An entrance examination (in Austrian German: entrance examination ) is intended to ensure that a learner meets the requirements for a course .
If there are several learning groups, this can be done through placement tests to determine at which level the learner can work most successfully. Often it is a matter of ensuring that a minimum level can be achieved in the learning event.
Particularly notorious are the alleged entrance exams in Japanese elite kindergartens and elementary schools, which prepare for the entrance exams for secondary schools, which in turn prepare for the entrance exams to the top universities ; compare school in Japan .
Entrance exams are controversial because, on the one hand, they promote social selection (exam preparation can be very costly) and, on the other hand, they are intended to bring about homogeneous learning groups that are not generally regarded as meaningful learning prerequisites in learning theory .
- Examination , selection process , concours (selection process)
- Aptitude test , test
- Central entrance examination in Zurich