Vocational college

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Because of the different educational systems in the individual federal states of the Federal Republic of Germany, the name Berufskolleg refers to partially completely different school systems or educational programs.

In some federal states , vocational colleges are just special types of vocational schools.

Vocational college in North Rhine-Westphalia

Commercial vocational college foreign languages

The commercial vocational college for foreign languages ​​is a two-year school that offers commercial foreign language training and is offered in some federal states. It is intended to expand the general education of pupils from secondary schools, tenth grades of grammar schools or comprehensive schools and industrial schools and introduce them to professional life. The training takes place full-time and the focus is on the language subjects German, English and French / Spanish. After two years, the students take an examination to become a 'state-certified business assistant'. If the pupil chooses the additional subjects mathematics and physics, the advanced technical college entrance qualification can be acquired with an additional examination , with which it is possible to study at universities of applied sciences. Participation in the subjects of mathematics and physics has been compulsory since 2009, as the advanced technical college entrance qualification is to be achieved at all vocational colleges.

Admission requirements for the commercial vocational college with foreign languages ​​are:

  • Secondary school graduation
  • Completion of a two-year vocational school leading to a technical college entrance qualification (e.g. business school)
  • Promotion after class 10 of a grammar school or
  • proof of an equivalent level of education

The following applies: In the subjects German and English, the grade must be satisfactory in each case.

Vocational college graphic design


In some federal states there is a professional college for graphic design. Teaching is based on a state-prescribed curriculum . The focus is on the job-related subjects of graphic design, typography, photo design, free drawing, font graphics and media technology. In addition, there are theoretical subjects such as German, ethics, English, economics and social studies, mathematics, art history, advertising theory and advertising copy. The additional subjects English (FH) and Mathematics (FH) can be chosen to acquire the advanced technical college entrance qualification.


  1. Intermediate educational qualification or promotion to class 11 (G9) or class 10 (G8) of a grammar school or equivalent level of education
  2. Presentation of a portfolio with self-made designs
  3. Passing the entrance exam
  4. Sufficient German language skills for foreign applicants

Focus of the training

It is important to develop, promote and train creativity in the field of visual design for qualification in the advertising and media industry. The imparting of knowledge and skills for the implementation of design tasks is a major challenge. The graphic designer is thus trained creatively, technically and using manual, photographic and computer-technical design tools (multimedia). Both technological and economic aspects are included in planning, design and implementation.


State-certified graphic designer or design assistant (GTA). If you take the additional examination: entrance qualification for a university of applied sciences . Educational level: Degree at upper secondary level

Vocational college in Baden-Württemberg

The vocational college for the acquisition of the technical college entrance qualification ( BKFH ) in Baden-Württemberg is a school that leads students to the technical college entrance qualification in one year with full-time instruction, with which they can study at all technical colleges in Germany. Thus, the BKFH corresponds to the one-year technical college in other federal states. Attending the BKFH requires a secondary school leaving certificate and completed vocational training. The focus of the lessons (commercial, technical, etc.) result from the previous completion of the vocational training.

There are also vocational colleges in Baden-Württemberg that offer training to become a state-certified assistant within two years of having completed secondary school. In the commercial area, there is a two-tier commercial vocational college in various forms. In addition, there are two-year vocational colleges for business informatics or foreign languages. Further vocational colleges of this type are also offered in other subject areas. All these vocational colleges have in common that, in addition to the assistant qualification (e.g. state-certified business assistant), an additional course in mathematics and a natural science can be acquired at the same time as a technical college entrance qualification, which until 2008 was only recognized in Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate. As a result of a reform, the technical college entrance qualification is now the primary qualification in commercial vocational college 2, while the state-certified business assistant can only be acquired through an additional examination. This technical college entrance qualification is also recognized nationwide (school part), but the professional part must also be proven. This professional part can be proven by a six-month internship or by a two-year professional activity in the training occupation. Vocational colleges thus also replace the technical college common in other federal states . At three-year part-time commercial and technical vocational colleges, in addition to a state-certified professional title, the advanced technical college entrance qualification can also be acquired. Requirement: secondary school leaving certificate.

Another type of vocational college makes it possible to acquire a professional qualification based on the Abitur, e.g. B. the vocational college for computer science.

General higher education entrance qualification (AHR) at the vocational college

In some federal states, vocational colleges offer the opportunity to B. in the courses of the gymnasiale Oberstufe (GOS) to acquire the Abitur and at the same time a professional qualification. The entrance requirement is the technical college entrance qualification with qualification note. There is also the FOS 13 (technical college, grade 13) at the vocational college. The entrance requirement for this is the technical college entrance qualification. The FOS 13 leads to general university entrance qualification (Abitur) in one year. The regulations in North Rhine-Westphalia are presented here as an example of the GOS.

Entry requirements

The pupils must have at least the technical college entrance qualification with the authorization to attend the gymnasiale Oberstufe (ie with a qualification note). Pupils who have acquired the academic part of the technical college entrance qualification in the two-year higher vocational school at the vocational college can be admitted directly to grade 12 of the GOS course in the same subject area. You must demonstrate knowledge of a second foreign language to the extent of the lessons in grade 11. The vocational colleges thus contribute to the permeability of the education system and offer not only a general education, but also a job-related alternative to the upper secondary level at grammar schools or comprehensive schools.

Relation to the professional field

The connection to the chosen professional field is established on the one hand through compulsory internships and on the other hand through corresponding subject offers. The following professional qualifications can be obtained in North Rhine-Westphalia:

Design department

Department of Health / Social Affairs

  • State-certified educator (four years including a year of practical training)

Department of Computer Science

Faculty of technology / natural sciences

Department of Economics and Administration


Lessons are organized in basic and advanced courses according to the pattern of the upper level. In grade 12, an internship of at least four weeks in the chosen professional area must be completed. In addition to the range of subjects offered by the grammar school, there are job-related subjects, such as business informatics or economics in the commercial area. The Abitur and the first part of the final vocational examination are completed at the end of grade 13. With the exception of the educators (see above), the graduates have to complete a twelve-week internship after graduation, which is accompanied by the school. This is followed by the second part of the vocational school examination (grade 14).

Technical schools

Conditions for registration

Technical schools are institutions for professional development. Whoever is at least admitted to the technical school

  1. the completion of the training in a training occupation relevant to the objectives of the respective subject area and
  2. the vocational school qualification and
  3. can provide evidence of at least one year of work in the training occupation, which can also be completed during the technical college training and
  4. has the technical college entrance qualification (Mittlere Reife).

Notwithstanding this, anyone who can provide evidence of relevant professional activity of at least five years can be admitted to the technical school.

Duration of the course

As a rule, the course lasts four semesters (half-year school) in the evening or part-time form (graduates often choose this form if they want to maintain their professional activity during the period of the technician training); for applicants who have at least the technical college entrance qualification, the duration may be shortened to six semesters. In the full-time form, the duration of the training is two school years (four semesters).

final exam

The course concludes with the final exam. B. for or to the "state certified educator / technician / computer scientist / business economist" . The examination consists of a written and an oral part, and the advanced technical college entrance qualification can also be obtained. This is a post-secondary education in Germany or a tertiary education in international comparison.

See also


  • Christoph Franz: The commercial vocational college in Baden-Württemberg. Studies on the social and didactic-curricular differentiation of a complex type of school . Dissertation, University of Konstanz 2007 ( full text )

Individual evidence

  1. University entrance qualification at the vocational college
  2. State Institute for School Development: Graphic Design Education Plan ( Memento from May 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 2.4 MB)
  3. Portal of the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Culture: BK for the acquisition of the technical college entrance qualification
  4. ^ Portal of the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Culture: Vocational College
  5. ^ Portal of the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Culture: Commercial-technical BKs in part-time instruction
  6. ^ Portal of the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Culture: BK for Informatics