Lord Mayor is an official title for heads of administrations in larger cities .
Head of municipal administrations in larger cities in Germany
In addition to the mayor, there are usually one or more adjunct mayor and responsible for specific topics department heads . The name results directly from the population of the city ( Baden-Württemberg : from 20,000 inhabitants, Saarland : from 30,000 inhabitants) or from the historically justified special name of the city ( Bavaria : large district town , sometimes with fewer than 20,000 inhabitants).
In the city-states of Berlin and Hamburg as well as in the city of Bremen , the title of Lord Mayor is not used (but it is used in the seaside town of Bremerhaven, which belongs to the state of Bremen ). The heads of the city governments are called Governing Mayor (Berlin), First Mayor (Hamburg) or Mayor and President of the Senate (Bremen). In the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck (214,400 inhabitants) and Wismar (42,400 inhabitants), the city leaders are traditionally called mayors rather than mayors.
Due to the influence of the British occupying forces , a two-pronged city spire was set up in Lower Saxony , North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein in the years after 1945 . The honorary mayor was chairman of the City Council and representative of the city . In addition, the council appointed an electoral officer for a certain term of office as senior city director , who was the full-time head of administration. In Schleswig-Holstein, the office of senior city director was abolished in 1950, in Lower Saxony in 1996 and in North Rhine-Westphalia in 1999.
Head of local government in major cities in Europe
- In Belgium , each municipality has only one mayor.
- In Denmark there is only one Overborgmester , namely that of the capital Copenhagen .
- In Finland , the mayor ( Kaupunginjohtaja ) of the capital Helsinki is usually given the title Ylipormestari by the President of the Republic of Finland .
- In Great Britain there is the title of Lord Mayor , but the title holder usually only performs ceremonial functions. A well-known example is the Lord Mayor of London . The political tasks are usually assigned to a directly elected Mayor - in London the Mayor of London . Today there is a Lord Mayor in some British cities : in England in Birmingham , Bradford , Bristol , Canterbury , Chester , Coventry , Exeter , Kingston upon Hull , Leeds , Leicester , Liverpool , in the City of London , Manchester , Newcastle upon Tyne , Norwich , Nottingham , Oxford , Plymouth , Portsmouth , Sheffield , Stoke-on-Trent , in the City of Westminster and York , in Wales in Cardiff and Swansea and in Belfast in Northern Ireland . In Scotland there is a Lord Provost in Aberdeen , Dundee , Edinburgh and Glasgow .
- In Ireland there is a Lord Mayor in Cork and Dublin .
- In the Netherlands , each municipality has only one mayor. However, the Dutch mayor also has a public official who is called loco-burgemeester in the college of municipal management .
- In Austria each municipality has only one mayor. In Vienna , which is both a city and a federal state, the mayor also exercises the office of governor .
- In Poland , the head of independent cities and selected cities is called Prezydent miasta . The term “ city president ” roughly corresponds to that of a lord mayor.
- In Sweden there is the term Överborgmästare just like Borgmästare , but it is only used for translations of foreign municipal office names. The representatives of the people in the Swedish municipalities elect a municipal council (Kommunstyrelse) of usually 9 to 15 people. This is headed by a chairman, who is also a kind of top representative of the municipality. This chairman and, in some cases, other members of the community council also hold the post of community council (Kommunalråd) . These are political officials who work part-time or full-time for this work. In some municipalities they are also subordinate to specific subject areas, with the chairman often responsible for finance. Often the opposition names at least one Kommunalråd , which is then without any area of responsibility. A slightly different system is used in Stockholm . There is the office of Borgarråd , to which a certain department (Rotel) is subordinate. The opposition parties each appoint an opposition borgarråd without a department. The chairman of the city government and thus the highest representative of the city is usually Finansborgarråd, who is responsible for finance . There is no division between the district mayor and the lord mayor in Sweden; Large Swedish cities do not have directly elected city district councilors, only district committees.
- In Switzerland is in some cities of German-speaking Switzerland , for. B. in Winterthur and Zurich , mayor the official name for the mayor. This designation corresponds roughly to that of a lord mayor, although the city presidents are always primus inter pares and the other members of the city executive are on an equal footing.
- In the Czech Republic , the Lord Mayor is called Primátor and is the head of a statutory city .
- In Hungary every municipality has a mayor ( Polgármester ). In the capital Budapest , the districts have mayors, and the head of the city is called Főpolgármester , literally the chief mayor .
Head of local government in major cities around the world
- There are cities in Australia with a Lord Mayor each : Adelaide , Brisbane , Darwin , Hobart , Melbourne , Newcastle , Parramatta , Perth , Sydney and Wollongong .
- In Canada , the city of Niagara-on-the-Lake is the only one to have a Lord Mayor . Legend has it that the title was awarded because the city was the first capital of Upper Canada . However, the use of the title is only documented from the 1920s and has been enshrined in law since 1969.
- List of the German Lord Mayors
- List of independent cities in Germany
- County seat
- City Director
- Church types
- Henry Bäck, Hubert Heinelt , Annick Magnier (Eds.): The European Mayor: Political Leaders in the Changing Context of Local Democracy. Springer-VS, Wiesbaden 2006, ISBN 978-3-531-14574-7 (English).
- Jörg Bogumil , Hubert Heinelt (Hrsg.): Mayors in Germany: Political science studies on directly elected mayors. Springer-VS, Wiesbaden 2005, ISBN 978-3-531-14541-9 .
- Daniel Fuchs: The election of mayors - a nationwide comparison . Edited by Sebastian Olthoff, Municipal Science Institute of the University of Potsdam, July 2007, ISBN 978-3-939469-91-9 ( PDF: 342 kB, 109 pages on kobv.de).
- David H. Gehne: Mayor: manager between the citizenry, council and administration. Boorberg, Stuttgart 2012, ISBN 978-3-415-04875-1 .
- Helga Lukoschat , Jana Belschner: Women lead municipalities: An investigation into mayors in East and West. European Academy for Women in Politics and Business Berlin (EAF), Berlin 2014 ( download page ).
- Michael Partmann, Gerd Strohmeier : Political constitution of the local level. In: From Politics and Contemporary History . No. 38/39: Parlamentarismus , September 2012, pp. 38–43 ( online at bpb.de).
- Paul Witt (Hrsg.): Career opportunity mayor: Guide for the successful candidacy and administration. 2nd, revised edition. Richard Boorberg, Stuttgart a. a. 2016, ISBN 978-3-415-05415-8 ( excerpt in the Google book search).
- Federal Ministry for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ): Equal Opportunities Atlas: Administrative Heads. In: bmfsfj.de. Data status: December 2017 (representation of women at the top of local authorities).