|Bundesstrasse 27 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||approx. 673 km|
|Development condition:||see below|
|Bundesstrasse 27 near Stuttgart-Sonnenberg|
The federal road 27 (abbreviation: B 27 ) leads from Blankenburg in the Harz Mountains via Göttingen , Fulda , Würzburg , Tauberbischofsheim , Mosbach , Heilbronn , Stuttgart , Tübingen , Balingen and Villingen-Schwenningen to the Swiss border near Lottstetten . The B 27 is between Bad Dürrheim (confluence with the B 33) and the Donaueschingen triangle ( A 864 ) a section of the European route 531 Offenburg - Bad Dürrheim .
The total length of the B 27 is 673 km, of which 362 km on the first section between Blankenburg and Würzburg, 303 km on the second part between Tauberbischofsheim and the Swiss border near Neuhaus am Randen and 8 km on the last section in the so-called Jestetter Zipfel between Altenburg and Lottstetten are omitted. The part of the B 27 between Würzburg and Tauberbischofsheim that has been replaced by the federal motorway 81 is 21 km. All distances are approximate.
Blankenburg – Göttingen
The northernmost section between Blankenburg and Göttingen is also the youngest. While the section between Blankenburg and Elbingerode ( Elbingeröder Strasse ) was opened as early as 1837, the last section between Elbingerode and Bad Lauterberg in the Harz Mountains was completed in the 1860s. While the R 27 was being set up, it was relocated again between the Odertaler Sägemühle and Bad Lauterberg, as the old route went under in the Oder dam.
Between Elend and Braunlage , the B 27 was interrupted by the inner-German border until 1989. After the opening of the border, there was a checkpoint on the B 27, the crossing was initially only open to pedestrians. In the meantime, the Bremke, the former border, has been overcome by a concrete bridge and the B 27 has been opened to road traffic. The border monument Elend reminds of the border .
In the 1970s, the B 243 was relocated in the southern Harz region. In the course of this, the B 27 between Bad Lauterberg and Herzberg was built similar to a motorway. Up until the 1960s it was planned to continue the B 27 to Göttingen in a similar way to a motorway or to replace it with the A 388 . Instead, it was partially rebuilt without crossing, but only around Ebergötzen (together with the B 446 ) was realized like a motorway. In Waake, the street was widened in the 1970s, but not moved around the town; therefore, a three-lane, motorway-like bypass was built between 2010 and 2015.
In the 2000s, the Blankenburg-Ost exit was built on federal highway 6n , which has since been the new beginning of the B 27. This was upgraded to A 36 on January 1, 2019.
On January 1, 2019, the federal highway between the Göttingen-Weende intersection (formerly federal highway 388 ) and the Friedland junction on the A 38 was closed, as the supra-regional importance of the federal highways 7 and 38 (formerly federal highway 524 ) is perceived in this section . So far, the B 3 has remained within Göttingen, although it does not have a supra-regional function here, while everything south of it is downgraded to state roads.
The "Abtsweg" (Fulda – Hammelburg)
The country road between Fulda and Hammelburg was expanded into a road as the second road in his country between 1779 and 1785 by order of the Fulda prince-bishop Heinrich von Bibra . At that time it was considered sensational because of its width and was praised by many truckers as a technical masterpiece. Nevertheless, a section of this road near Motten was replaced between 1898 and 1902 by a new, winding, but low-gradient route.
In the section between Bad Brückenau (branch of the state road to Jossa) and Hammelburg, the B 27 leads through the land of the Fulda prince-bishops and is very scenic. The route is partly not yet developed, winding and hilly. The route shows the character of an old country road and cuts through large forest areas several times ( Neuwirtshauser Forst , Staatsforst Geiersnest, Büchelberg vantage point). It touches historical land and encounters Franconian wine-growing region for the first time near Hammelburg.
In the Hammelburg area - especially in the 1960s - there were large traffic jams in the urban area at the intersection with the B 287 , as the B 27 was used as an alternative route from Fulda to Würzburg (without detour via the A 5 until the A 7 was completed) / A 3 ) was used. Today, the B 27, especially between Bad Brückenau and Hammelburg, has a rather tranquil, regional volume of traffic.
Until the expansion of the Hammelburg military training area in 1937 by the German Wehrmacht , the B 27 followed through this area via Bonnland and Hundsfeld and led the Reichsstraße at the southwest end of today's military training area at Hundsbach out of this area, where it passed through Bühler not far from the village , Münster and Aschfeld near Eußenheim met the current route again. After the establishment of the military training area, the route from Hammelburg below Saaleck Castle via Obereschenbach, Sodenberg, Höllrich, Heßdorf (branch road to Gemünden am Main ) in the direction of Karlstadt was changed. The remnants of the old, former route have been expanded by the Bundeswehr since the 1960s as access to the exercise targets. Today's route is designated as an independent route between Hammelburg via the Hammelburg camp and Gauaschach to Arnstein (B 26) as a state road and the shortest connection between Hammelburg and Würzburg.
According to Bayr. Ministry of Transport based on a decision in 2013, the B 27 between the Bad Brückenau-Volkers junction of the A 7 and Hammelburg became the main road for almost 37 km due to the lack of national importance, the outdated route and the undeveloped condition as well as the almost parallel route to the A 7 downgraded to a state road. As a result, the B 27 between Fulda and Würzburg loses its former function as a historical north-south connection.
Würzburg – Stuttgart
The former Baden State Road No. 4 led from Würzburg via Mosbach to Wiesenbach and there it merged into the Badische Staatsstraße No. 3 to Heidelberg .
The former Württemberg State Road No. 1 led from Heilbronn to Stuttgart and was expanded into a paved art road ( Chaussee ) around 1772 . Its southern section of the route between the Württemberg royal cities of Ludwigsburg and Stuttgart was the first Württemberg road to be expanded into a road as early as 1737.
In Ludwigsburg, the B 27 runs through an inhabited area; due to the high traffic load, there are discussions about reducing this load, at least in the Eglosheim district . A variant provides for a parallel route with the A 81, whereby at least the B 27 should be covered, but since this suggestion creates resistance from the residents concerned, a citizens' initiative has proposed a tunnel roughly below the current route.
The route to Schömberg runs south of Stuttgart on the former Swiss road . As one of the main traffic arteries in Württemberg, this was expanded into a road as early as the 18th century . The expanded Chaussee led in 1777 from Cannstatt via Stuttgart, Tübingen, Hechingen and Balingen to Dotternhausen . From the Schömberg reached in 1784, the Swiss road led via Wellendingen , Spaichingen , Tuttlingen , Witthoh , Engen and Hilzingen to Schaffhausen . Between 1841 and 1845 the route between Dettenhausen and Lustnau was relocated: Instead of the old direct connection, a less steep route via Bebenhausen was chosen. In 1927 and 1928 the old stone road was paved, remnants of the old cobblestone pavement have been preserved as parking bays north of Bebenhausen, for example. In 1938 the Tübingen bypass was completed.
Between 1979 and 1994, the route between Stuttgart and Tübingen was changed, expanded like a motorway and released in three sections (1979 from Echterdingen to Filderstadt, 1984 from Filderstadt to Kirchentellinsfurt, 1994 from Kirchentellinsfurt to Tübingen). The route was initially planned as the A 83 in the 1970s and was also designated as such in the 1980s. Another name was "B 27 new" or "B 27 n" to differentiate the route from the old B 27 running through Schönbuch . Since the complete completion of the four-lane B 27 between Stuttgart and Tübingen , the old B 27 no longer has the status of a federal highway, but is still referred to as the "old B 27". For the section between Leinfelden-Echterdingen-Nord and Aich, the planning contract for the six-lane expansion was tendered across Europe at the beginning of 2018.
After the introduction of the truck toll on January 1, 2005, as on many other federal highways, heavy goods traffic rose sharply. Since the route from Göttingen to Würzburg runs parallel to federal motorway 7 and the B 27 has long been considered an alternative route, the traffic load on this section has increased significantly. Due to the EU limit values for noise pollution being exceeded, the Hessian Ministry of Transport closed the route from the Friedland (A 38) junction to the Fulda-Nord (A 7) junction to through traffic for lorries all day in August 2005 , so that it was necessary to avoid the A 7 on the B 27 is no longer allowed.
On November 4, 2006, a 3.7-kilometer-long section of the expansion between Tübingen and Dusslingen was approved; in July 2014, approval followed up to the Nehren substation, including a 500-meter-long tunnel through Dußlingen. The further expansion in the region ( Schindhautunnel , bypass of Ofterdingen and Bad Sebastiansweiler ) is currently uncertain due to financing and planning difficulties.
Since 2008, the bypasses in Hauneck have been implemented between the Bad Hersfeld junction (A4) and Hauneck-Sieglos. The approximately 6 km long route is the last section of the reconstruction of the old B 27 between the Fulda-Nord junction (A 7) and the A 4 through the Haunetal , which has been carried out since the late 1970s, and completion is planned for 2017.
A speed limit of 120 km / h has been in effect on the entire Stuttgart – Tübingen section since 2013, and since April 2015 also on the motorway-like section between Bodelshausen and Balingen. On the section between Degerloch and Aichtal , variable message signs had been in operation since mid-1995 .
In a traffic count on October 21, 2014, 83,333 vehicles passed the Stuttgart city limits at the Echterdinger Ei on the B 27.
Since 2015, a truck toll has been levied on the section designated as a motor road from AS Barbis to the entrance to Herzberg . This happened in the course of the truck toll on the B 243 . After the Bad Lauterberg-West junction, the toll continues on the B 243.
Since July 1, 2015, a truck toll has been levied on the section from the Göttingen exit to the Göttingen-Nord junction (former 388 federal motorway ) and on the section between Balingen and Bodelshausen .
In January 2016, the sections from the Fulda-Süd junction of the A 66 to the Bad Brückenau-Volkers motorway junction and between the junctions of the B 286 and B 287 to the state road were downgraded, as traffic has shifted to the parallel A 7 . The route between the two downgraded sections has been designated as part of the B 286.
State of development
The B 27 is developed like a motorway on several sections :
- between AS Bad Lauterberg -West and Herzberg (together with B 243 )
- between AS Ebergötzen -West and AS Ebergötzen-Ost (together with B 446 )
- between Göttingen and AS Göttingen-Nord (from 2003 to 2018 only alternative route)
- between Fulda-Bernhards and Fulda-Lehnerz as well as Fulda-Bronnzell and AS Fulda-Süd
- between AS Veitshöchheim -Nord and Würzburg-Zellerau
- between the "Mosbacher Kreuz" and Mosbach as well as in parts of the Mosbach through-town
- between Bad Friedrichshall and Heilbronn
- between Bietigheim-Bissingen and the Ludwigsburg-Nord motorway exit
- between Ludwigsburg and AS Stuttgart- Zuffenhausen -Süd
- between Stuttgart- Degerloch and Tübingen (Schweickhardtstraße)
- between Tübingen (Bläsikelterweg) and the substation near Nehren
- between Bodelshausen and Balingen -Süd
- between Neukirch and Rottweil (2 km on the uphill stretch south of Neukirch)
- between Lauffen and AS Villingen-Schwenningen (2.5 km at the "Kreuz Villingen-Schwenningen", as preliminary construction work for the formerly planned A 83 )
- between AS Villingen-Schwenningen and Bad Dürrheim (Robert-Bosch-Str.)
- between Bad Dürrheim (Scheffelstrasse) and Donaueschingen -Ost (together with B 33 )
Planning and expansion
- Partial bypass of Hüttenrode, 2.2 km (urgent need, in planning)
- Bad Lauterberg bypass, 5.4 km (further requirements, difficult to realize; currently being expanded in the village)
- Bad Lauterberg-Aue suburb bypass, 2.6 km (urgent need, completed in 2010; previously only expanded on site)
- Herzberg bypass, 5.5 km (further needs in the course of the B 243 ; currently very well developed in the village)
- Gieboldehausen bypass, 1.7 km (additional requirement; currently partial bypass)
- Waake bypass, 2.5 km (further requirements, under construction since 2010, completed in July 2015, opened on August 18, 2015; previously only expanded on site)
- Ludwigsau / Friedlos bypass, 3.8 km (urgent need, in planning)
- Neu-Eichenberg / Hebenshausen bypass, 1.2 km (urgent need, in planning)
- Hauneck bypass, 4.7 km (urgent need, under construction)
- Bypass Eschwege / Eltmannshausen and Eschwege / Niddawitzhausen, 4.2 km (additional requirements)
- Ludwigsau / Mecklar bypass, 0.8 km (additional requirement)
- Eichenzell / Rothemann bypass, 2.5 km, (additional requirement)
- Eichenzell / Döllbach bypass, 2.2 km (additional requirement)
- Relocation and four-lane expansion near Höchberg (2nd construction phase), 1.3 km (urgent need, completed)
- new four-lane building near Tübingen- Bläsibad ( Schindhautunnel ), 3.5 km (urgent need, in planning)
- new four-lane building between Nehren and Bodelshausen, 6.9 km (urgent need, in planning)
- four-lane expansion between Donaueschingen and Hüfingen 5.4 km (under construction)
- Behla bypass, 1.9 km (under construction since 2016, released on December 17, 2018)
- Customs house bypass 1.0 km (urgent need)
- Randen bypass, 1.5 km (urgent need)
- Jestetten bypass, 3.9 km (urgent need)
- Offenau bypass, 3.8 km (urgent need)
- four-lane expansion between Bad Friedrichshall and the A 6, 4.3 km (additional requirements)
- two-lane new building between Balingen and Dotternhausen, 6.0 km (additional requirements)
- Neukirch bypass, 1.1 km (additional requirement)
- Schömberg bypass, 3.8 km (additional requirement)
- Six-lane expansion between the Aich junction and the Leinfelden-Echterdingen junction, 8.2 km (urgent need, in planning)
- Neckarburken bypass, 1.5 km (additional requirement)
- Passage through Bad Friedrichshall -Jagstfeld, 1.0 km (urgent need)
- Hardheim bypass, 2.1 km (additional requirement)
- Oder valley bridge of the B 243 over the junction Bad Lauterberg-West
- Aichtalbrücke in the four-lane section between Stuttgart and Tübingen
- The ropeway Dotternhausen-Plettenberg Fa. Holcim crossed at Dotternhausen B 27
- Detailed route description of the section Stuttgart - Blumberg, which was previously planned as federal motorway 83
- Detailed route description of the small north-east ring Stuttgart, which was previously planned as federal motorway 87
- Detailed route description of the Göttingen feeder road, which was previously dedicated to the federal highway 388
- Our B 27 ( Memento from June 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) - IHK project to accelerate the expansion
- Map of Germany's toll roads
- OpenStreetMap-Relation: formerly B 27 Göttingen – Braunlage
- Source: Christian Emde
- Massive opposition to plans for B27. In: Stuttgarter-Zeitung.de. June 15, 2015, accessed June 15, 2015 .
- Difficult route for the carters. In: Black Forest Messenger. February 4, 2020, accessed February 5, 2020 .
- of the old B 27: Echterdingen - Steinenbronn - Waldenbuch - Dettenhausen - " Kälberstelle " in the forest (B 464) - Tübingen-Bebenhausen.
- "Planning for the expansion of the B 27 begins" in: Stuttgarter Zeitung, February 24, 2018
- Dußlingen celebrates the new section of the route and offers a varied program at the village festival on two days , Schwäbisches Tagblatt from July 16, 2014
- Hessen Mobil: Hersfeld-Rotenburg - Hauneck - B 27 - bypass ( memento from April 12, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on April 6, 2015
- From Tübingen to Stuttgart with a maximum of 120. In: tagblatt.de. March 19, 2013, accessed December 22, 2014 .
- Gert Ungureanu: Tempo 120 on B27 does not please everyone. In: Black Forest Messenger. April 4, 2015, accessed April 7, 2014 .
- Sebastian Steegmüller: More cars than ever . In: Esslinger Zeitung . June 18, 2015, , p. 6 .
- Gert Ungureanu, Julia Brenner and Bernd Visel: In the Zollernalb district, truck tolls will be due in the future. In: Black Forest Messenger. June 27, 2015, accessed January 28, 2016 .
- Mainpost: The B 27 becomes a state road , accessed on January 29, 2016
- BMVI - start of construction on the B 27: Behla bypass and expansion of Donaueschingen - Hüfingen. Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, June 13, 2016, accessed on December 27, 2018 .
- BMVI - traffic clearance for the new construction of the B 27 near Hüfingen-Behla. Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, December 17, 2018, accessed on December 27, 2018 .
- B 27 Aichtal - Leinfelden-Echterdingen / North. Accessed April 5, 2018 (German).