|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|County :||Mecklenburg Lake District|
|Height :||18 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||85.67 km 2|
|Residents:||63,761 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||744 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||17033, 17034, 17036|
|Area code :||0395|
|License plate :||NB|
|Community key :||13 0 71 107|
|LOCODE :||DE NEB|
|City structure:||10 urban areas|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Silvio Witt (independent)|
|Location of Neubrandenburg in the Mecklenburg Lake District|
Neubrandenburg ( Low German Niegenbramborg or Bramborg for short ) is the district town of the Mecklenburg Lake District in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . The third largest city of the German state is one of the four regional centers of the main town in the southeast, with around 65,000 inhabitants and approximately 420,000 inhabitants extensive catchment area. It is centrally located between the Baltic Sea and the metropolitan areas of Stettin to the east, Rostock to the northwest, Berlin to the south and Hamburg to the west.
Neubrandenburg is for Europe's best preserved city walls of brick Gothic architecture , its events and cultural landscape including concert Church and Neubrandenburg Philharmonic , as a sports city , and for the near-center Tollensesee in the holiday region of Mecklenburg Lake District known. Around 2011, the city had the second largest economic power per inhabitant of all cities in the new federal states . Major branches of industry are plant and mechanical engineering, high technology, logistics, healthcare, IT and services. Thanks to its high level of centrality , Neubrandenburg is also of great importance as a shopping city . The city is home to several large schools and has also been a university city since 1988 . Because of the distinctive four medieval city gates , Neubrandenburg officially bears the name affix "four-gate city" since 2019.
Neubrandenburg is located in the southeast of Mecklenburg at a height of 18 meters above the NHN (city center) on the north bank of the Tollenseesee lake, which belongs to the city, and in the river valleys of the Tollensee and Datze that begin here and the linden tree that flows into the Tollenseesee , as well as the surrounding elevations of the ground moraine plates about halfway between Berlin and the island of Ruegen . In addition to the Tollensesee, the Lieps , which is connected to it in the south, is also part of the city's area, this lake is part of the Nonnenhof nature reserve . The closest metropolitan areas are Stettin 90 km to the east, Rostock 110 km to the northwest, Berlin 140 km to the south and Hamburg 250 km to the west.
Neubrandenburg is next to the Regio poles Rostock , the state capital Schwerin and the two Vorpommern cities of Stralsund and Greifswald one of the main centers of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and thus has significance for the entire Southeast. The city has been a member of the transnational federation of the Euroregion Pomerania since 1995 .
Urban areas and urban areas according to the official urban division of October 5, 1995:
City center (with Jahnviertel)
Which now serves as city designated historic old town of Neubrandenburg, which (with few exceptions) to the middle of the 19th century offered the entire urban population living space, is today the cultural and tourist heart of Neubrandenburg. Today around 3800 people live here (as of 2018).
In the almost circular city center, designed as a planned city, the streets are arranged in a right-angled pattern from north to south and from east to west in parallel and continuously. All streets were laid out on lines of sight to each other in interaction with the city wall, the city gates , defensive towers and Wiek houses . This concept was only deviated from after the reconstruction after the Second World War with the new buildings of the police station and the House of Culture and Education (HKB), the remaining streets were largely retained, but the street width was mostly significantly expanded.
Shortly before the end of the Second World War, more than 80 percent of the buildings in the old town, which mostly came from the 18th and 19th centuries, were destroyed by systematic fire by the Red Army . The major fire on 29./30. In April 1945, all public buildings in the old town and most of the bourgeois residential and commercial buildings within the city wall fell victim, including the (grand) ducal palace (city palace) and the old town hall on the market square .
Only smaller ensembles and a few significant individual buildings have survived from the former townscape, above all the medieval fortification with town wall, four Gothic town gates , one (of originally two) defensive towers (Fangelturm) and so far 25 (of once 56) newly built timber-framed Wiek houses. In today's third-generation Wiekhouses from the 1970s and 1980s, the outward appearance was only roughly based on previous buildings; the spatial concepts broke completely with those of the previous buildings and followed modern functional requirements. Three Wiekhäuser were reconstructed as defensive structures in their medieval original state in the early 20th century according to existing building finds . Second-generation Wiekhäuser, as they were built for residential purposes as simple, plastered half-timbered buildings in the city wall since the 17th century, partly existed until the 1950s. All today's Wiek houses in half-timbered construction are new buildings from the 1970s and 1980s with visible frameworks , which are externally based on the previous buildings and pursued new design and space concepts on the inside. Mostly, but not always, the places where they are built into the city wall are historical at today's third generation Wiekhäuser. ( See also: Neubrandenburger Wiekhäuser )
The former monastery complex (the north wing is now part of the regional museum ) with the monastery church of St. Johannis, the former main parish church of St. Marien (used as a concert church after reconstruction since 2001), the playhouse (Mecklenburg's oldest preserved theater building), and some in the south of the old town Ensembles with baroque and classicist houses preserved (Große Wollweberstraße, parts of Pfaffenstraße, Neutorstraße and Stargarder Straße).
The reconstruction and rebuilding of the inner city since the 1950s fundamentally changed the cityscape. Most of the residential buildings today date from the GDR era. The historicizing new buildings that were loosely based on the baroque and classicist pre-war architecture of the Mecklenburg city and built in the 1950s were characteristic. They were built in accordance with the cultural program of that time from 1951 onwards in accordance with the “ 16 principles of urban development ” in a “national cultural heritage” architectural style, which is also known as socialist classicism in cultural and historical terms .
Some buildings were added later, such as the Kaufhof (Centrum Warenhaus) in the 1960s, individual residential buildings and the modernist " House of Culture and Education " (HKB) with the 56 meter high tower. From 1990 onwards, almost all buildings in the city center were gradually renovated from the ground up. A city quarter bordering the market, which was reserved as reserve space for cultural buildings in GDR times, was built on with a shopping center. Decentralized fallow and demolished areas were mostly filled with small-scale new buildings (example: Fischerstraße district).
There are shopping opportunities in the city center with the Marktplatz-Center, newly built in 1998, on the western side of the marketplace and two department stores as well as small shops, which are mainly in the pedestrian zone Turmstraße ("Boulevard"), Wartlaustraße and along the Stargarder and in the part of the near the marketplace Treptower Strasse are located.
The market square was renovated in a modernist way by 2009 and equipped with water features and a new lighting concept. In the course of this work, the city center also received an additional underground car park under the market square. During the construction work, all remains of the palace and medieval predecessor buildings of the town hall on the market were cleared after archaeological investigations . Only the foundations of the old town hall from the 18th century remained in the ground.
In the immediate vicinity of the old town are the train station in the north (once connected by the 19th century station gate ) and the bus station , in the east the New Town Hall and in the south the entrance to the cultural park with the adjacent Tollensesee.
In the west and north-west bordering Jahnviertel (also known as the night jacket district by the people of Neubrandenburg ), representative town houses from the Wilhelminian era and the years between 1875 and 1914 dominate, supplemented by new buildings from the post-reunification period. Outside of the old town center, it is one of the few quarters in the city that is partly characterized by urban perimeter blocks . The official name of the district is derived from the centrally located Jahnstrasse , which, together with the Jahn memorial standing there, commemorates the time as tutor of gymnastics father Friedrich Ludwig Jahn in Neubrandenburg. The term night jacket district, on the other hand, indicates that this area of the city was an attractive residential area for the better-off in earlier times, because the villa owners are said to have appeared at the door in their “night jackets” later in the morning.
The Katharinenviertel is to the east of the city center. With almost 3,200 inhabitants (as of 2018), it is the smallest quarter of the city. In this urban area are u. a. the former citizens' school (today: Regional School Middle “Fritz Reuter”), the communal cinema “ Latücht ”, the Kon.centus district music school, the adult education center (formerly the District Office) and the New Catholic Church . Of the “old cemetery”, the first decentralized main cemetery in the city, which was inaugurated in 1804, gradually abandoned from the 1960s and fully developed in the 1980s, only the cemetery chapel built according to plans by Friedrich Wilhelm Buttel and a last family tomb immediately next to it remain.
From the Katharinenviertel you can get directly to the Mühlenholz forest in the Lindetal nature reserve . There is also the Hinterste Mühle , a historical area in the middle of nature with a petting zoo, nature trails, horse farm and leisure activities for children and young people. There is also the site of Dirt Force Neubrandenburg , Northern Germany's largest bike park . On the edge of the Katharinenviertel is the “Phönixeum”, a high-rise office building with an exceptionally colorful design.
City area west (with Rostock quarter, Broda and Weitin)
The West urban area is one of the largest urban areas, along with the East urban area and the Reitbahnviertel. Around 8,700 people (as of 2018) live here in partly seven-storey, mostly renovated prefabricated buildings , but also in single or multi-family houses (Broda, Weitin). In the Rostock district of the Weststadt there is the residential and shopping district Oberbach-Zentrum and other shops. The Neubrandenburg University of Applied Sciences has its headquarters here on a campus site . The Rostock district is located near the Tollensee directly on the Oberbach , an artificial outflow of the Tollensee that was created in the Middle Ages. However, the Tollensesee itself belongs to the Lindenbergviertel under administrative law. The traditional and successful sports club Neubrandenburg (SCN) is located in the west of the city . The canoeists train regularly on the Oberbach and Tollensesee.
The former villages of Weitin and Broda belong to the west of the city . Broda (West Slavic: ford, place at the ford ) was a medieval ferry place on the north bank of the Tollensesees and at the same time the name for the monastery Broda of the Premonstratensian order, which was of central importance for the colonization of this region. After the secularization of the monastery in the middle of the 16th century, it became a ducal Mecklenburg administrative office, which was dissolved shortly before 1800. Of the monastery complex, only a few cellars remain under the former tenant house, which are only accessible by prior arrangement or during occasional guided tours (see also prehistory ) .
From the development for family and terraced houses in the 1990s, the residential areas are divided into Broda, Broda-Dorf, Brodaer Höhe, Am Brodaer Holz, Broda-Neukrug and Broda-Stadtkoppel.
Brodaer Holz also belongs to Brodaer Holz , Brodaer Strand on Tollensesee, and the Brodaer Teiche landscape park . The landmark and most famous building of the western part of the city is the Belvedere , which is located on the steep bank of the Tollensee and can be seen from afar , on the site of the former ducal summer house.
The Vogelviertel extends between the city center and the Reitbahnviertel, directly north of the train station, and is home to around 4500 people (as of 2018). Mainly red brick row houses from the 1930s, simple old new buildings from the 1950s and some (mostly renovated) prefabricated buildings as well as a few row houses from the 2000s characterize the picture of the second smallest district of Neubrandenburg.
With a few exceptions, the streets of the Vogelviertel bear the names of bird species, such as the centrally located “Kranichstraße”. The largest grammar school in the city, the Albert-Einstein-Gymnasium , is located in the east of the city. The Evangelical Lutheran parish “St. Michael “their seat.
The Reitbahnviertel is located north of the Vogelviertel and the city center. In the 1980s, 3,033 prefabricated apartments for over 7,500 people were built here. Around 4200 people currently live here (as of 2018). Since 1993, the residential environment in the district has been improved and the apartments have been renovated as part of the urban development subsidy. Another urban redevelopment followed from 2003 and in the 2010s.
City area east (with Oststadt, Carlshöhe, Fritscheshof, Küssow)
The Oststadt is today around 15,300 inhabitants (2018) is the largest district of Neubrandenburg. At peak times, around 25,000 people lived here. It is a residential area with over 8,700 apartments in mostly renovated prefabricated buildings (built between 1970 and 1989) and housing estates. In the Oststadt there are several schools, the Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Klinikum Neubrandenburg , the Lindetalcenter shopping center , the two municipal cemeteries ( Neuer Friedhof and Waldfriedhof ) and, on the outskirts of the city, larger industrial areas. With the Ihlenpool , Oststadt has a recreational area with its own small pond. The GDR-wide first prefabricated building block of the type WBS 70 was erected in the East of Neubrandenburg in 1973 at Koszaliner Straße 1.
The former extensions (today residential estates) Carlshöhe and Fritscheshof as well as the incorporated village of Küssow , a small town with a medieval church ruin, border the eastern part of the city . One of the largest allotment gardens in Neubrandenburg is located in Küssow and is operated by five different allotment garden associations.
City area south (with Südstadt, Fünfeichen )
The southern part is a south facing downtown city area part. Its appearance is shaped by old new buildings from the early 1960s and a number of high-rise buildings from the 1970s and 1980s (directly on the B 96 towards Berlin). In the urban area, which has around 7,000 inhabitants (as of 2018), there are a. the sports high school , other schools and kindergartens, the municipal swimming pool and the headquarters of the Neubrandenburger Stadtwerke . Part of the culture park also belongs to Südstadt .
The district of Fünfeichen emerged from a former manor and today, in addition to some residential buildings, mainly houses the barracks of the Bundeswehr telecommunications battalion stationed there. On the subject of the prisoner of war and special camp in Neubrandenburg-Fünfeichen see the article main camp Neubrandenburg / Fünfeichen .
Lindenbergviertel (with Lindenberg, Tannenkrug and Landwehr)
The Lindenbergviertel forms the southern end of the Neubrandenburg urban area. While in the northern part of the Lindenberg a typical GDR new building area with predominantly six-storey prefabricated buildings was built, the residential area was expanded after the fall of the Wall with small-scale residential developments and as a commercial site and administrative headquarters. In 2018, more than 7200 people lived here.
Datzeviertel (with Datzeberg)
The Datzeviertel, to which the "Datzeberg" belongs in particular, is located on a hill north of the city center and is named after a small river at the foot of the mountain. Towards the end of the 1970s (completion of the first block of flats on March 6, 1978), a typical GDR new building area with seven high-rise buildings with 14 floors and predominantly five-story prefabricated buildings with a total of 3474 apartments for around 10,000 people was built here. It also comprised three polytechnic high schools (19th, 20th and 21st POS), an HO shopping mall and various service facilities. It was connected to the city center and other parts of the city by several bus routes.
Since 1993, the residential environment in the Datzeviertel has been improved as part of urban development funding and apartments have been renovated. Another urban redevelopment followed in 2003. Many prefabricated buildings have been and are being demolished or dismantled, with some new buildings being built at the same time.
After the population fell sharply in the 1990s, the number of people living in Datzeviertel has stabilized at around 4800 people (as of 2018).
Industrial district (with Ihlenfelder Vorstadt, Monckeshof)
The urban area of the industrial quarter comprises a mixed area northeast of the old town, in which since the beginning of the 19th century various, now largely disappeared industrial companies (brewery, energy combine, tire factory) had settled. The current part of the city district Ihlenfelder Vorstadt grew northeast of the old town as part of the expansion of Neubrandenburg from the early 19th century.
The urban area Monckeshof goes back to a so-called expansion (an agricultural property within the Stadtfeldmark), which was founded after the separation of the Stadtfeldmark (1865) by the miller's son Julius Moncke (1841-1901) on the lands assigned to him. During the GDR era, mainly prefabricated buildings were built here, some of which were reduced in size or demolished after the fall of the Wall and supplemented with single-family and row houses. The urban area currently has around 6,000 inhabitants (as of 2018).
Surrounding area and urban region
As a regional center , Neubrandenburg fulfills a particularly prominent function for its region. The region immediately surrounding the city is referred to in the regional spatial development program of 2011 as the “city-surrounding area”. The municipalities organized in it should coordinate their planning closely with one another (e.g. housing, commercial development, transport / public transport , education, culture, tourism, leisure activities - coordinated by the Lower State Planning Authority). Housing construction projects, for example, should in future concentrate on the interior areas of the communities.
The following 14 municipalities or districts belong to the Neubrandenburg city-surrounding area: Alt Rehse ( Penzlin ), Blankenhof , Burg Stargard , Groß Nemerow , Groß Teetzleben , Holldorf , Neddemin , Neuenkirchen , Neverin , Sponholz , Trollenhagen , Woggersin , Wulkenzin and Zirzow . Other basic centers close to the core city of Neubrandenburg (radius max. 30 km) besides Burg Stargard and Penzlin are Altentreptow , Friedland , Stavenhagen and Woldegk , the closest medium-sized centers are Neustrelitz , Demmin and Waren (Müritz) .
According to the decision of the state parliament on April 5, 2006, as part of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania district reform in 2009, there should be a Mecklenburg Lake District with the district town of Neubrandenburg from October 1, 2009 . This great district should include the previous districts of Müritz , Demmin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz as well as the previous independent city of Neubrandenburg. After the judgment of the Land Constitutional Court on July 26, 2007, the reform law could not be implemented as it was incompatible with the constitution of the country. With the resolution of the state parliament of July 7, 2010, the "Law for the creation of sustainable structures in the districts and independent cities of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (district structure law)" was adopted, which ordered the formation of a district of Mecklenburg Lake District with the district seat in Neubrandenburg.
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Neubrandenburg
On August 18, 1170, during the restoration of the Havelberg cathedral monastery, Duke Casimir I of Pomerania founded the Broda Monastery in what is now the Broda district in order to accelerate the Christianization of the local Slavic population. According to the latest research, construction of the monastery complex could hardly have started before 1240, so it immediately preceded the founding of the city of Neubrandenburg.
Neubrandenburg was founded on January 4, 1248 with a Latinized form of name as Brandenborch Nova and mentioned as Brandenburg Nowa in 1259/1261 .
The name of the city was derived from the mother city of Brandenburg an der Havel , whose name changed from Brennaburg (939) and Brendanburg (948) to Brandenburg (965). The name form handed down by Widukind could be interpreted for the old Polish word Brenna , i.e. for mud, clay or loam. But the Low German word burn in the form of brand (e) as brand (e) (en) burg can explain the meaning of the name. The origin of the name Brandenburg is still very controversial to this day; there is no such thing as a “ prevailing opinion ”.
The place name is often mentioned in historical documents up to the early 20th century as Neu-Brandenburg , N. Brandenburg or Brandenburg (in Mecklenburg) .
Nygen Brandenburg (1299), Nyen Brandenborch (1304) and Nyenbrandenborch (1439) have come down to us as Low German name forms . In the Low German language , Nigen -Bramborg , Nigenbramborg or Bramborg are still used today.
Since 2019, Neubrandenburg officially bears the suffix “Vier-Tore-Stadt”, which was in use long before.
Middle Ages and early modern times
The city of Neubrandenburg was founded on January 4, 1248 by letter of foundation from Margrave Johann I of Brandenburg . Whether a member of the noble von Raven family was actually involved or whether a Saxon knight Ehrhardt Rave was the initiator, as an ancient legend claims, remains uncertain. As the name of the locator , the founding document only mentions a margrave vassal Herbord , to whom the gender name of Raven was only assigned centuries later , without any solid evidence for this. The settlement of the Franciscan order in Neubrandenburg soon after the middle of the century has recently been seen as an indication of a special function or prominent position of the city among the Ascanian margraves.
After the city was founded, the citizens of Neubrandenburg remained tax-free for almost six years and had various other perks. There is initially no talk of a city fortification. The first news about a provisional, wooden weir system or the intention of the Neubrandenburg residents to build one can be found in a certificate from Margrave Otto III. von Brandenburg from 1261. What was available was used for fortification: wood, earth and water. A palisade-like fence, surrounded by earth walls and moats, formed the first protective belt. As this wooden weir system soon no longer offered adequate protection, the oak plank fence was later replaced by a stone city wall. However, the exact time when construction began has not been recorded. Based on traditions from Friedland (Mecklenburg) , it is assumed that construction began soon after 1300. This assumption is supported by the results of dendrochronological investigations of wood from different city gates.
From around 1300 the construction of three stone double gates was also tackled, which presumably gradually replaced older wooden structures. The brick buildings of the older three city gates are all laid out in the same way: In the course of the city wall there is a gate tower without side structures on an almost square ground, in the course of the outer wall there is an outer gate, combined with the inner gate by connecting walls to form an all-round closed gate castle . The fortifications consist of an almost circular, double system of earth walls and ditches, which could only be partially flooded, and the stone wall, which was occupied by 54 Wiek houses (25 of them were rebuilt by 2015 ). Later attempts were made to strengthen the defensive strength of the city by adding two towers that towered over the wall (one collapsed in 1899). Initially only three gates led into the city, later a fourth city gate ("New Gate") was built for traffic reasons. In order to increase the natural protection, to secure the previously vital water supply for the city and to be able to build mills in front of the city gates, extensive hydraulic structures were also carried out.
Neubrandenburg also remained an important central location when the city came into the hands of the Mecklenburgers in 1298 with the rule of Stargard , and with them from 1347 onwards as an imperial fiefdom belonged to the princes, dukes, and finally grand dukes of Mecklenburg. Since the late Middle Ages, Neubrandenburg has been one of the most important administrative centers of the Mecklenburg inland, alongside Güstrow and Parchim . In the 14th and 15th centuries, the city was the main residence of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Stargard . As the fore town of the Mecklenburg provincial towns in the Stargardian district , Neubrandenburg had direct influence on the provincial administration as part of the Mecklenburg provincial estates, which were united since 1523 . Their mayors were among the highest-ranking politicians in the old Mecklenburg corporate state.
Already in 1523 Johann Berckmann from Stralsund preached the Lutheran doctrine with ducal help in Neubrandenburg. The important Franciscan monastery , which has existed since the city was founded, was secularized around 1552 . Even the head of the monastery ( Guardian ) had converted to Protestantism .
17th to 19th century
In the spring of 1631 the fortified city was conquered and devastated by imperial troops of the Catholic Alliance under General Tilly . Hundreds of people were tortured, tortured and murdered, churches and houses were robbed and destroyed. Even the inside of the church offered no protection to the defenseless population. Centuries later, these events were still present in people's everyday lives as days of horror in the city's history. In November 1991, human skeletons were discovered during earthworks at the Friedländer Tor . Nearby, Tilly's troops had cut a breach in the city wall. The bones were documented and recovered in an emergency excavation carried out by employees of the Neubrandenburg Regional Museum . Due to the location of the site, traces of violence on some bones and the discovery of a uniform head from the 17th / 18th centuries. In the 19th century, it was assumed that it was a mass grave that was created in the course of the conquest of Neubrandenburg by General Tilly. At the end of 2009 the skeletal remains were examined anthropologically . All of the at least 13 individuals were men who had died between the ages of 15 and 44 years. The average height was 170 cm. The condition of the teeth suggested a good, meat-rich diet. Very frequent inflammatory diseases of the roof of the skull and the paranasal sinuses as well as traces of oral mucosal inflammation indicated extremely poor hygienic conditions, parasite infestation and inadequate living conditions. There were multiple consequences of various acts of violence. Three skulls showed traces of blunt violence in the form of extensive debris fractures. Two skulls showed signs of sharp violence, each with several blows. Gunshot wounds were found on two skulls as bullet holes. The analysis of the origin by the anthropologist and human biologist Gisela Grupe suggests that all burials were residents of Neubrandenburg.
In the spring of 2015, seven graves unrelated to a regular cemetery were discovered in the 2nd Ringstrasse. They probably come from the time of the Thirty Years' War. The skeletons were examined by the anthropologist Bettina Jungklaus . Of the six adults, four were men and two women who died between the ages of 20 and 60. A newborn was also found. The body heights corresponded to the typical time average. The disease burden was unremarkable and there were no injuries to the bones that had occurred around the time of death. It can therefore be assumed that the buried people were not involved in the fighting or the attack in March 1631. Both women had a very high level of tooth decay . One of the men who died young probably suffered from Ehlers-Danlos syndrome . The reasons for the irregular burial of the deceased at the city wall could not be clarified.
As a result of the Thirty Years War , Neubrandenburg was the only Mecklenburg city to file for bankruptcy in 1671. It took more than a century and a half before Neubrandenburg gradually recovered from the aftermath of the war. In the 18th century, individual house plots in the main streets of the old town were either deserted or temporarily used as gardens.
City fires in 1676 and 1737 destroyed large parts of the historical building fabric. From the end of the 1730s, all the now distinctive buildings were built, which, in addition to the medieval fortifications and churches, shaped the image of the old town until 1945. This included a late baroque town hall designed by the ducal court architect Julius Löwe as the center of the central market square .
The election of the princely main residence and capital of the (partial) duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz , which was newly formed in 1701, failed due to the pride of the Neubrandenburg citizens and led to the founding of the new royal seat of Neustrelitz , where from then on all authorities of the (grand) ducal state administration were located. The superintendent of the Stargard parish, which has been based in Neubrandenburg since the Reformation, was also relocated to Neustrelitz in the middle of the 18th century.
After the beginning of the 18th century, however, the role of Neubrandenburg as the Vorderstadt and political center within the constitutional system of the old Mecklenburg state consolidated. The formal enthronement of new rulers in the Strelitz part of the country, carried out according to old custom by the "handshake" (i.e. the oath of allegiance) of the knight and landscape, was traditionally celebrated in Neubrandenburg. The parliamentary bodies met here and it remained the seat of their district authority until the end of the monarchy.
In the second half of his reign, Duke Adolf Friedrich IV revived the medieval residence city function of Neubrandenburg. From 1774 a princely residential palace was built directly on the market square (traditionally referred to as a palace in Neubrandenburg , in municipal ownership since the 1920s and partly used as a museum before the destruction in 1945). Every year during the summer months, the city became the center of court life in the small part of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The modest splendor of monarchical splendor that is typical of the country ended in 1794 with the Duke's death. Today only the ducal stables and the playhouse , the oldest preserved theater building in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, tell of this time in the city's history.
Despite appearances, the economic basis of life remained meager. The decline of the country during the Thirty Years' War , the location in one of the most sparsely populated areas in Germany, but above all the continuation of the state constitution in Mecklenburg until 1918, put a lasting hold on the city's development. In addition to self-sufficiency, the economic importance of Neubrandenburg was essentially limited to local market functions for the surrounding area. Industrialization began only hesitantly in the 19th century. Processing plants for agricultural products emerged, iron foundries and mechanical engineering factories produced for agricultural businesses from the surrounding area. However, Neubrandenburg horse and wool markets were widely famous. The last public execution took place in Neubrandenburg in 1770 (Goethe was 21 years old when people still “wheeled” in Neubrandenburg).
The accession of both parts of Mecklenburg to the North German Confederation made the connection to the modern age possible . In 1863 the gate and customs barrier was lifted. In 1864 Neubrandenburg received a railway connection , in 1867 operations began on the Lübeck – Stettin line, followed by the Berlin – Stralsund line in 1877. There was brisk construction activity in the city. In the old town, old half-timbered buildings have often been renovated or replaced by new buildings. At the same time, the city grew rapidly beyond the medieval wall. Efforts were made in the 19th century to repair the medieval defensive structures, which had long since become damaged, and to design them according to the historicist taste of the time. Above all, these achievements in the past for the preservation of monuments in Neubrandenburg created the prerequisites for the city to have a well-preserved medieval fortification today. At this time there was also a lively tourism in and around Neubrandenburg. The “Augustabad” was created on the east bank of Lake Tollensee, a sophisticated residential area with guest houses, the Behmshöhe observation tower and the spa hotel, which opened in 1895 and attracted famous guests such as Theodor Fontane to Neubrandenburg.
A Jewish community formed in Neubrandenburg around 1864. The rapidly increasing number of members led in 1877 to the construction of an elaborately oriental-style synagogue on (today's) Poststrasse. By the turn of the century, the traditional exclusion of Jews in Neubrandenburg had ceased and Jewish fellow citizens - especially merchants - hardly differed from other residents of the city. In 1914 Neubrandenburg became the seat of the Jewish state community of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the only Jewish community in this part of the country, with responsibility for all Jews living here. However, the proportion of Jewish citizens in the city population of Neubrandenburg remained low.
Weimar Republic, National Socialism and World War II
Although the National Socialists in the agricultural north had a growing following since the 1920s, anti-Semitic propaganda began comparatively late in Neubrandenburg, only after the election victory of the NSDAP as a leading political force. From then on, however, it hardly differed from typical processes like everywhere else in the empire.
Between 1933 and 1945, around 900 houses with around 1900 apartments were built in Neubrandenburg, mostly outside the historic old town. These new buildings survived the end of the war without major losses.
On the night of May 31st to June 1st, 1933, three weeks after the "Action against the un-German spirit" by the German student body , a book burning took place on the market square , organized by the local NSDAP, whose local group leader also gave the main speech . After numerous families emigrated, 15 Jewish residents were still living in Neubrandenburg in 1938. During the Night of the Reichspogrom (1938), an SA man set the synagogue on fire. The fire brigade let them burn out and only prevented the flames from spreading to the neighboring houses. The Neubrandenburg press contributed to the anti-Semitic agitation by, among other things, demanding signs on the entrance doors of shops that prohibited Jews from entering. In 1940, under National Socialist pressure, the Jewish community finally renounced the right to lease their burial site at the end of Scheunenstrasse in front of Friedländer Tor and agreed to its abandonment . The National Socialist press hailed the relocation of the Jewish cemetery, where a military barracks was built in 1941. The existing graves were reburied in the so-called old cemetery , later relocated again to another part of the cemetery due to construction, and finally abandoned with it in the 1980s. During the clearing of the cemetery without documentation, almost all of the surviving tombs from Neubrandenburg bourgeois families were destroyed, the master stonemason Dassow ensured that at least the remaining Jewish tombstones were preserved.
During the armament of the Wehrmacht , Neubrandenburg was expanded as a military base from 1933. In 1936 the Trollenhagen air base was built , in 1938 the tank barracks in the south of the city and in 1940/1941 the torpedo testing facility on and on the Tollensesee. Various armaments factories were also settled, such as As from 1935 originally in Berlin-Britz based firm Curt Heber (later Repair shops Neubrandenburg (MWN) ), the u. a. Bomb dropping devices produced. During this time the population of Neubrandenburg rose to 20,000. Since 1939 Neubrandenburg, spun off from the Stargard district , was an independent city with a special status.
In April 1943 the first 200 female prisoners from the Ravensbrück concentration camp were deported to the mechanical workshops for forced labor . The prisoners were initially locked in an empty factory hall at night. The East Barracks Camp in the Ihlenfelder Vorstadt , in which Eastern European forced laborers of the MWN were housed, has now been gradually evacuated and expanded into the largest satellite camp of the Ravensbrück concentration camp . In August 1944, around 5,000 female concentration camp prisoners were interned in this so-called “city camp”. It has now been divided, and a second sub-camp (called "Silviculture Camp") was created in a forest area between Neubrandenburg and Neustrelitz. At the end of the war, around 7,000 female prisoners were interned in these two camps. In January 1945, 200 male concentration camp prisoners were also imprisoned in the factory. In the underground silviculture warehouse, the production of the MWN was to be protected from Allied air raids. In the last weeks of the war, however, production had to be stopped and the prisoners were forced to work on entrenchments around Neubrandenburg. Abuses by SS guards and guards were commonplace. To date, there are no precise figures available about how many prisoners died in Neubrandenburg. Most of the sick concentration camp inmates were deported to the Ravensbrück concentration camp and died there.
Destruction of the city in 1945
When the Red Army approached, most of the inhabitants of Neubrandenburg had hidden in the surrounding forests. In addition, women and children had been evacuated on April 28, 1945. On April 29, 1945, shortly before the end of the Second World War , the Red Army took Neubrandenburg as an almost deserted town without resistance or significant fighting. Then Red Army soldiers burned 80.4% of the historic old town. Almost all public buildings of the city administration as well as the entire development on and around the market square, including the well-known grand ducal palace and the city art collection housed in it, were destroyed. The Soviet troops are said to have claimed that they were moving into a burning city. It was later proven that the SED had falsified these reports. Neubrandenburg thus experienced a fate like almost all cities in eastern Mecklenburg and the bordering Uckermark (e.g. Friedland , Gartz (Oder) , Malchin , Prenzlau or Woldegk ), where central parts of the old towns also went down in flames in 1945.
On May 5, 1945, the main building of the Torpedo Research Institute (TVA) burned down in the Tollensesee. The fire was not started by the Soviet occupiers. It is not clear who started the fire.
The latest research was able to specify the number of victims at the end of the war for Neubrandenburg. According to this, a total of 2052 deaths can be documented for Neubrandenburg between the end of May and the end of September 1945, including 382 German and 263 Soviet military personnel. The number of suicides between April 29 and May 1, 1945 in Neubrandenburg was 115 people. After years of manipulation by the German war propaganda and the attacks by the Soviet victors, many people saw no other way out.
Prison camp in Neubrandenburg-Fünfeichen
In 1939 the prisoner of war camp " Stalag II A" was built on the site of the Fünfeichen estate , an extension within the Stadtfeldmark of Neubrandenburg . Planned and built for 10,000 prisoners, the camp housed 20,000 prisoners of war in 1944 . A total of around 120,000 prisoners of war from ten countries were registered in the prison camps between 1939 and the end of April 1945.
After the end of the war and the dissolution of the prisoner-of-war camp, the main camp in Neubrandenburg-Fünfeichen was used as a repatriation camp for liberated concentration camp inmates , prisoners of war and forced laborers from early summer to autumn 1945 , and later continued to be used as an internment and special camp of the NKVD under the name “ Special camp No. 9 ”. The internees were almost exclusively Germans who were mostly arrested without investigation, no convicts and no prisoners of war. Among them were many young people who were mostly innocently accused of belonging to the " werewolf ". By the time the camp was closed in 1948, there were around 18,000 internees, of whom over 5000, i.e. H. more than a quarter died from prison conditions. The peak was in September 1946 with 10,679 registered prisoners. The Soviet camp was a taboo subject in the GDR . A memorial was inaugurated in 1993 and two grave fields are accessible.
Development after 1945
The consequences of the war were no less dramatic for Neubrandenburg than for other German cities. The arson in 1945 destroyed a large part of the housing stock in the city. The transport infrastructure had collapsed. Trade, handicrafts and businesses were largely on the floor. At the same time, an army of war-related refugees and displaced persons streamed through the city from the east and south. A peculiarity in Neubrandenburg may have been that numerous long-established Neubrandenburg families left the city to the west after the total loss of all their belongings and with them they lost civic pride and awareness of tradition that had grown over the centuries.
Medical care was also very poor. Diseases, especially typhoid, spread. From August 29, 1945, all new diseases had to be reported so that further spread could slowly be combated. A protocol of measures was also passed that regulated the cleanliness of the houses and thus combated the vermin that accelerated the spread, such as B. lice, rats and mice. As a further measure, in addition to the epidemic ward of the hospital, the “Tannenkrug” restaurant was declared an infection house, in which typhus patients could be treated. Still, the problem was the lack of staff, as only four doctors were practicing in the city. After all these measures, the number of infected people fell to 14 typhus patients by April 17, 1946. After that, tuberculosis diseases increased and the "fir jug" was declared a TB ward. The medical situation eased from 1953 and medical care was intact again by 1962.
The reconstruction or rather rebuilding of the city center from 1952 took place in Neubrandenburg until the early 1960s with high design standards. The historical street grid was largely retained. The rebuilding of this time took into account the fortifications of the Middle Ages. Efforts were made to quote outstanding structural forms from the historical cityscape in the new buildings and thus to keep the memory of the destroyed old cityscape alive. The Neubrandenburg city center received a new face in the course of this rebuilding. At the same time, this Neubrandenburg development achievement is increasingly gaining recognition and appreciation in the professional world.
From the 1960s one turned away from this form of socialist classicism ; the modernist urban planning that followed took little account of the historical urban fabric and is therefore much more criticized. In the course of the reconstruction , the market square was reduced by about a fifth. Many buildings that shape the cityscape were not rebuilt . For example the old town hall , which had stood as a dominant solitary building in the middle of the market square since the 18th century and which in 1945 burned down to the surrounding walls. The (grand) ducal palace or city palace, which bordered the east side of the market square for around 150 years and the remains of which were barely recognizable after the fire in 1945, and numerous other buildings that shaped the cityscape, which were destroyed in the major fire in 1945, were also not reconstructed.
From 1952-1990 Neubrandenburg was again the administrative center and government office - now the same district of the GDR (until 1968) at the same time as the county seat of the same circle Neubrandenburg and since 1 January 1969 as a county-level city with a mayor as mayor (since the 1930s to In 1946 Neubrandenburg had a mayor as head of the city).
The aim was to further develop the city into an economic and political center in the north of the GDR . In addition, an expansion to at least 100,000 inhabitants and the settlement of numerous industrial companies were planned. Since the mid-1960s, the East and West urban areas, the Datzeberg with around 3,500 apartments, the Reitbahnviertel with around 3,000 apartments as well as the expansions of the southern urban area, etc. have been built as large new building areas with typical prefabricated buildings . a. around the district of Lindenberg. Industrial plants were expanded or newly built, including a tire plant and the Neubrandenburg repair shop , a military technology repair shop , the VEB Ölheizgerätewerk Neubrandenburg as well as a container station with corresponding handling systems.
In addition, an area was separated on the Lindenberg, which from 1981 onwards was the seat of the district administration (BV) of the Ministry for State Security (Stasi) for the Neubrandenburg district. In 1987 the associated remand prison (now JVA Neubrandenburg ) was relocated from the previous BV location in Neustrelitz to Neubrandenburg. The area was extensively secured with watchtowers and bunkers by around 220 soldiers from the "Feliks Dzierzynski" guard regiment .
Neubrandenburg grew to a little more than 90,000 inhabitants at the end of the 1980s and, despite the declining population, is still the regional center and third largest city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania for several years . In 1989, a college of education was opened in Neubrandenburg, which from 1990 was re-profiled to become the more broadly based Neubrandenburg University .
After 1991, the renovation of the historic city center with the theater was started as part of the urban development funding and the reconstruction of the Marienkirche, which has been ongoing since the 1970s, continued with a changed concept and was brought to a close in 2001 with the opening as a "concert church". The prefabricated housing estates - above all the northern Vogelviertel, the Reitbahnviertel, the Oststadt and the Datzeberg as well as the Nordstadt with the Ihlenfelder Vorstadt - have been upgraded considerably since 1993 and 1999 through programs for urban redevelopment and the " social city ".
As a result of the district reform in 2011 , Neubrandenburg changed from an independent city to the district town of the newly formed district of Mecklenburg Lake District , the largest district in Germany.
- July 1, 1950: Broda municipality
- April 1, 1959: Küssow municipality
- July 1, 1961: Weitin municipality
In 1989 the population of the city of Neubrandenburg reached its historical high of over 90,000. Since the turnaround and the end of the GDR, the city has lost more than 26,000 inhabitants due to the decline in the birth rate, the initially high unemployment and the state-subsidized emigration of the unemployed.
The following overview shows the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. Before 1871, the number of inhabitants was determined using inconsistent survey methods: up to 1829 it was mostly estimates, then census results (¹) or official updates by the State Central Administration for Statistics (until 1989) and the State Statistical Office (from 1990). From 1871, the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1966 to the “population at the place of the main residence”. The inhabitants were predominantly Protestant .
¹ census result
In 2017, 8.6% of the inhabitants of Neubrandenburg were Evangelical Lutheran Christians and 4.3% Catholics . The remainder, i.e. non-denominational as well as different faiths, are only shown together, the proportion was 87.1%.
The city council of the city of Neubrandenburg consists of 43 members. Since the local elections in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in 2019 , it has been composed as follows:
Silvio Witt has been Lord Mayor of the city of Neubrandenburg since April 1, 2015 . After the previous Lord Mayor Paul Krüger (CDU) no longer ran for mayoral elections in 2015 for reasons of age, Silvio Witt (independent) sat down against Torsten Koplin (Die Linke) with 69.7% to 30.3 in the runoff election on March 15, 2015 % of votes through.
Mayor or Lord Mayor (since the beginning of the 19th century):
- (before 1800) –1815: Hans Toll, Mayor
- 1815–1826: Friedrich Rahtkens, mayor
- 1816–1830: Friedrich Müller , mayor
- 1826–1847: Karl Moll, mayor
- 1830–1883: Friedrich (II.) Brückner , mayor
- 1847–1851: Ludwig (the elder) Roggenbau, mayor
- 1851–1863: Hans Wulfleff, mayor
- 1863–1889: Wilhelm Ahlers , Mayor
- 1883–1904: Gustav (III.) Brückner, mayor
- 1889–1923: Adolf Pries, mayor
- 1923–1933: Hubert Exss, Mayor
- 1933–1933: (N. N.) Lüder, State Commissioner
- 1933–1934: Ernst Retzlaff , Mayor, ( NSDAP )
- 1934–1945: Walter Hamann, mayor, from 1939 mayor
- 1945–1945: Kurt Mücklisch, Lord Mayor
- 1945–1950: Friedrich Schwarzer, Lord Mayor, Mayor from 1946
- 1950–1952: Charlotte Schlundt, Mayor
- 1952–1961: Walter Rösler, Mayor
- 1961–1963: Otto Prix, mayor
- 1963–1967: Horst Jonas , Mayor, (SED)
- 1967–1968: Ilse Höwe, mayor
- 1968–1990: Heinz Hahn, Lord Mayor, (SED)
- 1990–1994: Klaus-Peter Bolick, Lord Mayor, ( CDU )
- 1994–2001: Gerd zu Jeddeloh, Lord Mayor, (non-party for PDS , SPD and Greens )
- 2001–2015: Paul Krüger , Lord Mayor, (CDU)
- since 2015: Silvio Witt , Lord Mayor, (independent)
In the district council elections, the city's residents vote for the district council of the Mecklenburg Lake District, for details see there .
More information on the electoral process and legal provisions : District Council (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
coat of arms
Blazon : “In silver, a six-pinned red city gate with an open Gothic double portal and two pointed towers with two daylighted windows next to each other, flanked by side wings with two daylighted windows each next to each other and a peaked roof, both roofs equipped with a knob; on the middle battlements a sideways turned blue bucket helmet with a red eagle flight. "
The coat of arms was confirmed by a resolution of the city council on May 11, 1966, redrawn in 1994 and registered under number 40 of the coat of arms of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
|Reasons for the coat of arms: The coat of arms is based on the seal image of the SIGILLVM BVRGENSIVM CIVITATIS NOVE BRANDEBORCH - first handed down as an imprint in 1287. The city gate marks Neubrandenburg as a strongly fortified city. The bucket helmet and helmet ornament represent the coat of arms of the city's founder, Margrave Johann I of Brandenburg.|
The flag is striped in red, white and red across the longitudinal axis of the flag cloth. The red stripes each take up one fifth, the white stripe three fifths the length of the flag cloth. The white stripe is covered in the middle with the figures of the city's coat of arms: with a six-fold tinned red city gate with an open Gothic double portal and two pointed towers with two bed-lit windows next to one another, flanked by side wings with two bed-lit windows next to one another and a peaked roof, both roofs with fitted with a knob; on the central battlements with a sideways swept blue bucket helmet with a red eagle flight. The figures take up a total of five ninths of the height and about a quarter of the length of the flag cloth. The length of the flag is related to the height as 5: 3.
The official seal shows the city arms with the inscription "STADT NEUBRANDENBURG".
- Collegno in Italy, since 1965
- Flensburg in Schleswig-Holstein, since 1987
- Gladsaxe in Denmark since 1990
- Koszalin (German: Köslin ) in Poland, since 1974
- Nazareth in Israel, since 1998
- Nevers in France, since 1973
- Petrozavodsk in Russia, since 1983
- Villejuif in France, since 1966
- Yangzhou in China, since 1999
Sights and culture
- The Neubrandenburg city fortification is "the most completely preserved example of a medieval city fortification in the brick building area" . About 2,300 meters long, the medieval city wall up to seven meters high still completely encloses the old city center. Embedded in the almost circular wall ring are four outstanding late Gothic city gates from the 13th to 15th centuries ( Friedländer Tor , Stargarder Tor , Treptower Tor and New Tor ), numerous Wiekhäuser (guard houses) and the Fangelturm .
The red brick gates gave Neubrandenburg the nickname “ City of Four Gates” . Before the Second World War, Neubrandenburg was known as the Rothenburg of the North .
- The main parish church of St. Marien , consecrated in 1298, renovated by Friedrich Wilhelm Buttel after several fires in the 19th century , burned down in the Second World War and converted into a concert hall from the 1970s to 2001, is now internationally renowned as a concert church. The 90 meter high church tower houses an exhibition on European brick Gothic , a room with a 360 ° panorama video of the old Neubrandenburg and a tour with a view of the city.
- The Franciscan monastery with St. Johannis monastery church . The monastery has been the largest location of the Neubrandenburg Regional Museum since 2013 .
- The House of Culture and Education , designed by the later city architect Iris Grund , is a complex on the market square, completed in 1965, with an event hall, city library, retail trade and gastronomy. The associated 56 meter high tower building offers a panorama café and a viewing platform. The ensemble was extensively renovated by 2015.
- The playhouse dates from 1794 and is the oldest surviving theater building in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
- The Fürstenkeller at Stargarder Straße 37 was once a ducal guest house and since the middle of the 18th century a pub and inn. In 1796, the first German hail insurance , the "Hagelkasse", was established in it. In the 19th century, the writer Fritz Reuter, who lives in the neighborhood, liked to come there, as did the satirist Adolf Glaßbrenner . Even today there is gastronomy there.
- The four-wheel mill , which has been home to several dining facilities since it was closed in the 1990s and subsequent renovations.
- The chapel of St. George from the 14th century.
- The town hall , which opened in 1969 and was designed by the well-known GDR architect Ulrich Müther , is located on the eastern edge of the cultural park .
- In the Oststadt residential area is the first WBS-70 block ever built by the Neubrandenburg GDR housing combine, which is now a listed building.
In the city center you can see all of Neubrandenburg from two high viewing platforms:
Several places in the vicinity allow views of the entire city and the surrounding landscape:
- the grand ducal Belvedere on the west bank of the Tollensee, north of the Broda lido
- the Behmshöhe observation tower on the east bank of Lake Tollensee, north of Augustabad
- the viewing platform in the Broda landscape garden in the west of the city (north of the B 192 )
Museums and galleries
- Regional Museum Neubrandenburg , one of the oldest civic museums in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (founded in 1872)
- Art Collection Neubrandenburg (founded 1982)
- The "probably smallest insurance museum in the world" of the Mecklenburg Insurance Group (founded in 2007)
- Former model park : From May 2000 to November 2011, the "Mecklenburg Lake District Model Park" was located southeast of the city center, a 1.4 hectare miniature display area with 250 buildings based on historical models on a scale of 1:25, built by the unemployed. In the absence of further public funding, the facility had to be dismantled. Some of the miniatures have been added to the portfolio of the Kalkhorst Miniature Park in Klützer Winkel , but some of the buildings have been resold. Ten miniatures made for the Mecklenburg Lake District model park, which were already sold in 2009, are on display in the “The world is upside down” in Trassenheide on Usedom .
Theater and music
- Schauspielhaus: The Schauspielhaus Neubrandenburg is a venue of the Theater und Orchester GmbH Neubrandenburg / Neustrelitz . The program mainly includes plays of all eras and genres, but also music theater productions with a small orchestra, scenic recitals, chamber concerts, readings and much more. The theater hall can seat 180 spectators. There are also children's performances on the rehearsal stage and soirées in the theater foyer. The theater, built in 1787 as the "New Comedy House", is the oldest preserved theater building in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Since 2006 it has been part of the cultural heritage recognized by the EU and a member of PERSPECTIV, the "Society of European Historic Theaters".
- Concert Church: The Concert Church in Neubrandenburg has been one of the most modern concert halls in the country since it opened in 2001. It is the main venue of the Neubrandenburg Philharmonic , which gives around thirty concerts here every season. In addition, the concert church is a permanent venue for the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Festival . Many internationally renowned artists and orchestras were guests here. For several years now, the NB JOT has been taking place here in summer , a youth orchestra festival to which young musicians from all over Europe are guests in Neubrandenburg. In 2011 the concert church was one of the central venues for the national competition “ Jugend musiziert ” in Neubrandenburg and Neustrelitz.
- Neubrandenburg Jazz Spring : concerts and events related to jazz take place throughout the city in March and April . Artists and bands appear both in large concert format and in small sessions. This is preceded (usually at the beginning of March) by the annual international youth big band workshop with the JazzNacht, which is organized by the university big band.
- Neubrandenburg Organ Days : Every year in May (2012 for the 20th time), the church music of St. John's Church organizes an organ festival to which organists and other musicians are invited and present sacred and secular music in various ensembles and projects.
- Neubrandenburg Youth Orchestra Meeting (NB JOT) : Since 2004, youth orchestras from all over Europe have been guests in the concert church in July and make music together with famous soloists and conductors. At the end of the year there is a community concert with sometimes more than 150 musicians on stage.
Parks and leisure areas
- The culture park Neubrandenburg southwest of the city center has gastronomic and tourist offers (hotels, restaurants, ice cream parlors, petting zoo, circus, folk festivals) and is the connection between the city center and Lake Tollensesee (bathing at the Broda lido , at the bathhouse and at the Augustabad , passenger boat trips, boat rentals, cafes ).
- The landscape garden Brodaer Teiche is an area of approx. 40 hectares in the west of the city, which is very popular as an excursion destination and recreational area and contains information boards on botany and geology, various themed areas and a viewing platform. In 2003, the Rostock International Garden Show was located here .
- The Hinterste Mühle leisure facility with offers for children and families is located in the Lindetal nature reserve .
- The Neubrandenburg Literature Center in the Brigitte-Reimann-Literaturhaus houses an archive and an exhibition on the life and work of the writer Brigitte Reimann , who spent the last years of her life in Neubrandenburg, and manages the literary estates of other authors in the region. Readings, book premieres and literary discussions are also held here.
- The Fritz Reuter Society is dedicated to the Low German language and in particular to the life and work of the Low German writer Fritz Reuter , who comes from nearby Stavenhagen , spent several years of his life in Neubrandenburg and created his most important works here. With changing exhibitions, readings and discussions in the New Gate , the society is committed to maintaining the Low German language and literature.
- By the place annually in September and October Mecklenburg Literature Society and the Nordkurier aligned Uwe-Johnson-day place, readings, panel discussions and lectures are held in the frame and the Uwe Johnson Prize for Literature is awarded.
- The regional library in Neubrandenburg in the House of Culture and Education houses a large inventory of fiction, non-fiction, magazines and non-print media, a department for children's and youth literature, a music library and the largest reference library with printed works and newspapers on regional studies of Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania after the two university libraries of the state and the state library MV in Schwerin.
- In the communal cinema Latücht , programs of sophisticated film entertainment are shown, with film series such as the German-German Film Worlds , events on the subject of gourmet and film or the DEFA film series. The international documentary film festival dokumentART takes place here every autumn . The building is a former Catholic church from 1907 and was expanded into a cinema and event hall in 1996.
- The multiplex cinema Cinestar Neubrandenburg with eight cinema halls mainly shows current films.
Nationally important events in Neubrandenburg are:
- Vier-Tore-Fest : Every year on the last weekend in August the Neubrandenburg City Festival takes place with numerous events, activities, gastronomic offers and exhibitions. Concerts with artists known throughout Germany take place on the market square.
- Folk festivals in the Kulturpark : Traditionally, Easter, Whitsun and Oktoberfest take place every year in the Kulturpark , each of which is considered the largest of its kind in northeast Germany.
- Weberglockenmarkt : The Neubrandenburg Christmas market takes place every year from the first to the fourth week of Advent in Turmstrasse, on the market square and on the town hall forecourt. The name of the Weberglockenmarkt refers to the legend of a weaver who found his way through the snowstorm to Neubrandenburg on Christmas Eve only through the sound of a church bell from St. Marien .
- Festive balls: Several festive balls take place every year in autumn, including in the town hall. In addition to the ball of the police in particular is Philharmonic Ball a solid culture event in the city, which the Neubrandenburg Philharmonic invites under various themes.
Economy and Infrastructure
Neubrandenburg is the main center of a catchment area with a population of around 400,000. The metropolitan region of Szczecin and the Berlin metropolitan region overlap with the Neubrandenburg catchment area, so there are diverse economic ties within this region.
In terms of GDP per inhabitant, job density and per capita tax revenue, the city of Neubrandenburg occupies a leading position among the large and medium-sized cities in eastern Germany. Renowned vehicle and mechanical engineering companies are based in Neubrandenburg.
Nationwide or globally active companies at the Neubrandenburg location are z. B .: the German Post with its logistics center in Weitin (with over 3000 employees the largest employer in the region), Webasto (world leader in parking heaters ), Weber Maschinenbau (world leader in meat processing machines ), SMW (Mechanical Engineering), Weka timber , Spheros (climate -, water pumping and heating systems) and the large bakery Unser Heimatbäcker GmbH .
Call centers are a growing segment ; the city is the center of the industry in northern Germany . So has z. B. Telegate its largest location in Germany in the city area. The global Bertelsmann company Arvato and SNT Deutschland also operate branches in Neubrandenburg. The information technology is a growth industry in Neubrandenburg, mention may be companies like Data Experts , Computron GbR , Netik , Webbyte system , manage minds GmbH and the GTA Geoinformation GmbH . Some of the IT companies cooperate with the University of Neubrandenburg and through the "Software Initiative Neubrandenburg". The Entität eV association operates a hackerspace in downtown Neubrandenburg .
Other major employers in Neubrandenburg are Stadtwerke Neubrandenburg , WSN Sicherheit und Service GmbH , Piepenbrock Services Group , Sparkasse Neubrandenburg-Demmin , Neubrandenburger Wohnungsgesellschaft mbH and Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Klinikum gGmbH .
Neubrandenburg is the location of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce (IHK) for eastern Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. With the "House of Business" in Stettin there is an institution of the Chamber of Commerce in Neubrandenburg to promote economic relations in the German-Polish area.
- In Neubrandenburg, the regional daily newspaper Nordkurier appears Monday to Saturday , which also has its headquarters (not far from the city center, Friedrich-Engels-Ring) and printing location (on the Datzeberg) and supplies the eastern Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Uckermark with numerous local editions. The local editorial office (Neubrandenburger Zeitung) is also located in the city center, directly in the marketplace center. Furthermore, the free weekly papers, Werbungkurier (Wednesdays) and Vier-Tore-Blitz (Sundays), as well as some newspapers and magazines appearing at longer intervals, appear in Neubrandenburg .
- watch TV
- Norddeutsche Rundfunk ( NDR ) has a regional studio in the city, the Haff-Müritz-Studio Neubrandenburg, in a villa near the city center.
- In Neubrandenburg it is possible to receive the television station neu'eins - Dein Regionalfernsehen , a regional TV program that can be received in Neubrandenburg, Neustrelitz , Waren (Müritz) , Burg Stargard , Röbel and the surrounding area via the cable network. Furthermore, the Neubrandenburger Stadtwerke have been operating the city and information channel tele.n since 1992 .
- The NDR's Haff-Müritz-Studio Neubrandenburg is also responsible for local news on the radio station NDR 1 Radio MV .
- Neubrandenburg has its own open radio channel for the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania media authority , NB-Radiotreff 88.0 . The station is located in the city center opposite the Marktplatz Center and can be received on the 88.0 MHz frequency.
Neubrandenburg is 85 kilometers west of Stettin , 135 kilometers north of Berlin , 150 kilometers east of Schwerin and 100 kilometers south-east of Rostock (as the crow flies ). The shortest distance to the Baltic coast is almost 60 kilometers.
The A 20 motorway runs east of Neubrandenburg with the junctions Neubrandenburg-Nord and Neubrandenburg-Ost. Around the city center, the federal highways B 96 ( Sassnitz - Stralsund and Neubrandenburg - Berlin - Zittau ) and B 104 ( Lübeck - Neubrandenburg - Linken) converge in an approximately four kilometer roundabout around the city center ( Friedrich-Engels-Ring ). The B 192 (Neubrandenburg– Wismar ) begins in the west of the city and the B 197 (Neubrandenburg– Anklam ) is eight kilometers east of the city .
In Neubrandenburg, the two railway lines Berlin – Stralsund cross in north-south direction and Lübeck – Stettin in east-west direction. As a result, the Neubrandenburg train station is a transfer point of supraregional importance, Neubrandenburg even has its own DB workshop in the east of the city. There is also the Neubrandenburg – Friedland railway line , on which special train journeys have occasionally been offered since regular passenger traffic was discontinued in 1994. Until 1945, Neubrandenburg was also the starting point of the Mecklenburg Southern Railway in the direction of Waren / Müritz – Parchim. Along with Cottbus and Frankfurt (Oder), Neubrandenburg was one of the few district cities in the GDR that were not served by the Deutsche Reichsbahn's city express .
The urban area is opened up with regular buses . From the central bus station (ZOB) in the immediate vicinity of the train station, eleven lines lead to all parts of the city, serving 205 stops over 207 kilometers . They are operated by Neubrandenburger Verkehrsbetriebe GmbH (NVB), a subsidiary of the Neubrandenburger Stadtwerke .
The following urban bus routes operate in Neubrandenburg:
|Bus route||Route (main stops)||Clocking (at peak times)||Others|
|1||(Chausseehaus -) Reitbahnweg - Kranichstraße - ZOB||30 minutes||Replaced by line 9 in the mornings, evenings, weekends and public holidays|
|2||(Bethanienberg Süd -) An der Landwehr - (At the edge of the forest) - Deutsche Rentenversicherung - Lindenberg - Schwedenstr. - ZOB||15 minutes|
|4th||(Küssow - Fritscheshof -) Koszaliner Straße - Juri-Gagarin-Ring - ZOB||15 minutes||Replaced by line 8 in the mornings, evenings, weekends and public holidays|
|5||Monckeshof - Sponholzer Straße - Usedomer Straße - ZOB||15 minutes|
|6th||Fünfeichen - (Am Steep - Bethanienberg Süd) - Stadtwerke - (Bachstraße) - ZOB||40 minutes|
|8th||(Carlshöhe gardens -) Waldfriedhof - Clinic - Juri-Gagarin-Ring - ZOB||15 minutes|
|9||(Trollenhagen Air Base - Chausseehaus -) Datzeberg - (Reitbahnweg) - Demminer Straße - ZOB||15 minutes|
|10||Weitin Wendeplatz - (Issac-Singer-Straße) - Malerviertel - An der Weitiner Straße - (Am Verdiring - Verdiring - Heinrich-Schütz-Weg - Broda Dorf) - University - ZOB||15 minutes|
|11||Verdiring - Heinrich-Schütz-Weg - (Broda Dorf) - University - ZOB||10 mins||replaced by line 10 early in the morning, in the evening as well as on weekends and public holidays|
|21st||Diakonie - Monckeshof - Sponholzer Straße - Juri-Gagarin-Ring - Friedenskirche - Koszaliner Straße||Monday to Friday only during rush hour|
|22nd||Koszaliner Straße - Clinic - Juri-Gagarin-Ring - ZOB - Lindenberg - German Pension Insurance - An der Landwehr - At the edge of the forest - Lindenberg - City Hall - Demminer Straße - Sponholzer School||only in the morning on school days|
Stops set in () are not always served by the bus line.
On the Tollensesee , passenger boat trips are offered from May to September , as round trips and in regular service. The trip to the neighboring Lieps in the south of Lake Tollensee, which lies in the middle of the Nonnenhof nature reserve, is popular.
Neubrandenburg has a geothermal heating center and the world's most modern geothermal heat storage.
In Neubrandenburg there were two thermal power stations , the chimneys of which, at 180 meters high, were once the tallest structures in the city. The Neubrandenburg-Nord combined heat and power plant was located in the northeast of the city at , the South combined heat and power plant . Both chimneys were blown up in 2002. "Today the central district heating network of the city of Neubrandenburg is mainly fed with district heating, which is generated in the gas and steam turbine power plant using the combined heat and power (CHP) process." The location of the power plant is at .
- Town hall Neubrandenburg, Friedrich-Engels-Ring 53 (currently at several alternative locations due to construction)
- District seat of the Mecklenburg Lake District , Platanenstrasse 43
- The fire protection and rescue service in Neubrandenburg ensures the safety of citizens in fire protection , medical emergencies, dangerous situations , environmental and animal welfare and carries out specific services , in particular through the professional fire brigade . He is supported in this by the volunteers of the volunteer fire brigades in the city center and east town as well as the disaster relief trains and emergency chaplains .
- Justice center : With the social court and the labor court , two specialized courts are based in the city, and two instances of ordinary jurisdiction are represented in Neubrandenburg with the district court and the regional court . All courts are located in the justice center near the train station.
- University of Applied Sciences Neubrandenburg , in the Rostock district
- Vocational schools
- Vocational school for business and administration, on the Datzeberg
- Vocational school for business, craft and industry with a special educational branch in the Ihlenfeld suburb
- Vocational school at the Dietrich Bonhoeffer Clinic in Oststadt
- High schools
- Albert Einstein High School , in the Vogelviertel
- Sports high school, elite school of sports, in the culture park
- Lessing-Gymnasium, in the Kulturpark
- Evening high school, in the Vogelviertel
- Comprehensive schools
- Integrated comprehensive school "Vier Tore" (European school), in the southern part of the city
- Evangelical School St. Marien, in the city center and on Neustrelitzer Straße
- Cooperative comprehensive school "Stella", in the Jahnviertel (since 2012)
- Regional schools
- Regional school center "Fritz Reuter", in the Katharinenviertel
- Regional school Am Lindetal, in the Oststadt
- Regional school north, in the Reitbahnviertel
- Elementary schools
- Middle school "Uns Hüsung" ( European school ), in the Katharinenviertel
- Primary School West "Am See", in the Rostock district
- Elementary school east "Hans Christian Andersen" (European school), in the east city
- Primary school north at Reitbahnsee, in the Reitbahnviertel
- Primary school south, in the southern part of the city
- Datzeberg primary school
- BIP creativity elementary school, in the Ihlenfeld suburb
- Special schools
- Supraregional support center with a focus on physical and motor development
- School with a special focus on language - Speech therapy support center, am Lindenberg
- School with a special focus on intellectual development "crane school" in the bird district
- School with a special focus on learning and emotional and social development Pestalozzi School , in the Katharinenviertel
- Further schools and school offers
- Evangelical School St. Marien, in the city center
- BIP creativity elementary school, in the Ihlenfeld suburb
- Cooperative comprehensive school with “Stella” elementary school in the Reitbahnviertel
- Performance-oriented school center RegioGym "the other high school" Neubrandenburg , in the Ihlenfeld suburb
- School station "Das Boot", in the eastern part of the city
- Educational Institute for Environmental Protection and Water Management Neubrandenburg eV (BUW), in the Oststadt
- Adult Education Center Neubrandenburg, in the Katharinenviertel
- Music school association "Kon.centus" Neubrandenburg / Neustrelitz, in the Katharinenviertel
Neubrandenburg already made a name for itself as a sports city in the early 19th century. The "gymnastics father" Friedrich Ludwig Jahn instructed several students from 1802 to 1804 in various sporting disciplines such as races, games, gymnastics, swimming and climbing in the Brodaer Holz on the Tollensesee . For Jahn's 150th birthday in 1928, the Jahn-Stein was set up on Jahnshöhe near the Belvedere to commemorate the beginnings of the globally influential gymnastics movement . A bronze bust of Jahn, created by Martin Wolff , was erected between Jahnstrasse and today's Friedrich-Engels-Ring in 1904 . Another bust is exhibited as part of the regional museum in the Franciscan monastery .
During the GDR era and since reunification, Neubrandenburg attracted global attention with several Olympic and world champions, for example in canoeing , shot put , discus throwing and heptathlon . Many of the successful athletes belong to SC Neubrandenburg . The city is the official Olympic base in the disciplines of athletics , canoeing and triathlon .
In 2012, around 13,500 people and around 40 percent of the underage Neubrandenburgers engaged in organized sports activities in 47 different sports. The umbrella organization is the Kreissportbund Mecklenburgische Seenplatte e. V.
Regular major sporting events include the annual Festival des Sports , the Tollensesee Cup in sailing , the Mecklenburg Lake Tour in cycling , the Tollensesee run as a marathon and the table tennis tournament of the thousand . The GDR athletics championships took place in 1989 in Neubrandenburg. The youth games of the Baltic Sea Youth Games were also held in 2007 in the “four-goal city”. In 2010 the wakeboard world championship was held on the Neubrandenburg Reitbahnsee with its water ski cable car.
- The Jahnsportforum is Neubrandenburg's largest sports hall. Many major sporting events such as boxing world championships are held here, including the annual boys’s tournament , an indoor football tournament for D-Juniors . The multi-purpose arena will u. a. also used for concerts.
- The Jahn Stadium (10,000 spectators) is the largest stadium in Neubrandenburg. It is mainly used for athletics events. It is the home stadium of SC Neubrandenburg .
- The league square at the Jahnstadion is right next to the large Jahnstadion. Football games are played here. The training facilities are located behind the league square. The audience capacity is around 2500, almost 2000 on the main stand and almost 500 standing places opposite. It is the home stadium of 1. FC Neubrandenburg . In 2015 the stadium was expanded with the modernization of the main stand and the construction of catacombs for players and officials.
- The town hall in Neubrandenburg also serves various sporting events, such as the annual table tennis tournament of the thousand of the TTSV 90.
- The SC Neubrandenburg (SCN) include some Olympic champion and top athletes, such as the Canadian driver Andreas Dittmer (multiple Olympic champion), kayakers Martin Hollstein (gold medal in the Kayak Double Beijing 2008), the putter Astrid Kumbernuss , the shot putter Ralf Bartels , the Discus thrower Franka Dietzsch (multiple world champion), runner Katrin Krabbe and heptathlete Sonja Kesselschläger . The SCN is not only viewed in athletics, canoeing or triathlon. Successful work is also being done in the departments of volleyball, dancing, disabled sports, soccer, and health, popular and senior sports.
- The 1. FC Neubrandenburg 04 currently plays in the Verbandsliga MV, but was already in the Oberliga Northeast active. In the 1964/1965 season the club played under the name "SC Neubrandenburg" for a year in the top division of the GDR, the GDR Oberliga . In addition, the club maintains a women's team, which has been integrated from the FFV Neubrandenburg since the 2009/2010 season . After years in the 2nd Bundesliga, the women are currently playing in the regional league.
- PSV Neubrandenburg , the police sports club founded in 1990, is the second largest club in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania with 1,800 members. The association includes a. the departments of football, judo, boxing, wrestling, dragon boat, sailing, volleyball and cycling. The football club Tollense Sharks was able to secure the championship title in the Regionalliga Ost ("3rd Bundesliga") in the 2013 season.
- The SV Motor Süd Neubrandenburg in 1953 as BSG Motor Süd Neubrandenburg founded. In 1990 it was renamed SV Motor Süd Neubrandenburg eV . In 1988 there were ten sports sections with almost 1000 members, currently (as of 2012) there are three departments: football, canoeing, badminton and the general sports group with a total of around 300 members.
- The SV Turbine Neubrandenburg offers u. a. Cheerleading, gymnastics, le parkour, chess, table tennis, climbing, street dance, volleyball and basketball. The men's basketball division plays under the name Tollense Flyers .
- During the GDR era there were other football clubs such as B. the ASG Vorwärts Neubrandenburg and the ASG Vorwärts Fünfeichen ; in the Third Reich there was the LSV Neubrandenburg .
- The wheelchair dance group in Neubrandenburg trains in the state school for the physically disabled .
- The leisure and sports club for the disabled eV FSVB
More than 5600 independent and dependently published titles are currently known about Neubrandenburg.
- Thank God von Hacke: History of the Vorderstadt Neubrandenburg . Volume I: From 1248 to 1711 (no further volume published). Neubrandenburg 1783 ( digitized version ).
- Franz Boll : Chronicle of the Vorderstadt Neubrandenburg. Neubrandenburg 1875 (reprinted several times).
- Wilhelm Ahlers : Historical-topographical sketches from the prehistory of the Vorderstadt Neubrandenburg. Neubrandenburg 1876 (reprinted several times).
- Karl Wendt : History of the Vorderstadt Neubrandenburg in single representations. Neubrandenburg 1922 (reprinted several times).
- The land of Stargard . In: Art and history monuments of the Free State of Mecklenburg-Strelitz . On behalf of the Ministry (Department of Education and Art). I. Volume, III. Department: The district court districts Friedland (2nd half), Stargard and Neubrandenburg - processed by Georg Krüger, Oberkirchenrat zu Neustrelitz. Commission publisher of the Brünslowsche Verlagsbuchhandlung (E. Brückner), Neubrandenburg 1929, district court district Neubrandenburg - Neubrandenburg, p. 3 ff . ( Digitized version [accessed on August 12, 2018]).
- Harry Schulz; Peter Maubach: Neubrandenburg - city history in half an hour. Berlin around 1992.
- Eleonore Wolf: Neubrandenburg. Chronological history of the city and company portraits (1995, 1997).
- Peter Maubach: Neubrandenburg - the way it was. Droste-Verlag, Düsseldorf 1997. ISBN 3-7700-1083-3 .
- Literature about Neubrandenburg in the state bibliography MV
- Literature on Neubrandenburg in the catalog of the German National Library
- Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Niederdeutsche-buehne-neubrandenburg.de (accessed December 5, 2019)
- Neubrandenburg welcomes 65,000. Resident , Nordkurier , November 22, 2017
- COMFORT cities Neubrandenburg Report 2014 , accessed on 13 March 2016
- Neubrandenburg: The dump of good hope , Die Zeit Online, January 3, 2013
- neubrandenburg.de - official website
- Euroregion Pomerania - area and partners ( memento of November 17, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 13, 2015
- History in numbers. City of Neubrandenburg, the Lord Mayor, accessed on February 12, 2016 : “ 29./30. April. The red army takes the city. More than 80% of the old town, including all public buildings, is destroyed primarily by fire. "
- Klaus Schwabe: The long way to the reconstruction of St. Marien in Neubrandenburg. (No longer available online.) State Office for Culture and Monument Preservation Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, November 1, 2008, archived from the original on February 12, 2016 ; retrieved on February 12, 2016 : “ When at the end of the Second World War, on April 29 and 30, 1945, over 80 percent of the inner city of Neubrandenburg fell victim to a major fire, one of the top objects in Mecklenburg brick architecture was the Marienkirche. It is particularly macabre that St. Mary's Church was set on fire by targeted shelling by an SS unit shortly before the Red Army marched in, presumably because the white flag was waved on the tower, a symbol of the surrender of the city without a fight. The fire, which raged for almost 24 hours, destroyed almost the entire interior, while the building shell suffered no major damage, so that soon after the end of the war, church districts and parts of the population were talking about reconstruction. “ Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Kreismusikschule Kon.centus
- Dirt Force Neubrandenburg - Bike Park
- Sabine Bock : Stately houses on the estates and domains in Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Architecture and history (= contributions to architectural history and monument preservation, 7.1–3). Thomas-Helms-Verlag, Schwerin 2008, ISBN 978-3-935749-05-3 , Volume 1, pp. 505-508.
- Datzeberg District Office Teaching Practice Center of the University of Applied Sciences Neubrandenburg and Neuwoba, accessed on January 27, 2015
- Sabine Bock : Stately houses on the estates and domains in Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Architecture and history (= contributions to architectural history and monument preservation, 7.1–3). Thomas Helms Verlag , Schwerin 2008, ISBN 978-3-935749-05-3 , Volume 2, pp. 629-631.
- Regional Spatial Development Program Mecklenburg Lake District 2011 , Overall Spatial Development - 3.2 Central Places, Regional Planning Association, accessed on July 13, 2015
- Judgment of the state constitutional court of July 26, 2007 (PDF; 263 kB)
- Law for the reorganization of the districts and independent cities of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, July 12, 2010, non-official table of contents ( Memento of August 4, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Ernst Eichler, Werner Mühlner: The names of the cities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Kochverlag, Rostock 2002.
- For example, in the Reuter novel Ut siene Brambörger Tid by Ludwig Karnatz, which was widely read at the time .
- MUB , No. 600
- Gottlob von Hacke: History of the Vorderstadt Neubrandenburg. Volume I: From the year 1248 to 1711. Neubrandenburg 1783, p. 2
- In the literature the number fluctuates between 52 and 56.
- Editing of Ostmecklenburgische Heimat: The conquest of Neubrandenburg in March 1631. 1928, accessed on June 15, 2017 .
- Bettina Jungklaus , Burkhard Prehn : A soldier mass grave from Friedländer Tor in Neubrandenburg from 1631 and its anthropological investigation . In: Neubrandenburg Mosaic . No. 35 , 2011, p. 10-33 .
- Project Neubrandenburg, mass grave from 1631. In: anthropologie-jungklaus.de. Retrieved June 4, 2017 .
- Project Neubrandenburg, special burial from the Thirty Years War. In: anthropologie-jungklaus.de. Retrieved June 4, 2017 .
- The painting shows the city silhouette of Neubrandenburg from the north-east with some striking buildings in front of a partly freely composed landscape backdrop.
- See ordinance of January 21, 1914, regarding the organization and legal status of the Jewish community in the Duchy of Strelitz. In: Großherzoglich Meckl.-Strelitzscher Official Anzeiger 1914 (February 6), No. 12, pp. 101-109.
- Peter Maubach, Dieter Krüger: Reviled and persecuted: Jews in Neubrandenburg. In: Neubrandenburger Mosaik , No. 13 (1991), pp. 36-45.
- City Archives Neubrandenburg [Hrsg.]: Neubrandenburg - chronological city history and company portraits. Neubrandenburg [o. J.], p. 98.
- Mecklenburg-Strelitz district (ed.): Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Contributions to the history of a region. Friedland 2001, pp. 220, 297/298.
- Agnieszka Sieradzka: Vestiges of History. In: "Oś - Oświęcim, Ludzie, Historia, Kultura" 21, Sept. 2010, p. 13; Państwowe Muzeum Auschwitz-Birkenau. Prisoners' Testimonies. It was found in a glass jar buried 60 cm underground. It was buried by Polish doctors from the hospital in Stalag II A in Neubrandenburg (Staatl. Museum Auschwitz).
- Micheline Maurel: No place for tears. Hamburg 1960.
- Johannes Schwartz, Angelika Meyer: Neubrandenburg (Ihlenfelder Strasse camp and Silviculture camp). In: Wolfgang Benz , Barbara Distel (eds.): The place of terror . History of the National Socialist Concentration Camps. Volume 4: Flossenbürg, Mauthausen, Ravensbrück. CH Beck, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-406-52964-X , pp. 575-582.
- Schmidt, Volker: Neubrandenburg: A historical leader . 1st edition. Hinstorff-Verlag, Rostock 1997, ISBN 3-356-00726-2 , p. 40/41 .
- “The city was saved from bombardment by handing it over to the Red Army in good time. Attorney Koch with some courageous men, despite the Nazi terror until the last hour, risked voluntary surrender [and also the exp. Flag attached to the church tower], there was no more fighting. But then the poor city - again as it had been in the Thirty Years' War - was subjected to an all-destructive conflagration. Most of the streets in the city center were systematically infected by the conquerors, house by house, and historic and modern buildings were destroyed in the same way […]. ” Edited from recollections of contemporary eyewitnesses from Neubrandenburg [u. a.] as Hermann Timm, Ortrud Palmer (Ed.): Struggle for the renewal of the church. Part 2: In the last phase of a popular church parish work in Neubrandenburg 1940–1951. Private edition. [s. l.], 1995, p. 20. There are numerous other eyewitness reports that confirm this version.
- In the course of minor fighting during the entry of the Red Army, there were only isolated fires. Two villas on the corner of today's Rosenstrasse and Ziegelbergstrasse burned down; An entire residential building burned down in today's Krauthöferstrasse and several fires were started in Katharinenstrasse, but they were quickly brought under control.
- Eleonore Wolf: Refugees, suicide victims and displaced persons at the end of the war in 1945 in Neubrandenburg. In: Zeitgeschichte regional, Vol. 22 (2018), 1, pp. 53–57.
- The fallen soldiers of the Red Army were first found on cemetery z. B. buried at the Schwanenteich and the Fritz Reuter memorial and later transferred to a central facility in the new cemetery.
- This corrects estimates in older literature that were based on several hundred suicide victims in the city downwards significantly.
- A. Kaminsky: Places of remembrance, memorial signs, memorials and museums of the dictatorship in the Soviet occupation zone and GDR. Bonn 2007, p. 257 ff.
- Milsten, Joachim; Beyermann, Horst: Neubrandenburg city of four gates . 1st edition. tape 2 . Verlag Druckerei Steffen, 2003, ISBN 3-9808620-4-6 , p. 7-8 .
- HKB: Redevelopment block on the leg of the city of Neubrandenburg ( Memento of the original from October 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Black Book 2014 Association of Tax Payers Germany , accessed on April 23, 2015
- NB records delicate growth (Nordkurier) ( Memento of the original from December 31, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Population of the districts, offices and communities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Statistisches Amt MV) (PDF; 245 kB)
- See e.g. B. Meyers Konversations-Lexikon , 6th edition, Volume 14, Leipzig / Vienna 1908, pp. 539/540.
- Der Große Brockhaus , 15th edition, Volume 13, Leipzig 1932, p. 290.
- Population development of the districts and municipalities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Statistical Report AI of the Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
- City of Neubrandenburg Statistical Yearbook 2018 Church Relations Page 76 , accessed on September 8, 2019.
- Nordkurier: New Lord Mayor Silvio Witt starts on April 1st. March 16, 2015.
- Hans-Heinz Schütt: On shield and flag - the coats of arms and flags of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and its municipalities . Ed .: production office TINUS; Schwerin. 2011, ISBN 978-3-9814380-0-0 , pp. 275-277 .
- main statute § 2 (PDF).
- Yangzhou. In: neubrandenburg.de , accessed on June 10, 2018.
- Georg Dehio : Handbook of German Art Monuments. Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich [a. a.] 2000, ISBN 3-422-03081-6 , p. 358.
- In the course of extensive restoration work around the middle of the 19th century, all brick buildings were stylistically redesigned and "embellished" in the taste of the beginning historicism . The third-generation Wiekhäuser that can be experienced today are predominantly historicizing fantasy buildings from the 1970s and 1980s, which are only roughly based on previous buildings.
- Historic inns: Neubrandenburger Fürstenkeller at Stargarder Straße 37 , accessed on March 23, 2015
- Model park packs up ( Memento from April 5, 2012 in the Internet Archive ). Nordkurier , November 10, 2011.
- sadness at Park degradation, praise for enlightenment ( Memento of 6 November 2013 Internet Archive ). Nordkurier , November 23, 2011.
- ( Page no longer available , search in web archives: Wanted: A concept for 200 models. ) In: Lübecker Nachrichten , October 20, 2011.
- Neubrandenburg models delight Usedom tourists. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Nordkurier , June 25, 2012.
- Jazz Spring Neubrandenburg
- Hochschul-Bigband Neubrandenburg , organizer of the international youth big band workshop with JazzNacht
- density of Neubrandenburg in a comparison of cities ( Memento from March 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- The 100 largest employers in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2012 , NordLB, accessed on February 22, 2014.
- Network company of the software initiative Neubrandenburg (SINB)
- Entität eV Hackerspace in Neubrandenburg, meeting point for electronics experts
- House of Economy in Stettin of the IHK Neubrandenburg ( Memento of the original from June 29, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Geothermal energy Neubrandenburg ( Memento of the original from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- "This means that electricity and district heating are produced at the same time using the primary energy source natural gas - which is why the use of natural gas is particularly high here. In addition, geothermal energy and heat from the combustion of sewage gas - both with a primary energy factor of 0 - are fed in. The advantages can be seen in the primary energy factor for district heating. Neubrandenburg district heating was certified with a factor of 0.15, while the flat-rate value (DIN) for district heating generated in CHP is 0.7. "From: Neubrandenburger Stadtwerke
- Jahn-Stein am Tollensesee ( Memento of the original from December 11, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed December 5, 2014.
- Neubrandenburg.de - Sport , accessed on December 5, 2014.
- Water ski cable car Neubrandenburg on the Reitbahnsee
- Wakeboard World Championships 2010 in Neubrandenburg. In: Die Welt , April 28, 2010, accessed December 5, 2014.
- 1. FC Neubrandenburg ( Memento of the original from September 14, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. at stadionsuche.de, accessed on October 27, 2015
- Table tennis club TTSV 90 Neubrandenburg eV
- Website of the PSV 90 NB ( Memento of the original from January 5, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Sharks sovereign champions , football-aktuell.de, accessed on December 28, 2013
- Basketball team of the SV Turbine, Tollense Flyers
- State school for the physically disabled ( Memento from May 8, 2005 in the Internet Archive ) LfK: Wheelchair dance group, accessed on December 6, 2011
- Leisure and Sports Association for the Disabled, accessed on December 6, 2011