Sultan Ahmet Merkez Mosque, the Ulu Mosque and the Yunus Emre Mosque. The VIKZ presides over the Bockum-Hövel-Mosque, the Hamm-Mosque, the Heesen-Mosque and the Herringen-Süleymaniye-Mosque. The Fatih Sultan Genclik Merkezi Mosque, the Eyyup Sultan Mosque and the Green Mosque are operated by the IGMG . The Bosnian mosque is maintained by the IGDB. There are also the Ar-Rahman Mosque and the Essalam Mosque, which do not have an umbrella organization.
The Hindu temple “ Sri Kamadchi Ampal ” in Uentrop, to which thousands of devout Hindus from all over Europe make a pilgrimage every year , is known far beyond the borders of Hamm . The Sri Kamadchi Ampal Temple is the largest Tamil Hindu temple in Europe. In Hamm there are at least two other, albeit much smaller, Hindu temples, one in Roonstrasse and one in the Martin Luther quarter.
Economy and Infrastructure
Industry and economy
In 2016, Hamm achieved a gross domestic product (GDP) of € 5.044 billion within the city limits . In the same year, GDP per capita was € 28,101 (North Rhine-Westphalia: € 37,416, Germany € 38,180) and thus well below the regional and national average. In 2016 there were around 81,600 gainfully employed people in the city. The unemployment rate in December 2018 was 8.4% and thus above the average for North Rhine-Westphalia of 6.4%.
In today's urban area, there were a number of mines in the 19th century Radbod , mine Saxony , the Maximilian colliery and the mine Henry-Robert (former colliery De Wendel). From the originally existing colliery, the Heinrich-Robert mine was still mined as the East Mine until the end of September 2010, and the underground facilities there were still dismantled until 2011. On June 9, 2008, Ruhrkohle Aktiengesellschaft decided to shut down the Ost mine on this date. The former mines Maximilian, Sachsen and Radbod were closed beforehand in the order in which they were named. De Wendel had previously been renamed "Heinrich-Robert". This ended the 109-year history of hard coal mining in Hamm, which began with the opening of the De Wendel (later Heinrich-Robert) mine. The approx. 2500 jobs of the miners who were still employed at the Ost Bergwerk should be cut in a socially acceptable manner. At the same time, with this system, the last conveyor system in the Ruhr area that was still producing coking coal closed. The miners put hope in the planning of the Donar mine , which was to be built in the area between Bockum-Hövel and Drensteinfurt. The plans for the construction of this mine are independent of the closure of the east mine, it said, but were finally discontinued in 2012.
The steel industry was represented by a pipe works from Hoesch AG , Thyssen Draht GmbH and the Westphalian wire industry (WDI). Today this branch of industry is represented by Mannesmann Precision Tube GmbH (280 employees), based in Hamm, and Mannesmann Line Pipe GmbH (210 employees), which are majority owned by Salzgitter AG . Both emerged from the previous Hoesch branch. The former Thyssen Draht GmbH is now part of the Austrian voestalpine group and operates under the name voestalpine Böhler Welding Germany GmbH (530 employees). After belonging to other companies in the meantime, the WDI is again active as an independent company (400 employees).
Chemical / energy and automotive supply industries
The largest representative of the chemical industry in Hamm is the DuPont plant in the Uentrop district (2016: 330 employees). The lacquer and stain factory Hesse GmbH & Co. KG in Bockum-Hövel is a large lacquer manufacturer for wooden surfaces with over 450 employees. There are other medium-sized companies in this branch in Hamm. The automotive supplier industry is represented by a Hella KGaA Hueck & Co. plant in the Bockum-Hövel district. About 850 people are employed in the plant.
The energy supply of the city is u. a. ensured by the Westphalia coal-fired power station in Schmehausen on the eastern edge of the city. The THTR-300 nuclear power plant , which was shut down in 1989, is also located there . The original plan was to build the Hamm nuclear power plant on the site of the Westfalen power plant in the immediate vicinity of the THTR . However, this plan was never implemented.
Thanks to new investments in the location of the former THTR-300 Schmehausen and the coal-fired power plant in Westphalia, as well as on the expansion site of the DuPont plant, Hamm will also remain an important energy location . A Trianel gas power plant and a new coal-fired power plant were built on the latter site .
The Stadtwerke Hamm provide citizens with natural gas, drinking water, electricity and district heating. They also operate the port and the baths and are represented in the telecommunications market.
Due to the existing transport connections, the Hamm area is increasingly developing into the logistics center in the east of the Ruhr area. Decisive factors for this development are the trimodal logistics center of the city port of Hamm , the freight and marshalling yard in Hamm as well as the location between the federal motorways 1 and 2 and the planned motorway triangle Hamm (A 445) and the proximity to three international airports. As a result, the city has succeeded in attracting numerous freight logistics companies, including a. the companies Plus, Edeka and Trinkgut.
The only daily newspaper that appears in Hamm is the Westfälische Anzeiger . In the 1970s, the attempt to gain a foothold with a daily newspaper of the WAZ group , i.e. a separate local section for the Hamm area, failed . Since then there has only been a small advertising agency for the WAZ.
The Sunday newspaper Sonntags-Rundblick has been published since 1984 and is published by the Kaderka merchant family from Hamm / Ahlen . The Sunday newspaper Stadtanzeiger, with a circulation of 384,000 copies, is produced by the publisher that also publishes the Westfälischer Anzeiger.
The local radio station “ Radio Lippewelle Hamm ” has been broadcasting since 1990 . The Offene Kanal Hamm ( citizens' television ) went on air on October 3, 1993. It ceased operations on January 1, 2009, as its funding from state funds and the sponsoring association is no longer guaranteed. The Hammer Bürgerradio, which has existed since 1990, also affected restrictions on financial support from state funds. The citizen radio operators broadcast on “Radio Runde Hamm e. V. “still organizes a daily one-hour program.
On January 16, 2007, Internet television HammTV started with weekly news broadcasts. After 10 issues this idea was discarded. Instead, HammTV reports on what is happening in Hamm every working day.
Hamm is located between the A1 ( Heiligenhafen - Saarbrücken , " Hansalinie ") and A2 ( Oberhausen - Berlin ) motorways . The A445 (Hamm- Arnsberg ) between Hamm and Werl is still in the planning phase , the start of construction has not yet been determined. It should connect the A2 with the A44 and better integrate the Sauerland into the federal motorway network. In addition, the federal highway 63 runs through the city area. The planned Ruhr cycle route is to begin in Hamm.
For passenger traffic, the city is integrated into the rail network of the Federal Republic of Germany via Hamm (Westphalia) main station and the Bockum-Hövel and Heessen stations. Other stations in today's urban area have been closed for passenger traffic, B. the stations or stops Pelkum, Wiescherhöfen and Rhynern. The Hamm (Westphalia) train station was also known as the main train station in Hamm in accordance with its local importance, and since December 14th it has officially been named this title. The tariff designation for ticket sales and travel information is now Hamm (Westf) Hbf. Accordingly, the train stations in the urban area with the prefix Hamm, so z. B. Hamm-Heessen train station. Hamm (Westf) Hbf is one of the major German category 2 railway junctions . The marshalling yard and freight yard , which is now largely closed, was once one of the largest in Europe . The railway lines from Dortmund , Hagen , Minden , Münster , Warburg and Oberhausen-Osterfeld come together at the Hamm junction . The latter has only been used for freight traffic since 1983 . The Pelkum station, which has been closed for passenger traffic, is also on this route. In addition to the regular railway lines, there is a line operated by Regionalverkehr Ruhr-Lippe GmbH for goods traffic to Hamm-Schmehausen. The route is shared by the Hamm museum railway. From km 15.0 in Hamm-Schmehausen to Lippetal-Heintrop, the Hamm museum railway is the sole operator. In Hamm there is also another branch line, the Werne-Bockum-Höveler railway line . Today it only serves the freight traffic to the Gersteinwerk and branches off at the Bockum-Hövel train station. There is also a siding to the port railway , which starts from the Hamm marshalling yard.
Local public transport
The road passenger transport with its extensive city bus network is mainly by the Stadtwerke Hamm GmbH and the transport company Breitenbach operated. In addition, there are various regional bus connections from other providers that connect Hamm with the cities of the region. The city of Hamm is part of the Ruhr-Lippe Transport Association (VRL for short).
The Hamm-Lippewiesen airfield , located in the center of the city, is used for private business flights and as a sports airfield for glider and powered flights. The nearest airports are Dortmund Airport , the airport Münster-Osnabrück , the Paderborn / Lippstadt Airport and Dusseldorf Airport .
Hamm is the end point of the Datteln-Hamm Canal. The city harbor Hamm , the Kanalendhafen Uentrop and the port of the Gersteinwerk on the Datteln-Hamm Canal are located in the urban area . The city port is the second largest public canal port in Germany after the port of Dortmund. It can currently be called by ships with a length of 110 m, a width of 11.45 m and a draft of 2.7 m, as well as a loading capacity of 1200 t. Due to the current expansion of the canal, ships up to 135 m and push convoys up to 186.5 m will be able to reach the port in the future; their average loading capacity will then increase to 2000 t. In 2006 the total cargo handling in the port was 1.571 million tons.
Hamm is the seat of the largest German higher regional court - OLG Hamm - as well as the associated bar and notary chambers for the higher regional court district of Hamm. The General Public Prosecutor's Office , the Judicial Examination Office, the Lawyers' Disciplinary Court of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia and the Court of Justice for judges are also located at the Higher Regional Court .
Other courts in Hamm are the Hamm District Court , the Hamm Labor Court and the Hamm Regional Labor Court . Ordinary jurisdiction in Hamm lacks only the regional court as an intermediate instance . The regional court responsible for the Hamm district court is the Dortmund regional court and the public prosecutor's office located there.
Together, the courts and the numerous lawyers in practice form a defining element of the city.
Hospitals and clinics
The numerous hospitals and clinics are also important for the city ; they also represent a significant economic and job factor. The following facilities today ensure medical care in Hamm and the surrounding region:
- The Evangelical Hospital Hamm ( EVK Hamm ) is an acute hospital, supported by the Evangelische Krankenhaus Hamm gGmbH. The house was put into operation in 1969 in place of the municipal hospital. In addition to the surgical, medical and gynecological clinic, the house is responsible for the clinic for pediatric and adolescent medicine and the seat of the institutes for anesthesiology, pediatric anesthesiology and intensive care medicine as well as voice and speech therapy. The clinic is also the region's perinatal center and, as such, provides maximum care for high-risk pregnant women and premature babies. The entire clinic employs around 1,100 people and has 464 beds. Every year around 17,500 inpatients pass through the clinic.
- The St. Marien Hospital Hamm (I + II) with the cardiology, psychiatry and psychotherapy clinics and the day clinic for the elderly. The overall clinic is a center of care and teaching hospital of the University of Münster and the university clinic of the private University of Witten / Herdecke . With 17 specialist disciplines and 584 beds, it is also the largest clinic in the Hamm / Soest and Unna region. The hospital was founded in 1849 by the sisters of St. Vincent during a cholera epidemic.
- The St. Barbara Clinic Hamm-Heessen is an acute hospital and a relatively young clinic in Hamm. The foundation stone was laid on October 28, 1963. The clinic, founded as a non-profit specialty hospital, came under the sponsorship of the religious order of the Sisters of Divine Providence Münster. Today the house has 424 beds in ten specialist departments. Since 2004 the sponsor is the St. Franziskus-Stiftung Münster , a foundation of the cooperative of the nurses after the III. Rule of St. Franziskus Munster, Westphalia. The main focus of the clinic is the head and trauma center.
- The St. Josef Hospital in Bockum-Hövel was founded after the mine accident at the Radbod colliery in 1908 in order to ensure better care in the future. The hospital began operations on February 21, 1913. This year it initially had 100 beds. In the current building it has 417 beds, around 400 employees and around 8,000 inpatients per year. The hospital is a house of basic and acute care, whose range of services includes all disciplines of medical and nursing basic care. Hand surgery and the largest department for ear, nose and throat medicine in the Hamm area are of supraregional importance . The hospital has also been sponsored by the St. Franziskus Foundation in Münster since 2008/09.
- The Clinic for Manual Therapy, a special clinic for rheumatism, spinal column and joint ailments, was founded by Gottfried Gutmann in 1963. The aim of the facility was to conduct research under clinical conditions and to offer advanced training for doctors and physiotherapists. The clinic started with 27 beds and today offers 138 beds for inpatient treatment. Further training in manual therapy, osteopathy , acupuncture and other procedures takes place at the clinic's teaching institute, the Gottfried Gutmann Academy.
- LWL University Clinic Hamm for child and adolescent psychiatry , psychotherapy , psychosomatics
- The Christliches Hospiz gGmbH am Roten Läppchen in Heessen is sponsored by the St. Barbara Clinic.
A number of previous hospitals and clinics have been merged or dissolved in the above-mentioned existing facilities. These are the Knappschaftskrankenhaus, today St.Marien-Hospital II, a former facility of the Bundesknappschaft, and the two children's clinics St. Elisabeth and the Märkisches Children's Clinic. Both children's clinics were merged in 2003 on the premises of the EVK Hamm as part of the new clinic for child and adolescent medicine. They were already in the sponsorship of EVK Hamm, the Märkisches Children's Clinic since 1974 and St. Elisabeth since 1999. The municipal hospital was dissolved in 1969 and housed as EVK Hamm in a new building at the old location. In addition, the Bundeswehr Hospital (BWK) Hamm and the neighboring Paracelsus barracks were abolished in 2007 as part of the reforms of the armed forces . The clinic at Bärenbrunnen in Hamm-Mitte was replaced by a group practice for gynecology.
Universities of Applied Sciences in Hamm and the Hamm Business School
There has been a technical college in Hamm since November 2005 . The private SRH University for Logistics and Economics initially only offered basic logistics courses leading to a Bachelor and Master of Science degree . After sharpening the profile in the direction of logistics and the energy industry, after the establishment of the State University of Hamm-Lippstadt (HSHL) in September 2009, it wants to clearly differentiate itself from the latter. In order to avoid confusion between the two universities, it changed its name in September 2009 to Hochschule für Logistik und Wirtschaft, Hamm GmbH. Initially, the university was housed in the Öko-Zentrum NRW , where it had rented a building. In February 2010, the company moved to the Heinrich von Kleist Forum near Hammer Hauptbahnhof. In addition to the city's central library and the Hamm Volkshochschule, the forum is also home to the University of Logistics and Economics.
The university currently offers the degree in industrial engineering, logistics and industrial engineering, energy management, which leads to the academic degree of Bachelor of Science (B. Sc.). The courses are offered in three types of study: face-to-face , dual and distance learning . It is possible to switch between the types of study at the end of the semester. The third bachelor's degree is business administration, which is offered as a face-to-face degree. The course is also completed with the academic degree of Bachelor of Science (B. Sc.).
The part-time Master's in Logistics Management (M. SC.) Is offered as a distance learning master's degree. In addition, the range of courses for the winter semester 2011 was expanded to include the consecutive master’s course in Supply Chain Management ( M. Sc. ). Since the winter semester of 2012, the university has been offering the consecutive master’s degree in Energy Management (M. Sc.). Since the winter semester 2014, both master’s courses can also be completed in face-to-face or distance learning. With distance learning there is the possibility to choose between a 4- and a 6-semester variant. Individual modules of the courses can also be taken as further training (so-called certificate courses). When starting a full course of study, the achievements from the certificate are recognized.
In August 2008, the city of Hamm and the city of Lippstadt applied for the establishment of a new university of applied sciences with a focus on mathematics, computer science, natural sciences and technology. The application under the working title of the Hamm-Lippstadt University of Applied Sciences was ultimately selected as the best concept in a state-wide competition organized by the Ministry of Innovation in North Rhine-Westphalia; on November 28, 2008, the cabinet of the state government of North Rhine-Westphalia announced the three new university locations previously advertised.
The decision to found the university was made in 2009 when the state parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia passed the law to expand the universities of applied sciences in North Rhine-Westphalia . The founding law came into force when it was promulgated on April 21, 2009. The new university of applied sciences started operations on September 21, 2009 at the Hamm and Lippstadt locations . After seven semesters, the first two courses led to a Bachelor of Engineering degree in the fields of energy technology and resource optimization in Hamm and mechatronics in Lippstadt. The mechatronics course is designed as a dual course.
The newly founded State University of Hamm-Lippstadt first moved into the vacant Paracelsus barracks in Hamm in 2009, before moving to its final location in 2014 in new buildings on the site of the former Bundeswehr hospital on Marker Allee. At the Hamm location, 10 of the total of 19 technically oriented courses are currently offered: The bachelor's programs in power engineering and resource optimization, biomedical technology, technical management and marketing, intelligent systems design, sports and health technology, intercultural business psychology, environmental monitoring and forensic chemistry, as well as the master’s programs in product and asset Management, Applied Biomedical Engineering, Biomedical Management and Marketing.
The Hamm Business School (HBS) was founded in spring 2004. The sponsor is the Technical Academy Wuppertal , which, in cooperation with the FH Südwestfalen, offers a degree course in economics with the academic degree Bachelor of Arts (BA) as an examining university of applied sciences . The offer is mainly aimed at distance learning at employed people. Most of the attendance days are held in Hamm.
Primary and secondary levels I and II
In Hamm there are six grammar schools (five communal and one private), two comprehensive schools with upper secondary school levels and three vocational colleges that also lead to the Abitur. The oldest grammar school in the city is the grammar school Hammonense , which was founded in 1657 with the support of the elector as an academic grammar school . It was designed as a reformed university for the western provinces of the Margraviate of Brandenburg with three faculties of theology , law and philosophy . Today's Märkische Gymnasium was founded in 1867, and today 's Freiherr-vom-Stein -Gymnasium followed in 1902 . The Beisenkamp Gymnasium Hamm was founded in 1924 as an upper lyceum . In 1968 the Galilei-Gymnasium followed as the youngest establishment . This was originally a branch of the Hammonense Grammar School , but became an independent school in 1971.
The Peace School and the Sophie Scholl School are more recent schools in Hamm. In 1986 the Peace School was the city's first comprehensive school . It is located in the old buildings of the Theodor-Heuss-Schule and the Freiherr-vom-Stein-Gymnasium. In addition to new buildings, the Sophie-Scholl-Comprehensive School has taken over the buildings of the former Scholl Realschule, which was incorporated into the new comprehensive school. In addition to the all-day school, the comprehensive schools also offer all school-leaving qualifications from secondary school to high school.
Private schools (substitute schools)
On Schloss Heessen one was in 1957 boarding with day school, which Landschulheim Schloss Heessen (LSH). In 1987 the establishment of the Free Waldorf School (including upper secondary school) enriched the school offer. There is also the Marienschule, a private secondary school, the school in Heithof as a school for sick people, the school at Adelwald in Allen and the St. Franziskus vocational college in the city center.
The Free Youth Art School Hamm (not a school according to the NW School Act) is supported by the socio-cultural center Kulturwerkstatt Oberonstraße e. V. and the cultural office of the city of Hamm. Her main tasks are extracurricular, artistic further education and the promotion of talented children and young people. Under the guidance of professional artists and educators, the Free Art School for Young People is involved with its courses and projects in the fields of fine arts, theater education, theater projects, dance, circus education, circus projects and creating with new media.
There is also a free Waldorf school at Kobbenskamp in Hamm-Pelkum. Approx. 365 pupils (also from neighboring communities) attend this school.
Primary and lower secondary schools
In addition to the schools already mentioned, Hamm has 27 elementary schools, six secondary schools, six special schools (four of which are city-sponsored) and six secondary schools (five of which are city-sponsored). The establishment of another secondary school for Pelkum and Herringen failed in 2008 due to insufficient registration numbers. On July 19, 2011, the city council decided to establish a secondary school in Herringen by converting the Falkschule (secondary school). The secondary school was called the Arnold Freymuth School and has been under construction since 2012.
Vocational colleges / adult education
Hamm has three municipal vocational colleges . The city supports the Friedrich List Vocational College and Vocational High School for Business and Administration, IT, the Eduard Spranger Vocational College and Vocational High School for Technology, Computer Science and Design and the Elisabeth Lüders Vocational College and Vocational High School for Health / Education and Social Affairs , Nutrition and care. In addition, there is the teaching institute for pharmaceutical-technical assistants of the city of Hamm (in the building of the Elisabeth Lüders vocational college) and the Hanse college, an evening high school - advanced training college, as a branch of the advanced training college of the city of Lippstadt . The St. Franziskus Vocational College of the Archdiocese of Paderborn as a private vocational college and vocational high school for social and health care and the Guthmann Academy, in which doctors are trained in manual therapy alongside their jobs, should also be noted . As a further mainstay of adult education , the city of Hamm maintains an adult education center which, in addition to language training, offers a number of other educational and cultural offers, such as B. the children's and adult universities in cooperation with the Westphalian Wilhelms University in Münster. Hamm also has the Hamm vocational training center and a training center for the construction industry.
Hamm's city libraries include a central library, four district libraries in Bockum-Hövel , Heessen , Herringen and Rhynern and a car library with more than 30 stops throughout the city. In the Pelkum district, the library service point provides basic library services during the opening times of the Pelkum Citizens' Registration Office . The city library has around 250,000 books and media in its inventory. Around 1.1 million loans are booked annually.
The Hamm City Libraries were named Library of the Year 2005 with their “services that tempt you to read” .
The Heinrich-von-Kleist-Forum is a building erected since 2007 on the site of the former Horten department store in the east of Willy-Brandt-Platz and the north of the Platz der Deutschen Einheit. It opened on February 26, 2010. The new central library of the city of Hamm has the new technology of a self-booking system, machines for the return of media as well as a sorting system and conveyor belts, which enable the fully automatic distribution of the returned media to the individual floors.
The central library shares the new building with the community college of the city of Hamm and the SRH University for Logistics and Economics.
The basic idea of the center is to offer a central contact point for schools and teachers, educational institutions and specialists, but also for pupils and parents who need services or support in matters of school, education, upbringing and the media in the broadest sense. The first educational center in a North Rhine-Westphalian city was opened on December 16, 2004. In addition to the lower school supervisory authority (school authority for the city of Hamm), it includes the municipal school and sports authority, the city sports association, the center for practical school teacher training in Hamm (previously called study seminar for teaching posts in schools), the city's media center, the film and television school Hamm , the Regional Office for the Promotion of Children and Young People from Immigrant Families (RAA), the Regional School Counseling Center (RSB = School Psychological Counseling Center) and the Association for Psychomotor Development Promotion e. V. Movere.
The Bank Aktiengesellschaft (BAG) , based in Hamm is a nearly 100-percent subsidiary of the Federal Association of German Cooperative cooperative banks . It originally emerged from the " Hammer Bank scandal" in the 1980s. The task of the BAG is to take on loan claims that have been terminated by the member banks or that require exceptional support due to necessary restructuring measures in the cooperative banking network. The BAG operates nationwide.
Hamm vocational support organization
The Hamm Berufsförderungswerk , sponsored by the Josefs-Gesellschaft , the KAB and the Kolping-Bildungswerk, offers measures for participation in working life for adults who qualify for a new job for health reasons.
Traditional department stores and shopping centers
The largest shopping centers in the city center are the Allee-Center on the site of the former Isenbeck brewery and the Ritterpassage across the street. There is also the Kaufhof near the train station. The previously existing branches of Horten AG and Kaufhalle AG are closed or demolished. The C&A moved to the Allee-Center in 2009. Most of the city districts have their own district centers that ensure local supplies. The most traditional department store in town is ter Veen . It is actually (completely) called Kaufhaus für Jedermann Egbert ter Veen GmbH and is located in Hamm's pedestrian zone. It was founded in 1907.
Companies from the city of Hamm take part in Ökoprofit , an ecological project for integrated environmental technology.
One of the most important rescue organizations in the city is the Hammer Forum , an association that is committed to the care and treatment of sick and injured children in crisis areas.
Traditional companies that are no longer based in Hamm
Culture and sights
The Westfälische Freilichtspiele e.V. are among the most important theater facilities in the city . V. Waldbühne Heessen, the Helios-Theater in the Kulturbahnhof and the Kurhaus Bad Hamm . The Waldbühne Heessen is the most popular amateur open-air theater in Germany. Hamm's current mayor, Thomas Hunsteger-Petermann, is also active here.
The Helios Theater, named after the place where it was founded, Heliosstrasse in Cologne, began as an experimental touring theater with z. T. 100 different stations per year. It has been based in Hamm since 1997 and initially worked in various venues in the city. The Kulturbahnhof has only been available as a permanent venue since 2004. The Helios Theater Ensemble is Hamm's first and only professional theater. The target group of the Helios theater are mainly young people. In addition to playing at the parent company, the ensemble continues to tour and was the organizer and founder of the international theater festival “hellwach” in Hamm in 2002, 2004 and 2007.
The theater of the Kurhaus is the venue for numerous touring stages and thus offers not only concerts but also a wide range of plays and musicals.
The CinemaxX Hamm is located on Chattanoogaplatz in Hamm, a CinemaxX cinema with seven cinemas with a total of 1867 seats. The operator is CinemaxX GmbH. Since December 2018, the CinemaxX has been the successor to the Cineplex cinema in Hamm, whose contract had expired.
music and dance
Municipal music school Hamm
The Hamm Municipal Music School was founded on February 1, 1940, making it one of the oldest music schools in Germany. With around 4,300 students and 98 teachers (as of February 2011), it is also one of the largest music schools in Germany. In the development of the German music school landscape, the Hamm Municipal Music School has repeatedly taken on a role model function. It was designed as a fully structured school with music education facilities from pre-school musical education to advanced study preparation. In addition, the new music school building in the early 1970s was the first new music school in a medium-sized town . The Association of German Music Schools declared the Hammer Music School a model case. Here was Martin Wolschke , two years should be head of the Municipal School of Music Hamm later in 1952 in the founding of the Association on Castle Oberwerries involved in Hamm. The former headmaster Joshard Daus coined the term orchestral school. His successor Norbert Edelkötter , brother of the composer and publisher Ludger Edelkötter , put it into practice. He came up with the idea of designing the orchestra school in several stages. For Hamm, the municipal music school is of fundamental cultural importance. The more advanced of the 40 or so ensembles are repeatedly involved in official events by the city of Hamm and in some cases develop their musical effectiveness far beyond the city limits.
The rich orchestral landscape brought into being by Norbert Edelkötter is continued under the current music school director, Mr. Bernd Smalla, and shapes the cultural life of the city in many ways. Particularly noteworthy are the symphony orchestra of the Hamm Municipal Music School (direction: Bernd Smalla) as the head of the classical orchestral school, the Symphonic Wind Orchestra under Georg Turwitt, the Jazz Combo (direction: Arno Mejauschek) and the big band of the city of Hamm (direction: Klaus Heimann ), which is loosely connected to the music school. The music school, however, has a large number of other musical groups in the classical as well as the popular area and also offers dance a home.
Hamm music association
The Städtische Musikverein, founded in 1884, shapes the musical life of the city primarily through its choir (direction: Lothar R. Mayer), which knows how to inspire with sophisticated concert programs, and its orchestra, the Collegium Musicum (direction: Ulrich Lütgebaucks).
Hamm has a number of traditional church choirs, such as the Cäcilia church choir of the St. Stephanus Church Bockum-Hövel or the Cantate '86 youth choir (conducted by Werner Granz). There are also numerous choirs, men's choirs and women's choirs.
27 of the city's choirs are part of the Sängerkreis Hamm eV, founded in 1926 and re-established in 1961. V. organized. According to a survey from 2007, the group of singers includes a total of 987 active singers and 1327 supporting members. The majority are male choirs, the mixed choirs outnumber the female choirs. But there is also a jazz choir, a gospel choir and a barber shop choir, as well as children's and youth choirs. The choirs of the Sängerkreis are an integral part of the cultural life of the city of Hamm. The group of singers was also the organizer of numerous musical festivals.
Cultural office of the city of Hamm
The cultural office is one of the largest cultural providers in the city of Hamm in the fields of theater and concerts. The repertoire includes children's and adult theater, jazz, symphony, choir and chamber concerts, the colorful cultural summer program Kunst-Dünger , the Klassik Sommer Hamm, the international jazz festival and exhibitions in the Stadthaus-Galerie. The Kulturbüro is committed to promoting art and culture, also as far as the project and regular funding of various institutions is concerned (socio-cultural centers, free art school for young people, Helios-Theater, sponsoring association Kulturbahnhof Hamm e.V., churches). It is the office of the Friends' Association Stadttheater Hamm e. V. and seat of the office of the coordination office for the Hellweg cultural region.
Jazz Club Hamm
The JazzClub Hamm was founded in November 1997 and now has over 120 members. With his constant work and the musical program from the traditional to the modern, he contributes to the shaping of the Hammer cultural scene. The jazz club Hamm e. V. has had its permanent domicile in the mirror hall of the Kurhaus Hamm since 2008. In a central location there is usually an event every month.
The development of dance expression is promoted by the dance schools ADTV Pape Eicker- / Schmidt (the former dance school Emil Liesegang), art of moving, Güth and Annelieses ADTV dance and ballet school. Anke Lux also made a name for herself with the dance workshop and her management of the city of Hamm's dance theater & musical company.
Several times a year the terraristics take place in the central halls ; the world's largest terrarium and reptile fair is criticized by nature conservation organizations because protected species are traded there in the country of origin. Although this is not forbidden in the EU, procurement in the country of origin violates local laws and species with small distribution areas are endangered by poaching.
In the summer months there are numerous events, the more important ones being:
- The open air music festival Hammer Summer ,
- The KlassikSommer, a demanding concert series in the summer months,
- the airfield festival - an air show - near the city center,
- the Hammer Orient Bazaar; at the beginning of the year in the central halls, in summer at the foot of the glass elephant in Maximilianpark,
- the Festival del Mar in Maximilianpark, which was called the Italian Night until 2004,
- the "fireworks", which also takes place in Maximilianpark,
- the annual medieval market on the meadow of Maximilian Park below the glass elephant,
- the hall edition of the Medieval Market, the Medieval Fantasy Spectaculum in the central halls,
- the dragon boat race that takes place once a year in the harbor area,
- the Herringer fair
- "We are Hamm", "Fair for Life, Leisure, Economy" (consumer fair)
- Hamm's best band
- as well as the Kurparkfest, which has been established for years.
For several years now, the Stunikenmarkt, the Hammer city center fair, has been animating autumn.
The Hammer City Night, a cycling race that has been established for years, on an inner city circuit around the Pauluskirche , was suspended in 2007 for an indefinite period. The cause for the cancellation of the 11th City Night was the doping scandal in competitive cycling. In 2008 cycling found a new home in the district of Bockum-Hövel, but only in the form of a youth cycling race.
During the Advent season, the St. Paul's Church is lined with the stalls of the Christmas market. A large ice rink will be set up for ice skaters.
The Christmas concert by the Cantate '86 choir (conducted by Werner Granz) in the Maximilianhalle, to which one or more well-known soloists are invited every year, has also been established for many years.
Various music festivals are held in the city, including the Honky Tonk Festival and the music competition "Hamm's best band". This has been organized annually since 2000 by the band des Westfälischer Anzeiger .
The Hamm Municipal Music School is another defining element of the city's cultural life. The recurring performances include the Oostmalle final concert - the orchestra students of the music school hold an intensive week of rehearsals once a year in the Belgian town of Oostmalle near Antwerp - and the Christmas concerts. The symphonic wind orchestra of the municipal music school (conductor: Georg Turwitt) is one of the regular guests in Maximilianpark Hamm. The symphony orchestra of the Hamm Municipal Music School (conductor: Bernd Smalla) symbolizes the top of the classical orchestral school. The popular area is u. a. represented by the jazz combo (lead: Arno Mejauschek) and the big band (lead: Klaus Heimann).
The Collegium Musicum, the orchestra of the Hamm Municipal Music Association, with its regularly recurring summer and Christmas concerts, is directed primarily, but certainly not exclusively, to families and senior citizens under the direction of Ulrich Lütgebaucks. The choir of the municipal music association under the direction of Lothar R. Mayer regularly enriches the city's cultural life with sophisticated concert programs.
The JazzClub Hamm gives a concert once a month in the hall of mirrors of the Kurhaus. The repertoire ranges from the traditional to the modern.
Significant one-off events
From September 6th to 7th, 2008, the 25th Westphalian Hanseatic Day took place in downtown Hammer . Over 30 Westphalian Hanseatic cities have presented their culture and specialties on the market square at the Pauluskirche.
In June 2009 the North Rhine-Westphalia Day was held in Hamm .
In the Martin Luther Quarter, which is characterized by the centrally located Martin Luther Church, a citizens 'initiative has been creating an art and artists' quarter for several years. Diverse art in public space from light design to wall paintings to sculptures and object art is connected with the goal of a positive redesign of the former social hotspot.
In August 2005, a new work of art was created in Rödinghauser Strasse, the road connecting Weststrasse and Martin-Luther-Strasse. Seven sliding gate elements made of stainless steel have become an eye-catcher there. The work has the motto: "Opposites in harmony", the design comes from the artist Martine Mallet from Hamm. The implementation was carried out by the architect Martin Weber from Heiligenhaus. A wide variety of cultural activities accompany the quarter through the year and culminate in the multicultural festival La Fête on the last weekend in August, which has now achieved cult status.
At the corner of age Uentroper way / Braamer Street is located in the old school Werries Community workshop of the working group Art Hamm e. V. Since the renovation in 1975, the premises have been equipped with many different tools so that the artists can implement their ideas. Exhibitions are held several times a year, e.g. B. in the Stadthausgalerie in Hamm.
Museums and exhibitions
Gustav Lübcke Museum
The Gustav-Lübcke-Museum is the most important cultural institution in the city of Hamm and known nationwide. It was founded in 1890 by citizens who organized themselves in the museum association as a local museum for their city. The name is reminiscent of the art collector Gustav Lübcke , who brought his collection to the Municipal Museum in 1917 and also became the first director. This collection consisted largely of handicrafts from ancient times to the present day. Another focus of the collection and exhibition is Egyptian art . This department has its origins in the famous "Hammer Mummy " that came to Hamm in 1886.
The collection on ancient Egypt is one of the larger in Germany. The Gustav-Lübcke-Museum today has five departments: regional archeology, city history, ancient Egypt, applied arts and fine arts. In addition, there are regular changing exhibitions on different topics in the large skylight hall. The Gustav-Lübcke-Museum also has its own museum education department that organizes special offers for school classes and other target groups.
In 2009 the museum received an important donation of more than 20 works on paper on the art of classical modernism from Hammer's private collection, including watercolors, drawings and prints by Willi Baumeister , Lovis Corinth , Erich Heckel , Karl Hofer , Max Liebermann , Franz von Lenbach , Wilhelm Morgner , Karl Otto Götz , Werner Schriefers and Jupp Lückeroth .
The museum is sponsored by the city of Hamm and is financially and ideally supported by the Hamm Museum Association. V.
Hamm also owns the Stadthaus-Galerie (in the Pedagogical Center, Stadthausstr. 3) jointly sponsored by the Culture Office and the School and Sports Office in conjunction with the Kunstverein Hamm e. V. Several exhibitions by local artists and groups as well as artists from Hammer's partner cities are shown here every year.
Otmar Alt Foundation
In 1996 the Otmar Alt Foundation was established on a foundation area of 10,000 m² . The rural property from the 17th century used for this purpose houses studios and lounges for young scholarship holders as well as some exhibition rooms. In the outdoor area there is a large sculpture garden with an amphitheater. Exhibitions by various visual artists, concerts and cabaret and theater events take place regularly on the foundation's premises.
Heimathaus Rhynern is a monument that was created by Heimatverein Rhynern e. V. and the NRW Foundation has been restored. The building has been a listed building since 2004.
Heessen local history museum
The Heimatverein Heessen shows a local history permanent exhibition on the history of Heessen in a former bakery of the Brokhof in Heessen. Among other things, exhibits from the Middle Ages and the beginning of industrialization can be seen. In particular, the areas of church, craft and mining are presented.
The exhibition of the Heimatverein Norddinker, opened in 1998, is devoted to historical machines and equipment used in agriculture as well as documents, writings and photographs. The oldest exhibits date from around 1700. An extensive collection of flax processing equipment, within which the individual processing methods and options are almost completely depicted, is of particular importance. An outstanding exhibit is the replica of a Germanic loom.
Hamm museum railway
The non-profit association Museumseisenbahn Hamm e. V. (MEH) works on the preservation of historic railway vehicles and the Hamm - Lippborg line. Several times a year, the steam trains of the Hamm museum railway are used on this route and can be used for nostalgic trips.
The city of Hamm has been represented in the Hellweg - ein Lichtweg cultural project since 2002 .
Pauluskirche (St. Georg and Laurentius)
The central church building in Hamm is today's Protestant Pauluskirche , (formerly St. Georg and Laurentius after the patron saints of the city), whose parish was created by parish in 1337 from the Pankratiuskirche in the village of Mark. The church is built in the Gothic style. The exact age of the structure is unknown, some sources cite 1275 as the year construction began. In any case, the construction of the church took place between the founding of the city and the parish. It is very likely that there was a smaller chapel or similar in the same place before the actual church was built. Its tower, the top of which rises about 80 meters, is an old symbol of the city. The church has been badly damaged several times in its long history. Large parts of the church were destroyed, especially during World War II. The pyramid-shaped tower spire originates from the period of reconstruction after 1945 and is based on the originally Gothic style of the years before the great city fire of 1741. The Pauluskirche received its current name in 1912.
Martin Luther Church
In addition, the baroque Martin Luther Church characterizes an entire quarter in the Hammer city center. It was built between 1734 and 1739 to enable the Lutheran congregation and large parts of the garrison in Hamm to hold an appropriate service. Originally the “Small Evangelical Church”, sometimes called the Garrison Church, it was given its current name in 1912. After extensive renovation work, the Martin Luther Church became the Hamm youth church.
St. Agnes (former Franciscan monastery church)
The only Catholic church building in the old town of Hammer - the Church of St. Agnes - dates back to the foundation of a Franciscan Observant monastery in 1455. This year the young Franciscan convent received the chapel dedicated to St. Agnes of the lordly castle in the northeast of the city from Count Gerhard von der Mark zu Hamm . The construction of the monastery church in its still existing form began in 1507 as a result of a foundation. The church was consecrated on May 21, 1515. Count Gerhard was buried in 1461 in the previous building of the monastery church, his court chapel St. Agnes zu Hamm. The tomb was then moved to the center aisle of the new building. However, the brass grave slab was not preserved. On 12 brass plates (1.51 m × 3.29 m) it showed the Count lying on a patterned carpet with pillows and folded hands, at his feet the double coat of arms of Kleve-Mark held by two swans. On the sides there were pillars, the capitals of which were closed by a Tudor arch, and a ribbon with four family coats of arms. The inscription read: “On September 12, 1461, the illustrious patron, Mr. Gerhard von Kleve-Mark, founder of this convent of the Friars Minor of the Observance, died. Pray for his soul to rest in peace. Amen. ”He was the first and only sovereign to be buried in Hamm. The bombing raids in World War II in 1944 destroyed the church almost completely, only the outer walls in the eastern area remained. The grave slab of Count Gerhard was also destroyed.
Pankratius Church in Mark
The Marker village church , consecrated to St. Pankratius, was built around 1100 in the village of Mark, very close to the later Mark Castle , the seat of the Counts of the Mark. The Mark and thus also the Protestant Church of St. Pankratius are today in the Uentrop district. It is not only one of the oldest and most important, but also one of the most beautiful sacred buildings in Hamm. It is surrounded by the former cemetery and an ensemble of old half-timbered houses . The wide transept with the choir closed on three sides dominates the low nave. The two-story tower, which has been shifted slightly to the south, gives rise to the assumption that the church is of simple Romanesque origin. As with all churches from this period, the masonry is made of green sandstone. The uncut and only roughly jointed outer walls were exposed to the weather for many years. That is why they were covered with a whitewashed plaster layer in 1989. In 1735, today's bell storey was built from bricks and faced with slate in 1909. Since 1796 the tower has been crowned by a weather vane with an angel blowing a trumpet. Stained glass in the windows at the beginning of the last century is impressive. Until 1337 the Church of Mark was the mother church of the city of Hamm. Because the Hammer main church, which was consecrated to the two saints Laurentius and Georg (today's Pauluskirche ), was raised to an independent parish only this year. The simple village church receives its significant art-historical importance through its wall paintings in the choir, which were discovered during a renovation in 1908/09. These frescoes are likely to have been created after the choir was built in the middle of the 14th century. They form a painted sermon that remains unique in Westphalia in terms of scope and completeness. The oldest piece of equipment in the church is the baptismal font made of Baumberger sandstone from the middle of the 13th century. In addition, a number of tombs have been preserved in the choir. The best known is that of Lieutenant General Karl Friedrich von Wolffersdorff († 1781). The Marker village church today belongs to the Protestant parish of Mark.
The Evangelical Christ Church in Hammer West is part of the Mitte district today. The Christ Church and the parish hall have been a listed building since 1990.
Branch church Herz Jesu
The Catholic branch church Herz Jesu is located in the district of Bockum-Hövel. The church and rectory have been a listed building since 2006.
The Jakobuskirche in Pelkum, which, with the ensemble of houses surrounding it, offers an impressive small-town ambience, dates from a total of three different construction periods. Today this is no longer necessarily noticeable at first glance. During the last renovation (mid-1970s), white slurry plaster was applied to protect the coarse-layered rubble stone masonry. This has very unified the overall impression. The building is completely unadorned, both inside and out. However, the impressive glass window with the crucifixion group, which was made by the glass painter Victor von der Forst from Münster, is remarkable. The oldest set pieces of the Jakobuskirche are the tower (with the exception of the upper floor) and its two lateral, desk-shaped extensions. These are the remains of a Romanesque church that no longer exists today. The tower has four storeys and rises from the substructure on a square floor plan, completely unstructured. At the top there is a bell storey that does not belong to the original building, but was added later. It has four arched sound openings. On top of this - after a cornice - is the helmet as a simple, square tent roof. The nave was built in 1738/39. It is a rectangular hall that is divided into two narrow vaulted bays.
Chapel of St. Anna
The Catholic St. Anne's Chapel is located in the Heessen district (Dolberger Strasse). It has been a listed building since 1986. The chapel was built in 1728 and is part of the entire Rotes Läppchen complex. The octagonal brick building gets its baroque elegance mainly from the curved hood with its roof turret . The portal of the chapel is decorated with the coat of arms of the builders, the lords of the castle von der Recke . The large altarpiece from the 19th century shows the young Mother of God with her parents, Joachim and Anna. In the roof turret of the chapel is one of the oldest bells in the city of Hamm, the origin of which probably goes back to the early 13th century.
Chapel of St. Peter and Paul
The Catholic Chapel of St. Peter and Paul is located in the Herringen district. It was consecrated on October 25, 1775 and thus succeeded the chapel at Haus Nordherringen. Up until this point in time, it served the Catholic residents of Herringen to celebrate mass. In 1842 the chapel was elevated to a parish church by the Paderborn Bishop Damberg, which it remained until 1930. It has been a listed building since 1985.
Church of Drechen
The Protestant Church Drechen is located in the Rhynern district (Osterflierich district). The historical furnishings of the church have been entered in the city's list of monuments since 1994. The origins of the church go back to a main courtyard (Drocni) that was mentioned in the Werden Urbar in the 9th century. This was owned by the later Counts of the Mark in the 12th century. There is evidence of a church in Drechen for 1188. The Romanesque tower as well as the nave and choir from the 14th century were demolished in 1899 because of dilapidation. The current church was consecrated on July 4, 1901. It is not in the old location.
The Rhynern Protestant Church is located in the Rhynern district. It was built between 1665 and 1667 as a simple, small hexagonal building with a flat ceiling and has been a listed building since 1985.
St. Victor Church
The Protestant Church of St. Victor is located on Herringer Markt. It can have a three-aisled hall with a closed choir and an obviously older west tower. The two-bay hall should correspond to the spatial conceptions of the 13th century that are often encountered in Westphalia, the tower probably dates from the middle of the 12th century. It has two coupled sound openings on each of the four sides and, compared to the high-roofed nave, appears rather squat. The masonry is dominated by green sandstone. In the north aisle wall there is a late Gothic niche with a protruding, profiled frame. The once rich wall paintings from the 14th century, which were discovered before their renewal in 1900/01, could not be saved due to their poor state of preservation. The windows of the choir room were designed by Professor Thol in 1952. It shows the ascension of Christ and ten representations from the life of Jesus. Also noteworthy are the epitaphs made of Baumberger stones on both sides: on the right that of Clara Anna von Pentinck (1604) married von Hugenpoth , on the left of another family member of Hugenpoth. Since 1973 the church has owned an organ with 24 stops. She also keeps a goblet on which the Rule's coat of arms - silver-gilt - can be seen. The chalice dates from the 14th century and is one of the oldest surviving works of hammer goldsmithing. In addition, the St. Victor Church has the oldest still functioning bell north of the Alps.
Church of Our Lady
The Catholic parish church of Liebfrauen is located in the Mitte district. The solemn laying of the foundation stone for the first church building took place on March 27, 1897. On June 25, 1899, the church was inaugurated by the auxiliary bishop Augustin Gockel from Paderborn. In 1909 the Church of Our Lady was parish off from the mother parish of St. Agnes . The rapidly growing number of parishioners made it necessary to build a second, considerably larger church. The foundation stone of this new church was laid on May 14, 1911. The church was inaugurated on December 17, 1911 by Bishop Josef Schule from Paderborn. The inauguration of the Joseph Altar followed in 1912, a gift from the labor association. On September 7, 1940, the church was destroyed during the war. In the post-war years, only an emergency church could initially be built. It was not until October 19, 1952 that the foundation stone was laid for the reconstruction of the Church of Our Lady in simplified form. On August 16, 1953, the Archbishop of Paderborn Lorenz Jaeger consecrated the church. Reconstruction has only recently come to an end with the erection of the parallel pointed helmets. The church has had a new organ since 2006.
St. Pankratius in Bockum-Hövel
The St. Pankratius Church is the oldest church in Hamm and is located in the Hövel district, part of the Bockum-Hövel district. Between 1025 and 1030, Count Bernhard von Werl-Hövel founded a church dedicated to St. Pankratius at this location. In the first half of the 14th century, a sandstone building was built in place of the original wooden church. Severe damage in the Second World War made it necessary to rebuild it between 1954 and 1956. The pastorate built in 1564 and two bells cast in 1511 and 1678 are listed as historical monuments.
Parish church mountains
The Protestant parish church in Berge is located on the northern slope of the ridge from Rhynern to Bönen. This separates the Lippetal from the Hellweg zone. The origins of the church go back to the 11th century. At that time there was already a house chapel here. The church tower is probably in the 14th / 15th centuries. Century was added to the west of the old chapel. The masonry of the mighty 6.5 × 7 m building, which rises over three floors, consists of green sandstone in small layers of blocks. Inside the tower is a cast bell with an inscription, the year of which can be deciphered as 1504 or 1519. It comes from the Soest master Herman Vogel, one of the best bell founders of his time. At the beginning of the 20th century, the masonry of the church and tower in need of renovation received a cement spray mortar. The interior of the church was renovated in 1957/58. In the course of this work, the wooden altar was replaced by a stone one. The church was also equipped with a new organ with eight registers. From the church you have a view of almost the entire city of Hamm.
Parish Church of St. Antonius
The Catholic parish church of St. Antonius is located in the agriculturally impressive environment of the Geithe farmers, who today belong to the Uentrop district. The Roman Route runs right next to the church. The inn with a beer garden in the shadow of the church not only invites cyclists to linger. In earlier centuries there was a half-timbered chapel, built in 1785. It consisted of an approximately 11 m long, flat-roofed nave and a three-sided choir. The wooden roof turret above the main portal was fitted with two small bells. The foundation stone for the existing neo-Gothic brick building according to the plans of District Building Inspector Reimann from the State Building Department in Soest took place on July 5, 1896. On September 12, 1897, the building was consecrated to Saint Anthony of Padua. Part of the furnishings in the existing church probably came from Kentrop Monastery, which was dissolved in 1808.
Parish Church of St. Regina
The Catholic parish church of St. Regina is located in Rhynern and is one of the most interesting church buildings in Hamm. The history of the sacred building located near various highways on the ridge between Lippetal and Hellwegmulde goes back to the 9th or 10th century AD. For this reason alone, the church has been a listed building since 1985. The central nave of the building made of local sandstone reaches a remarkable height of ten meters. The tower is 56 meters high and has a pyramid spire from the Gothic period. It was copper-covered in 1963. The choir is characterized by wall arcades. These stand on a bench. On the north wall of the choir stands the sacrament house built in the tradition of comparable works in Westphalia from light sandstone. This is where the Eucharist is kept today. The building is made up of a Flemish carved altar in the choir (2.60 m by 5.40 with the wings open, the central shrine measures 2.60 m by 2.70 meters) from the workshops of the St. Luke Guild in Antwerp and excellent stone carvings adorned. The oldest piece is probably the Romanesque baptismal font made of yellow sandstone from the beginning of the 13th century. In the 19th century, the building underwent considerable structural changes. Its original character as a Romanesque vaulted basilica with transept, rectangular choir and mighty west house was not affected.
Parish Church of St. Stephen
The Catholic parish church of St. Stephanus is located in the district of Heessen. It has been a listed building since 1985.
Parish church Uentrop
The Protestant parish church has been the center of a parish in what is now the Uentrop district since the 11th century. The square west tower is the oldest part of the church. It is dated to the 11th or 12th century. A narrower Romanesque hall church, which was built around the same time, adjoined it to the east. The hall church has not been preserved, but its roof line can still be seen today on the east wall of the tower. In the mid-1960s, the tower was stabilized after its loose masonry threatened to slide off. The top of the church tower has been crowned by a ball, cross and cock since 1870. The tower also houses a wrought-iron tower clock made in 1723 by the clockmaker Diedrich Schmalt zu Herzebrock. This has been beating every full hour for several years. The nave adjoins the tower. There is a gable roof that dates from the 16th century. The wall paintings inside the simple church building are noteworthy in terms of art history. These were discovered during the renovation work in 1966. It is a fragmentary cycle of the apostles on the walls of the choir. The sandstone baptismal font is also remarkable at the Uentrop Church.
Sri Kamadchi Ampal Temple
The Hindu temple Sri Kamadchi Ampal , inaugurated in 2002 , is one of the largest in Europe. Its architecture combines Hindu elements with the emphatically factual economic architecture of the late 20th century. The interiors, but also the building as a whole, offer an interesting multicultural experience.
Castles and Palaces
The presumed remains of Nienbrügge Castle - a castle moat - can be viewed in the Steinwinkel corridor in Bockum-Hövel, a district of Hamm.
Mark Castle was once the ancestral seat of the Counts von der Mark. Today only the moats around a tree-lined castle hill exist of the former castle complex. The main castle was used as a quarry from the 18th century. In 1803 even the foundations of the castle were broken out, so that during the archaeological excavations in 1973 and 1975 only the extensive destruction of the archaeological findings could be determined. This is regrettable because the Mark Castle was one of the largest moths in Westphalia. In the anniversary year of 1976, 750 years after the Hamm settlement was founded, the approximate location of the palace (donjon) on the castle hill was indicated by masonry in the floor.
Stadtburg or Castle of the Counts of the Mark
The castle of the Counts von der Mark , built sometime after the city was founded , which was located on the north wall and adjoined the city wall to the north, is no longer preserved today. As early as the 1920s, all but a few of the castle buildings had fallen into disrepair. However, the cellar of the castle was still completely preserved at that time. In 1944 the area was completely destroyed by the air raids and later built over with a children's clinic, the Catholic St. Elisabeth children's home. This was finally released for demolition in 2006 in favor of the new building of the senior citizen center An St. Agnes. In the course of the excavation work, the foundation walls of the castle could be identified in the ground. They will remain open to the public. For this purpose, a marking in the road surface and a partial presentation of the original finds were made.
Heessen Castle is a castle complex on the River Lippe in the Hammer district of Heessen. The palace complex was first mentioned in 975 as the inheritance of Bishop Ludolf von Münster. Today this historic site is owned by the von Boeselager family , but they do not live there themselves, as the castle has been used as a rural school home, private day high school and boarding school for over 40 years (1957). The three-wing main building is made of brick and has two 30-meter-high stepped gables as the most striking component. Today's castle stands on massive oak piles from the 14th century, which already served as the foundation of its predecessor buildings. Rebuilt and redesigned several times under its various owners, it received its present form around 1908 under the Münster government master builder Alfred Hensen , who gave the building a neo-Gothic appearance with towers, battlements and a castle chapel based on the English model. Only very little of the former baroque garden to the west of the palace and the park in the English landscape style has survived and is now called the rose garden.
Ermelinghof Castle is a former manor in the Bockum-Hövel district of Hamm. It was first mentioned in a document in 1350.
The Oberwerries Castle is a two-wing moated castle in the Lippeauen the Hammerer municipality Heessen. It is mentioned for the first time in 1284 in the feudal register of the Count of Limburg in the possession of Engelbert von Herbern and comprises several buildings that have grown together over several centuries to form today's palace complex. In the possession of the city of Hamm since 1942, it was restored between 1952 and 1975. Today the moated castle is a popular destination for schools, clubs, associations and groups for training and further education purposes. It also serves as an educational and meeting place and as a venue for representative receptions for the city of Hamm. In the pavilion tower there is the possibility of getting married in a civil ceremony.
Haus Uentrop is a moated castle in the Uentrop district. The castle, built in 1720, is now privately owned and in need of restoration. It has been a listed building since February 6, 1986. It is surrounded by a park.
One of the mansions is Haus Gröneberg in the Uentrop district. Around 1800 it was owned by August Gottfried von Sudhausen (1752–1802), a son of Diedrich Gerhard Friedrich Sudhausen. Since he remained childless, he made his nephew Johann Adolph von Sudhausen a universal heir. The latter sold the Grönberg house in 1809 to the Hofrat Carl Bielefeld in Dortmund. House Gröneberg is still privately owned and has been a listed building since 1986.
Castles and palaces not preserved
The Geinegge castle in Bockum-Hövel , the Hövel castle in Bockum-Hövel and the Homburg in Herringen are no longer preserved . All of these buildings are built over today and can therefore no longer be visited.
The Nordherringen house , which was demolished in the 19th century and is also called Torksburg or Torcksburg after its previous owners , is no longer preserved . It was built as a castle for the Counts von der Mark at the confluence of the Herringer Bach in the Lippe and served to secure the border to the north. It was thus possibly a successor to the Homburg.
The town courtyards of Hamm have also not been preserved. Numerous families could call one their own. The town courtyards served as “secondary households” at times, while the main residence could be relocated to the urban area.
This is especially true for the Nassauer Hof. This was an aristocratic seat on the Nassauerstrasse named after him. Originally it was the von Hausen family's town courtyard. The heiress Katharina (born von Hausen) married the Dortmund mayor Nikolaus von der Bersworth († 1679). The von der Bersworth couple or their heirs sold the town courtyard in Hamm to the von Westhoven family, who had been ennobled in 1712, through whom it then came to the von Sudhausens. Diedrich Gerhard Friedrich Sudhausen († 1770) and his wife Luise Sibylla born. von Westhoven lived on the Heithof (Mark) while they rented the Nassauer Hof from 1757 to 1763 to the State Deputation Commission. The following reference is documented for the year 1766: Nassauer Hof, is single and belongs to H. Kr. R. Sudhaus, who domiciled outside the city on his Guth Heidhof, and wants to pay the house tax because the Nassauer Hof is nobly free . When the War and Domain Chamber Deputation was set up in Hamm in 1767, however, renewed letting failed due to the owner's excessive rental expectations. Only his son, KDK councilor Carl Diedrich Wilhelm von Sudhausen († after 1811) lived in the farm himself, at least in phases, as the Heithof house had passed to his older brother after the estate had been divided (1777) (documented 1803). In December 1792 the brothers Louis XVI. of France, namely Ludwig, Count de Provence, and Karl, Count de Artois, in the Nassauer Hof district. The Prussian king had offered this Hamm as an exile because they had to leave Koblenz after the revolutionary troops marched into the Rhineland. On January 28, 1793, Ludwig de Provence declared himself regent of France in the so-called hammer declaration, as long as his nephew Louis XVII. is underage. The actual Nassauer Hof at Nassauerstraße 13 with the associated outbuildings was sold in 1850 to the Catholic parish, which built the Marienhospital on the site. The name Nassauer Hof was then transferred to the representative building at Nassauer Straße 17, which, although part of the original area of the aristocratic residence, was sold to Hofrat Kühlenthal in 1783. In 1932 this house at Nassauer Strasse 17 had to give way to the extension of the Marienhospital.
The city courtyard of the Barons von der Recke zu Heessen , also called Heessischer Hof (not Hessischer Hof ), was located on Brüderstraße, probably at Brüderstraße 60, for which the director of the Hammonense Grammar School, Carl Schmelzer, is proven to be a tenant in 1886 . The building was located immediately to the east of the school building from 1880. The buildings in Brüderstraße 58 and 59, which were under one roof until the city fire of 1734, belonged to the original courtyard. Even before 1734, the Barons von der Recke had given Brüderstraße 58 to the Catholic community as a Catholic schoolhouse. Brüderstraße 59 was also owned by the glassmaker Konrad Schlömer. The main house, which also burned down in 1734, was sold to Johann Konrad Kirchhoff in 1763 by the widow Anna Elisabeth von der Recke zu Heessen.
The barons of Plettenberg zu Heeren also maintained a town courtyard (Heeren'sches Haus) on the market square, which was used as the domicile of the Märkische War and Domain Chamber Deputation in Hamm from 1767.
Other city courtyards, such as that of the Barons von Galen zu Haus Ermelinghof, have been documented, but have not yet been clearly identified.
Due to the many city fires and the destruction of the Second World War, as well as later demolitions, only a few older buildings have survived in the city center.
The Stuniken house at Antonistraße 10 is a baroque gabled house with an outside staircase. It was built by the municipal chief fire chief Johann Bernhard Stuniken (1702–1784) in 1748 based on the model of north German merchant houses. As one of the few buildings of its time, it survived both the numerous city fires and the air raids on Hamm during World War II. After the builder's death, the house was transferred to his son Nathanael Stuniken. He passed it on to his brother-in-law Johann Peter Schmits. In 1842 his wife, Magdalena geb. Stunics. The house then passed to the merchant August Klaßmann. In 1864 Klaßmann sold the Stunikenhaus to the landlord Friedrich Leffert, who in turn bequeathed it to his son Moritz Leffert in 1878. The building then moved from the Leffert family to the furrier Anton Edel and, after his death, to his son Johann Edel. In 1977 the Edel family sold the property to the city of Hamm. The house was completely restored in 1978. Its interior now offers space for gastronomy. The building has been a listed building since 1986.
The slightly older pre-school building , Südstrasse 8. The two-storey, palais-like eaves building with a hipped roof and pilasters was built by the mayor Gottfried Balthasar Rademacher (1694–1781) and his wife Eva Catharina nee. Retberg in 1744 - three years after the devastating city fire - rebuilt on two old houses. It has been a listed building since 1986. The main facade is structured by four pilasters facing Südstrasse, the capitals of which are located in the window zone on the upper floor. The wrought-iron banister (added in 1744) bears the initials of the builders GBR (= Gottfried Balthasar Rademacher) and ECR (= Eva Catharina Retberg). After the death of the builder, the daughter Marianne and her husband Lieutenant Colonel Ernst von Romberg inherited the house. Romberg's widow still lived here in 1805. In the first half of the 19th century, Justice Commissioner Friedrich August Overbeck was the owner. Subsequently, Wilhelm Johann Heinrich Lent (1798–1868), President of the Hamm Higher Regional Court , lived in the building. The grain dealer Franz Klaphecke partly used the building as a trading office and had storage rooms added for this purpose. His daughter Antonia Klaphecke married the grain dealer Christian Heinrich Vorschulze in 1870, after whom the house bears its current name. It then remained in the possession of the Vorschulze family until 1976 and was finally sold to the city of Hamm. The house was completely renovated in 1980/81 and largely adapted to the original condition from the year it was built. Today one of the registry offices of the city of Hamm is located in the Vorschulze building.
The neighboring house, the Sofra restaurant, south of Haus Vorschulze, was rebuilt in 1746 by the widow Bernhard Henrich Redicker, taking into account the neighboring property acquired from the Hesselmann heirs. The building at Südstrasse 10 has been a listed building since 1989.
Old Henin Brewery
One of the last late medieval half-timbered buildings in the city is the Old Henin Brewery at Eylertstrasse 15, probably the oldest building in the city after the castle mill in Heessen. The house, which was later changed in the front area, was dendrochronologically dated to the year 1516. The upper floor protrudes on the eaves side over cleats. The house at Eylertstrasse 15 on the corner of Widumstrasse and Eylertstrasse was owned by the Auffmordt family in the 18th century. Albert Johann Auffmordt's widow married the landlord Wilhelm Möllenhoff (approx. 1757-1826) for the second time. In 1828 the widow placed a sales advertisement in the Westfälischer Anzeiger. In 1831 the caretaker Ludwig Scharnika was named as the owner of the house. The house got its name after the Henin family, who have been in the house since 1866. After extensive restoration, it now includes a restaurant again.
Reichsbank and Mining Office
From 1913 until its dissolution in 1994, the Hamm Mining Authority was located at Goethestrasse 6 .
Surroundings of the old brewery
Widumstrasse 10 and 12 also belong to this period . The latter was revised in the 19th century. The two-story half-timbered house at Widumstrasse 10 dates from the early 16th century and is one of the oldest houses in Hammer's old town. It has been a listed building since 1989. It was built in the early 16th century as an adjoining house to the large bourgeois house at Widumstraße 12. The Freese house at Widumstraße 36 has also been preserved . In the 19th century, the house was extended to the rear. During the extensive renovation work, the original half-timbering came to light behind the 19th century stucco facade. It has been a listed building since 1986.
The Alt Hamm at Nordstraße 16, which has had a restaurant since it was built, is the last house before the north wall converges on Nordstraße. This corner development explains the pentagonal house floor plan. It was built within four days of a major fire on Sept. 11, 1734, making it one of Hamm's oldest buildings. At first there was also a brewery in the building, then a distillery, later a bakery and today there is a large regulars' table on the site. It survived the Second World War unscathed, so that it still has its original, peculiar shape today. The building has been a listed building since 1985.
Hamm train station
Edmund Peters Bookstore
The Edmund Peters bookstore (owner Heike Hüser) is located in the center of Hammer, more precisely at Oststrasse 26. The half-timbered house, which was plastered in the 19th century, has been a listed building since 1996.
Dabelow / SEB AG
House Dabelow is now used by SEB AG, a bank in downtown Hammer, more precisely at Weststrasse 26. There is also a law firm. The house has been a listed building since 1995. An annual canon of 45 parlors went from the house to the Antonius-Gasthaus and 32 parlors to the West Hospital (documented 1790, 1802). The house was owned by the widow preacher Cochius in 1790 (still documented in 1802). Johann Maximilian Cochius († 1766) was a pastor in Drechen. In 1803 Lieutenant von Plettenberg lived in the house for rent. In 1820 and 1822, the Volmer family of carpenters (carpenter Heinrich Christoph Volmer from Unna († 1820) and 1822 son carpenter journeyman Heinrich Florens Wilhelm Volmer) are proven to be tenants. At that time, the house had already been bequeathed to the daughter of the pastor Johann Maximilian Cochius, Wilhelmine Amalie Cochius. She had married the 1800 Wilhelm Halfmann - pastor in Hagen. As recently as 1831 she is proven to be the owner of the house. In 1846 the heirs of Mrs. Pastor Halfmann placed an advertisement in the Westfälischer Anzeiger. Merchant Heinrich Toppe is documented as the house owner in 1866 and 1886. He ran an iron, steel u. Brass dealership that still existed in 1902. In 1908 Otto F. Dabelow had the house converted into the well-known Dabelow bookstore, which existed until the 1990s. In 1926, according to plans by the architect Hanns Jacquemar Dabelow's Blue Hall, was built in the New Objectivity style, in which, among other things, poetry readings were held. Otto F. Dabelow is also known as the editor of the home calendar for the district and city of Hamm, which was only published for the years 1925, 1926 and 1927.
The Einhorn pharmacy is located at Weststrasse 22. The building was built in 1888 and has been a listed building since 1997. Also listed (since 1997) is the residential and commercial building Nordstrasse 1 (Gilli Couture & Trends), which is connected to the unicorn pharmacy to the north. It is a new building that was built between 1900 and 1905.
Tax office Hamm
The Hamm tax office is responsible for the cities of Hamm, Kamen and Bergkamen and for the municipality of Bönen in the Unna district. The original building on Grünstraße was built in 1924/25. A new building followed later, in which the main entrance is now also located. The building has been a listed building since 1985.
Lommel office building
Among the buildings from the early 20th century, the Lommel commercial building on the corner of Weststrasse and Ritterstrasse should be highlighted. The client was the shoe dealer Viehoff. The "Cafe Metropol" was located on the upper floor, a popular meeting place for young and old at the time. The brick building in expressionist forms was created in 1927 with a design by architect Max Kruse Mark and the Brick Expressionism Act. Further examples of this style in Hamm are the police station, the correctional facility and the citizens' hall, which was demolished in early 2010.
The Hammer Meile is a collection of gastronomic establishments on Südstrasse (between Pauluskirche and Rathaus ). Not all of the restaurants that were originally located here were able to hold up, so that a number of vacancies can be recorded. An investor has now been found for some of them. The St. Marienhospital has built a new clinic building here.
In 2008 it was decided to keep the facades of the historic buildings on Hammer Meile while they were being converted into a clinic. According to the latest archaeological findings - Andreas Schulte carried out research on this mainly in Berlin, Bielefeld and Münster - it can be proven that Südstrasse was the very best residential area in this area in the 18th century. The sales pressure on the Hammer property market, which can be proven in the first half of the 18th century - among other things, aristocratic families sold their townhouses - was compensated for in the second half of the century by the councils at the War and Domain Chamber buying property. Schulte can describe the location and owners of individual, important houses (officials, pastors and professors' houses, poor houses) and prove the location of the town wine house at today's Weststrasse 4. This allows statements to be made about the population structure of entire streets and districts, including the Hammer Meile. Schulte completed a mapping of the fire area from 1741, but the basement mapping is still pending. A house book for the period between 1734 and 1886 will then be created from this, which will also shed more light on this interesting area of the city.
Isenbeck beer glass
In 2004 the city of Hamm received another landmark back. The overflowing beer glass from the former Isenbeck brewery was installed as a reconstruction in its original size on the Universahaus (Südstrasse). However, the sequence of the light elements is slower than in the original. The brewery itself was demolished in 1990; The Allee-Center now stands in its place .
The Komödienhaus at Nordring 9, originally built as a garden house, was built around 1735 and rebuilt in 1777. After severe damage in the Second World War, it was then rebuilt in a simplified manner.
In the middle of the spa park with its old trees and the spa park ponds, which were created in the course of the traditional Bad Hamm , is the Kurhaus of the city of Hamm. It dates from the late 19th century and has been a listed building since 1996. It is reminiscent of the time of “Bad Hamm”, whose “successor” was the neighboring clinic for manual therapy.
War memorial on the parade ground
The war memorial in memory of those who fell in the Franco-Prussian War (1870/71) was erected in 1875 on the west side of the market square. A female figure, representing Germania as a symbol of the German Empire, rises above a six-meter-high base with neo-Gothic style elements and two inscription panels. As early as 1914, the monument was moved to the edge of the parade ground to make room for a second tram track. In 1969 the monument was almost destroyed due to its poor state of preservation and low cultural value . It has been under monument protection since 1989, as the historical testimony is now assessed differently. In 2000 it was completely renovated.
The center of the more than one kilometer long pedestrian zone is the old market square with the Pauluskirche . The town houses built in the 18th century, which still adorned the market square at the beginning of the 20th century, fell victim to the almost complete destruction of the city center of Hammer in the Second World War. The old town hall, also destroyed in the war, was not rebuilt. In its place is the main office of the Sparkasse Hamm, built in 1950/51. The building reminds u. a. through its arcade to the outside of the old town hall.
The Mühle Koch house at Nordstrasse 19 was built on two previous sites after the town fire in 1734. The building has been a listed building since 1990.
The "old" police headquarters in Hamm is located at Hohe Str. 80. The building was built in 1926/27 and has been a listed building since 1985. Behind it extends the modern new building, accessible via Grünstrasse. 10. The old and new buildings are connected to one another in the courtyard by a glazed corridor. The four sandstone figures by the Düsseldorf sculptor Josef Körschgen above the main entrance of the "old" police headquarters symbolize the four cardinal virtues of courage, wisdom, justice and prudence.
There were some legendary urban emergency shelters in Hafenstrasse. In addition to old poverty with a “traveling” past and new poverty since around the end of the First World War, Sinti resident and immigrant Sinti also lived here under extremely poor conditions. At the end of the 1960s, the barracks camp was closed, the residents were distributed across the city and the area was built on.
Remnants of the medieval city wall were uncovered on the north wall in 1985 and partially rebuilt.
Water towers mountains
The water towers on Hellweg in the Berge district can only be viewed from the outside. The eastern water tower was built in 1907 and holds 2,000 m³ of water. The second tower was built in 1915 and has a capacity of 3,000 m³. Its highest water level is 132 m above sea level. The water towers are used to equalize the pressure before the water coming from the Ruhr is distributed in Hamm.
Hamm is often referred to as the city in the country, which is due not least to the almost rural location and the numerous parks in the city districts and the cleared, renatured mining dumps.
The Friedrich-Ebert-Park or Ebertpark for short, located in the west of Hamm, extends between Oberonstraße, Wilhelm-Liebknecht-Straße and Wilhelmstraße. It is popularly called Germaniapark. The Friedrich Ebert Realschule, the Parkschule and the Märkisches Gymnasium, the trendy bar “Hoppegarden”, as well as the culture workshop and the new site of the former Germaniabad / Titaniapark with a stone labyrinth and an adventure course are located on it. There are two large ponds in the park, as well as an ash grove, a small wood, and a rich fauna and flora.
The Bad Hamm spa gardens are also very popular with the city's residents, and are connected to the parade ground to the east and the Datteln-Hamm Canal to the south. The park surrounds the Kurhaus, the theater and the clinic for manual therapy.
Maximilianpark is located in the Ostwennemar district . This is a local recreation and event location that was created on the occasion of the first state horticultural show in 1984 in the area of the former Maximilian colliery . As a (new) landmark of the city of Hamm, the glass elephant was created here through the conversion of the colliery's former coal washing facility. Today the maxi-laboratory and a small garden are located in the glass elephant in the upper area.
There is a green belt around the city center, the so-called ring systems. On the one hand, they show the course of the Ahse in the southern and western parts before it was laid and still give a good impression of the course of the city wall, the ramparts and the moats of the city of Hamm.
The Selbachpark is located in the Pelkum district and was created in 1974/75 on the basis of the Ruhr area parks. It offers a wide range of opportunities for recreation and sports. In addition to the leisure pool with wave pool, there is also a mini golf and other sports facilities, e.g. B. for athletics and tennis. The park-like green spaces are embedded in the surrounding forest and agricultural areas.
The Hamm Zoo is located south of the city center on Grünstraße . This was first opened on June 30, 1934 as the "Südstadtpark" zoo and plant garden. After being destroyed in a bombing raid on April 22, 1944, the zoo was rebuilt in 1950.
Hamm has an extensive range of hiking trails and cycle paths that are integrated into supraregional networks such as the Roman route . After the Kissinger Höhe has been approved as a local recreation area, a further 7 km of hiking trails are available there. The highest point of the dump offers a wide view of the land, including up to the hair strand.
The Heessener Wald, a wooded area that stretches from the Hamm-Heessen district to Ahlen , is also particularly suitable for hiking . The Waldbühne Heessen is also located in the area of the Heesener Wald .
In Hamm, a variety of sports are represented in a large number of differently sized and important clubs. The approximately 160 sports clubs are an essential part of the city's club and social system. Some clubs have gained supra-regional importance. The city is also the seat of the Westfälischer Turnerbund e. V. in Oberwerries Castle.
Since Westfalia Rhynern could not secure relegation in the Regionalliga West in the 17/18 season , Westfalia Rhynern and Hammer SpVg play in the Oberliga Westfalen . In the 1970s, the SC Eintracht Hamm was important, which almost rose to the 2nd Bundesliga , but lost decisive games and thus got financial problems.
Ice sports were represented in Hamm by three clubs. Ice hockey, in particular, enjoyed great popularity during the 1990s. ASV Hamm (Hammer Eisbären) was the first club to step onto the ice. From the 1994/95 season, the club played in the first division north . After two seasons in 1996/97, he finally had to spend a season in the 2nd division north before he was promoted again to the 1st division north. However, the polar bears did not finish this last season in the second-highest division. Two game days before the end of the game had to be stopped due to bankruptcy after a bankruptcy petition in March 1998 by the player Brad Scott. The association was dissolved shortly afterwards. In the following season, the newly founded ESC Hamm (Hammer Huskies) began playing and quickly rose to the regional league with a number of players from the dissolved Hammer Eisbären. The club played there five seasons before it was dissolved. As with the polar bears, financing problems played a role, but these were far less serious than with the Hammer Eisbären at the end of the 1997/98 season.
Today there is only the Lippe-Hockey-Hamm (Young Stars) club, which, as the successor to the Hammer Huskies, initially caught the youth who had become homeless after the ESC Hamm was dissolved. The first team has been playing in the 2010/11 ice hockey league of the LEV NRW since the beginning of the 2010/11 season . The umbrella association is primarily dedicated to youth work. The first team has been operating under the traditional name of Hammer Eisbären since May 31, 2011.
The most successful representative of handball in Hamm is ASV Hamm 04/69 Handball , which played with its first men's team in the second handball league since the 2006/07 season . After winning the championship in the 2nd division in 2010, the first men's team was allowed to play in the first 1st handball Bundesliga in the 2010/11 season .
Before the start of the season, the handball community Ahlen-Hamm was formed with the former league rival Ahlener SG under the umbrella of the ASV Hamm gaming company. After a turbulent year of joint game operations and the establishment of a handball performance base in Ahlen, both clubs have separated again and are now performing with their respective first teams under their own names. After the separation, the team will compete under the name ASV Hamm-Westfalen in the new single-track 2nd handball Bundesliga. There the team finished sixth in 2011/12. With an average of almost 2,000 spectators, the team is still one of the crowd pullers in the city of Hamm. The home arena has been the Westpress Arena with 2,500 seats since 2008 .
Water sports and water polo
A well-known representative of water sports in Hamm is the Maxi-Swim-Team Hamm. It was founded in December 2005 from the service providers of the then swimming department of SC Rote Erde Hamm . Since then, the competitive swimmers have won numerous medals at NRW and German championships.
The aforementioned SC Rote Erde Hamm was German champion eleven times in its heyday and is the German record runner-up after being replaced as record champion by Wasserfreunde Spandau 04. Most recently, the men's team of SC Rote Erde played in the second division west. On the first of September 2010, SC Rote Erde and SV Brambauer - a former competitor from the first and second league times - founded the starting community SGW SC Rote Erde / SV Brambauer. In addition to promoting young talent and setting up a talent center, the starting community has the common goal of establishing a team in the 1st Bundesliga. In addition to the team in the second division, the starting community maintains a top division, association and district division team. The parent club SC Rote Erde brought the water polo area completely into the starting community and since then has limited itself to the establishment of a new swimming team, artificial swimming and aqua fitness.
The German Underwater Club Hamm - also DUC Hamm - founded in 1962, carries out a canal swim in June or July every year . The route length is 2,000 meters. In addition, a team of the DUC starts in underwater rugby , the team competed in the three-pronged 2. Bundesliga Group West.
Numerous other hammer clubs are also active in swimming training, u. a. the DLRG local group Hamm, whose focus is on training non-swimmers to become swimmers and lifeguards.
For decades, the city was represented in fistball by the teams of TV Westfalia Hamm . They joined Hammer SC 2008 after the 2011/12 winter season . The first women's team plays in the 1st Bundesliga North and the men's first team after their forced relegation in the 2nd Bundesliga . In the years before that, the men were able to win several German championships and also European Cup victories. Numerous former and current national players play here.
The SK Germania Herringen represents Hamm with the first men's team and the first women's team with some exceptions for some decades in the first roller hockey league and takes since 2006 throughout the European Cup in part. The men won the German championship for the first time in the finals against ERG Iserlohn in the 2012/13 season .
In table tennis, the TTC Grünweiß Bad Hamm played with a men’s team in the 1st table tennis Bundesliga for many years . Even the American Football is in Hamm through the Aces Ahlen-Hamm represented, since 2005 they let the lip Bowl unsubscribe.
The boxing club MBR Hamm belonged to the Oberliga Nord in 2007/08.
Due to the structural change in the Ruhr area , Hamm is dependent on investing in the future. Since Hamm is a conglomerate of originally independent medium- sized towns belonging to the district, attempts have been made since the regional reform in 1975 to connect the districts with one another. Several projects have already been implemented in the past, and more are planned for the future:
- Reconstruction of the Bahnhofsviertel, main projects: redevelopment of the fallow areas of the public swimming pool and the old main fire station, redesign of the Neue Bahnhofstrasse and the adjoining buildings, dismantling of the underpass Neue Bahnhofstrasse.
- Master plan traffic with new traffic concepts for road and rail. Among other things, the creation of two new train stops in the south of the city, the installation of a light rail using the mine railway lines after 2015 and the construction of some new road connections are planned. An example of this is Warendorfer Strasse, which was completed in mid-2012. It connects the districts of Bockum-Hövel and Heessen with each other. Another road construction project is the relocation of the B 63 between Bönen and Hammer city center to a route parallel to the railway. The latter is primarily intended to relieve traffic in the Pelkum district and connect the freight station, port and associated industrial areas more quickly to the Bönen junction of the A 2.
- Further construction of the A 445 to Rhynern with connection to the A 2 based on the traffic master plan (preliminary design completed, pending planning approval, planned completion: 2015)
- Hamm ans Wasser (the main Lippesee project was rejected, remaining sub-projects partially implemented or in implementation)
- Establishment of a supra-communal commercial and industrial area (150 ha) with the municipality of Bönen under the project name InlogParc (in planning)
- Conversion of the empty barracks: A (partial) demolition of individual objects is also up for debate. The former tank destroyer barracks of the Wehrmacht , which later served as the Cromwell Barracks of the British Army on the Rhine , was demolished in 2008. The 9 hectare area is to be used as building land (in planning and implementation).
Hammer or Hammer?
Are the residents of Hamm now called Hammer or Horgenser ?
The answer to this question probably depends on which local patriotic faction one is leaning towards. Some talk about hammers, others about hammers.
On the official website of the city of Hamm, most of the talk is about hammers. The local media also speak uniformly of hammers.
Most of the time, the people describe themselves as Hammers, who have lived there for many generations and who belong to a certain, mostly humanistic, population class. The common citizen, employee or worker has always referred to himself as a hammer, and many nowadays do not even know that the concept of Hogle even exists.
Before 1945, the city of Hamm granted honorary citizenship to the following people :
- 1844: Rulemann Friedrich Eylert
- 1877: Wilhelm von der Marck
- 1879: Franz Borberg
- 1881: Ludwig Hartmann
- 1898: Adalbert Falk
- 1900: Hermann Irgahn
- 1907: Eduard Windthorst
- 1919: Richard Matthaei
The city of Hamm has granted honorary citizenship to the following people since 1945 :
- 1946: Josef Schlichter
- 1953: Hugo Bröcker
- 1954: Josef Weidekamp
- 1959: Peter Röttgen
- 1959: Ferdinand Poggel
- 1965: Heinrich Luhmann
- 1971: Gerhard Krampe
- 1990: Werner Figgen
- 1990: Günter Rinsche
sons and daughters of the town
In Hamm, Freiherr vom Stein acted as president of the War and Domain Chamber of the County of Mark and the former Prussian minister of education Adalbert Falk as president of the higher regional court . Under the latter, the court moved into a new building at today's Theodor-Heuss-Platz. This building has been used as the town hall of Hamm for many years .
Here is a small selection of the people born in Hamm:
- Since the 13th century, the Asbeck family , head of the bakers' guild, mayor, owner of the Asbeck brewery and yeast factory.
- 1674, March 14th, Christian Gerhard Offerhaus , professor of philosophy at the Academic Gymnasium in Hamm.
- 1699, November 18, Leonard Offerhaus , historian in the Netherlands.
- 1738, July 19, Johann Karl Theodor von Brabeck , abbot and prince-bishop of Corvey.
- 1765, June 20, Elias Marks , Jewish merchant and philanthropist .
- 1770, April 5th, Rulemann Friedrich Eylert , Reformed pastor in Hamm, evangelical bishop in Potsdam.
- 1796, August 29th, Franz Borberg , baker and city councilor.
People who are connected to Hamm
Close ties with Hamm include:
- The Brechte family provided several mayors and other civil servants and made social foundations.
- Noblemen of Rüdenberg , long-time tenants of the village and castle of Mark .
- Galen (noble family) , were the castle men of the Counts of the Mark.
- Counts of Werl , original rulers of the region.
- Count of Hövel , founder of the County of Hövel.
- Counts of the Mark . They founded the city and ruled the county of Mark and thus also Hamm.
- Recke (noble family) . Heessen Castle was one of their headquarters for over 300 years .
- Torck , aristocratic family, long resident of Haus Nordherringen .
- Vollenspit , Westphalian noble family belonging to the knighthood, castle men of the Counts von der Mark and feudal takers to the Nordherringen house .
- 15th century, Christina von Hamm , mystic and saint. She supposedly wore the stigmata of Christ.
- 1519, Hermann von Kerssenbrock , Rector of the Latin School in Hamm.
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- Anneliese Beeck: Things were looking up in Hamm 1949–1955. Westfälischer Anzeiger Verlagsgesellschaft, Hamm 1997, ISBN 3-924966-13-3 .
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- Declaration by the Lord Mayor on this affair ( memento of the original from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
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- The council of the city of Hamm
- http://www.hamm.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Medienarchiv/Rathaus/Dokumente/Haushalt/HH-Plan_2017_2018.pdf . ( Memento of the original from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Budget 2017/2018 - budget restructuring plan, p. 7 ff. (PDF; 6 MB).
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- Cabinet on the NRW Day 2009 of March 6, 2007
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- ( Page no longer available , search in web archives: Homepage of the Hamm Art Group )
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