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A Maire from Mauritania visits an official in France

Maire is the French name for the mayor of a mairie . For the origin of the word from Latin see Meier .


The name Maire became known through the expansion of France under Napoléon to other European countries, namely to the Rhineland and the model states of the Rhine Confederation , which introduced an administration based on the French model. This official title was later adopted in countries that emerged from French colonies . The mayor was supported by the maire-adjoint ("deputy mayor") and a conseil municipal ("municipal council").

Kingdom of Westphalia

In the Westphalian administrative code, for the first time, a Maire was in charge of the local administration. The adjunct represented the administration by means of a delegation at most in cases of illness. The mayor was responsible for an unprecedented wealth of duties of a Reich official. He supervised the community property, distributed funds from the budget, requisitioned direct taxes, ran the community treasury, and supervised funds and foundations. He had regulatory duties, monitored cleanliness and health care, took care of the maintenance of public buildings and churches, and protected public tranquility . In addition, he authorized assemblies and societies, examined those posted for conscription and evaluated administrative processes.

The predecessor form of the Maire was the municipality . The Mairies were combined into cantons .

A seal of the Mairie with the Napoleon emblem can be found under Lünen.


  1. See Wilhelm Kohl : Verwaltung in den Eastern Departements , 1937, p. 31.