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Coordinates 53 ° 48 ′  N , 1 ° 45 ′  W Coordinates: 53 ° 48 ′  N , 1 ° 45 ′  W
OS National Grid SE163329
Bradford (England)
Residents 293,717 (as of April 29, 2001)
surface 64.4 km² (24.86  mi² )
Population density: 4561 inhabitants per km²
Post town BRADFORD
ZIP code section BD1-BD99
prefix 01274
Part of the country England
region Yorkshire and the Humber
Shire county West Yorkshire
District Bradford
British Parliament Bradford North, Bradford West, Bradford South
Bradford location map
The center of Bradford as seen from Leeds Road (east).
Bradford climate diagram

Bradford [ ˈbrædfəd ] is a city in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the English county of West Yorkshire and eponymous core town and administrative seat of the Metropolitan Borough City of Bradford . According to the 2001 census, Bradford had a total of 293,717 inhabitants.

The Metropolitan Borough, which also includes the cities of Keighley and Shipley and rural towns, had a population of around 524,000 in 2012.


Bradford was a rather insignificant town until about 1840. Then, as part of industrialization , it developed into the center of industrial wool processing with the neighboring cities of Halifax and Huddersfield . From the combed wool and spun into yarn , worsted fabrics were produced that were exported worldwide. The textile industry in neighboring Lancashire was also supplied with yarn. In the late 19th century, not only domestic wool was processed, but also goods imported from Australia ( merino ) and South America ( alpaca and sheep wool). Like the neighboring cities, Bradford was a stronghold of non-conformism . In Bradford in 1893, after a strike in Manningham Mill, independent Labor candidates ran for the first time in Great Britain without an electoral alliance with the Liberals .

In 1919 Bradford became an Anglican bishopric . The Second World War, withstood Bradford largely undamaged, but something else was doing his duty. The little war damage in Bradford prompted the authorities to restructure and rebuild the city. The loss of numerous historic streets and, in general, the loss of Bradford's historic face is to be lamented. 1966 was several colleges the status of a University awarded.

Shortly before the Second World War, the first Kashmiris from Mirpur came to Bradford in what is now Asad Kashmir, now Pakistani . Bradford's Pakistani population is now the highest in Britain. There are also immigrants from Bangladesh , Muslims from the Indian state of Gujarat and Sikhs from the Punjab . At 24.7 percent, Bradford is the British city with the second highest proportion of Muslims (after Blackburn ). On the one hand, Bradford has become Curry Capital and markets itself as a multicultural model. Mohammed Ajeeb , a native of Bangladesh, was elected Britain's first Asian Mayor in 1985. On the other hand, the immigration of Muslims from South Asia brought with it specific integration problems and there is often complaint about ethnic segregation in which the individual population groups remain to themselves. Between June 9 and 11, 1995, violent unrest on the part of residents of Pakistani origin took place in the city, triggered by police intervention against “wild” football games by young people of Pakistani origin, including massive violence against non-Muslim people and property (looting, arson). The riots were subsequently discussed in Great Britain as the result of a long-term policy of turning a blind eye and neglecting the social misfortunes associated with abandoned Muslim immigration. The city had previously hit the headlines after the public burning of the Satanic Verses of Salman Rushdie by the Bradford Council of Mosques in 1989.

On May 11, 1985, Bradford's Valley Parade Stadium suffered a serious fire disaster, with 56 dead and 265 injured. The entire main stand was destroyed during a soccer game.

Culture and sights


The parish church of St. Peter, a cathedral since 1919 , essentially dates from the 15th century and is Gothic in character. However, individual parts date from Norman times, parts of the interior furnishings from later centuries.

Bradford is home to two of Britain's most important industrial monuments . The textile factory and workers' settlement in the suburb of Saltaire were declared a World Heritage Site in 2001 . They are the anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Culture (ERIH). The Manningham Mill with its over 100 m high chimney in the style of a Tuscan town hall tower was once the largest textile factory in Europe. In the city center there are magnificent Victorian buildings such as the neo-Gothic town hall and the former wool exchange in the same style. Methodist and Baptist chapels in the working- class neighborhoods , congregational churches in the bourgeois districts identify Bradford as a (former) stronghold of non-conformism .

Deobandis and Barelwis each want to build a monumental mosque in the city , but these projects have not yet been completed due to financial difficulties. However, there is a mosque of the Ahmadiyya community and representative Sikh and Hindu temples in the city .



Bradford is the setting for the crime thrillers Tony Hill and Carol Jordan from Val McDermid . The crime films are broadcast on German-speaking television under the title Hautnah - Die Methode Hill . In addition, a traditional mela (bazaar) is held annually in Bradford, which is home to many South Asian immigrants (mostly of Muslim faith) .


The football club Bradford City - FA Cup winner in 1911 - has been playing in the third-tier League One since the 2013/14 season . With the Bradford Bulls , the city can also boast a successful rugby league club.

In 1985 and 1990, the Speedway Individual World Cup final took place in Bradford's Odsal Stadium.

Former snooker player and 1986 world champion Joe Johnson is from Bradford.

Town twinning

Bradford's twin cities are


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked on site

  • The German writer Georg Weerth (1822–1856) lived in Bradford from 1843 to 1846.
  • Jacob Moser (1839–1922), entrepreneur, philanthropist and Zionist, lived in Bradford from 1863 to 1922.
  • Walter Cramer (1886–1944), textile entrepreneur and resistance fighter, was an apprentice in Bradford.
  • Martyn Jope (1915–1996) founded the Department of Archaeological Sciences at Bradford University.
  • Justin Sullivan (* 1956), founder, songwriter and lead singer of the band New Model Army , lives in Bradford.
  • Bob Hardy, bassist in the Franz Ferdinand group, comes from Bradford.


National Museum of Photography, Film and Television

Bradford hosts the Bradford International Film Festival , which focuses particularly on the showing of widescreen films , showing films that are often restored and seldom shown. The festival is currently the only opportunity in Europe to see films in the rare Cinemiracle recording format , including the film Windjammer from 1958.

Individual evidence

  1. KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas. Retrieved April 10, 2010 .
  2. Cf. on this the study by Bradford sociology professor Marie Macey: "Interpreting Islam: young Muslims men involvement in criminal activity in Bradford" , pp. 19–49; in: Basia Spalek: Islam, Crime and Criminal Justice, Willan Publishing, 2002, Portland, OR 97213-3644 USA, ISBN 978-1-903240-89-2
  3. ^ Bradford Twin Town Association ( Memento June 28, 2009 on the Internet Archive ), accessed November 21, 2018

Web links

Commons : Bradford  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files