Federal Highway 197
|Bundesstrasse 197 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||55 km|
The B 197 begins in the Mecklenburg Lake District about eight kilometers east of the city center of Neubrandenburg as a continuation of the B 104 and takes over the E 251 . After crossing the Bützow – Szczecin railway line and crossing the Warlin district of Sponholz , the line reaches the A 20 at the Neubrandenburg-Ost junction . In this area, the main road and the junction are built similar to the motorway. The E 251 now follows the course of the A 20.
The places Glienke and Datzetal (district Sadelkow ) follow . After the small town of Friedland and the Datze river , the route reaches the Vorpommern-Greifswald district . Behind the village of Boldekow , the route first leads over the Peene-Südkanal and then through the village of Sarnow . The B 197 ends after 55 kilometers at the B 109 , the southern bypass of Anklam .
In the 19th century, today's Bundesstraße 197 connected the Prussian province of Pomerania with the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz . Therefore, this road was built in two sections in accordance with the political conditions. In 1834 the section from Anklam to Friedland belonging to Western Pomerania was completed as the first road connection for the small town of Friedland. The section from Friedland to Neubrandenburg, which lay entirely on Strelitz territory, was built six years later (1840).
Previous routes and names
When the Reichstrasse network was introduced in 1932, this route counted towards Reichsstrasse 110 , which continued from Anklam to Usedom. From 1937 Reichsstraße 110 was led from Anklam via Demmin to Rostock, while the previous Reichsstraße 110 between Anklam and Neubrandenburg was renamed Reichsstraße 197 .
In 1949 the GDR integrated the line as trunk road 197 . The route remained unchanged in the following decades.
With German reunification , the Federal Republic of Germany took over the route as Bundesstraße 197 .
After the Anklam bypass was built in the 1990s, the end of the route, which was previously in the city center, was moved back to the bypass. When the A 20 was released in 2002, the Neubrandenburg-Ost connection was relocated to a new four-lane route.