City President

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City President describes various functions in local government in Germany , Switzerland and, in the translated sense, in Poland .


The municipal ordinances in Germany name the chairperson elected from among their representatives very differently.

He is named city ​​president in the four independent cities of Schleswig-Holstein .

In Bremerhaven and in Hessian cities, the term city ​​councilor applies .

In the cities of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern , the term "in principle city representatives Head or city representatives chief " used "if the main statutes not another name provides" such. As mayor in Neubrandenburg .

In some federal states whose municipal constitution is based on the council constitution, such as in Bavaria , Baden-Württemberg and North Rhine-Westphalia , the mayor is also chairman of the council of a city by law. In municipalities that are not designated as a city , depending on the municipal constitution (and in which the mayor does not preside), they carry the title of chairman of the municipal council .

A chairman who comes from the midst of the representative body elected by the citizens is not responsible for the administrative tasks of a city. This is responsible in each case the mayor or mayor as a "boss" of the city administration. So in such cities there are two people at the head of the city. However, originally in Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia the chairman elected by the city council from among its members bore the title of mayor or lord mayor , i.e. was comparable to the city president, while the head of the city administration was referred to as city ​​director or senior city director . In the meantime, the dual leadership has been abolished in favor of the mayor in these two federal states . Some of them still exist for a transitional period.

Duties of the city president

The mayor

  • is chairman of the council and chairman of council meetings,
  • ensures an orderly and trouble-free course of the meetings,
  • exercises the house right and
  • represents the council as an elected body of the city.


In some cities in German-speaking Switzerland , e.g. B. in Winterthur and Zurich , "City President" is the official name for the head of the city. This means that the name corresponds roughly to the mayor in Germany. However, Swiss city presidents are always primus inter pares and the remaining members of the city executive are on an equal footing in accordance with the principle of collegiality . The chairman of the legislature is called - depending on the name of the parliament - city ​​council president or council president .


Prezydent miasta ("City President") is the Polish name for the head of urban cities and selected cities with usually at least 100,000 (until 1990: 50,000) inhabitants and thus roughly corresponds to the German name of Lord Mayor . According to the law of March 8, 1990, the former voivodeship towns, regardless of the number of inhabitants, and towns with over 50,000 inhabitants from the time before the reform are also administered by a city president. At the end of 2007, 107 cities were administered by a city president, but only 39 of them have more than 100,000 inhabitants. The city president is an executive body of the urban district (so-called "city with district rights") and has the powers of a Starosta (district administrator). In urban municipalities belonging to the district this organ bears the name burmistrz (historically from "mayor"), in the rural municipalities wójt ("Vogt"). Since 2002 he has been elected for 4 years by the citizens of the respective regional authority.

Individual evidence

  1. Municipal constitution for the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. From July 13, 2011 @, Section 28 (4), accessed May 11, 2019
  2. ^ Welf Sundermann: Municipal constitution in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Hamburg 2013
  3. Dz.U. 1975 no 16 poz. 91 - Law of May 28, 1975 on Territorial Organization and Self-Government of the State; Dz.U. 1983 nr 41 poz. 185 - Law of July 20, 1983 on the system of territorial self-government